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Presentation on theme: "PLANNING FOR A GLOBAL ATM SYSTEM"— Presentation transcript:

ICAO Air Navigation Bureau Radio Spectrum Seminar Cairo, Egypt

2 Presentation Outline Historical Successes
Global Air Traffic Management What is it How do we get there Eleventh Air Navigation Conference Partnering with Industry Global Plan (Initiatives) Achieving a global ATM system Regional Integration Measuring success

3 Historical: path toward Global ATM
2010 and beyond

4 Successes Standards and Guidance Material
Air Traffic Management ATM system requirements Transition strategies Performance framework PANS-ATM amendment for to allow use of systems other than radar for ATS PANS-ATM amendment for use of GNSS for longitudinal separation Comparative assessment between ADS-B and radar RNP approach procedures

5 Successes Standards and Guidance Material
Communications Draft SARPs and Manual on Universal Access Transceiver (UAT) Significant amendment to AMSS SARPs Introduction of elements of Internet protocol suite (IPS) in the ATN Navigation New SARPs and manual on the concept of performance based navigation SARPs for GRAS and criteria for approach procedures with vertical guidance SARPs for new GNSS signals (GALILEO-GLONASS, new GPS) Surveillance SARPs for Mode S and extended squitter

6 Global Air Traffic Management What is it, how do we get there

7 IT IS A Worldwide system that achieves interoperability and seamlessness based on: Physical interconnectedness Homogeneous ATM areas and Major Traffic flows Common requirements, Standards and procedures Integration (TMAs, aerodromes) Performance based equipment carriage requirements Seamless safety across all regions For all users during all phases of flight Provides for optimum economic operations Environmentally……. Meets security……..

8 Physical Interconnectedness Major traffic flows-ATM Homogeneous ATM areas

9 Interoperability-Seamlessness, Equipment carriage Procedures, Integration, ATS-ATFM-ASM, Safety
ATM operational concept Industry Roadmap (drive) Global Air Navigation Plan Initiatives Regional Air Navigation Plans (based on) Global Plan Initiatives Performance objectives Global Air Navigation Safety Plan Safety Management Systems Safety Oversight Audits Transparency

10 Eleventh Air Navigation Conference How we get there
Endorsed the global ATM operational concept Requested ICAO to: develop ATM system requirements address interoperability and seamlessness define requirements for global AIM publish the operational concept amend the Global Plan harmonize interregional AN systems establish an ICAO air navigation database develop a performance framework

11 Eleventh Air Navigation Conference (AN-Conf/11) — Outcome
That States and PIRGs consider the Global Air Navigation Plan for CNS/ATM Systems as a catalyst for change, providing a global safety and interoperability framework while allowing regional or local adaptation to efficiently meet regional and local needs

12 Partnering with Industry
ANC Industry Meeting – Conclusions That those industry partners in a position to do so, work together toward the development of a common roadmap/global action plan, aimed at attaining operational benefits in the near to medium term for inclusion in the ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan

13 Partnering with Industry
To ensure that the capabilities and capacities offered through existing aircraft equipage, ATM infrastructure and ATC systems is utilized to the maximum extent possible To deliver transitional benefits while we continue our evolution

14 Global Plan as a transition roadmap
Revised Global Plan developed on the basis of Recommendations of AN-Conf/11 Global ATM Operational Concept, which provides the target system Industry Roadmap, which provides the near and medium industry requirements Global Plan provides guidance on environment, business case, costs, human resources, etc.

15 Transition Strategy

16 Global Plan Initiatives (GPI)
Options for ATM improvements Relate to ATM objectives in current version of Global Plan Result in direct performance enhancements Meet performance objectives Based on Industry Roadmaps and current regional activities Bring near- and medium-term benefits to aircraft operators

17 What is new in the revised Global Plan?
No Current version New version 1 Covers only CNS and ATM elements; known as Global ANP for CNS/ATM systems Expands to related elements such as AIS/AGA/MET thus known as Global ANP 2 ICAO developed with indirect participation from industry and States ICAO developed with direct participation from industry and States

18 What is new in the revised Global Plan?
No Current version New version 3 Extends to near-mid-long- term Restricted to near-and mid-term, with long-term to be addressed through ATM operational concept 4 Focuses on objectives & systems Relates to Performance 5 P (paper)–based E (electronic)–based

19 What is new in the revised Global Plan?
No Current version New version 6 Provided passive harmonization Ensures active harmonization 7 Implementation based on 45 objectives and systems 45 objectives have been refined and aligned to performance based 23 Global Plan Initiatives 8 Does not support planning tools for its implementation Number of planning tools (software, web-based, project mgt, etc.) available

20 Approach to implementation
The approach to implementation of GPIs builds on: progress already achieved experience gained by PIRGs in the previous cycle of CNS/ATM systems implementation process existing capabilities of the air navigation systems; and successful regional implementation

21 Global Plan Initiatives
(GPI-5) Area Navigation (RNAV) and Required Navigation Performance (RNP) Scope: The incorporation of advanced aircraft navigation capabilities into the air navigation system infrastructure. Related ATM objectives: Application of required navigation performance; Application of required surveillance performance; Reduced longitudinal separation; Reduced lateral separation

