Presentation on theme: "Template created by Giorgio Camilleri, March 2006 June 2006 PLANNING FOR A GLOBAL ATM SYSTEM ICAO Air Navigation Bureau Radio Spectrum Seminar Cairo, Egypt."— Presentation transcript:
Template created by Giorgio Camilleri, March 2006 June 2006 PLANNING FOR A GLOBAL ATM SYSTEM ICAO Air Navigation Bureau Radio Spectrum Seminar Cairo, Egypt
2 Presentation Outline Historical Successes Global Air Traffic Management What is it How do we get there Eleventh Air Navigation Conference Partnering with Industry Global Plan (Initiatives) Achieving a global ATM system Regional Integration Measuring success
3 Historical: path toward Global ATM Global ATM 2010 and beyond
4 Successes Standards and Guidance Material Air Traffic Management –ATM system requirements –Transition strategies –Performance framework –PANS-ATM amendment for to allow use of systems other than radar for ATS –PANS-ATM amendment for use of GNSS for longitudinal separation –Comparative assessment between ADS-B and radar –RNP approach procedures
5 Successes Standards and Guidance Material Communications –Draft SARPs and Manual on Universal Access Transceiver (UAT) –Significant amendment to AMSS SARPs –Introduction of elements of Internet protocol suite (IPS) in the ATN Navigation –New SARPs and manual on the concept of performance based navigation –SARPs for GRAS and criteria for approach procedures with vertical guidance –SARPs for new GNSS signals (GALILEO-GLONASS, new GPS) Surveillance –SARPs for Mode S and extended squitter
6 Global Air Traffic Management What is it, how do we get there SEAMLESS INTEROPERABILITY SAFETY
7 IT IS A Worldwide system that achieves interoperability and seamlessness based on: Physical interconnectedness –Homogeneous ATM areas and Major Traffic flows Common requirements, Standards and procedures –Integration (TMAs, aerodromes) –Performance based equipment carriage requirements Seamless safety across all regions –For all users during all phases of flight –Provides for optimum economic operations –Environmentally……. –Meets security……..
8 Physical Interconnectedness Major traffic flows-ATM Homogeneous ATM areas
9 Interoperability-Seamlessness, Equipment carriage Procedures, Integration, ATS-ATFM-ASM, Safety ATM operational concept Industry Roadmap (drive) Global Air Navigation Plan Initiatives (drive) Regional Air Navigation Plans (based on) Global Plan Initiatives Performance objectives Global Air Navigation Safety Plan Safety Management Systems Safety Oversight Audits Transparency
10 Eleventh Air Navigation Conference How we get there Endorsed the global ATM operational concept Requested ICAO to: –develop ATM system requirements –address interoperability and seamlessness –define requirements for global AIM –publish the operational concept –amend the Global Plan –harmonize interregional AN systems –establish an ICAO air navigation database –develop a performance framework
11 Eleventh Air Navigation Conference (AN- Conf/11) Outcome That States and PIRGs consider the Global Air Navigation Plan for CNS/ATM Systems as a catalyst for change, providing a global safety and interoperability framework while allowing regional or local adaptation to efficiently meet regional and local needs
12 Partnering with Industry ANC Industry Meeting – Conclusions That those industry partners in a position to do so, work together toward the development of a common roadmap/global action plan, aimed at attaining operational benefits in the near to medium term for inclusion in the ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan
13 Partnering with Industry To ensure that the capabilities and capacities offered through existing aircraft equipage, ATM infrastructure and ATC systems is utilized to the maximum extent possible To deliver transitional benefits while we continue our evolution
14 Global Plan as a transition roadmap Revised Global Plan developed on the basis of –Recommendations of AN-Conf/11 –Global ATM Operational Concept, which provides the target system –Industry Roadmap, which provides the near and medium industry requirements Global Plan provides guidance on environment, business case, costs, human resources, etc.
