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1 WIPO-IFIA INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE COMMERCIALIZATION OF INVENTIONS IN THE GLOBAL MARKET organized by the World Intellectual Property Organization.

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Presentation on theme: "1 WIPO-IFIA INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE COMMERCIALIZATION OF INVENTIONS IN THE GLOBAL MARKET organized by the World Intellectual Property Organization."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 WIPO-IFIA INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE COMMERCIALIZATION OF INVENTIONS IN THE GLOBAL MARKET organized by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the International Federation of Inventors Associations (IFIA) in cooperation with the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO) and the Korea Invention Promotion Association (KIPA) Seoul, December 4 to 7, 2002 P ARTNERING WITH VENTURE CAPITALISTS TO ACHIEVE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT Document prepared by Dr. Finarya Legoh, Assistant to the Deputy Minister for Science and Technology Diffusion Mechanism, Ministry for Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta

2 2 S&T FACTS IN INDONESIA (1/3) 1.OECD: Globalization - Links between investment, productivity and growth: greater investment can increase TPF (total productivity factor)- R&D and S&T development play a crucial role in economic growth 2.Government/regional governments should create motivation and provide stimulation and facilitation, as well as build a conducive environment to the development of a S&T system; so that the government must define direction, main priorities, focuses and policies, which is stated in THE NATIONAL STRATEGIC POLICY OF S&T DEVELOPMENT 3.Priorities and policies must include strengthening the development of basic science, strategic S&T, capacity-building of R&D institutions, strengthening the development of technology-based industry, and strengthening the capability of technology audit

3 3 S&T FACTS IN INDONESIA (2/3) 1.Function of Ministry for Research and Technology: define policies, direction, main priorities, focuses for national development of S&T Coordinating RDE institutions, including set annual budget through S&T sector within national budget – 0,54 % from total Accelerate linkages between R&D sector and industry – such as: give incentives for R&D with different targets accordingly 2.Total IPR risen significantly: YearLocalAbroad 19982021785 19993202808 20003693772 2001408

4 4 Strength of Regional Innovation (3/3) Medan Padang Manado BandungJogjakartaSurabayaSemarangMataramMakassar Above Average Average Around Below Samarinda Source : PERISKOP PROJECT 2001 - MRT

5 5 POLICY HIERARCHY FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF S&T GBHN 1999 PROPENAS S&T Nat Syst Law No 18 / 2002 National Research Agenda (Regulations for S&T doers interaction) (Milestones, focus industry) Long term National Guidelines Short Term Guidelines

6 6 KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS - NATIONAL STRATEGIC POLICY OF S&T DEVELOPMENT - 1.Increasing S&T products within national and international levels, including: prototype, intellectual properties, and national standards 2.Improving the R&D products/results (including innovations) which are applicable and utilized by the community within national and international levels through increasing and strengthening techno- industrial cluster and techno-preneurship 3.Increasing cooperation among R&D institutions and business sectors 4.Improving the quality and quantity of S&T resources

7 7 S&T SYSTEM INSTITUTIONS R&D Inst Private Sectors Environmental Condition Standardization Inst Professional Organization Consumer Inst Public Institutions Policy Making Inst Supervision Inst Universities IPR Inst Consultant Inst

8 8 R&D ORIENTATION & MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT FLOW Research Capacity Focus on research activities in various scientific fields (uncertainty, risk taking) Innovation Capacity Focus on clusters of technologies and scientific competencies/ino. impr Tech Marketing Active search for applications of developed innovations, comm. gap Tech Licensing Gain additional value through patents and licensing Tech Partnering Establish high-value collaborations with business enterprises Venturing Leverage intellectual property through spin-off, equity positions, etc.

9 9 Innovation Resource Management Strategic Technology Marketing Venturing Technology Services Build procedure and legal of technology licensing Build relations with venture capital to secure financing support Help start-ups to prepare business concept Support start-ups to initiate business Develop technology transfer strategy Provide support for patenting of innovations Identify technology transfer targets Support technology transfer process and negotiations Develop and deliver professional and accountable services Maintain customer satisfaction Identify opportunities Develop prospective clusters of technology roadmap Building up network of competency resources

10 10 INCENTIVE PROGRAM FOR SUPPORTING CAPACITY OF TECHNO-CLUSTER AND TECHNO-PRENEURSHIP NAT. STRATEGIC COMPETITIVE RESEARCH (RUSNAS)-2000 COOPERATION COMPETITIVE RESEARCH (RUK)-1995 TECHNOLOGY INSURANCE (ASTEKNO)-2001 IPR STRENGTHENING INCENTIVES: - PATENTS, INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS -2000 - IPR CENTRE-2000 - TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE PROTECTION -2002 TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT STRENGTHENING (SIPTEKMAN)-2001 S&T EMPOWERMENT IN INCREASING REGIONAL INVESTMENTS (PRIDA)-2003 BUSINESS FORUM-2003 TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION KIOSK (WARINTEK)-2001 START-UP CAPITAL-2003

