Presentation on theme: "Collaborative Leadership: What is it and why should you care"— Presentation transcript:
1 Collaborative Leadership: What is it and why should you care Presented to:National Leadership Conference for Students in Healthcare,November 9, 2002Betty BekemeierJudy McCree-CarringtonTurning Point Leadership DevelopmentNational Excellence CollaborativeBETTY(2 minutes) Who we representrepresent a program funded by the RWJF, called Turning Point: Collaborating for a new century in public healthTP funds 21 states across the country to create major innovative changes in their PH systems at the state & local levelTP also funds 5 National Excellence Collaboratives—”think tanks” working on large complex PH issuesWe are from the National Excell. Collab. on Collaborative LeadershipWe will be talking to you today about Collaborative LeadershipWho we are(2 minutes) Betty—Public health nurseWorked in ph at the local level for the majority of my careerDone clinical and field PHNsg, management, community assessment, epidemiology, community development, etc.JUDY(2 minutes) Judy—Colorado Turning Point Program CoordinatorNew to Public Health field, 5th & final (?) career changePrev. worked in human resources & human services for a number of years. Have also been a probation officer and worked in the acctng. side of the oil & gas industry
2 Options for working together NetworkingCoordinatingCooperatingCollaboratingJUDYWe understand that you will be working on projects in the community, in the near future (and probably over the long term too, if you are interested in PH!)We were asked to help you understand what we consider to be one of the most important aspects of Leadership—that is the Collaborative formLet’s start with getting some experience in forms of working together:Introduce yourself to the people at your table-NAMEFind out one interesting thing about each person (# of mins.?)….that was NetworkingTell 2 people what you do/what do you work on. Exchange this information at your table and decide who will present a few interesting facts to present to the group as a whole (# of mins.?)…that was Coordinating---looking at what you do/they do and where there might be mutual benefitAsk people to identify a way in which you can share one of your skills or the work that you do to further one another’s goals…that was CooperatingWhat resources do YOU have that could help the problem?What type of information can you give me or what can you do to support my work?Sharing resources, but not giving anything upEach of us advancing our own goals w/ some common purposeResources are shared but I’m still controlling mineNo risk involved—chose to share your resources for a defined purposeAsk people to work together to create something new at their table (could use name tags, silver ware, etc.) JMC – remember to ask the grp. to ensure everyone participates…that was CollaboratingSharing resources, enhancing capacity of everyone at the table, it’s not just youHaving a common purposeGetting buy-in(Possibly provide an example of the differences between cooperating and collaborating, e.g.: The Nat’l. Excel. Leadership Coll. States each give a specific amt. of $ to provide resources for the Collab. to exist and function. Once the money is placed in the pool, the States cannot request their money back and have shared input into how the money benefits the Collaborative versus just their own interests.)
3 What is collaboration?Collaboration is based on the belief that “if you bring the appropriate people together in constructive ways with good information, they will create authentic visions and strategies for addressing the shared concerns of the organization or community”Chrislip & Larson, 1994JUDYTo understand collaborative leadership, it is important to understand what we mean by the term collaboration.Collaborating is NOT Competingcreating an activity yourself & implementing your own idea COULD be seen as competitionCompetitors usually don’t share information & are working on an idea that meets their own needs, not necessarily the communities’ needsThere are many definitions of collaborationthis definition by David Chrislip & Carl Larson gets at the heart of collaboration-- that everyone brings value to the effortThen read slide “what is collaboration?”…
4 What are Collaborative Leaders? JUDYFew researchers offer a definition for collaborative leadership in its own right.This may be due to the fact that there is still some ambiguity regarding how to facilitate collaborative leadership.We can agree on some key qualities of a collaborative leader.David Chrislip and Carl Larson suggest the following qualities of collaborative leaders(Show the book they wrote)
5 Collaborative Leaders inspire commitment & action around problem solving, bycatalyzing,convening,energizing,facilitatinglead as peer problem-solvers by helping groupscreate visions & solve problemsNOT by making decisions & doing work for the group.JUDYFrom Chrislip and Larson again, Collaborative Leaders…inspire commitment and action by catalyzing, convening, energizing, and facilitating others to create visions and solve problemslead as peer problem-solvers by helping groups create visions and solve problems but not by making the decisions and doing the work for the group.
