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01/14/01 S2K+1 Field Training Spring 2001. 01/14/01 FAR 121 Air Safety PAD Operational Responsibility shared by: –P ilots –A TC –D ispatchers Enhancing.

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Presentation on theme: "01/14/01 S2K+1 Field Training Spring 2001. 01/14/01 FAR 121 Air Safety PAD Operational Responsibility shared by: –P ilots –A TC –D ispatchers Enhancing."— Presentation transcript:

1 01/14/01 S2K+1 Field Training Spring 2001

2 01/14/01 FAR 121 Air Safety PAD Operational Responsibility shared by: –P ilots –A TC –D ispatchers Enhancing Aviation Safety Through Collaboration

3 01/14/01 Basic Foundation As stated in the FARs, the aircraft dispatcher and pilot in command are jointly responsible for planning around and avoiding known or forecasted weather phenomena that may affect the safety of flight.

4 01/14/01 Basic Foundation The FAA through the traffic management system, is responsible for balancing air traffic demand with system capacity to ensure a safe and efficient flow of traffic and not for rerouting aircraft around weather. Because severe weather often creates actual or anticipated volume and complexity concerns, the FAA has the responsibility during or in anticipation of severe weather to address those concerns by use of traffic management initiatives.

5 01/14/01 Airline Operations Centers A Focus on Flight Dispatch and the AOC Strategic Planning Team

6 01/14/01 AOC Overview Operational Responsibility Operational Philosophy Dispatch Functions Computer Capability Aircraft Situation Display AOC Strategic Planning Team

7 01/14/01 Operational Responsibility Assure Safe Flight Operations: –Efficient Operational Procedures –Enhanced Communication Techniques –Redundancy –Information Exchange

8 01/14/01 Operational Philosophy Air Carriers maintain safe operational control by pilot & dispatcher joint responsibility (FAR & ) –Dispatch & Pilot contract –Dispatch pre-flight planning –Dispatch in-flight responsibilities Shared Responsibility

9 01/14/01 Dispatch Functions Pre-Flight Planning: Flight Plan Calculation: –Fuel Computation (FAR ) –Flight Routing (FAR ) –Weather Avoidance (FAR ) –Cancellation or Delay Decisions (FAR & ) –Aircraft Performance (FAR through )

10 01/14/01 Dispatch Functions –Destination Specifications (FAR ) –Alternate Airport Specifications (FAR ) –Inoperative Aircraft Items (FAR ) –Government Regulations (FARs) –Company Policies (FAA approved Operations Manual) –Company Business Objectives (Economics)

11 01/14/01 Dispatch Functions Flight Plan Calculation initiates the Release process: –Original Flight Release is the dispatchers plan of operation –Pilot reviews the Release –Flight is authorized to depart once Release is signed by the pilot and dispatcher signifying their agreement (FAR & )

12 01/14/01 Dispatch Functions In-flight Responsibilities: Weather updates and flight plan re-analysis (FAR ) Mechanical Irregularities Medical Emergencies Aircraft Emergencies Monitor Flight Progress (FAR ) Information Updates (FAR ) Re-dispatch

13 01/14/01 Dispatch Functions Communications: Constant communication availability (FAR ): –Normal flight operations –Irregular flight operations

14 01/14/01 Computer Capability Computer systems have all essential dispatch functions integrated: –Administrative and supervisory support functions –Operational dispatch functions

15 01/14/01 Computer Capability Operational Dispatch Functions: –Textual Weather –Icing & Turbulence Reports –Runway Analysis –Aircraft Routing –Inoperative Aircraft Components (MEL/CDL Items) –Weight & Balance

16 01/14/01 Computer Capability Operational Dispatch Functions: –Release and Flight Plan

17 01/14/01 Computer Capability Operational Dispatch Functions: –Monitoring the Progress of Flight (FAR & ) –Airport Arrival Constraints –Diversion Event Recovery Planning

18 01/14/01 Computer Capability Weather Products Available: –Airline Dispatchers Federation (ADF) Web site –Airline Meteorology Departments –National Weather Service

19 01/14/01 Aircraft Situation Display Features: –National Composite Weather Radar Base Map –Meteorology Products –Customized Data Tags –Route Depictions –Navigation Aids –Arrival Fixes –ARTCC Boundaries –Code Share Aircraft (if applicable)

20 01/14/01 Aircraft Situation Display Functionality: –Preflight Weather Avoidance Planning SPT Collaborative Route Preferred Route

21 01/14/01 Aircraft Situation Display Functionality: –En Route Weather Avoidance Planning

22 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team PROBLEM: Until the spring of 2000, the National Airspace System (NAS) was operated under one set of rules irrespective of severe weather activity or other limitations to the system. Limited collaboration on re-routes Equitable access to the NAS broke down during severe weather events ATA estimated the cost of NAS delays to the airlines and their customers was more than $5 billion.

