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RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, 24-25 February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 Knowledge for Growth: Foresight and Support to.

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Presentation on theme: "RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, 24-25 February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 Knowledge for Growth: Foresight and Support to."— Presentation transcript:

1 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 Knowledge for Growth: Foresight and Support to Development of ERA in the Balkan Area Dr. Ales Gnamus Knowledge for Growth Unit, IPTS RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, Overcoming the Economic Crisis and Developing Competitive Economies Sarajevo, BiH, 24 February 2010

2 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 2 Mission: To contribute to a competitive knowledge- based economy by supporting research, education, innovation and cohesion policies Vision: To become one of the leading European centres for the techno-economic analysis and ex-ante impact assessment of knowledge policies, combining quantitative and qualitative methods Mission and Vision – Knowledge for Growth

3 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 Knowledge for Growth - Four Actions European Research Area- Analysis Industrial Research and Innovation Regional Economic Modelling European Research Area- Policies

4 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 4 R&D growth of EU-based companies ahead of that of their US counterparts and higher than EU GDP growth*. * The 2009 "EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard" (the Scoreboard) presents information on the top 1000 EU companies* and the top 1000 non-EU companies ranked by their investments in research and development (R&D). The 2009 Scoreboard data are drawn from the latest available companies' accounts, i.e. the fiscal year Scoreboard data have been collected for the last 6 years. Industrial Research and Innovation (1) Source: The EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboards, EC, JRC/DG RTD and EUROSTAT

5 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 5 Industrial research and Innovation (2) Impact of R&D on firms economic performance Large empirical literature on the positive impact of R&D on productivity growth. Additional JRC-IPTS contribution: R&D raises productivity much more in high-tech sectors than in low-tech ones Productivity growth in low-tech firms is more dependent on investment in physical capital (embodied technological change).

6 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 Regional Economic Model The objective of the model is to assess ex-ante the impact of ECP instruments on growth and employment (grouping the measures in the categories of Infrastructure, Human Capital, R&D and Productive Environment) A consortium led by TNO is developing the prototype under guidance of JRC-IPTS. Its novelty is the combination of spatial general equilibrium modelling with New Economic Geography (NEG) features The prototype covers sectors of economic activity in detail, with spill-overs between sectors and between regions based on trade and R&D. The prototype covers the regions of CZ, SK, HU, PL (NUTS2) and DE (NUTS1) IPTS will take over in January 2010 its validation, its application to some scenarios, its extension to the NUTS2/1 regions in all EU-27 countries (by 2012) and further model development (improved NEG features).

7 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 7 ERA-Analysis (1) Knowledge triangle policies: They are poorly integrated in the EU guidelines to the preparation of National Reform programmes of the current Lisbon Strategy, reflecting to some extent the silo approach to policy making by the Commission in this area Energy Research Capacities Map: Analysis of public expenditure in different energy technologies important to the implementation of SET-Plan (done with ECCET) Specialisation: Using FP6 data it has been shown that regional agglomeration of innovation capacity is important for the productivity of technological research (but not scientific research) while networking has an impact on the productivity of scientific research (but not technological research)

8 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 ERA-Analysis (2) Universities: University researchers appearing as inventors in business patents is as important for innovation as them filing a patents Top 171 EU Universities participate actively in the Community Framework Programme and receive over 60 % of the budget Mobility of Researchers: The number of researchers exported by most EU countries is higher than the number of researchers they import In most EU countries there are administrative and legal barriers to the recruitment of foreign researchers in PRO and Universities and the quality of research base and infrastructures unattractive

9 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 9 ERA-Policies: ERAWATCH (1) ERAWATCH (http://cordis.europa.eu/erawatch) is the European Commission's on-line information platform on R&D systems and policies in Europe and beyond Currently covers 49 countries: 27 EU Member States, countries associated with the Framework Programme and main trading partners of the EU –further expansion planned to 59 countries! Supporting the development of the European Research Area by providing policy makers and analysts with: Concise and up-to-date information on policies, instruments, general structure, actors and relevant organisations Analysis of research systems and policy developments (e.g. Annual analytical country reports assess the evolution of the national policy mixes in ERA countries)

10 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 ERA-Policies: ERAWATCH (2) Expanding the coverage of ERAWATCH EU Neighbourhood study 2009 –New country profiles published for FYROM, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia and Ukraine –IPTS Workshop November 2009 – lessons learned and future developments New ERAWATCH country fiche format implemented in 2010 –Coverage extended: Serbia, Bosnia, Montenegro, Albania ERAWATCH International: –Coverage of additional third countries (S&T agreement with the EC)

11 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 11 ERA-Policies: Foresight (1) Foresight competencies widely recognised by peers, e.g.: Support to establishing research priorities (in Western Balkans and for EU-Russia cooperation - FP7 projects) Support to establishing long-term research priorities in the field of Industrial Manufacturing (FP7 project) Identification of cross-policy dimensions resulting from most important EU challenges in years (BEPA) Development and dissemination of foresight methodologies – participation in the development of the European Foresight Platform (EFP)

12 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 ERA-Policies: Foresight (2) The FP7 project Western Balkan Countries INCO-NET enhances integration of the Western Balkan countries (WBC) in the European Research Area, by: -supporting the bi-regional dialogue on science and technology (S&T) -identifying RTD potentials and priorities -enhancing participation of researchers from the region in European projects of mutual interest and benefit -establishing the information exchange platform on S&T policy cooperation with the Western Balkan countries

13 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 13 ERA-Policies: Foresight (3) -Project duration from 2008 to Interaction between the Western Balkan countries, the EU Member States, states associated to FP7 and the EC -26 partners from AT, AL, BE, BiH, BG, HR, MK, DE, GR, IT, Kosovo/UNMIK, MO, NL, SR, SI and TR -The main role of JRC-IPTS is to participate in WP1 European and Regional Dialogue WP2 Priority setting to structure participation in FP WP3 on monitoring and analysis of S&T co-operation.

14 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 14 ERA-Policies: Foresight (4) Foresight training for high-level policy / decision makers: –Target group: New Member States, Candidate and Potential Candidate EU Countries (NMS, CC & PCC) –Next edition: March 2010 (2-block training) –Participating countries: AL, TR, MK, BiH, Kosovo (under UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99), HR, SR, MO, RO, BG –Future: moving towards an online training tool –Western Balkan Futures project Workshop 10/03/2010, Pre-Event to the 11 th Bled Forum Foresight Conference, Bled, Slovenia –EC, JRC-IPTS contribution through bringing in the know-how and combination of qualitative and quantitative methodologies in looking at the future (combining modelling / foresight!)

15 RCC Regional Conference Western Balkans in 2020, February 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 Thank you


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