22 Example of GPI RNAV and RNP
Area of Application Nav accuracy Designation of navigation standard: Current situation Designation of navigation specification: PBN concept (new) Oceanic/ Remote 10 RNP 10 4 RNP 4 EnRoute- Continental 5 RNP 5 Basic RNAV RNAV 5 En Route - Continental and Terminal 2 USRNAV type A RNAV 2 RNP 2 Terminal 1 USRNAV type B and P-RNAV RNAV 1 RNP 1 Simplification, reduced costs for operators and ANSPs

23 RNAV and RNP Seamlessness

24 Global Plan Initiatives
(GPI-4) Alignment of upper airspace classifications Scope: The harmonization of upper airspace and associated traffic handling through application of a common ICAO ATS Airspace Class above an agreed division level. Related ATM objectives: nil

25 Global Plan Initiatives
(GPI-1) Flexible use of airspace Scope: The optimization and equitable balance in the use of airspace between civil and military users, facilitated through both strategic coordination and dynamic interaction. Related ATM objectives: Airspace desegregation/flexible use of airspace

26 Global Plan Initiatives
(GPI-9) Situational awareness Scope: Operational implementation of data link-based surveillance. The implementation of equipment to allow traffic information to be displayed in aircraft supporting implementation of conflict prediction and collaboration between flight crew and the ATM system. Improve situational awareness in the cockpit by making available electronic terrain and obstacle data of required quality. Related ATM objectives: application of data link; Functional integration of ground systems with airborne ; ADS; ADS-B; SSR Mode S

27 Global Plan Initiatives
(GPI-10) Terminal area design and management Scope: The optimization of the terminal control area (TMA) through improved design and management techniques. Related ATM objectives: Application of RNP; Functional integration of ground systems with airborne systems; Independent IFR approaches to closely spaced runways; Curved and segmented approaches; Application of data link; WGS-84

28 Global Plan Initiatives
(GPI-17) Implementation of data link applications Scope: Increase the use of data link applications. Related ATM objectives: Application of data link; Functional integration of ground systems; with airborne systems; ATS inter-facility data communication (AIDC)

29 Global Plan Initiatives
(GPI-18) aeronautical Information Scope: To make available in real-time, quality assured electronic information (aeronautical, terrain and obstacle). Related ATM objectives: Functional integration of ground systems with airborne systems; ATS-inter-facility (AIDC) communications

30 Global Plan Initiatives
(GPI-23) Aeronautical Radio Spectrum Scope: Timely and continuing availability of adequate radio spectrum, on a global basis, to provide viable air navigation services (communication, navigation and surveillance).

31 Global Planning Methodology

32 Work Programme (iterative process)
Identification of “gaps” in performance GPIs evaluated against these gaps to identify those that would most appropriately provide the operational improvements necessary to meet performance objective(s) development of scenarios for implementation of initiatives, cost-benefit analyses of the various scenarios and preliminary development of infrastructure support requirements Additional steps: development of implementation plans and funding profiles, further review of human resource requirements to support the identified initiatives, followed by further cost-benefit analyses National and regional implementation plans developed or amended based on the selected initiatives Planning tools will assist planners in carrying out the above steps

33 Business Planning and work programme

34 Business Planning and work programme


Optimize ATS route structure in both terminal and en-route airspace GPI 4 Alignment of upper airspace classifications GPI 5 RNP and RNAV implementation (RNAV 5) GPI 7 Dynamic and flexible ATS route management GPI 8 Collaborative airspace design and management GPI 10 Terminal area design and management GPI 11 RNP and RNAV SIDs and STARs GPI 12 FMS based arrival procedures Improve demand and capacity balancing GPI 6 Air traffic flow management Enhance civil/military coordination and cooperation GPI 1 Flexible use of airspace Align upper airspace classification GPI 4 Alignment of upper airspace classification Implement RNP approaches

37 Measuring success Success of ICAO
Business Plan and timelines Success of the Global air navigation system capacity efficiency environment flexibility interoperability safety

38 Expectations

39 Current Global Plan Baseline
The current Global Plan provides a static representation of the ATM Enhancement timeline The regions have incorporated this format into their CNS/ATM implementation plans Although this static format was useful to provide a survey and planning framework it does not provide adequate visibility of current implementation status.

40 Global Plan Transition
A stated objective of the updated Global Plan is the transition to a living document A dynamic reporting system will allow management visibility into the current status of program activities A common reporting format will allow ICAO to a establish measurable progress at both global and regional levels.


42 Efficiency Objective:
Implementation of a seamless, global air traffic management system that will enable aircraft operators to meet their planned times of departure and arrival and adhere to their preferred flight profiles with minimum constraints and without compromising agreed levels of safety. Supported by Global Plan Initiatives that: Maintain Operational Safety Improve System Operational Performance Harmonize Global Interoperability Minimize Costs Enable Transition Security Environment Ensure Separation Physical Capacity Delay Access Flexibility Efficiency Predictability Time value Infrastructure Communications Noise Security of benefit Information Equipage Scalability Navigation Emissions Security Cost benefit Transition Surveillance equity O & M Databases Data exchange Performance Based Regulation Efficiency Metric Elements

43 Thank you for your attention !!!


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