Presentation on theme: "PLANNING FOR A GLOBAL ATM SYSTEM"— Presentation transcript:
1PLANNING FOR A GLOBAL ATM SYSTEM ICAO Air Navigation BureauRadio Spectrum SeminarCairo, Egypt
2Presentation Outline Historical Successes Global Air Traffic ManagementWhat is itHow do we get thereEleventh Air Navigation ConferencePartnering with IndustryGlobal Plan (Initiatives)Achieving a global ATM systemRegional IntegrationMeasuring success
3Historical: path toward Global ATM 2010 and beyond
4Successes Standards and Guidance Material Air Traffic ManagementATM system requirementsTransition strategiesPerformance frameworkPANS-ATM amendment for to allow use of systems other than radar for ATSPANS-ATM amendment for use of GNSS for longitudinal separationComparative assessment between ADS-B and radarRNP approach procedures
5Successes Standards and Guidance Material CommunicationsDraft SARPs and Manual on Universal Access Transceiver (UAT)Significant amendment to AMSS SARPsIntroduction of elements of Internet protocol suite (IPS) in the ATNNavigationNew SARPs and manual on the concept of performance based navigationSARPs for GRAS and criteria for approach procedures with vertical guidanceSARPs for new GNSS signals (GALILEO-GLONASS, new GPS)SurveillanceSARPs for Mode S and extended squitter
6Global Air Traffic Management What is it, how do we get there INTEROPERABILITYSEAMLESSSAFETY
7IT ISA Worldwide system that achieves interoperability and seamlessness based on:Physical interconnectednessHomogeneous ATM areas and Major Traffic flowsCommon requirements, Standards and proceduresIntegration (TMAs, aerodromes)Performance based equipment carriage requirementsSeamless safety across all regionsFor all users during all phases of flightProvides for optimum economic operationsEnvironmentally…….Meets security……..
8Physical Interconnectedness Major traffic flows-ATM Homogeneous ATM areas
9Interoperability-Seamlessness, Equipment carriage Procedures, Integration, ATS-ATFM-ASM, Safety ATM operational conceptIndustry Roadmap(drive)Global Air Navigation Plan InitiativesRegional Air Navigation Plans(based on)Global Plan InitiativesPerformance objectivesGlobal Air Navigation Safety PlanSafety Management SystemsSafety Oversight AuditsTransparency
10Eleventh Air Navigation Conference How we get there Endorsed the global ATM operational conceptRequested ICAO to:develop ATM system requirementsaddress interoperability and seamlessnessdefine requirements for global AIMpublish the operational conceptamend the Global Planharmonize interregional AN systemsestablish an ICAO air navigation databasedevelop a performance framework
11Eleventh Air Navigation Conference (AN-Conf/11) — Outcome That States and PIRGs consider the Global Air Navigation Plan for CNS/ATM Systems as a catalyst for change, providing a global safety and interoperability framework while allowing regional or local adaptation to efficiently meet regional and local needs
12Partnering with Industry ANC Industry Meeting – ConclusionsThat those industry partners in a position to do so, work together toward the development of a common roadmap/global action plan, aimed at attaining operational benefits in the near to medium term for inclusion in the ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan
13Partnering with Industry To ensure that the capabilities and capacities offered through existing aircraft equipage, ATM infrastructure and ATC systems is utilized to the maximum extent possibleTo deliver transitional benefits while we continue our evolution
14Global Plan as a transition roadmap Revised Global Plan developed on the basis ofRecommendations of AN-Conf/11Global ATM Operational Concept, which provides the target systemIndustry Roadmap, which provides the near and medium industry requirementsGlobal Plan provides guidance on environment, business case, costs, human resources, etc.
