Presentation on theme: "What do Immigration Officers look for in a travel document?"— Presentation transcript:
1What do Immigration Officers look for in a travel document? Charlie StevensNational Document Fraud UnitUK Immigration Service
2Introduction What is the purpose of a travel document? It is a document thatconfirms identity andnationality for thepurpose of crossinginternational borders
3Why does it need to be secure? To ensure that the document cannot be counterfeited or unofficially altered. An Immigration official will use the document to confirm a person’s nationality, identity and entitlement to leave to enter.
4What is the role of ICAO? More than 200 countries issue passports Each country issues many different docs.ICAO promotes a standard layoutRecommended safeguard standardsDigital images are more secureThe MRZ offers global machine-readabilityStandards for biometrics are vital
5That is why adherence to ICAO specifications is so vital. TrainingBecause of the numbers of different travel documents that are in circulation, it is usual for Immigration officials to be trained to identify generic rather than specific security features.It would be impossible to remember the specifics of every travel document.That is why adherence to ICAO specifications is so vital.
6How is the document checked? Verification of a travel document takes place on four levels.Level 1 – on entryLevel 2 – back officeLevel 3 – forensic labLevel 4 - manufacturer
7Why is Level 1 so important? This is the start of the chain. If suspicions are not raised here, level 2 – 4 checks cannot be conducted.Often it is behaviour that gives rise to suspicion, not the document.At this point impostors as well as document fraud are identified.
8Equipment used at Level 1 MRZ readerUltra-violet lightTransmitted lightLimited magnificationFull page reader
9Detection at Level 1At this level it is the passenger's bona fides that are testedCompliance of MRZ is validatedCheck of passenger against watch listsCheck of document number against watch listsAre they the rightful holder?Security features checked
10Document security features verifiable at Level 1 Substrate featuresUV dull paperComplex multi-tonal watermarkRandom fibres (visible and/or UV)PlanchettesEmbedded thread
11Document security features verifiable at Level 1 Security printingIntaglio with latent imageAnti-copy featuresRainbowGuillocheMicro-text
12Document security features verifiable at Level 1 Laminate featuresUV inksVisible safeguardsSpecial inks (thermochromic, phosphorescent)3M
13Document security features verifiable at Level 1 Optically Variable DevicesOptically Variable InksImageperfTMCLITM, TLITM, etc.
14Document security features verifiable at Level 1 Tactile featuresEmbossingsLaser etchingsRaised text
15BUT!It must be borne in mind that an Immigration official only has a very short time and little in the way of equipment to conduct all of these checks.