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Michal Shur-Ofry, 2008 Copyright Misuse in the Digital Age Michal Shur-Ofry Hebrew University of Jerusalem WIPO SME Seminar May 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Michal Shur-Ofry, 2008 Copyright Misuse in the Digital Age Michal Shur-Ofry Hebrew University of Jerusalem WIPO SME Seminar May 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Michal Shur-Ofry, 2008 Copyright Misuse in the Digital Age Michal Shur-Ofry Hebrew University of Jerusalem WIPO SME Seminar May 2008

2 Michal Shur-Ofry, 2008 Copyright Misuse – Origins and Application UK – Public Policy – S. 173 CDPA 1988 –ZYX Music (1995) –Lion Laboratories (1985); Hyde Park Residence (2001) US – Copyright Misuse – –Patent Misuse (Morton Salt, 1942) –Alcatel (1999) –Lasercomb (1990) –Practice Management (1997) Europe – Abuse of Right Israel – Good Faith

3 Michal Shur-Ofry, 2008 The Digital Context : Complex Challenges Searching for Refined Solutions A Few Case Studies: Copyright – Contract Relations Shrink Wrap & Click Wrap licenses (US-Lasercomb) Reverse Engineering (US-Alcatel) Limitation on Fair Use (cf. US-Video Pipeline Case) Standardization National Anthem; Word for Windows; I Have a Dream Reciprocal Exemptions (Guy Pessach) Internet Search Engines Technological Protection Measures (Dan Burk)

4 Michal Shur-Ofry, 2008 Why Copyright Misuse? Flexibility v. All-Or-Nothing –Range of potential outcomes: Copyright not permanently invalidated Possible outcomes – –Refusal to enforce copyright, –Refusal to grant an interim injunction, –Other context based outcomes Cf. Fair Use, Fair Dealing and other all or nothing mechanisms (e.g. idea-expression) Focus on Copyright Owners Conduct (Judge) Potential for greater self restraint? Equitable Roots and Underlying Rationale : In exceptional circumstances, private interests should withdraw in favor of the public interest

5 Michal Shur-Ofry, 2008 Overcoming Uncertainty As Long as the Judges Foot? (Goldstein, Laddie et. al) Which behavior exceeds copyrights boundaries? Possible directions for the future development of Copyright Misuse: A. Clarification of Fundamental Questions : - Relation to Antitrust - Shield or Sword? - Range of Potential Outcomes

6 Michal Shur-Ofry, 2008 Directions for Future Development (cntnd.) B. Carving out Categories within Copyright Misuse: –Standard Works – Potential Guidelines: network v. inherent value; complexness, nature of work; nature of use of the Standard; –Contracting around Copyrights Exceptions and Limitations - Potential Guidelines: type of contract; parties bargaining position; primary/secondary market, (e.g. computer-games) etc.

7 Michal Shur-Ofry, 2008 Compliance with the International Copyright Regime –3 STEP TEST –TRIPS – Art. 8. 2. |Nothing in this Agreement shall prevent Members from specifying in their legislation licensing practices or conditions that may in particular cases constitute an abuse of intellectual property rights having an adverse effect on competition in the relevant market…] –WCT – Agreed Statement on Art. 10 [new exceptions and limitations that are appropriate in the digital network environment ]

8 Michal Shur-Ofry, 2008 Summary Copyright Misuse Deserves Further Use and (Careful) Development


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