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© EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ENHANCED TACTICAL FLOW MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (ETFMS) Hans Koolen 16 January 2013 Hans Koolen.

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Presentation on theme: "© EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ENHANCED TACTICAL FLOW MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (ETFMS) Hans Koolen 16 January 2013 Hans Koolen."— Presentation transcript:

1 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ENHANCED TACTICAL FLOW MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (ETFMS) Hans Koolen 16 January 2013 Hans Koolen 16 January 2013

2 2 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ETFMS - SUMMARY Supporting tool for coordination between ATM, ATFCM, ATC, Airports and Aircraft Operators. Provides global data to be shared throughout the ECAC and adjacent States. Monitoring tool and support for decision making in short- term Tactical actions. ATFCM and flight data improved with current traffic position data and airport information.

3 3 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ETFMS - IMPLEMENTATION MILESTONES March 1995:Start of Operations of TACT based upon FPL data only. April 1995:Reception of first FSA message from France. Today:Reception of FSAs from 30 ACCs plus oceanic clearances from 3 oceanic centres. March 2001:ETFMS PHASE 1a operational, based upon FSA data only. 7 Feb 2002:ETFMS PHASE 1a operational, based upon FSA data and surveillance data from UK, France and MUAC. 6 May 2003:Flight Activation Monitoring (FAM) Operational for Ireland, Oslo FIR and Belgium. June 2007 : First DPI messages from CDM airport - Munich

4 4 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ETFMS - OBJECTIVES To increase the accuracy of ATFCM thus reducing any differences in data between ATFCM, ATC and airports. To improve short-term traffic demand forecasts. To reduce over-delivery. To enable more accurate slot allocations thus improved utilisation of the available capacity. To improve reaction to short-terms events.

5 5 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ETFMS - OBJECTIVES Increase Safety Solve potential overloads and bunching, reduce en-route airborne holding, management of unusual events. Fluidity, Responsive Capacity Management Adapt Airspace, ATC sector configuration to better meet the traffic demand variation. Contribution to Collaborative Decision Making (CDM) Share enhanced information between all users. Contribution to GATE-TO-GATE Share enhanced information between all users.

6 6 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ETFMS :TO UPDATE TACTICAL ATFCM WITH FLIGHT POSITIONS 10.30

7 7 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ETFMS - USERS FLOW MANAGERS – NMOC (CFMU) OPERATIONS & FLOW MANAGEMENT POSITIONS (FMPs). ATC SUPERVISORS with Occupancy Counts. ATC, ATFCM & AO MANAGERS. OTHERS Airport Authorities & Terminal Area Units (TMA). Airspace Management (ASM) Bodies. Route Charges. Airspace Planning. Investigation. Quality Control (QC). Performance Review & Analysis. Studies & Research. Training.

8 8 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ETFMS - SCOPE ROUTINE SITUATIONS (tuning & optimisation of ATFCM plan) Compliance Monitoring. Best Use of Available Capacities. Smoothing the Traffic. Balancing Capacity & Traffic Demand at Airports. SPECIFIC SITUATIONS (conservative actions & restart) Stacks. System Failures. Low Visibility, De-Icing / Severe Weather. Airspace / Airport Closures. Interruption or New Pattern of Specific Demand.

9 9 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) NMOC (CFMU) Systems & Main Data Flows Aircraft Operators (AOs) / Air Traffic Services Reporting Offices (AROs) Air Traffic Control (ATC) FP1FP2 BrusselsBrétigny IFPS ENV DWH ORM FPL ATC FPL Changes Flight Plans Slots Rerouteings Network Situation ATC Updates RPL PREDICT RCAT Daily Plan Daily Plan ENV DATA Network Situation ETFMS AIS DATA AIP EAD

10 10 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ATM systems ETFMS - SYSTEM OVERVIEW R Meteo Interface T AN-3 R Entry Nodes SDPS F FDPS FP-1 (Haren) ETFMS Central Server (ETFMS-CS) AN-1 ENV Local Terminals Remote Terminals FP-2 (Brétigny) AFTN CIDIN Wide Area Network (s) NM (CFMU) ACC

11 11 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) DATA INPUT Flight Plans Flight plan and flight plan modification messages received by the ETFMS- CS from IFPS such as FPL, CHG, DLA, …. ENVironment Data Standard ENV data from the ADR system. ATFCM Measures No changes for ETFMS. Aircraft Positions Mainly Surveillance data (CPR) but also positions based upon flight plan data (FNM, MFS,FSA,AFP). Flight Data Update Updates to flight plan data sent by ATC to ETFMS (AFP,FSA) and by airport CDM systems (DPI).

