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HB 1 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, 15-17 June 2005 Users meeting Summary Performance of the Forecasting System (1) Main (deterministic) model -Outstanding.

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Presentation on theme: "HB 1 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, 15-17 June 2005 Users meeting Summary Performance of the Forecasting System (1) Main (deterministic) model -Outstanding."— Presentation transcript:

1 HB 1 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary Performance of the Forecasting System (1) Main (deterministic) model -Outstanding performance last winter over NH -Excellent results and consistent upward trend for Europe as measured by ANC Z500hPa -The average lead over an ensemble of centres has been maintained, as confirmed by gain statistics, however, some centres have also progressed significantly EPS -Performance continues to improve, recent changes to the forecasting system had a positive impact -Upward trends in performance are reflected in RPSS scores for Z500 and in skill scores for weather parameters

2 HB 2 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary Performance of the Forecasting System (2) Severe weather event prediction -Tropical cyclone forecasts have improved significantly last year, providing generally good guidance Core pressure is underestimated, better in higher resolution Bias towards slow movement Delineating the TC in the analysis is important, bogussing should be re-considered Some overconfidence in strike probabilities -First steps towards verification of the EFI Station verification of extreme precipitation events over Europe using the EUMETNET/ECSN Climate Atlas Self-calibrating properties of the EFI provide improved guidance over raw model probabilities -Example of successful indication of freak waves in analysis and forecast

3 HB 3 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary Performance of the Forecasting System (3) Weather parameters -One day gain per decade in predictive skill of moderate amounts of precipitation -Same improvements cannot be demonstrated for large amounts -Up-scaled precipitation analysis based on high resolution observing network is used for verification in delayed mode Provides more reliable and robust results obtained at the scale of the model Reduced frequency bias in particular for small amounts compared with verification results obtained when using scattered SYNOP network -Problems with treatment of low level clouds during persistent inversions over central Europe in winter, improved boundary layer cloud scheme was introduced in April 2005 and will help alleviate these deficiencies -Some evidence of positive trend in T2m forecasts over North America and parts of Europe -Episodes of strong low level inversions and extreme cold conditions over Europe in February contribute to larger errors

4 HB 4 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary Performance of the Forecasting System (4) Monthly forecasts -Operational since October 2004, dissemination was added spring ROC area score indicates skill in T2m over persistence for days 12-18, to a lesser extent for days Good predictions of transition between flow regimes last winter -Outer quintiles for T2m are skilful -Meteo France finds moderate skill in T2m forecasts for week 3 over France

5 HB 5 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary Performance of the Forecasting System (5) Seasonal forecasts -Predictions of the monsoon precipitation for JJA 2004 verified well -Good representation of ocean currents in tropical Pacific -Over the West Pacific basin the forecast predicted successfully higher tropical storm activity than the climatology; over the Atlantic the forecast has not been as good -Dry conditions over the Iberian Peninsula were consistently predicted since November Potential benefit from multi-model system: reduced rms error and improved correlation, eg for NINO3 SST forecasts

6 HB 6 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary Development of the Forecasting System(1) Cy29r2 end June, to include -3-hourly EPS post-processing to 132 hours -Near-real-time hindcast runs to create model climate for EFI Plans to implement higher resolution forecasting system in autumn 2005 (T799L91/T399L62) -First test data in Mars end June -E-suite data in Mars from mid-July -Test dissemination by arrangement early September -Information on web Unified system (VAREPS) with extension to 15 days end 2005 VAREPS to merge with monthly forecast early 2006 Seasonal forecast system3

7 HB 7 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary Development of the Forecasting System(2) Product development -Extended EPSgrams for Unified System -Global and regional multi parameter EFI maps -Prototypes of combined multi-model seasonal products -New monthly forecast products, eg synoptic view of temperature and flow anomalies Additional archiving from monthly forecasting system -Weekly anomalies -Terciles Additional verification from monthly system on web Fields from up-scaled precipitation data to be in MARS

8 HB 8 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary Use and evaluation in Member States (1) Users report on a wide range of applications and usage of medium and extended range products -Early delivery system improved the usefulness of the forecasts, also in the early stages of the forecast range -Presentation of probabilistic forecast information to the public On the web (DK, NL,…), EPS spread expressed as range, probabilities used for exceeding thresholds Weather scenarios are presented for days 7-9 (DK) Newspaper (S,..) On TV (NL, S..) -Several case studies of successful severe weather event forecasts (HUN, DWD, N,…) -Influence of weather data (T, precipitation, wind) on energy markets, probabilistic information is used to create level of confidence -Weather risk applications

9 HB 9 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary Use and evaluation in Member States (2) Limited area ensemble prediction (COSMO-LEPS, LAMEPS) -Encouraging results were reported from several applications -Aiming at downscaled severe weather event prediction -Use of LAMEPS output in Eurorisk project, storm surge model, input to hyrdological models (N) Ensemble prediction -Ensemble mean is found useful for point forecasts -Benefits of probabilistic forecast information was emphasized -EFI used to alert forecasters ( sent automatically (SUI)) -Probability forecasts under development for locations along the Finnish coast -Meteo France plans to study the skill in predicting weather regimes in the monthly forecasts -Used as input for hydrological forecasts (river discharge) -Experimental use of new CAPE parameter (NL) -Automatic generation of weather alarms for forecasters (NL)

10 HB 10 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary Use and evaluation in Member States (3) Other issues -IRI reported on the potential benefit of extended range forecasts for predicting rainfall in regions epidemically affected by malaria outbreaks -MetO reported on significant problems with the generation of convective snowfall over the North Sea in north-easterly flow in late winter MetO further investigated the verification results for early warnings, previously experienced anomalies in the results with a maximum in skill disappear when applying verification procedures which are more in line with standard NWP procedures -KNMI presented a web catalogue of high impact weather events, using ERA-40 as a documentary

11 HB 11 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary User requirements Medium range forecasting system -Provide 3-hourly post-processing from the EPS -Consider the development and extension of suitable products to 15 days with the planned extension of the forecast range -Develop suitable products for the unified forecast system -Requirement for hindasts/learning sample prior to model upgrades

12 HB 12 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary User requirements (2) Monthly forecasting system -Increase the number of members (from currently 5) in the hindcast ensembles -Time of the runs and the delivery should be reviewed Multi-model seasonal forecasting system -Develop combined and calibrated multi-model products -Standardize the hindcast periods -Standardize the reference periods for anomalies -Standardized toolbox for verification is of interest Support for time critical applications run at the Centre by Member States

13 HB 13 Forecast Products Users'Meeting, June 2005 Users meeting Summary User requirements (3) Requests for products Timely updating of products on the web is important Extend the range of web products Global EFI products to be made available to WMO members CAPE parameter in future ERA Times of product delivery to be reviewed after the implementation of the planned upgrades in 2005/early 2006


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