Presentation on theme: "An Airline Perspective on the implementation of new systems SEMINAR ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DATALINK AND SATCOM COMMUNICATIONS Bangkok Thailand, 17-19."— Presentation transcript:
An Airline Perspective on the implementation of new systems SEMINAR ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DATALINK AND SATCOM COMMUNICATIONS Bangkok Thailand, November 2003 Kors van den Boogaard Assistant Director CNS
International Scheduled Traffic 95% of IATA Today Founded in Member Airlines in August 2003
Over 90 Offices Worldwide
Present Status Industry Total losses since 9/11 US$25 billion Expected losses 2003 US$10 billion Loading: Rising – Yield: Falling Airports and Air Navigation Charges US$40 billion annually: Rising !
Why a new system ? Safety Capacity Efficiency –Service improvement –Service costs –System costs Technology is not the driver but the enabler !
Airspace volume/capacity Communication NAVIGATIONNAVIGATION SURVEILLANCE ATM A T S Airspace Airspace V o l u m e
COMMUNICATION Function, protocol, link The function itself: partly on the ground (ATC), partly in air: (cockpit). A protocol to establish contact A link to provide connectivity All 3 elements require investment and operating cost, only the function will provide benefit.
FANS-1/A CPDLC/ADS ACARS VHF COMM SATCOM HFDL ACARS FANS-1/A CPDLC/ADS FUNCTIONALITYFUNCTIONALITY AIR GROUND Function Subnetwork Protocol REQUIREMENTS Air- Ground Data Link, point-to-point
ICAO CPDLC/ADS ATN VDL M-2 ATN ICAO CPDLC/ADS FUNCTIONALITYFUNCTIONALITY AIR GROUND Function Subnetwork Protocol REQUIREMENTS Air- Ground Data Link, point-to-point
Converging to one solution for ATS Data-Link? USA/CAN (ICAO) CPDLC Build 1 Build 1a Build 2 EUR(ICAO)CPDLC LINK Trans-atlantic CPDLC/ADS FANS-1/A Capacity Safety Efficiency
Airlines and Communication The requirement –to ensure safety –to conduct business efficiently –to provide service to the passengers Adequate capacity –restrictions in air traffic –reduced efficiency –passengers satisfaction Increased reliance –reduction of separation –information need to support operations –new applications
The Basic Needs Adequate capacity/Radio Spectrum Global connectivity Global interoperability Scalability Support Data/Voice/Video Support for all classes of communication traffic Cost effective
How to satisfy the need ? Maintain present voice system –25 kHz –Extend the use of 8.33 kHz if necessary Encourage the introduction of data communications for ATS: –ACARS –Satcom/HF data –AOA –FANS 1/A –VDL Mode 2 –Mode ES Development of one global common communication infrastructure
European Frequency Congestion
How not to proceed /25 kHz VDL Mode 2 VDL Mode 4VDL Mode Additional capacity ? New Operational Concept
How to proceed /25 kHz VDL Mode 2 VDL Mode 4VDL Mode New Operational Concept New System Definition. Mobile. Telecom Techn ITU WRC 2007 Standards Impl.
Dependent SURVEILLANCE Function, Enabler A surveillance function resides in all aircraft (in a given (air)space) and at ANSP-facilities. Both Communication and Navigation contribute to a surveillance function. Navigation to provide the aircrafts position (4D) and Communication to relay the message to all parties interested (broadcast).
Capacity/Efficiency Pushing the present system into a new ATM Regime Enhanced Surveillance Capacity ADS-B Single linkADS-B Second link ATM Capacity Transition to new ATM Regime Time Traffic growth Delay costs
Surveillance costs Ground Infrastructure Surveillance Costs Time ADS-B Single linkADS-B Second link Traffic growth C1C1 A1A1 C2C2 A2A2 Reduction in surveillance cost per aircraft: C 1/ A 1 C 2 /A 2
IATA position ADS-B Prime enabler of new ATM concept Early cost efficient implementation –Extension TCAS ES Phased implementation Global interoperability Business case !