12 12 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) DATA INPUT ETFMS FLIGHT DATA UPDATE ATC/Airports AIRCRAFT POSITION ATC/AO FLIGHT PLANS AO ATFCM MEASURES NMOC/FMP ENVIRONMENT DATA NMOC/AD

13 13 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) Airport CDM systems send early estimates of Take-Off- Times, SIDs and TaxiTimes. They are sent when a change is entered in an ATC or Airport CDM system. The flight data updates are for indicating changes in the flight plan, once the flight is airborne (AFP, FSA). Changes concern the route (short cuts, CDR3, ….), the Cruising level, estimates and in the future possibly diversions. FLIGHT DATA UPDATE DATA INPUT

14 14 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) DATA INPUT DPI: Receive flight data updates while flight is still on the ground. Advance notification of TTOT Taxi-time per flight Accurate SID updates Notification of actual off block event DEPARTURE PLANNING INFORMATION MESSAGE (DPI)

15 15 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) FIRST SYSTEM ACTIVATION MESSAGE (FSA) FIRST SYSTEM ACTIVATION MESSAGE (FSA) The purpose of the FSA is to provide estimates and route updates to the NMOC (CFMU) for ATFCM purposes. FSA shall be sent via AFTN/CIDIN to the ETFMS-CS directly. FSA messages are sent by ANSPs. FSA shall be sent in the following circumstances : On first entry into FDPA including departures. Change of route within an FDPA which does not affect another FDPA and when the information is not already sent via an AFP. Flight is entering a holding. DATA INPUT

16 16 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) - TITLE FSA - IFPLID AA ARCID MAH ADEP LHBP - EOBT EOBD ADES LFPG - POSITION - ADID LHBP - TO TITLE FSA - IFPLID BB ARCID THY ADEP LTAC - EOBT EOBD ADES LSZH - POSITION - PTID BABIT - TO FL F350 Example Departure FSA Example En-route FSA DATA INPUT

17 17 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) IFPLID IFPLID Unique flight plan number issued by IFPS Example: AA or BB Used for flight plan identification when exchanging data between ATM systems. Used by NMOC (CFMU) in: IFPS ADEXP output ATFM messages such as SAM, SRM, FLS, … Airborne messages such as FSA, CPR, AFP,… To be used by systems only, not by humans. DATA INPUT

18 18 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ATC FLIGHT PLAN PROPOSAL (AFP) The purpose of the AFP is to inform the NMOC (CFMU) of missing flight plans and of significant changes to airborne flights. AFP shall be sent via AFTN/CIDIN to IFPS which convert them into APL/ACH for transmission to the ETFMS-CS. AFP messages are sent by ANSPs. Currently, AFPs are sent in the following circumstances : An IFR-GAT flight exists but no FPL has been received from IFPS. Change of route where the exit point from the Flight Data Processing Area (FDPA) has changed. Change of Cruising Level (permanent change of level). Change of aircraft type, aircraft equipment. Change of flight rules (IFR/VFR) or flight type (OAT/GAT). Diversion or change to a new destination. DATA INPUT

19 19 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) DATA INPUT AIRCRAFT POSITION Position Reports based upon Surveillance Data from ATC, called Correlated Position Reports (CPRs). Position Reports based upon Flight plan data which are mainly extracted from FNM, MFS, AFP and FSA messages. Position Reports received from Aircraft Operators via APR messages.

20 20 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) CORRELATED POSITION REPORT (CPR) Contains the actual geographical Position of the Aircraft and its altitude. Provided by ATC Surveillance Data processing systems. Enriched with flight plan information such as Callsign, ADEP, EOBT and ADES or IFPLID for correlation purposes. Normally sent every minute by Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs). DATA INPUT

21 21 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) The purpose : To supply the NMOC (CFMU) with advance information of entry into the NMOC (CFMU) area. Only for long-haul flights inbound into the NMOC (CFMU) area. Should be received 2 hours before the flight enters the NMOC (CFMU) area. Gives the ETA or the actual position and level of the flight. Based upon message exchange between aircraft and the AO ground flight management systems (e.g. ACARS or mvt messages). Shall be sent via SITA or AFTN to the ETFMS-CS directly. APRs from AFR in OPS on 11/02/2002, other AOs are requested to join. AIRCRAFT OPERATOR POSITION REPORT (APR) DATA INPUT

22 22 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) PROCESSING RE-CALCULATION OF FLIGHT PROFILE DEVIATION MONITORING. UPDATE OF FLIGHT PROFILE. FLIGHT PATH AND PROFILE PREDICTION.

