Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

By: Date: Federal Aviation Administration Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Aviation Safety Information Analysis Sharing (ASIAS) Presented to ICAO.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "By: Date: Federal Aviation Administration Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Aviation Safety Information Analysis Sharing (ASIAS) Presented to ICAO."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Date: Federal Aviation Administration Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Aviation Safety Information Analysis Sharing (ASIAS) Presented to ICAO Air Navigation Commission Jay Pardee Director, Office of Accident Investigation and Prevention October 6, 2009 Improving Safety through Collaborative Safety Initiatives

2 Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Overview

3 In the U.S., our focus was set by the White House Commission on Aviation Safety, and The National Civil Aviation Review Commission (NCARC) 1.1... Reduce Fatal Accident Rate...... Strategic Plan to Improve Safety...... Improve Safety Worldwide...

4 Vision - Mission - Goals Vision Key aviation stakeholders acting cooperatively to lead the world-wide aviation community to the highest levels of global commercial aviation safety by focusing on the right things. Mission Enable a continuous improvement framework built on monitoring the effectiveness of implemented actions and modifying actions to achieve the goal. Goal Reduce the US commercial aviation fatal accident rate 80% by 2007. And Maintain a continuous reduction in fatality risk in US and International commercial aviation beyond 2007.

5 * Representing P&W and RR ** Observer AIA Airbus ALPA APA ATA IFALPA NACA Boeing GE* RAA FSF CAST brings key stakeholders to cooperatively develop & implement a prioritized safety agenda Industry Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Government DOD FAA Aircraft Certification Flight Standards System Safety Air Traffic Operations Research NASA ICAO** EASA (ECAST) TCC NATCA** NTSB** IATA** AAPA** ATAC** APFA** ACI-NA**

6 Safety enhancement development Master safety plan Enhancement effectiveness Future areas of study Data analyses CAST Joint Safety Analysis Teams (JSAT) Joint Safety Implementation Teams (JSIT) Joint Implementation Measurement Data Analysis Team (JIMDAT) Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST)

7 Safety Plan Development Accident JSATS Case studies Accident JSITS Case studies Safety Enhancements Incident Analysis Process JIMDAT Review Emerging Risk Changing Risk Develop Enhancements & Metrics Aviation System Changes Present In Master Factors Yes No Demographic Changes Identify Hazards Identify Factors Develop Contributing Factors (new or emerging Identify Hazards Identify Factors Master Contributing Factors 11-5-03 CAST-051R FAST Hazards CAST Plan Recommended Plan Revision Performance To Plan Review Non- Performance Information Metrics

8

9 Robust CAST Methodology Detailed event sequence - problem identification from worldwide accidents and incidents Broad-based teams (45-50 specialists /team) Over 450 problem statements (contributing factors) Over 900 interventions proposed Analyzed for effectiveness and synergy

10 CAST Process Led to Integrated Strategic Safety Plan Part 121 or equivalent passenger and cargo operations studied Current CAST plan: 72 Prioritized Safety Enhancements 50 Complete and 22 underway Projected 74% fatality risk reduction by 2020 Industry and Government implementing plan

11 Resource Cost Vs. Risk Reduction APPROVED PLAN Completed + Plan (2007 Implementation Level) Completed + Plan (2020 Implementation Level) All JSIT Proposed Enhancements (2020 Implementation Level) 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 Resource Cost ($ Millions) Risk Reduction Total Cost in $ (Millions) 20072020 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Risk Eliminated by Safety Enhancements Completed $ $ $ $ $

12 Dollars/Flt. Cycle Part 121 Aviation Industry Cost Due to Fatal/Hull Loss Accidents 100 80 60 40 20 0 Historical cost of accidents per flight cycle 74% Risk reduction Savings ~ $74/Flight Cycle Or ~ $814 Million Dollars/Year Cost of accident fatalities following implementation of the CAST plan @ 2020 levels 2020 Cost Savings 2007

