Presentation on theme: "ADS-B in APAC and ADS-B Benefits The Global Voice of ATM"— Presentation transcript:
1 ADS-B in APAC and ADS-B Benefits The Global Voice of ATM
2 BackgroundIn July 2008, CANSO agreed to conduct a Cost Benefit Analysis for the ADS-B project over the South China Sea involving Indonesia, Vietnam and Singapore.The study was conducted with the support of IATA and CANSO members (FAA and CAAS) and completed in 2009.The global voice of ATM
3 ObjectivesTo determine the benefits & costs of ADS-B implementation for the projectAs an example of good governance in developing a business case for the projectTo promote regional collaboration and harmonisation among ANSPs and usersThe global voice of ATM
7 Study Assumptions ADS-B data sharing across FIRs Provision of VHF communications to adjacent ANSPs when requiredProvision of radar-like separation in restricted airspaceAnalysis based on extrapolation of CAAS traffic data and IATA’s demand projectionsEstimated infrastructure costThe global voice of ATM
8 Traffic Demand Forecast Given the recent economic downturn and the volatility of projections, we conducted a sensitivity analysis based on the following scenarios:Low: 3% growthMedium: 5% growthHigh: 7% growthNote: The medium and most probable growth rate for air traffic is set at 5% based on IATA’s Forecast AAGR ( ) for APAC which is 5.9% for pax and 5.4% for freight.The global voice of ATM
9 Aircraft EquipageInformation presented at SEA ADS-B WG/1 in 2007 showed that about 60% of aircraft in the area were transmitting ADS-B data although this does not take into account the certification or accuracy of the data.A review of flights operating in the area from Jul- Oct 2008 reinforced this point, where 61.9% were assessed to be ADS-B capable.25% of the remaining were assessed as retrofit ready (during scheduled maintenance)The global voice of ATM
10 Aircraft Equipage New aircraft delivered are all ADS-B capable Fleet retirements due to economic climate will enhance capabilitiesRetrofit timelines would be encouraged by an effective mandateWith an effective mandate, more than 85% of aircraft would be ADS-B (Out) capableThe global voice of ATM
11 Benefits - Optimum Flight Altitudes Examine fuel savings for flights that currently do not receive optimum altitudeExamine flights that are currently delayed before receiving optimum altitude.ANSP AANSP BANSP CDATADATADATAOptimum (Requested) Flight Level (FL)BENEFITBENEFITAssumed FLIn FIR AActual FLIn FIR BAssumed FLIn FIR CDestinationDepartureEstimated Elapsed TimeThe global voice of ATM
12 Benefits - Capacity Increase Examine delays due to limited capacity vs. the demand forecast.Examine hourly demand vs. hourly capacity and run a queuing model to estimate delay difference between baseline capacity and new ADS-B enabled capacityMonetize delay savings benefit in terms of reduced Aircraft Direct Operating Costs and Passenger Value of TimeExample of Hourly DemandThe global voice of ATM
13 Costs - Infrastructure ADS-B stationsVHF radio & communications circuitsATM system upgrades where applicableProject management & trainingRecurrent costs e.g. maintenance and sparesSupporting infrastructure if neededThe global voice of ATM
14 Economic Analysis Net Present Value (NPV) [> 0] Business CaseNet Present Value (NPV) [> 0]Benefit to Cost Ratio (B/C ratio) [> 1]Internal Rate of Return (IRR) [> Cost of Capital]Payback YearExample of outputsThe global voice of ATM
15 Results of Cost Benefit Study (For a 5% medium traffic growth scenario) Annual savings of nearly 3 million lbs of fuel burnAnnual reduction of 10 million lbs of CO2 emissionsTotal Economic savings of over US $ 4m annuallyIRR of 22%The global voice of ATM
16 Other BenefitsImproved safety – enhanced tracking of aircraft, weather deviations etcImproved surveillance facilitates Search and Rescue effortsEnvironmental benefits – greater operational efficiency leading to lower carbon emissionsImproved flight data collection for analysis and planningThe global voice of ATM
17 Recommendation of SEA/BOB ADS-B WG/7 “ADS-B Out” based surveillance applications as modules be included in the Aviation System Block Upgrade Document. These modules should include:- Improved air traffic operations through provision of surveillance (using ADS-B or radar);- Improved access to optimum flight levels through climb/descent & cruise using ADS-B or radar; andImproved safety, efficiency and seamlessness using shared surveillance services across FIR boundaries.Post Meeting:ICAO Headquarters accepted this and agreed that an amended ASBU B0-85 Module would be developed to take this into account.
18 Cost Benefit Study for South China Sea project Completed and published in May 2009.Available to download from:
19 Project milestones for initial phase of ADS-B implementation over the South China Sea A Installation of ADS-B ground stationsNatunas and Matak - completedSingapore - completedCon Son - 2H 2012B Installation of VHF stations and links Natunas and Matak - 1H2012Conson H2012C Signing of ADS-B data and VHF radio facility sharing agreementi) Between Indonesia and Singapore - 2H2010 completedii) Between Vietnam and Singapore - 2H2011 completedD Signing of LOA between Ho Chi Minh and Singapore ACCs H2012E Issue AIC on aircraft equipage mandate - 2H completed F Technical Monitoring of ADS-B operations - 1H 2012G Operational trial and implementaion - 2H 2012/implementation 2H2013H Exclusive ADS-B operations for L642 and M771 above FL H2013
20 CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY CANSO ADS-B SEMINARFORCIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITYOF THE PHILIPPINES11 August 2010, MANILA
21 Proposed ADS-B coverage for additional high density routes over the South China SeaManilaN884M771L642Quezon PahlawanCon SonM767BruneiNatunaMatakSingaporeRoutes benefitting from the additional coverageOperational Trials on L642 and M771Current ADS-B Project CoverageProposed ADS-B Coverage
22 Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS-B) Seminar for Department of Civil Aviation, MyanmarCivil Aviation Training Institute, Yangon22 February 2011
23 Myanmar ADS-B Implementation Plan RadarADS-BLashio AirportManday International AirportKyaing Tone Airport5 ADS-B stations proposedSittwe Airport3 SSR radar for En-route1 PSR for TerminalYangon International AirportPathein AirportCoo co island AirportMyeik Airport
24 Potential ADS-B coverage for high density routes over Bay of Bengal CalcuttaBubaneshwarSittweVishakhapatnamMahanadiBasinPathienCoco IslandBangkokKrishna-GodavariBasinChennaiAndaman NicobarBasinPort BlairTrincomaleeCar NicobarPhuketAcehHigh Density Routes over Bay of BengalPotential ADS-B coverage from sites on landPotential ADS-B coverage from offshore sites
29 48th DGCA CONFERENCE Action Item 48/4: Recognising that the full benefits of ADS-B would only be achieved through harmonized implementation, the Conference urges States and Administrations to expedite ADS-B implementation and share with ICAO Regional Office their implementation plans.
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