23 23 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) Reported Positions Time updates Predicted route Time and path updates A B D C E FLIGHT RE-CALCULATION BASED UPON CPRs + 21Nm PROCESSING

24 24 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) Can be used as a confirmation of a Position Report update or vice versa New ATC route (CDR3, Direct..) A E D C B USE OF FLIGHT PLAN UPDATES PROCESSING

25 25 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ADEP ADES FPLroute ATC FPL update Predicted route Reported path USE OF FLIGHT PLAN UPDATES PROCESSING

26 26 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) Flight Plan Reported profile Predicted USE OF FLIGHT LEVEL UPDATES ATC intention PROCESSING

27 27 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) FTFM Planned Level F370 CPRs CTFM Updated Planned Level CPRs PROCESSING – Use of flight level Updates

28 28 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) USE OF FLIGHT LEVEL UPDATES (2) FTFM Planned trajectory CPRsCTFM Updated trajectory CPRs PROCESSING

29 29 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) PROCESSING

30 30 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) SLOT ALLOCATIONS No change in allocation mechanism. Slot lists are updated based upon the actual position and the recalculated profile (forced). Released slots may be re-used for other flights. PROCESSING

31 31 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) FUNCTIONS Monitors flights which should have departed. Identifies flights which should have departed and for which no message is received to confirm their departure. Updates/Shifts these flights until a message is received. If no update is received after 30 min, the flight is suspended. Informs the AOs of a suspension enabling them to react. FLIGHT ACTIVATION MONITORING (FAM)

32 32 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) OBJECTIVES Benefit from ETFMS data to improve Traffic Load counts. Allow a more efficient use of the available capacity. Provide an incentive for Aircraft Operators to update their EOBTs. Reduce the impact of ghost flight plans and of late departures. FLIGHT ACTIVATION MONITORING (FAM)

33 33 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) APPLICATION Only for flights in areas from which ETFMS receives CPRs for all flights. Operational for first states since 06/05/2003. Target: All states from which CPRs are received. FLIGHT ACTIVATION MONITORING (FAM)

34 34 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) EXPECTED RESULT FAM will release slots which are unduly occupied by flights not departed, thus making these slots available for other aircraft which are ready to depart. FLIGHT ACTIVATION MONITORING (FAM)

35 35 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) FAM is applied on all flights, whether regulated or not, departing from and/or landing at areas where CPRs are received by the NMOC (CFMU) and FAM is activated. Flights departing from and landing in non FAM enabled areas are NOT affected by FAM, irrespective if they fly through CPR covered or non CPR-covered FAM enabled areas en-route. CPR coverage is an essential requisite for FAM to be applied. When CPR coverage in a particular area is not at the level considered as safe, then FAM is deactivated for his area. Where FAM is applicable, the timing starts at the entry of the first CPR-covered FAM enabled area (AUA). APPLICATION OF FAM (1)

36 36 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) = FAM enabled CPR-covered areas } FAM applies } FAM does not apply 1. X 2. X APPLICATION OF FAM (2)

37 37 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) DEMANDS DEMANDS Planned Demand Regulated Demand Initially based upon the planned data. Updated with re-allocation of slots, not with the forced flights. Current Demand (load) Initially based upon the regulated data. Updated with the actual position of the flight. Updated with the route and level updates received via AFP and FSA. Updated with route and level predictions. PROCESSING

38 38 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) OUTPUT TRAFFIC SUMMARIES COUNTS SLOT MESSAGES FLIGHT LISTS ETFMS

39 39 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) SUMMARY SUMMARY Improved (short-term) load prediction. Improved traffic smoothing. Reduced delays. OUTPUT

40 40 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) IMPACT ON COUNTS AND FLIGHT LISTS IMPACT ON COUNTS AND FLIGHT LISTS Having flight profile forecasts increases the accuracy of the traffic prediction. The counts on any sector/aerodrome take into consideration the profile recalculation. Flight lists and summaries are updated accordingly. OUTPUT

41 41 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) IMPACT ON THE SLOT ALLOCATIONS IMPACT ON THE SLOT ALLOCATIONS Same scenario for flights changing route : vacant slots are re-used, overload slots are compensated if possible. As statistics show that on average flights are late, it improves the delay situation. OUTPUT

42 42 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) IMPACT ON TRAFFIC MONITORING IMPACT ON TRAFFIC MONITORING Both departed and not-yet-departed traffic are updated. Both regulated and non-regulated traffic are updated. Traffic forecast is improved. Potential overloads will be detected earlier. OUTPUT

43 43 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) IMPACT ON ATFCM IN GENERAL IMPACT ON ATFCM IN GENERAL Improving the use of available capacity reduces delay (dynamic slot lists). Increased accuracy of the information provided to users. Improve Traffic smoothing (less bunching). Improved monitoring of slot compliance. Consequence: increased confidence in ATFCM is expected to lead to increases in capacity provided to ATFCM. OUTPUT

