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Enhancing Women Entrepreneurship

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Presentation on theme: "Enhancing Women Entrepreneurship"— Presentation transcript:

1 Enhancing Women Entrepreneurship
Chikako Kuno Chair EBRD Gender Steering Group

2 Objective Increase the economic participation and decision-making roles of women in the private sector.

3 Gender and EBRD Gender equality is an important component of the development and transition process Part of the Millennium Development Goals EBRD is committed to expanding opportunities for women and promoting gender equality Impact of transition on women has varied by country and by issue-area

4 MDG3 Champion Torch Handover

5 Impact of transition: labour market “separation”
Women’s labour participation declined at the start of the transition, but has since recovered Women now have lower unemployment rates than men, except in CIS+M Women are more in favour of state involvement, particularly in the social arena Women tend to be less satisfied with their lives CEB SEE CIS+M Source: World Development Indicators 2006

6 Impact of transition: Labour market “separation”
Source: World Development Indicators 2006

7 Impact of transition: Wage equality has diminished
Sweden UK France USA Italy Slovenia Kyrgyz Rep Moldova Mongolia Hungary Uzbekistan FYRM Romania Slovak R. Albania Kazakhstan Bulgaria Czech Republic Latvia Poland Croatia Russia Estonia Georgia Ukraine Lithuania 0.45 0.55 0.65 0.75 0.85 0.95 Wage Equality More wage inequality in less advanced transition countries Wage differentials between men and women have increased Differences cannot be easily explained by job type or productivity Gender discrimination is evident from quantitative and qualitative studies Labour Force Participation

8 Impact of transition: Quality of employment has changed
Women have moved into unpaid caring professions More women are in white collar than blue collar professions Many women have become self-employed, partly out of necessity There are still fewer female than male entrepreneurs

9 Impact of transition: Access to finance
More female managers have difficulty securing a bank loan Female managed firms charged higher interest rates in some countries Financial development may lead to lower levels of gender bias in bank lending More needs to be done to understand constraints and opportunities for female entrepreneurship Share of businesses without a bank loan Source: BEEPS, 2005

10 Objectives pursued with the GAP
Effectively mainstream gender into the EBRD’s operations Integrate women as: Decision-makers Workers Beneficiaries of growth Empower women (on boards, at work, in society) Leverage the EBRD’s effectiveness in working with private sector Seek opportunities - with staff & clients - to produce positive outcomes in the area of gender

11 The Bank today New Environmental and Social Policy Demonstration
incorporates gender Demonstration Banking operations Small Business Finance Corporate Governance Boards Infrastructure (MEI) Training TAM/BAS Advisory

12 Boards (Investee Companies, Financial Institutions)
Bank’s nominee directors are women in 112 (41%) out of 275 approved Supervisory Board seats. High women representation

13 Recognising Women Bank is developing a focussed initiative on women
Annual Meeting Women in Business Panel Recognising outstanding women Mining projects: when investing into mining projects, giving heed to women’s concerns and needs allows the mining company to operate in a stable and predictable community, where women can also become.consumers, local conflicts are reduced, community programs offered more successful, Focuses upon the operations and its implementation located in Banking

14 Women in Business - Award Winners 2009
Nejira Nalić of Bosnia and Herzegovina, founder of MI-BOSPO, a microcredit organisation providing financial services to low-income women entrepreneurs wins Financial Institutions Award

15 Business case for expanding economic opportunities for women
The business case is made in practice in SEE More gender equality is associated with faster and more sustainable economic growth Empowerment of women can lead to better governance Gender equality taps the full labour pool, can lead to market expansion and better management practices Lets work together to build success

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