15 Transition Strategy
16 Global Plan Initiatives (GPI) Options for ATM improvements Relate to ATM objectives in current version of Global Plan Result in direct performance enhancements Meet performance objectives Based on Industry Roadmaps and current regional activities Bring near- and medium-term benefits to aircraft operators
17 What is new in the revised Global Plan? NoCurrent versionNew version 1Covers only CNS and ATM elements; known as Global ANP for CNS/ATM systems Expands to related elements such as AIS/AGA/MET thus known as Global ANP 2ICAO developed with indirect participation from industry and States ICAO developed with direct participation from industry and States
18 What is new in the revised Global Plan? NoCurrent versionNew version 3Extends to near-mid-long- termRestricted to near-and mid-term, with long-term to be addressed through ATM operational concept 4Focuses on objectives & systemsRelates to Performance 5P (paper)–basedE (electronic)–based
19 What is new in the revised Global Plan? NoCurrent versionNew version 6Provided passive harmonizationEnsures active harmonization 7Implementation based on 45 objectives and systems 45 objectives have been refined and aligned to performance based 23 Global Plan Initiatives 8Does not support planning tools for its implementation Number of planning tools (software, web-based, project mgt, etc.) available
20 Approach to implementation The approach to implementation of GPIs builds on: progress already achieved experience gained by PIRGs in the previous cycle of CNS/ATM systems implementation process existing capabilities of the air navigation systems; and successful regional implementation
21 Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-5) Area Navigation (RNAV) and Required Navigation Performance (RNP) Scope: The incorporation of advanced aircraft navigation capabilities into the air navigation system infrastructure. Related ATM objectives: Application of required navigation performance; Application of required surveillance performance; Reduced longitudinal separation; Reduced lateral separation
22 Example of GPI RNAV and RNP Area of Application Nav accuracy Designation of navigation standard: Current situation Designation of navigation specification: PBN concept (new) Oceanic/ Remote 10RNP 10 4RNP 4 EnRoute- Continental 5 RNP 5 Basic RNAV RNAV 5 En Route - Continental and Terminal 2USRNAV type ARNAV 2 RNP 2 Terminal1 USRNAV type B and P-RNAV RNAV 1 RNP 1 Simplification, reduced costs for operators and ANSPs
23 RNAV and RNP Seamlessness
24 Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-4) Alignment of upper airspace classifications Scope: The harmonization of upper airspace and associated traffic handling through application of a common ICAO ATS Airspace Class above an agreed division level. Related ATM objectives: nil
25 Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-1) Flexible use of airspace Scope: The optimization and equitable balance in the use of airspace between civil and military users, facilitated through both strategic coordination and dynamic interaction. Related ATM objectives: Airspace desegregation/flexible use of airspace
26 Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-9) Situational awareness Scope: Operational implementation of data link-based surveillance. The implementation of equipment to allow traffic information to be displayed in aircraft supporting implementation of conflict prediction and collaboration between flight crew and the ATM system. Improve situational awareness in the cockpit by making available electronic terrain and obstacle data of required quality. Related ATM objectives: application of data link; Functional integration of ground systems with airborne ; ADS; ADS-B; SSR Mode S
27 Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-10) Terminal area design and management Scope: The optimization of the terminal control area (TMA) through improved design and management techniques. Related ATM objectives: Application of RNP; Functional integration of ground systems with airborne systems; Independent IFR approaches to closely spaced runways; Curved and segmented approaches; Application of data link; WGS-84
28 Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-17) Implementation of data link applications Scope: Increase the use of data link applications. Related ATM objectives: Application of data link; Functional integration of ground systems; with airborne systems; ATS inter-facility data communication (AIDC)
29 Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-18) aeronautical Information Scope: To make available in real-time, quality assured electronic information (aeronautical, terrain and obstacle). Related ATM objectives: Functional integration of ground systems with airborne systems; ATS-inter-facility (AIDC) communications
30 Global Plan Initiatives (GPI-23) Aeronautical Radio Spectrum Scope: Timely and continuing availability of adequate radio spectrum, on a global basis, to provide viable air navigation services (communication, navigation and surveillance).
31 Global Planning Methodology
32 Work Programme (iterative process) Identification of gaps in performance GPIs evaluated against these gaps to identify those that would most appropriately provide the operational improvements necessary to meet performance objective(s) development of scenarios for implementation of initiatives, cost-benefit analyses of the various scenarios and preliminary development of infrastructure support requirements Additional steps: development of implementation plans and funding profiles, further review of human resource requirements to support the identified initiatives, followed by further cost-benefit analyses National and regional implementation plans developed or amended based on the selected initiatives Planning tools will assist planners in carrying out the above steps
33 Business Planning and work programme
34 Business Planning and work programme
36 Focus for NAM/CAR-GREPECAS Optimize ATS route structure in both terminal and en-route airspace –GPI 4 Alignment of upper airspace classifications –GPI 5 RNP and RNAV implementation (RNAV 5) –GPI 7 Dynamic and flexible ATS route management –GPI 8 Collaborative airspace design and management –GPI 10 Terminal area design and management –GPI 11 RNP and RNAV SIDs and STARs –GPI 12 FMS based arrival procedures Improve demand and capacity balancing –GPI 6 Air traffic flow management Enhance civil/military coordination and cooperation –GPI 1 Flexible use of airspace Align upper airspace classification –GPI 4 Alignment of upper airspace classification Implement RNP approaches –GPI 5 RNP and RNAV implementation (RNAV 5)
37 Measuring success Success of ICAO –Business Plan and timelines Success of the Global air navigation system –capacity –efficiency –environment –flexibility –interoperability –safety
39 Current Global Plan Baseline The current Global Plan provides a static representation of the ATM Enhancement timeline The regions have incorporated this format into their CNS/ATM implementation plans Although this static format was useful to provide a survey and planning framework it does not provide adequate visibility of current implementation status.
40 Global Plan Transition A stated objective of the updated Global Plan is the transition to a living document A dynamic reporting system will allow management visibility into the current status of program activities A common reporting format will allow ICAO to a establish measurable progress at both global and regional levels.
42 Efficiency Objective: Implementation of a seamless, global air traffic management system that will enable aircraft operators to meet their planned times of departure and arrival and adhere to their preferred flight profiles with minimum constraints and without compromising agreed levels of safety. Supported by Global Plan Initiatives that: Maintain Operational Safety Security Improve System Operational Performance Minimize Costs Enable Transition Harmonize Global Interoperability Environment Ensure Separation Physical Security Infrastructure Time value of benefit CommunicationsNoise Information Security Equipage Transition O&M Scalability Cost benefit equity Navigation Surveillance Databases Data exchange Emissions Capacity Delay Access Flexibility Efficiency Predictability Performance Based Regulation Efficiency Metric Elements