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1 © 2003 - TriaGnoSys GmbH - All rights reserved The Role of Satellites and Passenger Communications for Future Air Traffic Management Markus Werner TriaGnoSys GmbH
2 © 2003 - TriaGnoSys GmbH - All rights reserved Future Air Traffic Management The Vision –formulated in EC report European Aeronautics: a Vision for 2020 (1/2001) –make Europe a global leader in aviation market, based on scientific and technological excellence –while air traffic is continuously growing, provide > safety: increase flight security, reduce accidents > capacity: reduce congestion > passenger service and reliability: fewer delays > environmental care: reduce noise and gaseous emissions Quantitative targets can not be achieved without major changes in concepts! Recent Major Initiatives: –Boeing ATM business unit established 11/2000; strong cooperation with FAA –Airbus, EADS, Thales Air Traffic Alliance, formed 7/2002 –ESA and Eurocontrol Agreement, signed 8/2002
3 © 2003 - TriaGnoSys GmbH - All rights reserved Future ATM over Satellite Motivation and Approach –use integrated communications, navigation & surveillance (CNS) services –global ATM requires satellites –truly global operation may be a case for non-GEO constellations –a European GEO as entry into a strong European satellite ATM initiative?
4 © 2003 - TriaGnoSys GmbH - All rights reserved Roadmap: Key Elements Global satellite network for navigation (Galileo) Global satellite network(s) for communications a tailored system design is required –as entry/proof-of-concept a European GEO solution (one satellite) is required in the mid-term –in parallel or as next step use of a global GEO constellation (e.g. Inmarsat-4) –for truly global coverage the long-term solution would be non-GEO (MEO) Trajectory calculation/adaptation: –Automation –Optimization algorithms/tools –Huge processing power High-precision navigation and advanced communication must be really integrated ( on functional level!) Advanced CNS/ATM must provide a clearly extended service spectrum and higher capacity
5 © 2003 - TriaGnoSys GmbH - All rights reserved Roadmap: Key Elements (contd) Clear transition from voice to data comms Frequency issues –Need for one unique block of primary-use frequency band for all types of ATM/ATC services? –or possibility to split safety-critical / AOC / nice-to-have added value services … ? QoS requirements –Qualitative and quantitative specification of requirements?!
6 © 2003 - TriaGnoSys GmbH - All rights reserved Roadmap: Key Milestones Availability of systems or system components GPS including future developments Galileo SDLS Inmarsat (B-GAN) … WirelessCabin … FlyNet … Tailored concepts/architectures for –Global satellite-based (overlay) ATM network –Functional integration of Com and Nav –Advanced data communications and relation between data&voice
7 © 2003 - TriaGnoSys GmbH - All rights reserved Need for Market Estimation Most promising business case perspective is a combined one: CNS/ATM (non-safety-critical) and modern passenger communications Flight routes Satellite coverage Multiservice user&traffic Capacity requirements (peak, average, dynamics …) Business model
8 © 2003 - TriaGnoSys GmbH - All rights reserved Some Facts on QoS, Reliability etc. of SatComs based on the position paper PUSH A BIT Providing Unprecedented Satellite EnHanced Aeronautical Passenger Communications to Boost Improved Air Traffic Control Services assuming WirelessCabin system Data rates (kbit/s): 64 (Swift 64), 432 (B-GAN), 2000 (Connexion) Latency: 270ms RTD, all additional delays comparable to terrestrial; connection set-up delay only few RTDs (permanently available link for traffic aggregates) Handover/Diversity: seamless for two antennas, <10sec for one antenna QoS: service quality for both voice and data comparable to terrestrial, e.g. GSM voice quality and Internet/WLAN packet error rates Availability: mainly function of geographic coverage Redundancy & backup: 1) multiple coverage (diversity) 2) cold redundancy (in-orbit spares) 3) hot redundancy (co-location)
9 © 2003 - TriaGnoSys GmbH - All rights reserved Kickoff Visions still too early ?? Features of the global CNS/ATM satellite network –High-precision position determination –Real-time high-capacity information input to: strategic planning instead of reaction/intervention –True multi-service (voice, picture/video, data, …) –Deliver input information for trajectory-based planning –On-line dynamic flight re-planning –Integrate all levels of planning due to global view: global, international, national, regional, local –Meshed network, inherent backup paths and redundancy –Decentralized where possible/reasonable distributed decisions
10 © 2003 - TriaGnoSys GmbH - All rights reserved Some more long-term research issues … … but not unrealistic to bring some elements into future satellite ATM within the time frame 2020+ IPv6 and VPN Interworking of space-ground communications Point-to-point comms party-line comms true multicast approaches Frequency planning, unique frequencies throughout flight, … Satellite handover and diversity Very futuristic, but definitely worth a vision: - optical sat/aircraft links - ad-hoc networking sat/AC and AC/AC …
Air Transport System JTI CLEAN SKY
Unmanned Aircraft Systems EUROCONTROL ATM Integration
GALILEO and EGNOS Fotis Karamitsos, European Commission
ADVANCED SATELLITE MOBILE SYSTEMS TASK FORCE PRESENTATION Emanuele DAndria – Chairman
The Future Air Traffic Control System Presented by: Geoffrey BaileyKors van den BoogaardDon Willis EurocontrolInternational Air Transport AssociationU.S.
1 PRESENT USE AND PERSPECTIVE FOR CIVIL PRIMARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR IN EUROPE Eurocontrol, C. Pelmoine, Spectrum Management Domain.
Global ATM Operational Concept
1 GENERAL DYNAMICS Decision Systems Michel G, Gelinas Oct. 13, 2003 ACP WGC6/WP28 General Dynamics Decision Systems and Iridium Communications The Satellite.
FAA SATCOM Programs Briefing for
1 Marinus C. F. Heijl Acting Director Air Navigation Bureau ICAO 30 March 2007 SYMPOSIUM OUTCOMES AND THE WAY FORWARD.
VISTA Vision of Integration Satellite Technologies into Aviation
Jeffrey T. Williams Manager, RNAV & RNP Group Air Traffic Organization
ESA Iris Programme: status
Joint FAA/Eurocontrol Future Communications Study (FCS)
ICAO was created in 1944 to promote the safe and orderly development of civil aviation in the world. A specialized agency of the United Nations, it sets.
SATELLITE DATA LINK SYSTEM (SDLS)
Slide 1 NEWSKY – NEtWorking the SKY for aeronautical communications Michael Schnell, Sandro Scalise German Aerospace Center (DLR) Institute of Communications.
Phillipe Renaud and Nikos Fistas
1 centre dÉtudes de la navigation aérienne COMMON METRICS FRAMEWORK FOR ATM PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING Almira Williams, CSSI Inc.
Preliminary Hazard Analysis of EUROCONTROL Concept of Operations 2011 using the FAST method European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation presented.
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