Presentation on theme: "Jarmo Ratia Director General, National Land Survey of Finland "— Presentation transcript:
1From SDI to GSDI with special focus on Regional SDI in Europe (INSPIRE) Jarmo RatiaDirector General, National Land Survey of FinlandPresidentGlobal Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI) Association
2Information Society and further on… Industrial societyService societyInformation societyNetwork society ?Knowledge society ??
3Development to Information Society First transistor 1960First computer ´s of usersFirst graphical userface ´s of usersGlobal network millions of usersDigital services Billions of usersThe amount of personal computers will soon exceed the population of the world.
5Information Society and SDI, RSDI and GSDI National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)Regional Spatial Data Infrastructure (RSDI)Global Spatial Data Infrastructure(GSDI)Steps towards knowledge society throughinformation and network society
6International development USA 1994, Executive order by ClintonGI , European UnionGSDI 1, Bonn, Germany, September 1996EuroGeographics 2002GSDI Association 2004INSPIRE, European Unionproposal 2004, will be in force from spring/summer 2007
7SDI, RSDI and GSDIThe emergence of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) is considered to be the major development in the GI-world the last ten years.Considerable amounts of money are invested in their developmentIntensive discussions are held on the development of a Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI).The Europe INSPIRE-directive (INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe)
8Does your nation have an active or proposed initiative for developing a national spatial data infrastructure (or its equivalent)?Yes (GSDI questionnaire in 1998) Antarctica Australia Canada Columbia Finland FranceGermany Greece Hungary Indonesia India Japan KiribatiMacau Malaysia Netherlands Northern Ireland Pakistan (PROPOSED) Russian Federation (STARTING) South Africa Sweden United Kingdom United StatesIn countries considering SDI Projects (Ian Masser)
9Dynamic spatial data infrastructure in an ubiquitous information society Spatial data is created, processed and delivered in real-timeMore and more sensors and detectors are usedTraditional SDI will broaden to more versatile snapshot systems which depict natural phenomenon and human activity in real-timeRisk management- Tsunami warning system- Hurricane warning systems in the Caribbean- Earthquake warning systems in Japan- Flood control systems- Tracking of icebergs in Northern-Atlantic
11The National Geographic Information Strategyof Finland
12The Finnish SDI strategy prepared by the Finnish Council for GI (accepted in August 2004)the INSPIRE process was followed closely during the preparationpart of the Government Information Society Programmeincludes guidelines and working program (23 actions) for:co-operation structures and mechanismsstandards and specificationsharmonisation of the core data setsmetadata and metadata servicesGI servicesuse and access policyuser applicationsresearch and educationcommunication
13Framework of the strategy: the general SDI model (INSPIRE) Metadata catalogueCoordinated co-operationResearch and educationCommunicationInformation and discovery services……..on lineserviceStandardsGOs, municipalities, companies, research bodies …..Service chainInteroperable GI databasesClear use and access policySystematic updatingReal estate dataTopographicdataAddress dataOrthophotosTematic GISearch, view, download ...User applications
15the implementation of SDI General status ofthe implementation of SDIThe Finnish Council for Geographic Information (Coordination body)Official national advisory board in GI affairsCurrent term until end of 200718 members: key stakeholders (government, research, industry, ...)Main task: implementation of the SDI strategyPart-time secretariatSupporting working groupsmetadataharmonisationdata servicesresearch and educationfirst implementation actions (preparatory steps)INSPIRE follow uppolitical awareness raising
16Implementation actions standards and specifications- several national recommendations in processharmonisation of the core data sets- identification of the harmonisation needs ongoingmetadata and metadata services- draft profile in consultation phase- new metadata service in developmentGI services- drafting of the interphase recommendation ongoinguse and access policy- analysis of models ongoinguser applications- general map viewing service exists- GI lending facilityresearch and education- analysis of development needs ongoingcommunication- national independent magazine exists- annual GI related fair exists- preliminary analysis of national GI/SDI portals
17Challenges in the implementation of the national strategy in Finland Political support & long term fundingFeasibility with the INSPIRE directive; form & timetableDelopment of national budget policy; funding & pricing ?Structure and role of the local level administration in futureCo-operation between organisations; new national legislation ?Resources for co-ordination; on voluntary basis ?
18INSPIRE The INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe Directiveof the European Parliament and of the Councilestablishinga Infrastructure for Spatial Informationin the European Community
19INSPIRE-directive Principles Aims at making available relevant, harmonised and quality geographic information for the purpose of formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of Community policy-makingPrinciplesData should be collected once and maintained at the level where this can be done most effectivelyIt should be possible to combine seamlessly spatial data from different sources and share it between many users and applicationsSpatial data should be collected at one level of government and shared between all levelsSpatial data needed for good governance should be available on conditions that are not restricting its extensive useIt should be easy to discover which spatial data is available, to evaluate its fitness for purpose and to know which conditions apply for its use.