13 CAST Safety Plan 51 Completed Safety Enhancements Safety Culture Safety Culture Maintenance Procedures Maintenance Procedures Flight Crew Training Flight Crew Training Air Traffic Controller Training Air Traffic Controller Training Uncontained Engine Failures Uncontained Engine Failures Terrain avoidance warning system (TAWS) Terrain avoidance warning system (TAWS) Standard Operating Procedures Standard Operating Procedures Precision Approaches Precision Approaches Minimum Safe Altitude Warning (MSAW) Systems Minimum Safe Altitude Warning (MSAW) Systems Proactive Safety Programs (FOQA + ASAP) Proactive Safety Programs (FOQA + ASAP)

14 CAST Safety Plan (cont.) 21 Committed Safety Enhancements Policies and Procedures Policies and Procedures Aircraft Design Aircraft Design Flight Crew Training (additional aspects) Flight Crew Training (additional aspects) Runway Incursion Prevention Runway Incursion Prevention Precision Approaches (additional projects) Precision Approaches (additional projects) Icing (additional turboprop projects) Icing (additional turboprop projects) Midair Midair Maintenance Maintenance Runway Safety Runway Safety Safety culture, policies and procedures Safety culture, policies and procedures

15 Fatal Accident Rate and Full Airplane Loss Equivalents Rate for Part 121 Operations (5 year moving average) Fatal Accident Rate and Full Airplane Loss Equivalents Rate for Part 121 Operations (5 year moving average) 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002 2003 2004200520062007 Fatality Accidents or Full Loss Accident Equivalents per 10 Million Departures 5 year moving avg of fatal accidents per 10 million departures 82% Fatality Accident Rate Reduction 1996-2007

16 International Perspective CAST Safety Enhancements Western-built transport hull loss accidents, by airline domicile, 2001 through 2007 Accidents per million departures United States and Canada 0.4 Latin America and Caribbean 2.1 Europe 0.7 China 0.3 Middle East 2.3 Africa 10.0 Asia 2.1 Oceania 0.0 (Excluding China) C.I.S. 1 CAST 70 SEs 48 complete 22 in work 74% reduction RASG-PA ESSI 35 SEs JAA 11 SEs EASA 62% reduction ASET COSCAP CIS COSCAP NA, SA, SEA 40 SEs in work 60% reduction 1 Insufficient fleet experience to generate reliable rate. World 1.1 COSCAP Gulf COSCAP BAG

17 Summary History shows focused action and introduction of new capabilities have led to accident risk reductions History shows focused action and introduction of new capabilities have led to accident risk reductions Joint industry and government teams working together to a common goal can further enhance the safety of our very safe aviation system Joint industry and government teams working together to a common goal can further enhance the safety of our very safe aviation system Full implementation will require a coordinated effort between industry and government Full implementation will require a coordinated effort between industry and government CAST is moving forward to meet the challenge CAST is moving forward to meet the challenge ASIAS (Aviation Safety Information Analysis and Sharing) initiative is under way help aviation safety teams (CAST, IHST, GAJSC) meet the challenge ASIAS (Aviation Safety Information Analysis and Sharing) initiative is under way help aviation safety teams (CAST, IHST, GAJSC) meet the challenge

18 18 Federal Aviation Administration FAA International Forum March 24, 2009 A collaborative Government-Industry initiative on data sharing & analysis to proactively discover safety concerns before accidents or incidents occur, leading to timely mitigation and prevention What is ASIAS….