16Global Plan Initiatives (GPI) Options for ATM improvementsRelate to ATM objectives in current version of Global PlanResult in direct performance enhancementsMeet performance objectivesBased on Industry Roadmaps and current regional activitiesBring near- and medium-term benefits to aircraft operators
17What is new in the revised Global Plan? NoCurrent versionNew version1Covers only CNS and ATM elements; known as Global ANP for CNS/ATM systemsExpands to related elements such as AIS/AGA/MET thus known as Global ANP2ICAO developed with indirect participation from industry and StatesICAO developed with direct participation from industry and States
18What is new in the revised Global Plan? NoCurrent versionNew version3Extends to near-mid-long- termRestricted to near-and mid-term, with long-term to be addressed through ATM operational concept4Focuses on objectives & systemsRelates to Performance5P (paper)–basedE (electronic)–based
19What is new in the revised Global Plan? NoCurrent versionNew version6Provided passive harmonizationEnsures active harmonization7Implementation based on 45 objectives and systems45 objectives have been refined and aligned to performance based 23 Global Plan Initiatives8Does not support planning tools for its implementationNumber of planning tools (software, web-based, project mgt, etc.) available
20Approach to implementation The approach to implementation of GPIs builds on:progress already achievedexperience gained by PIRGs in the previous cycle of CNS/ATM systems implementation processexisting capabilities of the air navigation systems; andsuccessful regional implementation
21Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-5) Area Navigation (RNAV) and Required Navigation Performance (RNP)Scope: The incorporation of advanced aircraft navigation capabilities into the air navigation system infrastructure.Related ATM objectives: Application of required navigation performance; Application of required surveillance performance; Reduced longitudinal separation; Reduced lateral separation
22Example of GPI RNAV and RNP Area of ApplicationNav accuracyDesignation of navigation standard:Current situationDesignation of navigation specification: PBN concept (new)Oceanic/Remote10RNP 104RNP 4EnRoute- Continental5RNP 5Basic RNAVRNAV 5En Route - Continental and Terminal2USRNAV type ARNAV 2RNP 2Terminal1USRNAV type B andP-RNAVRNAV 1RNP 1Simplification,reduced costsfor operatorsand ANSPs
24Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-4) Alignment of upper airspace classificationsScope: The harmonization of upper airspace and associated traffic handling through application of a common ICAO ATS Airspace Class above an agreed division level.Related ATM objectives: nil
25Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-1) Flexible use of airspaceScope: The optimization and equitable balance in the use of airspace between civil and military users, facilitated through both strategic coordination and dynamic interaction.Related ATM objectives: Airspace desegregation/flexible use of airspace
26Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-9) Situational awarenessScope: Operational implementation of data link-based surveillance. The implementation of equipment to allow traffic information to be displayed in aircraft supporting implementation of conflict prediction and collaboration between flight crew and the ATM system. Improve situational awareness in the cockpit by making available electronic terrain and obstacle data of required quality.Related ATM objectives: application of data link; Functional integration of ground systems with airborne ; ADS; ADS-B; SSR Mode S
27Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-10) Terminal area design and managementScope: The optimization of the terminal control area (TMA) through improved design and management techniques.Related ATM objectives: Application of RNP; Functional integration of ground systems with airborne systems; Independent IFR approaches to closely spaced runways; Curved and segmented approaches; Application of data link; WGS-84
28Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-17) Implementation of data link applicationsScope: Increase the use of data link applications.Related ATM objectives: Application of data link; Functional integration of ground systems; with airborne systems; ATS inter-facility data communication (AIDC)
29Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-18) aeronautical InformationScope: To make available in real-time, quality assured electronic information (aeronautical, terrain and obstacle).Related ATM objectives: Functional integration of ground systems with airborne systems; ATS-inter-facility (AIDC) communications
30Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-23) Aeronautical Radio SpectrumScope: Timely and continuing availability of adequate radio spectrum, on a global basis, to provide viable air navigation services (communication, navigation and surveillance).
32Work Programme (iterative process) Identification of “gaps” in performanceGPIs evaluated against these gaps to identify those that would most appropriately provide the operational improvements necessary to meet performance objective(s)development of scenarios for implementation of initiatives, cost-benefit analyses of the various scenarios and preliminary development of infrastructure support requirementsAdditional steps: development of implementation plans and funding profiles, further review of human resource requirements to support the identified initiatives, followed by further cost-benefit analysesNational and regional implementation plans developed or amended based on the selected initiativesPlanning tools will assist planners in carrying out the above steps
36Focus for NAM/CAR-GREPECAS Optimize ATS route structure in both terminal and en-route airspaceGPI 4 Alignment of upper airspace classificationsGPI 5 RNP and RNAV implementation (RNAV 5)GPI 7 Dynamic and flexible ATS route managementGPI 8 Collaborative airspace design and managementGPI 10 Terminal area design and managementGPI 11 RNP and RNAV SIDs and STARsGPI 12 FMS based arrival proceduresImprove demand and capacity balancingGPI 6 Air traffic flow managementEnhance civil/military coordination and cooperationGPI 1 Flexible use of airspaceAlign upper airspace classificationGPI 4 Alignment of upper airspace classificationImplement RNP approaches
37Measuring success Success of ICAO Business Plan and timelinesSuccess of the Global air navigation systemcapacityefficiencyenvironmentflexibilityinteroperabilitysafety
39Current Global Plan Baseline The current Global Plan provides a static representation of the ATM Enhancement timelineThe regions have incorporated this format into their CNS/ATM implementation plansAlthough this static format was useful to provide a survey and planning framework it does not provide adequate visibility of current implementation status.
40Global Plan Transition A stated objective of the updated Global Plan is the transition to a living documentA dynamic reporting system will allow management visibility into the current status of program activitiesA common reporting format will allow ICAO to a establish measurable progress at both global and regional levels.
42Efficiency Objective: Implementation of a seamless, global air traffic management system that will enable aircraft operators to meet their planned times of departure and arrival and adhere to their preferred flight profiles with minimum constraints and without compromising agreed levels of safety.Supported by Global Plan Initiatives that:Maintain Operational SafetyImprove System Operational PerformanceHarmonize Global InteroperabilityMinimize CostsEnable TransitionSecurityEnvironmentEnsure SeparationPhysicalCapacityDelayAccessFlexibilityEfficiencyPredictabilityTime valueInfrastructureCommunicationsNoiseSecurityof benefitInformationEquipageScalabilityNavigationEmissionsSecurityCost benefitTransitionSurveillanceequityO&MDatabasesData exchangePerformance Based RegulationEfficiency Metric Elements