20INSPIRE - Some practical points - the National Land Survey of Finland - the Finnish Maritime AdministrationINSPIRE – good achievement towards uniform quality, availability and joint use of geographic informationEspecially important is the joint use of GI between public bodies – as well as the cooperation in the production of dataFinancing of the implementation of INSPIRE left to Member States to decide upon:Expenses depend on the level of implementationCost-benefit –analyses important
21INSPIRE - Some practical points The Finnish Maritime AdministrationWolrdwide standards: how they will be taken into account in INSPIRE implementation?For example in ocean charting standard (S-57) there are already unique identifiers in use…. a new standard because of INSPIRE???
22INSPIRE - Some practical points - the National Land Survey of Finland (NLS) - the Finnish Maritime Administration (FMA)National SDI Strategy in line with INSPIREDevelopment projects and plans in FMA and NLS in line with INSPIREFor NLS some new tasks may come up in implementation of INSPIRENational geoportal?National coordination?New information services needed because of INSPIRE?Update (or small enhancement) of SDI Strategy in Finland maybe needed because of INSPIRE?
23The National INSPIRE working group (Finland) Broad-based with 6 Ministries and 4 stakeholdersFebruary 1 – December 31, 2007Tasksto assess the needed new legislationto assess the national functional and economical impact of INSPIREto produce a proposal on the needed services, GI portal and the maintenance and financing of thoseto produce a proposal on activities required by INSPIRE to securethe easy access to data andto secure the opportunity to produce data of good qualityto produce a proposal on national cooperation and coordination structures required by INSPIRE
25Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Association Vision Foster SDI developmentlocally to globally
26GSDI – Goals Promote and develop awareness and exchanges Facilitate data access/discovery via clearinghouse, portal web servicesStimulate & conduct capacity buildingConduct and sponsor SDI development researchEngage partners to help
27GSDI – members and partners Membership26 Charter membersMany globalCommercial, Government, NGOs, etc26 Individual members8 successful meetingsparticipants52 countriesMultiple training experiencesCollaboration with multiple partners
28Grant Programs GSDI Small Grants Program The grants are limited to US$ 2500 each Activities may focus on technical or institutional initiatives, as long as there are concrete/tangible outputs and that several institutions collaborate2004: 12 grants awardedESRI Global Map GSDI Grant ProgramOne copy of the ArcGIS systemMaintenance (technical support and upgrades)Intergraph International Grant ProgramOpen Interoperabililty Grants for Global Map Project1 full license each of GeoMedia Professional and GeoMedia WebMapTwelve (12) months of software maintenance
29GSDI works through regional Committees Permanent Committees for:Europe (EuroGeographics, EUROGI)Asia & the Pacific (PCGIAP)Americas (PCIDEA)Africa (CODI and partners)
30GSDI Standing Committees Technical Working GroupLegal and Economic Working GroupCommunications CommitteeMembership CommitteeSponsored Projects CommitteeConference Planning Committee
31NewslettersNewsletters are prepared by an editor and issued on a quasi-regular basisSDI-Africa NewsletterSDI-Latin America & Caribbean NewsletterSDI-Asia & Pacific NewsletterFGDC NewsletterEUROGI NewsletterGSDI NewsletterCurrent Editor: GSDI BoardIts purpose is to report activities of interest to the SDI community around the globe
32Editor: Douglas D. Nebert, Technical Working Group Chair, GSDI Developing Spatial Data Infrastructures:The SDI CookbookVersion 2.02004Release for Review at the Fourth Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Conference, Cape Town, South AfricaDisclaimer: This draft represents a work-in-progress that has been compiled from numerous contributions and available online documents contributing organisations. Full acknowledgement of contributions and citations will be provided in the initial public draft.Document Available At:Editor: Douglas D. Nebert, Technical Working Group Chair, GSDI
33Cookbook ObjectivesDefine a reference environment for building compatible spatial data infrastructures for use by all communitiesPromote best practices, technologies, and guidance for their implementation in a changing Internet environment with low-cost reference implementations, wherever possibleCreate an online resource and information web for dissemination
34Additional Information Global Spatial Data Infrastructure AssociationINSPIREEuroGeographicsEuropean Umbrella Organisation for Geographic InformationEuroGlobalMap 1:1 millionEuroRegionalMap 1:EuroBoundaryMapGlobal Mapping