6 Collaborative Leaders take responsibility for building broad-based involvement among people in the communitysustain hope & participation byvaluing all participationhelping set incremental & obtainable goalsCelebrating accomplishments along the wayJUDYCollaborative leaderstake responsibility for building broad-based involvement among people in the community of appropriate community interests.sustain hope and participation by valuing all participation and input and by helping set incremental and obtainable goals and celebrating accomplishments along the way
7 Qualities of Collaborative Leadership JUDYOur collaborative has worked to identify what we have described as critical skills and capacities of a Collaborative Leader.There are MANY skills that a Collaborative leader must possess & many people have written about them.We have done work together to describe that which is unique & necessary for a leader to be collaborativeThe critical capacities that we will describe were identified through our own work w/:An extensive review of the leadership literatureSurveys & Interviews with expertsAsking questions of a large panel of experts* & studying their discussionContinued analysis of data & information about collaborative leadership at all levels in PHOur group has decided to focus on the following 6 critical skills needed…..I.E., Carl Larson, Kathy Kennedy, several of the Directors of the State Public Leadership Institutes
8 The 6 Critical skills and capacities Developing Trust & Creating SafetySelf-ReflectionSharing PowerAssessing the EnvironmentDeveloping Clarity of VisionMentoring & CoachingJudy ~ Read off all at onceThen elaborate on first 3 next
9 Critical skills and capacities Developing Trust & Creating SafetySelf-ReflectionSharing PowerJUDYDeveloping Trust and Creating Safety (example by Judy)Self-Reflection – Personal quality improvementSharing Power and Influence (example by Judy)Part of being successful w/ these above skills is havingEgo Control (ability to empower others)Respect (cooperative spirit)MaturityPatience
10 Critical skills and capacities Assessing the EnvironmentDeveloping Clarity of VisionMentoring & CoachingBETTYAssessing the Environment for Collaboration (example by Betty)Developing Clarity – Visioning & MobilizingDeveloping People – Mentoring & Coaching (example by Betty)
11 A Collaborative Leader must also... Expect uncertainty!Take perspective on self & others!BETTYA Collaborative Leader must have the capacity for:Uncertainty (high tolerance for role ambiguity; flexibility)Taking Perspective (understanding and empathy for others/ability to see commonalties; sensitivity to diversity)Self-reflection
13 The Heifitz & Sinder Scale Type 1 ProblemsAn expert knows the solution!Type 2 ProblemsThe expert diagnoses & the team solves!Type 3 ProblemsCollaboration needed for diagnosis AND solutions!BETTYHeifitz & Sinder Scale—describes the complexity of problemsType I (e.g.: Patient diagnosed w/cancer goes to oncologist for expert advice and treatment)?An expert knows the solutionProblem is clearSolution is clearLeadership role is focused on the expertType II (e.g.: Military fighting a war, Coach leading a football team to victory)?Solution is not clearExpert dxs the problem, but the group solves the problemType III (e.g.: teen pregnancy)Many PH problems are Type III—e.g. health disparitiesProblem is not clearLeadership role is collaborativeDiverse input and perspective is required for problem id and solution
14 Why is collaborative leadership important NOW? Today’s world chaotic & complexSkills needed to address today’s problems don’t exist in any one personProblems don’t affect just 1 system, so can’t be solved by just 1 system or groupBETTYThe world is changing… becoming “smaller” thro technology (flight travel, telecommunications etc) & becoming larger thro technology - access to endless amts of information.Today’s world is one of chaos & complexityThe problems of today are bigger & more complex.The complex skills needed to address today’s problems don’t exist in any one person… “the lone ranger isn’t anymore...”The skills & abilities to address these complex problems will not be found in 1 person. The answers are local…. The answers are global….Problems such as drug addiction, air pollution, etc affect many systems(drugs—judicial system, personal safety, youth getting educated, etc; pollution—personal health, business interests & jobs, costs of clean up, technology for monitoring etc.)(Chrislip and Larson quote again ….”bringing the appropriate people together in constructive ways with good info, & they will create authentic visions & strategies for addressing the shared concerns of the organization or comty” (Chrislip & Larson, 1994)From a presentation by Boeings chief “people and administrative officer”…”the primary tool of today’s employee is intellectual capital, today’s employee s recognize that the power of ideas is multiplied many-fold through collaboration.”
