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Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) Status Briefing Presentation to WG-W/4 Montreal, Canada Presented by: Brent Phillips; FAA.

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Presentation on theme: "Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) Status Briefing Presentation to WG-W/4 Montreal, Canada Presented by: Brent Phillips; FAA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) Status Briefing Presentation to WG-W/4 Montreal, Canada Presented by: Brent Phillips; FAA Date: Sept , 2011

2 Background Future Communications Study (AP-17), ICAO Aeronautical Communications Panel, Recommendation #1: Develop a new system based on the IEEE e standard operating in the C-band and supporting the airport surface environment. NextGen Implementation Plan (FY09, FY10 & FY11) to improve collaborative Air Traffic Management includes “New ATM Requirements: Future Communications” Concepts of use, preliminary requirements, and architecture for C-band airport surface wireless communication system Test bed infrastructure to enable validation of aviation profile 2

3 C-band Datalink Recommendations
Develop airport surface system based on IEEE e standard [A1.1] Identify the portions of the IEEE standard best suited for airport surface wireless communications, identify and develop any missing functionality and propose an aviation specific standard to appropriate standardisation bodies; [A1.2] Evaluate and validate the performance of the aviation specific standard to support wireless mobile communications networks operating in the relevant airport surface environments through trials and test bed development; [A1.3] Propose a channelization methodology for allocation of safety and regularity of flight services in the band to accommodate a range of airport classes, configurations and operational requirements; [A0.4] Complete business analysis in relation to the FCI components and implementation from the perspective of the ground infrastructure and the airlines. A I R T R A F F I C O R G A N I Z A T I O N ato 3

4 2007 World Radiocommunications Conference Decision
The WRC-07 approved adding an AM(R)S allocation for MHz to the International Table of Frequency Allocations Removed prior limitation in so-called MLS Extension Band for “support of navigation/surveillance functions” AM(R)S designation for safety and regularity of flight applications No interference allowed with other occupants in the band: non-GEO satellite feeder links and aeronautical telemetry Protected allocation enables ICAO to develop international standards for airport mobile (i.e., wheels in contact) surface wireless communications networks that include fixed assets Ideal for airport surface wireless network with short range (~10 km or less sector coverage) and high data throughput (10s of Mb/s) The WRC-12 will consider adding an AM(R)S allocation in the MHz band A I R T R A F F I C O R G A N I Z A T I O N ato 4

5 Potential AeroMACS Service Categories in U.S.
ARINC, SITA, Airlines, Others? Port Authority, Commercial? FAA, FTI, Others? 5

6 AeroMACS Service Examples and Provision Options
Air Traffic Services Service Examples Air traffic control commands beyond Data Comm Segment 3 Surface communications, navigation, and surveillance (CNS) fixed assets Provision Options Government-owned (licensed)/Government-operated (GO/GO) Government-owned (licensed)/Commercially-operated (GO/CO) Non-competed service extension via FAA Telecommunications Infrastructure (FTI) Open commercial competition by FAA Airline Services Airline Operational Control (AOC) Airline Administrative Communications (AAC) Advisory information System Wide Information Management (SWIM) Aeronautical Information Management (AIM) Meteorological (MET) data services Commercially-owned (licensed)/Commercially-operated (CO/CO) Non-competed service extension via exiting AOC service providers Airline service provision internally Open commercial competition by airlines Airport Operator/Port Authority Services Security video Routine and emergency operations De-icing/snow removal Local Government-owned (licensed)/Commercially-operated (GO/CO) Open commercial competition by Operator/Port Authority 6

7 C-Band Research Description – FY09
Develop ConUse, requirements, and architecture for the C-Band airport surface wireless communications system Conduct supporting system analyses (e.g. high-level safety, interference, wireless security, risk assessment) Develop detailed system designs based on IEEE standards Establish an operational capability in NextGen CNS Test Bed to characterize the performance and conduct services demos/trials Develop test and demo plans and execute those plans to establish baseline performance as point of departure for proposed aeronautical services modifications Develop initial recommendations for joint RTCA/EUROCAE standards activities and provide support to new RTCA SC, and propose methods to validate standards in follow-on tasks

8 AeroMACS FY10 Evaluations
Measure data throughput and packet integrity for the following conditions: 5 and 10 MHz channel bandwidths Stationary and mobile subscriber stations at speeds of at least 40 knots Line-Of-Sight (LOS) and Non-LOS (N-LOS) propagation links Presence of adjacent channel activity Mobility tests with hand-off transition between base station coverage sectors and between base stations Determine minimum transmit power required to maintain a minimum level of link performance: Single subscriber station antenna MIMO antenna diversity Characterize link performance when transferring sensor data from MLAT sensors in test bed Mixture of data traffic streams Traffic priority setting with Quality of Service (QoS) settings

ITT’s AeroMACS prototype implements features required to support mobile and stationary wideband communications for safety and regularity of flight services in an operational airport environment Full prototype network has been installed, including user verification and security with Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) server function AeroMACS hardware and network installation completed in October 2009 with two multi-sector base stations providing wide area coverage and redundancy (one on Glenn property, one on CLE) and eight subscriber stations (two on Glenn, six on CLE) AeroMACS operational capability established in March 2010

