Presentation on theme: "1 INSPIRE Directive of the European Parliament and the Council establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community and Land-Marine."— Presentation transcript:
1 INSPIRE Directive of the European Parliament and the Council establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community and Land-Marine SDI IHO-Workshop on Marine SDI, La Habana, Cuba Keith Murray Data Specifications Drafting Team & President, EuroSDR 2004-6 Chair Commission 3.2 FIG 2002-2006 Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom
2 Bringing data and services together through a Spatial Data Infrastructure Data and services easily discoverable and accessible to users Like a road infrastructure makes it possible to connect different places, a spatial data infrastructure makes it possible to connect data and services located at different sources Easier development of new applications and services Institutional Institutional framework framework InformationServicesFundamental data sets Technicalstandards Components
3 Why INSPIRE? Increasing number of environmental policies that have a strong spatial dimension Why INSPIRE? Increasing number of environmental policies that have a strong spatial dimension Marine thematic strategy Thematic strategy on natural resources and on recycling New soil monitoring system Revision of SEVESO Directives on hazardous substances Proposal for Directive on control of pipelines Integrated Coastal Zone Management The revised forest monitoring regulation Noise Directive Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) European Action programme on flood risk management
4 Example: Proposed Directive on the Assessment and Management of Floods (2006) In the period 1998-2002 floods comprised 43% of all disaster events in Europe –100 major floods –700 dead –Half a million displaced people –25 billion uninsured economic loss Along the Rhine, 10 m people live in areas liable to extreme flooding, potential damage estimated at 165 bn. 101,000 kms of coastline, population doubled in last 50 years. Assets within 500 m of coast = 500-1000 bn
5 70% of all fresh water bodies in Europe are part of a trans-boundary river basin !! Risk assessment is compounded by problems related to quality of land use data, protected areas, etc. Agreement that a common strategy is needed
6 Past approaches have limitations CORINE Coordination of Information on the Environment - 85/338/EEC: Council Decision 27/6/1985 –Experimental project for gathering, coordinating and ensuring the consistency of information on the state of the environment and natural resources in the Community Problems: –Variable data access policy –Lack of consistency with other data –Irregular updating –No long term perspective –Lack of quality/reliability –Lack of synchronization with other MS data
7 NATURA 2000 Directive 92/43/EEC and 97/62/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora –SCI (Sites of community importance) –SAC (Special Areas of Conservation) Directive 78/409/EEC on the conservation of wild birds –SPA (Special Protection Areas) Natura 2000 22.500 areas, 12-15% of the EU15
8 What are the problems? What are the problems? Different quality and different types of attribute information Data compiled by Member States: –Paper map / site –Descriptive database –Digital Spatial data Data are validated and integrated by DG ENV Data sources: –In general 1/100.000, on topographic maps –Exceptionally 1/250.000 (very large sites) –Often 1/25.000 – 1/1.500 (cadastre)
10 Data utilization problems Natura2000 – Typical Questions In which administrative region is the site? Major roads running through the area? Variation of altitude and slope? Location of nearest villages and cities? How are the land cover and land use distributed? Where are potentially polluting nucleus situated? Is there an area eligible for Community funding? Only data of poor quality are available to answer those questions….
11 But good local data already exist and are accessible !
12 EC Proposal for a Directive establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the Community – INSPIRE In Summary: Environmental Needs Better information needed to support policies [6EAP] Improvement of existing information flows Diversity across regions to be considered Revision of approach to reporting and monitoring, moving to concept of sharing of information Situation in Europe Data policy restrictions Lack of co-ordination across borders and between levels of government Lack of standards incompatible information and information systems Existing data not re-usable fragmentation of information, redundancy, inability to integrate Environmental data 90% of is linked to geography Out of 58 data components needed for environmental policy : –32 are multi-sectoral –16 are environmental only –10 are related to other sectors These 32 components allow to: –link different ENV themes together: policy coherence –link with other sectors: integration source EEA
13 INSPIRE lays down general rules to establish an infrastructure for spatial information in Europe for the purposes of Community environmental policies and policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment. –This infrastructure shall build upon infrastructures for spatial information established and operated by the Member States. INSPIRE does not require collection of new spatial data – electronic format INSPIRE does not affect Intellectual Property Rights INSPIRE Directive General Provisions
14 INSPIRE COMPONENTS METADATA INTEROPERABILITY OF SPATIAL DATA SETS AND SERVICES NETWORK SERVICES DATA SHARING (policy) COORDINATION AND COMPLEMENTARY MEASURES – Monitoring & Reporting INSPIRE is a Framework Directive Detailed technical provisions for the issues above will be laid down in Implementing Rules (IR)
15 What Kind of Spatial Data ? Whose ? - Spatial data held by or on behalf of a public authority operating down to the lowest level of government when laws or regulations require their collection or dissemination Which data ? - INSPIRE covers 34 Spatial Data Themes laid down in 3 Annexes – (required to successfully build environmental information systems)
16 INSPIRE Spatial Data Scope Annex I 1.Coordinate reference systems 2.Geographical grid systems 3.Geographical names 4.Administrative units 5.Addresses 6.Cadastral parcels 7.Transport networks 8.Hydrography 9.Protected sites Annex II 1.Elevation 2.Land cover 3.Ortho-imagery 4.Geology Harmonised spatial data specifications more stringent for Annex I and II than for Annex III