19 A IR T RAN A IRWAYS A LASKA A IRLINES A MERICAN A IRLINES A MERICAN E AGLE A TLANTIC S OUTHEAST A IRLINES C HAUTAUQUA A IRLINES C OMAIR C OMMUT A IR C OMPASS A IRLINES C ONTINENTAL A IRLINES E XPRESS J ET F RONTIER A IRLINES ASIAS AIRLINE PARTNERS G ULFSTREAM I NTERNATIONAL A IRLINES I NTERNATIONAL A IRLINES J ET B LUE A IRWAYS D ELTA - N ORTHWEST A IRLINES R EPUBLIC A IRLINES S HUTTLE A MERICA S KY W EST A IRLINES S OUTHWEST A IRLINES S UN C OUNTRY A IRLINES U NITED A IRLINES U NITED P ARCEL S ERVICE US A IRWAYS

20 ASIAS Proprietary – Not for Distribution ASIAS Participants at Major US Airports 20

21 ASIAS Proprietary – Not for Distribution 21 ASIAS ASAP Records in Production Record counts as of 14 Sept 2009

22 ASIAS Proprietary – Not for Distribution 22 ASIAS FOQA Records in Production As of Sept 2009, over 5 Million FFD Records available to ASIAS

23 Data Sources Supporting ASIAS InfoSharing and Analysis 23 Safety Reports Aviation Safety Reporting System Runway Incursion Surface Incident Operational Error / Operational Deviation Pilot Deviation Vehicle or Pedestrian Deviation National Transportation Safety Board Accident/Incident Data System Service Difficulty Reports De-Identified FOQA Data De-Identified ASAP Data Traffic Management Reroutes and Delays Airport Configuration and Operations Sector and Route Structure Procedures Surveillance Data for En Route, Terminal and Airport ATC Information Bureau of Transportation Statistics Weather / Winds Manufacturer Data Avionics Data Worldwide Accident Data Other Information Flight Operations Maintenance Dispatch ATSAP

24 Document Number Here 24 FAA International Forum March 24, 2009 24 Federal Aviation Administration ASIAS is Governed by Formal Principles Non-punitive reporting Data used solely for advancement of safety Airline data is de-identified Analyses approved by an ASIAS Executive Board

25 ASIAS Studies Completed or Underway 25 Terrain Awareness Warning Airline Stability Metric TCAS Resolution Advisories Airline Benchmarks TCAS Resolution Advisories Runway Safety Terrain Awareness Warning Unstable Approaches Directed Studies Approach and Landing Controlled Flight Into Terrain Mid-Air Collision Icing Cargo Maintenance Loss of Control CAST Metrics: Known Risk Monitoring Safety Enhancement Assessment CAST Metrics: Known Risk Monitoring Safety Enhancement Assessment Analysis In Progress Analysis Completed

26 Analytical Products Terrain Awareness Warning System (TAWS) Traffic Collision Advisory System (TCAS) Wrong Runway Departures (WR) Metrics

27 Data Fusion Provides Valuable Insights Terrain Source: National Elevation Data Weather Source: FAA & NOAA Traffic Tracks Source: FAA National Offload Program Minimum Vectoring Altitudes Source: Air Traffic Control Airport & Airspace Procedures Source: Air Traffic Contro l Safety Event Focus Source: Digital Flight Data, Safety Reports

28 Bay Area Traffic Flows – SE Plan

29 29 Safety Enhancement 184 – Minimum Vectoring Altitude Reevaluation Reevaluate minimum vectoring altitudes (MVAs) at prioritized sites identified in the CAST TAWS study to reduce the number of terrain awareness warning system (TAWS) alerts. –ASIAS has developed a tool to identify MVAs that should be reviewed. –The CAST mitigation team is coordinating the evaluation of this tool within the FAA.

30

31 31 Safety Enhancement 185 – TAWS and RNAV Visual or Other Procedures This enhancement provides better separation from terrain by providing RNAV Visual or other procedures that mitigate known TAWS and terrain issues. –jetBlue has agreed to be the lead carrier in developing a RNAV visual flight procedure for OAK –Multiple airports identified in the TAWS study have implemented, or are developing, visual and/or instrument flight procedures ABQ: –RWY 26 RVFP in place –RWY 26 RNP waiting for completion of sight survey LAS: –RWY 19 RVFP (USAirways & NetJets) SAN: –RWY 27 RNP SAR having issues with survey & environmental Guam: –Continental talking about RVFP (no formal application)

