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Competitive Intelligence: Using Intellectual Property Information Guriqbal Singh Jaiya Director, SMEs Division, WIPO

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Presentation on theme: "Competitive Intelligence: Using Intellectual Property Information Guriqbal Singh Jaiya Director, SMEs Division, WIPO"— Presentation transcript:

1 Competitive Intelligence: Using Intellectual Property Information Guriqbal Singh Jaiya Director, SMEs Division, WIPO guriqbal.jaiya@wipo.int

2 2 Outline Concept of Competitive Intelligence (CI) Importance of CI CI Process and Tools CI and Intellectual Property IP Information as a Tool for Competitive Intelligence -Patent Information -Trademark Information -Design Information -Domain Names SECTION TITLE 2

3 3 Concept of Competitive Intelligence (CI) (1) Competitive Intelligence: A systematic and ethical program for gathering, analyzing, and managing external information that can affect your company's plans, decisions, and operations (SCIP) Competitive intelligence is the gathering and analysis of information from human and published sources about market trends and industry developments that allows for advanced identification of risks and opportunities in the competitive arena. (Ben Gilad, PhD ) Competitive Intelligence is a process which gives insights into what might happen in the near future to support business decisions 3 What is Competitive Intelligence?

4 4 Concept of Competitive Intelligence (CI) (2) Competitive Intelligence is NOT Competitor Intelligence Competitive Intelligence is NOT only for global companies, large companies BUT also for SMEs Competitive Intelligence uses open sources, public domain information NOT spying (breaking laws and use of illegal means to gather information) Intelligence NOT Information NOT Data Intelligence NOT out of time It has action-oriented implications for managers 4

5 5 Concept of Competitive Intelligence (CI) (3) Military intelligence practices Sun Tzu (Chinese military strategist - 500 BC) the Art of War / Von Clausewitz, On War (Prussian General 1852) National Intelligence activity : national security as a policy issue after War II and link to linked to political science. More Business oriented around 1980 Industry and Competitor Analysis (Porter,) Now Competitive Intelligence for Strategic Decision Making. (SCIP) 5

6 6 Importance of Competitive Intelligence Knowledge economy, global competition, shorter product life cycle … increase OPPORTUNITIES and RISKS for enterprises. CI is important because it allows to meet companys intelligence needs in one of these three functional categories: STRATEGIC DECISIONS AND ACTIONS, including the development of strategic plans and strategies. EARLY-WARNING SYSTEM, including competitor initiatives, technological surprise, and governmental actions. DESCRIPTIONS OF KEY PLAYERS in the specific marketplace, including competitors, customers, suppliers, regulators, and potential partners 6

7 7 CI Process and Tools (1) Barriers to Entry Bargaining Power of Suppliers Bargaining Power of Customers Competitors Substitutes 7 POLITICAL ECONOMIC SOCIO- CULTURAL TECHNOLO GICAL Objective: Explain the Competitive Dynamics What are the industry drivers? Which of the five forces is/are the dominant in the market? Competitors

8 8 CI Process and Tools (2) 8 Needs assessment Key Intelligent questions Data Collection Publicly available data Intellectual Proprety data Analysis of Data Industry Competitors Delivering intelligence Report Action

9 9 9 CI Process and Tools (3) Sources of information: Public domain information such as newspapers, journals radio, television internet, information databases company publications official publications by government authorities reports, statistics,... Intellectual Property documents

10 10 Competitive Intelligence and Intellectual Property (1) Understand strategies adopted by competitors in the market Determine strategic response to remain competitive 10 DIFFERIENTIATIONLOW COST FOCUS UniquenessLow cost Industry -wide Niche Innovation Brand Design SUCCESS

11 11 Competitive Intelligence and Intellectual Property (2) Key uses of Intellectual Property Assets Transforms an intellectual asset into a business asset Exclude others/Entry Barrier: To protect price and market share by excluding others from a specific marketplace and as a guarantee of channels to market Risk Management/Freedom to Operate; Insurance against legal action by competitors Partnering: Strategic alliances, commercialization, licensing, or held as a blocking strategy Raising Finance/monetization 11

12 12 Competitive Intelligence and Intellectual Property (3) 12 Analysis of Intellectual Property portfolios of competitors may reveal a great deal about the competitors strategies moves Patents Utility models Innovation Trademarks Brand Industrial Designs Design

13 13 Competitive Intelligence and Intellectual Property (4) Role of the Patent system Every 30 seconds a new patent document is added to the vast technical library of patent documents In 2007 around 1.85 million filled in the world 13

14 14 Competitive Intelligence and Intellectual Property (5) Role of the Patent system Duality of the IP information system: Protection and Disclosure of Information Protection function: -Inform the public about the scope of protection limited in time and to a particular territory Disclosure (Information) function: -Teach in sufficient detail anyone interested in creating/making the invention, without undue experimentation 14