11 11 COOPERATION COMPETITIVE RESEARCH +To bridge and accelerate the gap between industry (technology users) and R&D (technology suppliers) +To increase capability and competitiveness of industry and investment on R&D activities +To create atmosphere of productivity, value added, creation and innovation +To increase utilization of local technology by industry +To minimize risks in R&D investments OBJECTIVES (1/4)

12 12 (RUK) +R&D institution (one/more) should have an agreement with the industry partner (one industry/more) to implement the program actively +Cost sharing between R&D institutions (funded by Government through MRT) and industry partners +Industry partners are responsible to continue the activities after finishing the RUK program (within 2 years), and to develop/apply technologies produced by RUK +Royalty produced through IPR within RUK activities should be shared appropriately including the amount of funding +Outcomes of post-RUK activities are evaluated by MRT COLLABORATIVE MODEL (2/4)

13 13 Example 1: BOGIE FOR TRAIN COLLABORATION OF PRIVATE COMPANIES – UNIVERSITY – GOV., R&D INSTITUTIONS (3/4) STUDY / RESEARCH DESIGN & ENGINEERING PROTYPING RUNNING TESTS ON ANGGREK TRAIN OPERATIONAL TESTS ON ANGGREK TR. 1996 - 1997 1997 - 1998 1998 - 2000 DES 2000 FEB 2001 - AUGUST 2001 Up to now has reached more than 100.000 km and no complains of the performances

14 14 Biofertilizer EMAS ® Collaboration among R&D Inst. (Bogor Plantation), Semi-private R&D Inst., (Biotecnology Institution) and Semi-Gov. Owned company (PT Nusantara Plantation III, V, VII, VIII) Competitiveness: reduce 50% of artificial fertilizer usage 20-40% < cost of fertilizers environment friendly can be used in all crops has been patented: No. ID 0 000 206 S. has been licensed by PT Bionusa and a biofertilizer factory has been constructed and operated in Purwakarta (West Java) – its capacity 5,000 tonnes/year Example 2: DEVELOPMENT OF BIOFERTILIZER INDUSTRY (4/4)

15 15 TECHNOLOGY INSURANCE (1/3) For new business/business that applys new/local technology -- face critical period in the up-scaling phase.To bridge mis-match risks between pilot scale and commercial scale.Risks: - Real risks - in general covered by insurance company - Speculative risks not always covered by insurance company, unless has specific characteristics.Participants: inventors, investors (industry esp. SMEs), insurance company consortium, and MRT as a facilitator

16 16 TECHNOLOGY INSURANCE (2/3)

17 17 TECHNOLOGY INSURANCE (3/3) The program started in 2001 and was implemented successfully, and at the moment 3 packages were given to 3 industries: development of Industry for Flower Seedling (investment of US$61,000) development of Type B Gelatin Business as a by- products from leather industry (investment of US$103,500) development of Activated Bleaching Earth Technology for Bentonit Refinement Industry (investment of US$940,000)

18 18 WARINTEK (Technology Information Kiosk) (1/3) –Incentives to increase and to empower S&T information by improving S&T information access, developing IT quality and HR competency for regional development, in order to support SMEs development, includes: 1. S&T information services 2. Development of local/regional S&T data-bases and packages 3. Training, HR capacity building in the field of documentation, information, library, etc.

19 19 BUSINESS MODEL OF WARINTEK (2/3) Partnership between MRT and private providers - MRTs role: giving supervision/TA, management training and IT content starter-package, and making sure that the program is implemented properly according to terms and conditions; providers role: provide funds for hardware investments, technical assistance, S&T information development, technical training (IT platform products and services), internet access services The business model pattern is adopted - to create better management, quality and standard of services This model is quite popular - approximate 2,300 outlets within community (IT providers, universities, libraries, regional governments)

20 20 WARINTEK (Warung Informasi Teknologi) (3/3) ( July 2002 = 2,358 kiosks in 30 Provinces; Target 9,000 by end of 2003 )

21 21 START-UP CAPITAL (1/2) Technology commercialization process is in emergence phase, usually need investment that is difficult to be given by a bank loan, because: –Innovation products still dont have reliable markets ( innovation based) –Investment is needed in the long run –New company usually doesnt have track record (not solid business road map) and minimal business system development (lack of qualified management to develop business plan), as well as less physical asset for collateral To develop technology-based industry in emergence phase - need early- stage financing to help new industry: –To prove concept and develop business plan –To develop products and to explore potential market –To make limited production

22 22 START-UP CAPITAL (2/2) Incentives given as seed capital to a new business applying domestic/ new technology Collaboration between MRT and PT PNM Techno-Venture At the moment very limited business candidates fulfil requirements of investment through venture capital Proposals that not yet reliable for venture capital, will be re-evaluated for start-up company incentives within 2-3 years - to bridge the gap towards venture capital financing BPPT has a Research Institute for Incubator Technology - at the moment has several tenants to be nurtured towards start-up companies

23 23 The Ministry for Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia The Indonesian Inventor Association Assistant to Deputy Minister for S&T Diffusion Mechanism - Deputy for S&T Utilization and Socialization Building II BPP Teknologi, 6th floor, Jl. MH. Thamrin No. 8, Jakarta 10340 Tel: +62-21-316 9166–9, 391 6329 Fax: +62-21-310 1952, 391 6329


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