32 OAK Traffic – RNAV Capable Aircraft RNAV equipped per AC 90-100A DME/DME/IRU and/or GPS sensor input

33 33 Proposed: RNAV VISUAL Approach to OAK RWY 11

34 34 Safety Enhancement 120 – TAWS Improved Functionality Current production models, new type design airplanes, and existing aircraft, where appropriate, will include GPS equipment to allow incorporation of certain TAWS enhancements. –CAST is developing a cost benefit analysis to help promote this initiative

35 35 EGPWS Mode-2 Pull Ups – Pre 218

36 36 EGPWS Mode-2 Pull Ups w/218 or Higher (about 20X Less Frequent)

37 37 Analytical Products Terrain Awareness Warning System (TAWS) Traffic Collision Advisory System (TCAS) Wrong Runway Departures (WR) Metrics

38 ASIAS Proprietary – Not for Distribution Data Sources and Analysis FOQA Assess NAS-wide and airport-specific TCAS RA landscape. Provide Trend Information. Investigate pilot response to advisories. NOP Run simulations that will encompass all carriers and traffic to better estimate RA rates and degree of risk. Perform domestic / foreign comparisons. (Provides intruder information.) TOPA Mode-S downlink provides information similar to FOQA, and is enhanced with surveillance radar data. Text Reports Help get the story behind the numbers at selected airports. 38 (National Offload Program radar surveillance data) (TCAS Operational Performance Assessment) (ASAP, ASRS, OE)

39 39 ASIAS Directed Study on TCAS RAs: Location from FOQA Data 39 Over a three-year period, Southern California, Northern California, and Denver accumulated the greatest concentrations of TCAS RA events. *

40 ASIAS Proprietary – Not for Distribution Common Themes Observed at Study Airports: VFR and IFR Traffic Interaction GA aircraft under tower control interacting with structured* IFR traffic at a nearby airport Example: BUR arrival and departure interaction with VNY Loitering VFR traffic interacting with structured IFR traffic to/from nearby airport Example: Philadelphia downtown VFR traffic interaction with PHL arrivals Types of traffic observed in data: radio / TV traffic reporting airplanes and helicopters, aerial photography, law enforcement Structured VFR flow near structured IFR traffic Example: VFR helicopter route crossing under EWR arrivals Example: GA traffic crossing under JFK arrivals *Arrival /departure route or an approach 40 500-ft separation is maintained in most cases, but it is not sufficient to prevent TCAS RAs

41 ASIAS Proprietary – Not for Distribution Common Themes Observed at Study Airports: IFR Traffic Interacting with Other IFR Traffic Visual approaches to parallel runways –Close spacing Example: SFO 28R/L with 750 centerline spacing –High altitude with increased TCAS sensitivity Example: DEN 16R/L with 2500 centerline spacing Arrival / departure interaction triggered by closure rate Example: TEB west departures with EWR 22 arrivals Example: DEN west departures with arrivals on both north and south flows 41 These procedures are in accordance with 7110.65, but they do not provide sufficient separation to prevent TCAS RAs

42 42 Analytical Products Terrain Awareness Warning System (TAWS) Traffic Collision Advisory System (TCAS) Metrics Wrong Runway Departures (WR)

43 Click to edit Master title style ASIAS Proprietary – Not for Distribution Mapping Problem Statements to FOQA Metrics 43