23 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team OBJECTIVE: Develop a set of guidelines which govern air traffic operations when the system cannot deliver routine, consistent services due to significant weather activity. The guidelines for severe weather events will provide a level of NAS predictability that will enhance safety while preserving efficiency and equability. –Predictability is the key element in preserving safety and efficiency during SWAP.

24 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team –Maximize use of NAS resources –Allow airlines to operate within their own capabilities and economic objectives –Exchange information to build collaborative solutions to constraint problems COLLECTIVE MANDATE: (ATC & Airlines) Develop a new set of collaborative rules-of-the-road which govern air traffic operations during severe weather and/or heavy traffic events to:

25 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team AIR CARRIER MANDATE: Implement a formal process to enhance collaboration within the AOC and between the airline and ATC: –Develop a team of AOC specialists to closely work with the FAA to better manage system traffic flows during constraining events. –The team of AOC specialists will be the Strategic Planning Team (SPT). –The SPT s mission is to make strategic, collaborative decisions which meet the operating goals of the airline during constraining events.

26 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team OBJECTIVES OF THE AOC SPT: Create a daily strategic plan of operations based on known or forecasted events two to six hours in the future which will allow the airline to safely and reliably achieve its operating goals Collaborate with Air Traffic Control Provide analysis to critique and improve current procedures

27 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team OBJECTIVES OF THE AOC SPT: (continued) Provide support for: –AOC tactical ATC operation Provide a plan for hub diversion recovery Establish & maintain open lines of communications to all airline facilities during the planning process and actual event.

28 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team OBJECTIVES OF THE AOC SPT: (continued) When subject to system constraints that produce delays, cancellations, diversions, etc., the AOC SPT will base decisions on: –Optimizing system completion factor –Optimizing system on-time performance –Maintaining domestic & international connection integrity –Maintaining bank integrity –Maintaining Customer First initiatives

29 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team LIMITING OPERATIONAL DISRUPTIONS: There are three very disruptive traffic management initiatives that adversely impact airports: –Ground Stop –Ground Delay Program –Departure Stop

30 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team SPT TIMELINE Strategic Planning 1000z National Weather Telcon 1115z Initial SPO published by ATCSCC Airlines develop strategy using CCFP, Playbook, and Initial SPO 1215z Conduct strategic planning telcon (ATCSCC, ARTCC, Airlines) Airline & ATC route coordination z Issue updated SPO Airline conducts internal SPO briefing 1300z SPT repeats process

31 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team SWAP TIMELINE Tactical Planning Event - Flow Constrained Areas (FCA) User Hotline Adjustments within event Telcons Recovery Diversion Recovery Day +1 Analysis Post Analysis

32 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team RESOLVING OPERATIONAL DISRUPTIONS: During constraining events, the AOC SPT will attempt to: –Limit outbound and inbound delays at the hubs to an Air Carrier determined maximum time value –Plan maximum out/off time to an Air Carrier determined maximum time value based on known or anticipated wheels- up times during a Ground Delay Program

33 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team THREE AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION OPERATIONS COORDINATORS AT ATCSCC: Principle Objectives –Monitor the National Traffic Management Environment and take action for the member airlines benefit. –Ensure that member airlines perspective is considered. Host daily ATA member telcons to gain consensus on operational plan. –Assist member airlines personnel in fostering a productive and effective relationship with ATCSCC personnel. –Provide resource to ATCSCC management on industry specifics (Operational Control, Airline Structure, etc.)

34 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team AOC SPT TOOLS AVAILABLE: Automated Radar Terminal System (ARTS) Aircraft Situation Display (ASD) Flight Schedule Monitor (FSM) Sector Management Tool (SMT) Center Tracon Automation System (CTAS) Common Constraint Situation Display (CCSD) ATCSCC Web site

35 01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team AOC SPT COMMUNICATIONS PLAN: Initiate a communications process within the Air Carrier which will facilitate the effective implementation and execution of the SPT s strategic plan of operations.

36 01/14/01 Summary Airline Operations Centers, Flight Dispatch, and the AOC SPT enhance the safety and operational effectiveness of an Air Carriers flight operations. Collaboration is essential to manage air traffic in the saturated NAS. Commitment to continuous improvement through advanced technology, joint training, and collaboration.

37 01/14/01

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