15 What is the role of Turning Point? Vision: Collaborative leadership is used to its fullest potential to achieve policy & systems change that maximizes the public's health.Mission: Increase collaborative leadership capacity across sectors & at all levelsBETTYVision: Collaborative leadership is used to its fullest potential to achieve policy and systems change that maximizes the public's health.Mission: Increase collaborative leadership capacity across sectors and at all levels
16 “We have discovered that it is one thing to embrace the concepts of collaborative leadership, but it is an entirely different thing for the agency to be organized to achieve this goal”Rago 1996BETTYLeaders of most organizations today most likely agree that collaborative leadership is an important aspect of success. (Rago notes the quote above - p 33 lit. review of TP) however, most organizations don’t know enough about how to recognize, develop and support collaborative leadership in their organizations.The vision and mission of turning point are about systems change through collaboration & broad partnerships for shared decision making.
17 How will Turning Point achieve the mission and vision? BETTY
18 AssessmentInventory the state of training & best practices for collaborative leadershipDescribe how, when, why and where collaborative leadership is effectively usedDevelop an understanding of collaborative leadership & how it is effective in mobilizing communities.BETTYFirst we will assess...Inventory the state of training & best practices for collaborative leadershipDescribe how, when, why and where collaborative leadership is effectively usedDevelop an understanding of collaborative leadership & how it is effective in mobilizing communities.
19 Development Describe skills & competencies of collaborative leadership Articulate the benefits of using collaborative leadershipDocument & share stories that model the process of collaborative leadership in Turning Point experiences.Assist Turning Point partners in implementing collaborative leadership practices and techniques.BETTYDescribe skills & competencies of collaborative leadershipArticulate the benefits of using collaborative leadershipDocument & share stories that model the process of collaborative leadership in Turning Point experiences.Assist Turning Point partners in implementing collaborative leadership practices and techniques.In order to do these things, we have created models, training, & curriculum for CLSeries of short videos are nearly complete—depicting each of the 6 critical capacitiesSelf assessment tool to assess your own abilities to be truly collaborativeA full curriculum providing training in the critical capacities
20 Demonstrate Value/Advocacy Help others understand the value of collaborative leadershipHelp others understand how collaborative leadership fits in their setting.Link collaborative leadership to the 10 essential public health services.Advocate for the teaching of collaborative leadership - in leadership trainings, professional schools & in communities.BETTYThen we will advocate…...Help everyone who is working to improve community health understand the value of collaborative leadershipHelp people in all settings and sectors understand how collaborative leadership fits in their setting.Link collaborative leadership to the 10 essential services.Advocate so collaborative leadership is taught - in leadership trainings, institutes, professional schools and communities..
21 Collaborative leadership... Isn’t easyIsn’t always naturalIt isn’t even entirely valued yet“we have a situation where collaboration has become this wonderful espoused virtue, but the larger culture does not reward that.” (Hugh O’Doherty)JUDY
22 Why collaborate now?…because the solutions of the future can only come when we “bring the appropriate people together in constructive ways with good information, and they create authentic visions and strategies for addressing their shared concerns”Chrislip and Larson 1994JUDYWe are living in a complex networked world where our focus must be out --rather than in.We are just beginning to understand the new collaborative skills that will make us successful in building trusting and honest relationships
23 Leadership Challenge… Are you ready to be a collaborative leader?What will it take for you be ready?JUDYEngage students in a Leadership Challenge of their own…