44 Click to edit Master title style ASIAS Proprietary – Not for Distribution 1 1 Unstable approaches are measured using the Height Above Touchdown (HAT) method, which captures the HAT on the first approach when the aircraft is 100% stable Accident Spotlight Air Carrier:Cayman Airways Aircraft Type: B737-300 Location: Grand Cayman, Cayman Is. Synopsis: Night; VMC; Experienced crew; Visual approach; Light rain; Tailwind; 7,021 ft. runway; Thrust reversers inoperative; Speedbrakes not armed or deployed; Fast approach; 3.5° descent angle Accident Spotlight Air Carrier:Cayman Airways Aircraft Type: B737-300 Location: Grand Cayman, Cayman Is. Synopsis: Night; VMC; Experienced crew; Visual approach; Light rain; Tailwind; 7,021 ft. runway; Thrust reversers inoperative; Speedbrakes not armed or deployed; Fast approach; 3.5° descent angle 1 1.Stable on Glideslope 2.Stable on Localizer 3.Stable [CAS-Vapp] 4.Stable [CAS-Vref] 5.Stable Ground Speed 6.Stable Rate of Descent (ROD) 7.Stable Thrust 8.Landing Flaps Set 9.Gear Down 10.Stable in Pitch 11.Stable in Roll 12.Stable in Yaw 13.Ground Spoilers Armed 14.Speed Brakes Retracted Metric Category Level Safety Enhancement Level Problem Statement Level Metric Level Metric Level Example Metrics for Approach and Landing Accident Risks 44

45 Click to edit Master title style ASIAS Proprietary – Not for Distribution 83.1% 15.8% 1.1% Initial Results: Unstable Approach Metric 45

46 Click to edit Master title style ASIAS Proprietary – Not for Distribution Initial Results: Unstable Approach Metric 46

47 Analytical Products Terrain Awareness Warning System (TAWS) Traffic Collision Advisory System (TCAS) Metrics Wrong Runway Departures (WR)

48 48 Lexington Blue Grass (LEX) 2006 Aircraft was cleared for departure on Runway 22 but departed on Runway 26 –Comair flight 5191 crashed approximately ½ mile from the end of runway 26 Similar non-fatal events have occurred prior to this event –Cleared for 22 but lined up on 26 (1993) –Poor visual cues and lighting also cited in other taxing related events by air crews Similar non-fatal events have occurred after this event

49 49 Findings – Part 121 Operations Wrong Runway Departures By Data Source NOTE: ASRS database with certain exceptions captures ~ 18% of reports received by NASA on monthly basis 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 ASRS PDS NTSB (I) AIDS (I) PTRS NTSB (A) 84 32 1

50 50 Findings – Part 121 Operations Air Carrier Reported Wrong Runway Events (1981-2006) Cleveland Houston Salt Lake City Miami Chicago Lexington NOTE: ASRS database captures only 18% of all reports received by NASA on monthly basis 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

51 51 Part 121 Contributing Factors

52 52 JIMDAT Mitigation Assessment Risk Eliminated

53 53 Findings – Part 135 Operations Wrong Runway Events (1981-2006) NOTE: ASRS database with certain exceptions captures ~ 18% of reports received by NASA on monthly basis Cleveland Houston Los Angeles Richmond Syracuse Anchorage PART 121

54 54 Part 139 (Class 1) Airport Review 355 Airports

55 International Collaboration Sharing of CAST safety products worldwide – COSCAP, GASR, etc Sharing of CAST safety products worldwide – COSCAP, GASR, etc CAST ICAO Common Taxonomy CAST ICAO Common Taxonomy ECCAIRs – common taxonomy, developing data sharing proposals ECCAIRs – common taxonomy, developing data sharing proposals TCAS RA mitigation study – including Eurocontrol TCAS RA mitigation study – including Eurocontrol Desire increased connectivity with ICAO ISDCAS (Integrated Safety Data Collection and Analysis System) Desire increased connectivity with ICAO ISDCAS (Integrated Safety Data Collection and Analysis System) IATA GSIC – Evaluating sharing top level safety hazards IATA GSIC – Evaluating sharing top level safety hazards Partnered with E-CAST Partnered with E-CAST

56 http://www.cast-safety.org/http://www.cast-safety.org/ QUESTIONS?


Download ppt "By: Date: Federal Aviation Administration Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Aviation Safety Information Analysis Sharing (ASIAS) Presented to ICAO."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google