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Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife.

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Presentation on theme: "Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife."— Presentation transcript:

1 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2O2O Opportunities and Challenges for Conservation through Sustainable Use Kai Wollscheid Director General CIC – International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation

2 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation ContentContent 1.A Magazine 2.A Revolutionary Model 3.A Challenge

3 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation If you have built castles in the air, your work need not be lost; that is where they should be. Now put foundations under them. Henry David Thoreau

4 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation This gathering could offer an ideal opportunity to further such foundations…

5 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation 1. A Magazine

6 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation a new monthly newspaper appeared in the US: The American Sportsman Amasing shift in social and civic conscience to rescue and support wildlife for generations to come

7 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation 2. A Revolutionary Model

8 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation The North American Wildlife Conservation Model Cause and concern: hunters voices echoed across the continent, demanding a codified approach to the taking of wildlife – a prescription for both, human conduct and motivation

9 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation The North American Wildlife Conservation Model (2) Launch of a social and intellectual revolution Wildlife became tied to identity, sense of nationhood and civic responsability This doctrine relied on the taking of nature, not on simply viewing it

10 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation The North American Wildlife Conservation Model (3) Concept based on Seven Sisters: 1. public trust, 2. prohibition of commerce, 3. democratic rule of law, 4. hunting opportunity for all, 5. non-frivolous use, 6. international resources, 7. scientific management

11 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation The North American Wildlife Conservation Model (4) 6. International resources: 1916: Great Britain (on behalf of Canada) and the US sign the Migratory Bird Convention 1918:Migratory Bird Treaty Act implements Convention in the US Similar agreements with other nations followed

12 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation 3. A Challenge

13 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro (1992) applied the concept of sustainable development. During the last years, the sector of tourism for example has developed different concepts for environmentally friendly forms of tourism. A so-called environmental management can assure that negative impacts of tourism are reduced to a minimum. A number of regional and global initiatives do exist that have one aim in common: to further sustainable use of all resources (http://www.cbd.int/default.shtml).

14 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation.. Sustainable Use Use of Resources The concept of Sustainable Development

15 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Use, if sustainable can serve human needs on an ongoing basis while contributing to the conservation of biological diversity Use of wild living resources, if sustainable, is an important conservation tool because the social and economic benefits derived from such use provide incentives for people to conserve them IUCN Policy Statement Amman 2000 Sustainable Use of Wild Living Resources

16 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation CBD has developed two very significant Guidelines: the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development and the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity (AAPG). The Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development (http://www.cbd.int/programmes/socio-eco/tourism/guidelines.asp) : CBD recognizes that sustainable tourism can provide significant benefits to biodiversity conservation. The guidelines cover all forms of tourism. Special focus lies on indigenous and local communities. Tourism can also play a crucial role in incorporating sustainable use and equity strategies within and around protected areas. The Convention furthermore asks for feedback on the effectiveness of these Guidelines.http://www.cbd.int/programmes/socio-eco/tourism/guidelines.asp

17 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation.. ADDIS ABABA Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development Sustainable Use Use of Resources Tourism Use of Biodiversity Hunting Tourism The concept of Sustainable Development Principles and Guidelines for Sustainable Hunting Tourism

18 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation The Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity (AAPG) (http://www.cbd.int/programmes/socio-eco/use/addis.asp) were developed and finally adopted by the Parties to the CBD in February The CIC, like IUCN, was right from the beginning a partner in this process and assisted in the development of the AAPG. The AAPG in fact represent the latest state of the art on sustainable use of biodiversity, and provide a framework for assisting stakeholders on all geographical levels, as well as institutional levels such as the UN System, Conventions, Governments, development agencies, local and indigenous communities, resource managers, the private sector and NGOs, on how to ensure that their uses of biodiversity will not lead to its long-term decline.http://www.cbd.int/programmes/socio-eco/use/addis.asp

19 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation The Principles: apply to consumptive and non-consumptive use are intended to be of general relevance but not all apply equally to all situations or apply with equal rigour : Full version: Important Notes

20 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation In a nutshell Sustainability of use of biodiversity will be enhanced if there is: Supportive & linked governance at all levels Empowerment & accountability of local users Adaptive management using science, monitoring, local knowledge and timely feedbacks Equitable sharing of benefits for local people Transparency & international co-operation : Public awareness of the benefits Full version:

21 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Initiatives for sustainable hunting European Sustainable Hunting Initiative IUCN ESUSG WISPER Guidelines For Sustainable Hunting Addis Ababa Principles & Guidelines (AAPG) IUCN-ZSL Symposium on Recreational Hunting Hunting Tourism: A Red Rag? Premium Hunting (Conservancies) Namibia Conservation Hunting Best Practice Manual Sustainable Hunting Tourism Programme European Charter on Hunting & Biodiversity Sustainable Migratory Bird Hunting in the MTC Global:

22 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Sustainable development is a process...

23 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Strasdas 2001 modified Sustainable tourism management:

24 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Conservation needs data…

25 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Harvest Data......in many regions and for many species not sufficient enough Even if data does exist – sharing remains critical (provision of data regarded as threat for further use of species) Many organisations involved in monitoring of harvest (AEWA, WI, etc.)

26 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Conservation needs finance…

27 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Sustainable Financing If wildlife and protected areas do not contribute to poverty reduction but instead limit availble resources which otherwise could be used to alleviate poverty, then their conservation has no political future.

28 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Sustainable Financing Sustainable use options for wildlife (including migratory species) are many and varied Photo tourism, hunting, meat production, use of by-products, etc.

29 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Sustainable Financing Empirical experience shows: combination of different forms of utilisation usually renders highest income! In some instances environmentally friendly wildlife utilisation can brin equal/greater revenue per unit area then other land use options (e.g agriculture)

30 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation ConclusionsConclusions conservation concepts must be sustainable in all aspects: politically, economically, ecologically Provision of harvest data must be seen as carrot, rather then a stick

31 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Conclusions (2) Increased education of resource users on biological impact of use during different life cycles Why not creating a Sustainable Use CHM to increase credibility of data management?

32 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Conclusions (3) More equaty in reporting success! Ciritical role of (conservation) media in presenting successes and failures in both, consumptive and non/consumptive use of migratory species Broad coalition required for developing tangible standards and criteria for SU

33 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Acknowledgements Special thanks to CIC Expert Prof. Shane Mahoney, Newfoundland, for his advise on the North American Wildlife Conservation Model. For further reading: Contributions to this presentation came also from Kolja Zimmermann, Coordinator CIC Sustainable Hunting Tourism Programme.

34 Migratory Species: Working Together towards a Vision for 2020 – Smithsonian Institution 16 th May 2007 CIC - International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation Thank you for your sustained attention!


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