17 Annex III 1.Statistical units 2.Buildings 3.Soil 4.Land use 5.Human health and safety 6.Utility and governmental services 7.Environmental monitoring facilities 8.Production and industrial facilities 9.Agricultural and aquaculture facilities 10.Population distribution – demography 11. Area management/restriction /regulation zones & reporting units 12. Natural risk zones 13. Atmospheric conditions 14. Meteorological geographical features 15. Oceanographic geographical features 16. Sea regions 17. Bio-geographical regions 18. Habitats and biotopes 19. Species distribution 20. Energy Resources 21. Mineral resources INSPIRE Thematic Scope
18 Why are all these themes needed ? - Just another example.... Creation of SDI to assist in the analysis of health impacts Exposure Data Health Data Socio-economic data Geographical data Environmental data Air Pollution and Cancer- Air Pollution Cancer Cases
19 INSPIRE Data Sharing Policy Member States shall adopt measures for the sharing of data and services between public authorities for public tasks relating to the environment without restrictions occurring at the point of use. Public authorities may charge, license each other and Community institutions provided this does not create an obstacle to sharing. When spatial data or services are provided to Community institutions for reporting obligations under Community law relating to the environment then this will not be subject to charging.
20 From Commission proposal to Community Directive implementation Preparatory phase (2004-2006) –Co-decision procedure –Preparation of Implementing Rules Transposition phase (2007-2008) –Directive enters into force –Transposition into national legislation –INSPIRE Committee starts its activities –Adoption of Implementation Rules by Comitology Implementation phase (2009-2013) –implementation and monitoring of measures
21Metadata Member States shall create metadata and keep them up to date Metadata shall include: –Conformity with IR on interoperability –Conditions for access and use –Quality and validity –The public authorities responsible –Limitations on public access Once Implementing Rules adopted: –Created within 2 years for Annex I, II –Created within 5 years for Annex III
22 Interoperability of spatial data sets and services (1) Interoperability of spatial data sets and services (1) Implementing Rules shall be adopted for interoperability and where practical for harmonisation of spatial data sets and services Based on relevant user requirements Integrate existing international standards, if appropriate Feasible, proportionate, cost-benefit into account (Member States shall provide information on request) Member States shall once IR adopted: –Make services and new data conform within 2 years –Make other spatial data still in use conform (can be done through transformation service) within 7 years Stakeholders shall be given opportunity to participate in development of this Implementing Rule
23 Interoperability of spatial data sets and services (2) Harmonised data specifications –Annex I, II, III: definition and classification of spatial objects geo-referencing –Annex I, II: common framework of unique identifiers for spatial objects; relationship between spatial objects; key attributes and corresponding multilingual thesauri; Information on the temporal dimension of the data; how to exchange updates of the data. 3rd parties shall have access to these specifications at conditions not restricting their use Cross-border issues shall be agreed on
24 Process to define the themes D2.5 Generic Conceptual Model D2.6 Methodology for Data Specification Data theme specifications Follows methodology Adheres to model
25 Network Services Member States shall operate a network of the following services available to the public for data sets and services for which metadata has been created: Discovery services; No charge View services; No charge (exceptions) Download services; Transformation services, Services allowing spatial data services to be invoked - Access to services may be restricted - Services shall be available on request to 3rd parties under conditions - Implementing Rules will be adopted (cost-benefit considerations) - INSPIRE GEO portal shall be established – Member States geo-portals
26 INSPIRE Roadmap (1/3) Mile- stone Description 2007XEntry into force of INSPIRE Directive 2007X+3mEstablishment of the INSPIRE Committee 2007X +1yImplementing Rules for the creation and up-dating of the metadata Implementing Rules for discovery and view services Implementing Rules for monitoring and reporting Implementing Rules governing access and rights of use to spatial data sets and services for Community institutions and bodies 2009X + 2yImplementing Rules for download and invoke services 2009X + 2yImplementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and for the exchange of Annex I spatial data
27 Mile- stone Provisions of Directive are brought into force in MS (transposition date) 2009X + 2yDesignation of responsible public authorities for spatial data sets and services 2009X + 2yImplementation of data sharing framework of spatial data sets and services between public bodies 2009X + 2yImplementation of provisions on monitoring 2010X + 3yMetadata available for spatial data corresponding to Annex I and Annex II spatial data 2010X + 3yDiscovery and View Network services are operational 2010X + 3yMember States First Report to the Commission. From then onwards MS have to present reports every 3 years INSPIRE Roadmap (2/3)
28 INSPIRE Roadmap (3/3) Mile-stoneProvisions of Directive are brought into force in MS (transposition date) 2011X + 4y New or updated spatial data sets available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data 2011X + 4yDownload Network Service operational for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data 2012X + 5y Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and for the exchange of Annex II and Annex III spatial data 2013X + 6y Metadata available for Annex III spatial data 2014X + 7y Commissions report to the EP and the Council. From then onwards the Commission has to present reports every 6 years 2016X + 9y All spatial data sets in use available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data 2019X + 12y All spatial data sets in use available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex II and Annex III spatial data
29 Implementing INSPIRE Needs to consider the broader context of existing initiatives which could contribute Interfaces with initiatives GMES, GEO/GEOSS, GALILEO, global developments of spatial data infrastructures Bottom-up implementation by Spatial Data Interest Communities, SDIC SDIC bundle the human expertise of users, producers and transformers of spatial information, technical competence, financial resources and policies. Many SDIC exist today, generally organised by region, thematic issue or sector (industry).
