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§ 1.6 Properties of Integral Exponents

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Blitzer, Algebra for College Students, 6e – Slide #2 Section 1.6 Properties of Exponents Exponent Rules Product Rule Examples When multiplying exponential expressions with the same base, add the exponents.

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Blitzer, Algebra for College Students, 6e – Slide #3 Section 1.6 Properties of Exponents Exponent Rules Quotient Rule Examples When dividing exponential expressions with the same nonzero base, subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator.

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Blitzer, Algebra for College Students, 6e – Slide #4 Section 1.6 Properties of Exponents The Zero Exponent Rule: If b is any real number other than 0, then Negative Exponent Rule: If b is any real number other than 0 and n is a natural number, then and

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Exponent RulesExamples Zero Exponent Rule Negative Exponent Rule Blitzer, Algebra for College Students, 6e – Slide #5 Section 1.6 Properties of Exponents

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Exponent RulesExamples Negative Exponents in Numerators and Denominators Power Rule Blitzer, Algebra for College Students, 6e – Slide #6 Section 1.6 Properties of Exponents

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Exponent Rules Examples Products to Powers Quotients to Powers Blitzer, Algebra for College Students, 6e – Slide #7 Section 1.6 Properties of Exponents

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Simplification Techniques Examples If necessary, remove parentheses by using the Products to Powers Rule or the Quotient to Powers Rule. If necessary, simplify powers to powers by using the Power Rule. Blitzer, Algebra for College Students, 6e – Slide #8 Section 1.6 Simplifying Exponential Expressions

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Simplification Techniques Examples Be sure each base appears only once in the final form by using the Product Rule or Quotient Rule If necessary, rewrite exponential expressions with zero powers as 1. Furthermore, write the answer with positive exponents by using the Negative Exponent Rule Blitzer, Algebra for College Students, 6e – Slide #9 Section 1.6 Simplifying Exponential Expressions

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