44 44 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) IMPACT ON NMOC (CFMU) OPERATIONS IMPACT ON NMOC (CFMU) OPERATIONS Greater accuracy of the traffic load, permitting less unnecessary actions being taken (no longer creation of regulations just in case). Improved ability to manage unusual situations in real time (given the more accurate data on actual traffic demand). OUTPUT

45 45 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) OUTPUT IMPACT ON FLOW MANAGEMENT POSITIONS (FMPs) IMPACT ON FLOW MANAGEMENT POSITIONS (FMPs) Because of the improved accuracy of the data in ETFMS, FMPs will have earlier warning of demand which, for whatever reason, is exceeding the declared capacity. This earlier warning will permit the FMP to consider and perhaps implement some further remedial actions to reduce the impact : Level capping. Sector organisation. Warnings to controllers. Rerouteings.

46 46 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) OUTPUT IMPACT ON AIRCRAFT OPERATORS (AOs) IMPACT ON AIRCRAFT OPERATORS (AOs) Less delay. Greater accuracy in the flight plan data on the CIA, in particular for the arrival time. Improved ability to maintain in good time, accurate EOBTs for the return and subsequent legs for a flight/aircraft.

47 47 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) OUTPUT IMPACT ON REMOTE CLIENT APPLICATION (CHMI) IMPACT ON REMOTE CLIENT APPLICATION (CHMI) Figures in traffic counts and flight plan data are more accurate.

48 48 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) CPR/FSA/FAM COVERAGE

49 49 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) STATES PLANNING FOR PROVISION OF CPRs The NMOC (CFMU) will establish an implementation plan with the states that are not yet providing CPRs.

50 50 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ATC ACTIVATION MESSAGES COVERAGE The FSA coverage is in North and South-East is increasing.

51 51 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) METEO DATA IMPLEMENTATION OF METEO DATA IMPLEMENTATION OF METEO DATA Use wind speed and wind direction in flight profile calculation. Forecasts for 6 periods of 6 hours, in total for 36 hours. It is updated every 6 hours. Forecasts for flight levels: 050, 100, 140, 180, 240, 300, 340, 390, 450, 530. At update of meteo data only not-activated flights are re-calculated.

52 52 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) SECTOR OCCUPANCY COUNTS Count the number of flights actually present in the sector at a given moment in time. Enabled by the improved accuracy of the ETFMS flight profile. Occupancy counts for counts in the near future (e.g. < 60 min). Average Occupancy counts for counts in the more distant future (e.g. > 60 min).

53 53 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) NMOC (CFMU) DATA RE-DISTRIBUTION ETFMS Flight Data (EFD). Sent at significant flight data updates in ETFMS. Sent in broadcast to interested ANSPs and AOs via a dedicated network. Message in ADEXP format. Contains ETFMS data, including 4D flight profile. Same data as on CHMI

54 54 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) DATA DISTRIBUTION OUTPUT TRAFFIC SUMMARIES COUNTS SLOT MESSAGES EFD MESSAGES FLIGHT LISTS ETFMS

55 55 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS Further Deployment of CDM airports (DPI message) Integration of Data from FAA Next steps in integrating ATM systems

56 56 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) ESSIP OBJECTIVES FCM01 – Implement Enhanced Tactical Flow Management Services ASP02 (or ASP01) – Provide Correlated Position Data ASP04,06,07 – Provision of FSA messages Implementation time frame: 1995 – 2006 FCM03 - Implement Collaborative Flight Planning ASP05 – AFP for missing flight plans ASP06,07,08,09,10,13,14 – AFPs for modifications Implementation time frame: Defined in close cooperation with ANSPs Pan European Objectives

57 57 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) EU Implementing Rule 255/2010 COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 255/2010 of 25 March 2010 lays down common rules on air traffic flow management It defines in Article 6/5: ATS Units shall provide NMOC with following data and subsequent updates: (f) updated flight positions (i.e. CPR & FSA) (g) deviations from flight plans (i.e. FSA & AFP) (i) actual take-off times (FSA) EU Law

58 58 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) CONCLUSION ETFMS is an important step in the improvement of the ATFCM process. A critical step because numerous data will be used for the first time and systems will have to be adapted for their interpretation. Areas for special attention: Quality of received data. Quality of prediction and extrapolation algorithms. It will require fine-tuning for all areas and processes. ETFMS will allow ATC to share information on the flight data.

59 59 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) Your questions are very welcome

60 © EUROCONTROL 2013 – Network Manager Operations Centre (NMOC/CFMU) Thank you for your attention Hans Koolen Hans Koolen


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