15 15 Patent Information and Competitive Intelligence (1) 15

16 16 Patent Information and Competitive Intelligence (2) Technical information from the description and drawings of the invention Legal information from the patent claims defining the scope of the patent and from its legal status; Business-relevant information from reference data identifying the inventor, date of filing, country of origin, etc.; Public policy- relevant information from an analysis of filing trends to be used by policymakers, e.g., in national industrial policy strategy. 16

17 17 Patent Information and Competitive Intelligence (3) I.Starting Phase IIIIIIIV $ Time From Supple et al., Lifecycle Innovation and Patent Strategies, McMaster World Congress, January 2005 II.Growing Phase III.Maturing Phase IV.Declining Phase Patent Information and General Life Cycle of a Product/Invention Patent Search earlier in Starting Phase Patent Core Technologies before entering Growing Phase Patent Improvements in Growing / Maturing Phases

18 18 Patent Information and Competitive Intelligence (4) Questions solved by Competitive Intelligence and Patent information CI obtains information as to what is occurring in a particular technological area what are the subjects where research is being done what are the emerging research lines who/which are the players in a particular technical field which are the leading research teams what are the technological trends what are the patenting trends what are the technology portfolios of a company what are the technical strategies of a company

19 19 Patent Information and Competitive Intelligence (5) Analyzing theallows to find applicants / proprietors (further) cooperating companies inventorstop inventors in a company IPC symbolsfields of expertise, R&D focus priority data (dates)activity chart of a company country codes (national patents) importance of markets designated EPC states (foreign) markets of interest designated PCT states (foreign) markets of interest 19 Statistical Analysis of Patent Documents Concerning a Particular Applicant or Proprietor Analyzing theallows to find applicants / proprietorsemployers, assignments, C.V. inventors (further)inventor teams, networks IPC symbolsfields of expertise of an inventor priority data (dates)creativity chart of an inventor country codes (national patent) local importance of inventions designated EPC statesvalue of his inventions designated PCT statesvalue of his inventions Statistical Analysis of Patent Documents Concerning a Particular Inventor

20 20 Patent Information and Competitive Intelligence (6) Analyzing theallows to find applicants / proprietorsmarket leaders, competitors inventorsexperts in a field of technology IPC symbolsrelated technology priority data (dates / countries) evolution/origin of a technology country codes (national patents) importance of foreign markets designated EPC statesmajor regional markets designated PCT statesgeographic importance 20 Statistical Analysis of Patent Documents Concerning a Particular IPC Analyzing theallows to find applicants / proprietorstop players in/from a country inventorsimportant experts IPC symbolsimportant technology, in / from priority data (country)workplace of top players priority data (date)changes within a territory designated EPC statescountries in competition designated PCT statescountries in competition Statistical Analysis of Patent Filings in or from a Particular Country / Region

21 21 Patent Information and Competitive Intelligence (7) 21 Where can patent information be found ? Free databases WIPOs PATENTSCOPE® search service: European Patent Office National patent databases Google Patents Free patents online: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/ Delphion: http://www.delphion.com Commercial databases List of commercial database: http://www.piug.org/vendors.php http://www.piug.org/vendors.php Examples: Delphion Dialog Matheo Patent

22 22 Trademark Information and Competitive Intelligence (1) 22 Every trademark registered has designated to be according to the International (Nice) Classification of Goods and Services into 45 Trademark Classes (1 to 34 cover goods, and 35 to 45 services). Class 30: Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee; flour and preparations made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice. Class 32: Beers; mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages. Class 35: Advertising; business management; business administration; office functions. Class 38: Telecommunications. Class 44: Medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services.

23 23 Trademark Information and Competitive Intelligence (2) 23 Trademark Information provides: Information about competition, products New marketing trends -Trademark filings give indications on new players in the industry Trademarks offer a great way to gauge new branding trends Trademark filings usually predate product launches or web mentions Measure commercial activity of a company

24 24 Design information and Competitive Intelligence Also an international Classification for Industrial Designs under the Locarno Agreement. 32 Classes 24

25 25 Design information and Competitive Intelligence WIPO National and Regional IP Offices: http://www.wipo.int/amc/en/trademark/output.html http://www.wipo.int/amc/en/trademark/output.html Commercial 25

26 26 Domain Names and Competitive Intelligence Domain names have become an important part of a companys brand : Use of multiple domain names to represent various products and to serve assorted markets Domain give access to product and branding strategies Preserve brand integrity and access to information about competitor bad faith, cyber squatting or other offenses Track competitors and determine their market strategy by conducting inventory of domain name assets and compare it to trademark databases 26

27 27 PATENTSCOPE 27

28 28 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION ! "It is pardonable to be defeated, but never to be surprised. (Frederick the Great) 28 Guriqbal Singh Jaiya Director, SMEs Division, WIPO guriqbal.jaiya@wipo.int


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