Presentation on theme: "ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 1 SPECTRUM REQUIREMENTS FOR FUTURE AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (ROUTE) SYSTEM - AM (R )S ( Presented by Christian Pelmoine."— Presentation transcript:
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 1 SPECTRUM REQUIREMENTS FOR FUTURE AERONAUTICAL MOBILE (ROUTE) SYSTEM - AM (R )S ( Presented by Christian Pelmoine /Dale Stacey, Eurocontrol SMG)
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 2 BACKGROUND : WHY ADDITIONAL AM(R)S SPECTRUM CAPACITY ? Congestion in existing VHF comm band The Problem is here already but is predicted to be critical around 2012-1015, despite enhanced VHF technologies Cater for new technologies and applications (when defined). High speed data, security, video, 3D awareness etc.. Provide convergence of data, IT and communication systems within Aviation Natural progression of the research and trials work being done at Eurocontrol for a 3G system. Less tangible phenomena of demand follows supply in next generation technology deployment (as seen with the mobile phone and internet application explosions)
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 3 BACKGROUND: MISSION REQUIREMENT FOR FUTURE AM(R)S Support voice and data Initially Commercial aviation, finally General aviation Finally in all controlled airspace: airport, TMA and en-route. A phased rollout would be anticipated targeting hot spot congested core Europe first. Provision for new applications : high speed data Reliable and secure transmission link
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 4 THE SPECTRUM CAPACITY STUDY Realised by a leading Aviation ATS provider (DFS) with support of recognised 3G Telecomms company (LS TELECOM) Re-use previous traffic capacity study, including Eurocontrol/ DGAC Macondo, STATFOR. 3 steps: –Estimate the traffic throughput –Define a reusable model to translate traffic throughput into spectrum bandwidth –Investigate the sensitivity of BW requirements with selected parameters
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 5 MAIN ASSUMPTIONS Use the most spectrally efficient technology adapted to the Aviation mobile scenario Technology based on the trials (CDMA) being undertaken by Eurocontrol Dimensioned for the long term (2029 traffic estimate) Dimensioned on busiest European sectors
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 6 DFS and LS TELECOM STUDY PRESENTATION
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 7 Future AM(R)S spectrum requirements To Dimension a future system (the three Cs) Capacity (max data throughput per given area/vol) Coverage (% of total coverage area) Cwality (Quality, Grade of Service)
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 8 Capacity New system must cater for;- CAPACITY At least a threefold increase in the number of voice channels High Speed Data services (greater than the existing VDL modes) Provisions for Video and Security requirements New technologies and applications (freeroutes, 4D, greater pilot awareness etc) less tangible phenomena of demand follows supply in next generation technology deployment (as seen with the mobile phone and internet application explosions) Other ?
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 9 Coverage Targets Assumption is this should be as per the existing VHF comm coverage or better ( a phased rollout would be anticipated targeting hot spot congested core Europe first.) Quality Targets The grade of service as it manifests itself in Availability, BER, Blocking probability etc should be comparable or better than that realised in the existing systems.
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 10 Consider Busiest sector in Europe ? Paris TMA was chosen as existing traffic results were most readily available Study will be rerun using London TMA for a benchmark and control.
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 11 Future AM(R)S spectrum requirements Consider the busiest hour for this sector Peak Instantaneous Aircraft Count PIAC 2000= 34.16 (Analogous to cell subscriber density) Consider how this traffic will grow over the next 29 years (time to realise system and lifetime of system nominally 29 years) PIAC 2029= 34.16 x G(Growth factor)= 104.9 (growth 3.94% per year from STATFOR, G=(1+0.0394)^29 ) NOTE It is worth stressing that the aircraft density concept is important here. Ignore the controversial operational concept of fitting 105 movements in a TMA.
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 12 Breakdown of assumed throughput per Service (BASEBAND) Throughput all a/c in kBit/s Fixed channel rate in kBit/s Required number of channels VoiceDL870,412044 (43,52) UL870,412044 (43.52) Data+SecurityDL809,176413 (12,64) UL3,14641 (0,05) Commercial DataDL197,60644 (3,09) UL197,60644 (3,09) VideoDL768,003842 UL03840 Sum over all Services for average calculation DL3974,7 UL2409,5 37,89 105 (104,9) 22,97 Average data rate in kBit/s 8,29 20,4 12,8 1,88 7,32 0 37,89 22,97
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 13 SIMPLIFIED MODEL
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 14 Calculation of RF Bandwidth Requirements Required Bandwidth MHz EUROCONTROL Channels 3,84 Mchips 1,2288 Mchips ULDLULDLULDLULDL Voice 2,452,462,482,495555 Data & Security3,816,150,442,235101,252,5 Data Commercial 0,55 0,440,45551,25 Video 02,1705,1201002,5 Sum 6,8111,333,3610,2915307,511,25 Sum incl. Overhead 8,5114,174,212,8615307,511,25 EUROCONTROL average 8,6514,64
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 15 Provisional Results of Bandwidth Calculation Bandwidth requirements in MHz Note granularity of W CDMA system is the dominating feature.
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 16 OPTIONS
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 17 Bandwidth requirement vs. cell radius Sensitivities
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 18 Bandwidth requirement vs. maximum transmit power
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 19 Impact of adjacent cell factor
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 20 Impact of transmit frequency
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 21 Conclusions to date Provisional indications show between 18.75 MHz and 45 MHz of spectrum will be required by 2029 –The lower granularity IS-95 protocol would appear more suitable to the Aviation Scenario –This calculation is provisional giving us a methodology and order of magnitude only –This calculation is only valid for the deployment of wideband CDMA type technology for a very specific scenario (fixed cell radius, freq etc) Spectral efficiency of new technology is at least 4 times better than existing technology Sensitivity analysis presents some interesting conclusions on parameters for optimising system
ICAO ACP WGF10/WP3 MONTREAL AUG 2003 22 NEXT STEPS Still some work required on spectrum capacity assessment –Review the com traffic estimate with the greater aviation community, in particular for the newest applications, –further alignment of the study model to the ITU mobile model which is likely to increase required RF spectrum Build a political case to present information to CEPT and ultimately ITU, to enable spectrum allocation at WRC 2007 Support the feasibility (including flight trials) activity, selection of technology and candidate RF band(s). Lobby for global support within Europe and beyond