Presentation on theme: "Creating, Protecting, and Using Crop Biotechnologies Worldwide in an Era of Intellectual Property Philip G Pardey Professor of Science and Technology Policy."— Presentation transcript:
Creating, Protecting, and Using Crop Biotechnologies Worldwide in an Era of Intellectual Property Philip G Pardey Professor of Science and Technology Policy Department of Applied Economics WIPO-UPOV Symposium, Geneva, October 24, 2003
Location of Agricultural R&D Public and Private Ag. R&D, 1995 Bioengineered Crop Trials $33.2 billion 11, 523 trials Developed 64% Developing 36%
Freedom to Operate and LDC Research Increasing number and breadth of IPRs Concerns of a lock out phenomenon Extent of exclusionary rights determined by Jurisdictional limitations on IP and the location of R&D Bilateral South-North trade patterns
Area Shares of Modern Varieties of Rice, Wheat, and Maize
Bioengineered Cropping IntensitiesU.S vs Rest-of-World, 2002
Changing Rich Country Roles? Segmenting crop biotechnology demands Less applicable technologies for LDCs? Implications of increased private participation Beyond basic adaptive research Increasing pressures for LDC self reliance?
IP Economics Appropriability and the incentive to invent The social contract Circumscribed exclusionary rights for public disclosure Static costs of patents Transitory– for the life of the patent Cumulative innovation processes and dynamic costs
Total Agricultural R&D Worldwide, 1995 Developing Total - $33.2 billion Developed $11.5 billion $10.8 billion $0.7 billion $10.2 billion PublicPrivateTotal (percentage) Developed Countries479464 Developing Countries53636 Total100 Public Private Public Private
Field Trials of Bioengineered Crops Worldwide Data through to December 2000
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.