30 Commission Services co-ordinate Spatial Data Interest Communities participate Projects contribute Drafting Teams Consolidation Team Proto- types test Pilots validate CEN, ISO, OGC contribute INSPIRE Expert Group advises INSPIRE Committee votes EC adopts Public reviews Implementing Rules Draft Implementing Rules Formal Internet Consultation Review Call for InterestExisting Reference Material Experts are proposed Association phaseDrafting phaseReview phase LMOs review MS apply INSPIRE process 2005-2009
31 The role of SDIC Spatial Data Interest Communities The role of SDIC Spatial Data Interest Communities To collect and describe user requirements, To submit/develop reference materials To allocate experts to the drafting teams, To participate in the review process, To implement pilot projects –to test/revise/develop the draft Implementing Rules, To contribute to cost/benefit analysis –to assess costs of the draft Implementing Rules, To contribute to awareness raising and training
32 The role of Legally Mandated Organisations (LMO) To collaborate within the SDICs, or autonomously in providing technical specifications To help identify user needs To contribute to the analysis of the technical and operational feasibility of implementation of proposed draft Implementing Rules To provide feedback on the cost/benefit consequences of Implementing Rules at Member State level.
33 22-06-2005 Spatial Data Interest Communities (SDICs) 139 Legally Mandate Organisations (LMOs) 89 Proposed Experts193 Referenced Materials96 Identified Projects94 Results of the call for Experts Opened on 1 March 2005 Experts registered per country
34 The role of Drafting Teams (DT) To analyse and review the reference material To write draft INSPIRE Implementing Rules To provide recommendations to the Consolidation Team, CT (EC) - in case of conflicting technical specifications To provide suggestions to the CT for testing any proposed specification
35 The role of projects, pilots and prototypes To develop representative use-case scenarios To develop/test specifications for IR development To demonstrate the feasibility and advantages of interoperability-based solutions To acquire experience in implementing interoperability-based solutions To determine cost and benefit of interoperability based solutions on the basis of real cases
36 Example of participative process in IR development Call for experts March 2005 Drafting Teams established in October 2005 Draft IR for Metadata published on 2 nd Feb. 2007 based on requirement of Directive, review of existing material submitted by SDICS and LMOs, international standards, and drafting team knowledge. Open for comments by SDICs and LMOs over an 8 week period Revised Draft to be published in the Summer 2007 Open for public consultation for an 8 week period Commission develops its proposal based on all input received and submits to Regulatory Committee
37Conclusions INSPIRE is a framework Directive with top-down Implementing Rules developed But… Bottom-up development of Implementing Rules through stakeholder participation - the Spatial Data Interest Communities Open and transparent drafting and review of Implementing Rules Pilots and Projects play a key role to define and validate the Implementing Rules INSPIRE is a pillar of GMES INSPIRE is a major EU contribution to GEO/GEOSS
39 The real world Planning constraints Exclusion zones etc Gas pipes Outfalls
40 The mapping solution NMAs and HOs generally use: Different coordinate systems Different projections Different datums (Hz & V) Different content RESULT: Users cannot reference any object consistently across the coastal zone
41 A formal SDI solution Common framework to support: Interoperable coordinate systems & datums Interoperable objects along agreed boundary Interoperable Feature Catalogues RESULT: Marine SDI and Land SDI link up seamlessly Common height datum
42 What progress is being made? What progress is being made?
43 What is required? Organisational collaboration Clear use case & applications to guide An over-arching framework supporting: –Data policies –Data access –Data specifications (datums, feature catalogues, gazetteers …..) –Standards implementation e.g. ISO –Interoperability
44 Moving forward….. Who can make this happen?: –National Hydrographic organisations National mapping & cadastral organisations –International Organisation: International Hydrographic Organization –Professional organisations –Research Organisations
45 The role of IHO Identifying and promoting best practice –Save wasted effort Leadership –Influence members –Support members –Services eg registers Mainstream Standards Collaborative approach Communication