10 NASA-Cleveland Test Bed AeroMACS Network Layout
Approach Lighting SS Snow Barn SS Private Hangar SS GRC B500 SS GRC B110 Core Server & Backhaul GRC B4 BS & Backhaul Consolidated Maintenance Facility SS ARFF BS & Terminal C AZ = 55° ° AZ = 200° AZ = 295° AZ = 45° AZ = 185° Glycol Tanks SS Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport NASA Glenn Research Center Base Stations Subscriber Stations Core Server

11 Two-Sector Base Station Located at NASA Glenn Hangar Building 4
BTS 1-1 ODU BTS 1-2 ODU GPS ODU 11 GHz Backhaul ODU

12 Three-Sector Base Station Located at CLE Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting (ARFF) Building
ARFF Building and Observation Deck GPS ODUs BS ODUs (3) 11 GHz Data Backhaul to B110

13 Subscriber Station Installation Example on Sensis MLAT Equipment at NASA Glenn Building 500
ITT AeroMACS Subscriber Station ODU Electronics Enclosure Sensis Multilateration MLAT Remote Unit Equipment

14 Funded Research Activities in FY11
Evaluate selected ATC mobile applications on the aeronautical mobile airport communications system (AeroMACS) Investigate and resolve remaining issues affecting the final AeroMACS profile inputs to the MOPS process Evaluate and recommend mobile Source Station (SS) MIMO antenna configurations for mobile SSs Optimize AeroMACS system-level performance (QoS, data throughput, latency, error rate) within ITU limitations on radiated power Resolve channel BW and center frequency spacing plans to satisfy US and European objectives while preserving Spectrum Office flexibility and compatibility with WiMAX Forum practices Validate that the proposed AeroMACS complies with interference requirements for the US proposed allocation at World Radiocommunications Conference in 2012.

15 RTCA SC-223 RTCA Program Management Council approved SC-223 in July 2009 for Airport Surface Wireless Communications standard development Aeronautical Mobile Airport Communications System (AeroMACS) profile is based on IEEE standard Working in close collaboration with EUROCAE WG-82 to develop joint profile and MOPS documents. Engaged industry participation for their perspectives: Honeywell (Co-Lead) and Rockwell Collins, avionics providers ITT (Co-Lead) and Harris, service providers Boeing, aircraft manufacturer Draft AeroMACS profile complete. Document through Final Recommendations and Comments (FRAC). Presented to PMC 28 Sept for formal approval. Minimum Operational Performance Standard (MOPS) process began in February Next RTCA SC-223/EUROCAE WG-82 Meeting: 11-13 October in Langen, Germany

16 Approach for Technical Parameter Profile
System profile define AeroMACS operation in the unique airport surface environment Profile based on IEEE broadband mobility standard Leverages commercial mobile Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) for profiles, hardware, software, and network architecture Testing, analyses, and demos will validate that application needs are met RTCA SC-223 is developing FAA profile recommendations; EUROCAE WG-82 is developing common profile for EUROCONTROL in parallel Profile Area Key Parameter Selections RF/Radio parameters Frequency band Channel BWs Channel center frequencies 5091 to 5150 MHz 5, 10 MHz Center frequencies at 5 MHz increments Power class Max DL TX power Max UL TX power Unchanged from IEEE e Duplex Mode TDD/FDD TDD Physical Layer M-ary QAM range Coding options MIMO Performance profiles – Min. performance defined in e and sensitivity values scaled for frequency MAC Layer ARQ Security protocols Mobile protocols QoS options

17 Pending FAA/SJU Coordination Plan
Coordination Plan 4.4: Data-Link Technology The U.S/FAA and EU/SESAR Joint Undertaking (SJU) have established a Memorandum of Cooperations for Civil Aviation R&D. Annex 1 is for NextGen-SESAR Harmonization “Eurocontrol/Nikos Fistas and FAA/Brent Phillips are the leads for the Data Link Technology Plan under the Communications, Navigation, Surveillance (CNS) & Airborne Interoperability Portfolio. CP 4.4 actions include agreement on: LDACS Technology at the ICAO Level Updated AMSRS SARPs at the ICAO Level AeroMACS Standards including ICAO SARPs AeroMACS Cockpit Architecture Authentication and Authorizaton functionalities to ensure Global Hramonization Functionalities of a flexible Airborne Architiecture Conduct the research and technology development based on the ICAO endorsed findings and recommendations of AP-17: Future Communications Study (FCS) 17

18 C-Band Research Description – FY12
Assess requirements for data service segregation and reliable delivery of ATC and AOC AeroMACS applications identified by the RCTA SC-223 Ad Hoc User Services and Applications Survey working group. Investigate secure and reliable methods for Private Key Management and synchronization across all AAA AeroMACS sites, including the responsibility for generating initial PKM certificates and dissemination across the AeroMACS system Support the development of the AeroMACS Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPS) document in ICAO ACP Working Group S through validation and analysis.

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