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Bell Ringer

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**Ratios and Proportions**

A ratio is a comparison of a number “a” and a nonzero number “b” using division

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**Simplify the ratio. a. 60 cm : 200 cm b. 3 ft 18 in.**

Example 1 Simplify Ratios Simplify the ratio. a. 60 cm : 200 cm b. 3 ft 18 in. SOLUTION a. 60 cm : 200 cm can be written as the fraction 60 cm 200 cm Divide numerator and denominator by their greatest common factor, 20. = 60 cm 200 cm 60 ÷ 20 200 ÷ 20 3 10 Simplify. is read as “3 to 10.” = 3

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**Divide numerator and denominator by their greatest common factor, 18. **

Example 1 Simplify Ratios = 3 · 12 in. 18 in. 3 ft b. Substitute 12 in. for 1 ft. Multiply. = 36 in. 18 in. Divide numerator and denominator by their greatest common factor, 18. = 36 ÷ 18 18 ÷ 18 2 1 Simplify. is read as “2 to 1.” = 4

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**Segment Addition Postulate 4x + x = 30 **

Example 2 Use Ratios In the diagram, AB : BC is 4 : 1 and AC = 30. Find AB and BC. SOLUTION Let x = BC. Because the ratio of AB to BC is 4 to 1, you know that AB = 4x. AB + BC = AC Segment Addition Postulate 4x + x = 30 Substitute 4x for AB, x for BC, and 30 for AC. 5x = 30 Add like terms. x = 6 Divide each side by 5. 5

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**To find AB and BC, substitute 6 for x.**

Example 2 Use Ratios To find AB and BC, substitute 6 for x. AB = 4x = 4 · 6 = 24 BC = x = 6 ANSWER So, AB = 24 and BC = 6. 6

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**Formula for the perimeter of a rectangle 2(7x) + 2(3x) = 80 **

Example 3 Use Ratios The perimeter of a rectangle is 80 feet. The ratio of the length to the width is 7 : 3. Find the length and the width of the rectangle. SOLUTION The ratio of length to width is 7 to 3. You can let the length l = 7x and the width w = 3x. 2l + 2w = P Formula for the perimeter of a rectangle 2(7x) + 2(3x) = 80 Substitute 7x for l, 3x for w, and 80 for P. 14x + 6x = 80 Multiply. 20x = 80 Add like terms. x = 4 Divide each side by 20. 7

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**To find the length and width of the rectangle, substitute 4 for x.**

Example 3 Use Ratios To find the length and width of the rectangle, substitute 4 for x. l = 7x = 7 · 4 = 28 w = 3x = 3 · 4 = 12 ANSWER The length is 28 feet, and the width is 12 feet. 8

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Now You Try 1. In the diagram, EF : FG is 2 : 1 and EG = 24. Find EF and FG. ANSWER EF = 16; FG = 8 2. The perimeter of a rectangle is 84 feet. The ratio of the length to the width is 4 : 3. Find the length and the width of the rectangle. ANSWER length, 24 ft; width, 18 ft

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**An equation that states that two ratios are equal is called a proportion**

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**Write original proportion. = y + 2 6 5 3 5 · 6 = 3(y + 2) **

Example 4 Solve a Proportion Solve the proportion = y + 2 6 5 3 SOLUTION Write original proportion. = y + 2 6 5 3 5 · 6 = 3(y + 2) Cross product property 30 = 3y + 6 Multiply and use distributive property. 30 – 6 = 3y + 6 – 6 Subtract 6 from each side. 24 = 3y Simplify. Divide each side by 3. = 3y 3 24 8 = y Simplify. 11

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**Now You Try Solve the proportion. 3. = 6 8 3 x ANSWER 4 4. = 15 y 5**

9 5. = m + 2 5 14 10 ANSWER 5

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Complete #s 2-44 even only

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