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1 Development of the International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships by Dr Nikos Mikelis International Maritime Organization.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Development of the International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships by Dr Nikos Mikelis International Maritime Organization."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Development of the International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships by Dr Nikos Mikelis International Maritime Organization (IMO) Promoting sustainable ship recycling through the Global Programme - 13 January 2008, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2 2 Structure of presentation: 1.Background to the development of the new International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships 2.Interagency co-operation 3.Structure of the new Convention 4.Elements and mechanisms of control and enforcement 5.Timetable for the development of the new Convention

3 3 1. Background to the development of the new international Convention MEPC 42 (November 1998) The issue of ship recycling is first brought to the attention of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee MEPC 47 (March 2002) agrees that IMO should develop recommendatory guidelines to be adopted by an Assembly resolution MEPC 49 (July 2003) finalizes the IMO Guidelines on Ship Recycling Assembly 23 adopts on 5 December 2003 the IMO Guidelines on Ship Recycling by resolution A.962(23) MEPC 53 (July 2005) agrees to develop new mandatory instrument on ship recycling Assembly 24 adopts on 1 December 2005 resolution A.981(24) instructing MEPC to develop a new legally binding instrument on ship recycling Assembly 25 in November 2007 accepts the offer by China to host in Hong Kong the diplomatic conference in April (or May) 2009

4 4 1. Background to the development of the new international Convention Resolution A.981(24) states that the new instrument will regulate: 1the design, construction, operation and preparation of ships so as to facilitate safe and environmentally sound recycling, without compromising their safety and operational efficiency; 2the operation of ship recycling facilities in a safe and environmentally sound manner; and 3the establishment of an appropriate enforcement mechanism for ship recycling (certification / reporting requirements).

5 5 1. Background to the development of the new international Convention MEPC 54 (March 2006) convenes a working group on ship recycling which develops the draft text submitted by Norway; a Correspondence Group continues the work intersessionally and reports to MEPC 55; MEPC 55 (October 2006) convenes a working group on ship recycling which further develops the draft text and guidelines. MEPC 55 formally requests the IMO Council to allocate a five-day international conference in the biennium to adopt the new Convention; a Correspondence Group continues the work intersessionally and reports to the 2nd ISRWG; the 2nd ISRWG (May 2007) continues the work and reports to MEPC 56; MEPC 56 (July 2007) convenes a working group and continues the work; the 3rd ISRWG is scheduled to be held in Nantes, France to continue the work and to report to MEPC 57 (March/April 2008).

6 6 2. Interagency co-operation The International Labour Organization (ILO) is the specialized agency mandated to set standards on occupational safety and health (OSH) for all workers ILO has adopted various Conventions and Recommendations, including in March 2004 the ILO Guidelines on Safety and Health in Shipbreaking: Guidelines for Asian countries and Turkey

7 7 2. Interagency co-operation Basel Convention (on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal) regulates the transboundary movement of hazardous and other wastes The Convention has competence and expertise on the environmentally sound management of hazardous and other wastes and their disposal, and has experience relevant to the design and operation of ship recycling facilities. Basel Convention developed and approved on 13 December 2002 the: Technical Guidelines for the Environmentally Sound Management of the Full and Partial Dismantling of Ships

8 8 2. Interagency co-operation The three Organizations co-operate through the Joint ILO/IMO/BC Working Group on Ship Scrapping The aim of the JWG is to avoid duplication of work and overlapping of roles responsibilities and competencies, and also to identify any further needs. The JWG is not a forum for a joint development of the Convention on ship recycling. The first session of the JWG was held at IMO in February 2005 and the second session was hosted by the Basel Convention in December ILO will host the third session at the end of October The JWG has compared the technical guidelines of the three organizations; has encouraged collaboration in technical cooperation activities; and has identified activities that could promote implementation of the guidelines.

9 9 3. Structure of the new Convention The draft Convention presently includes: 21 Articles (explicit amendments procedure) 26 regulations (tacit amendments), divided in four chapters: general; requirements for ships; requirements for recycling facilities; reporting requirements 7 appendices (tacit amendments) Also 6 voluntary guidelines are being developed providing clarifications, interpretations, and uniform procedures for technical issues arising from the provisions of the Convention.

10 10 DRAFT INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE SAFE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND RECYCLING OF SHIPS ARTICLES 1General obligations 2Definitions 3Application 4Controls related to ship recycling 5Survey and certification of ships 6Authorization of ship recycling facilities 7Exchange of information 8Inspection of ships 9Detection of violations 10Violations 11Undue delay of ships 12Communication of information 13Technical assistance and co-operation 13 bisImplementation 14Dispute settlement 15Relationship with international law and other international agreements 16Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval and accession 17Entry into force 18Amendments 19Denunciation 20Depositary 21Languages

11 11 DRAFT INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE SAFE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND RECYCLING OF SHIPS ANNEX CHAPTER 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS Reg. 1Definitions 2General Applicability 3Exceptions CHAPTER 2 - REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPS Part A – Design, construction, operation and maintenance of ships 4Controls of ships hazardous materials 5 Inventory of Hazardous Materials 6Procedure for proposing amendments to Appendices 1 and 2 7Technical Groups Part B – Preparation for ship recycling 8General requirements 9Ship Recycling Plan 10Ready for recycling Part C – Surveys and certification 11Surveys 12Issuance and endorsement of certificates 13Issuance or endorsement of a certificate by another Party 14Form of the certificates 15Duration and validity of the certificates

12 12 DRAFT INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE SAFE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND RECYCLING OF SHIPS ANNEX (continued) CHAPTER 3 - REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPS RECYCLING FACILITIES 16Controls on ship recycling facilities 17Authorization of ship recycling facilities 18General Requirements 19Recycling Facility Management Plan 20Prevention of accidents 21Safe and environmentally sound removal and management of hazardous materials 22Emergency preparedness and response 23Worker safety and training 24Reporting on incidents and chronic effects CHAPTER 4 - REPORTING REQUIREMENTS 25Initial notification and reporting requirements 26Reporting upon completion

13 13 DRAFT INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE SAFE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND RECYCLING OF SHIPS ANNEX (continued) APPENDICES Controls of hazardous materials 1Controls of hazardous materials 2Minimum list of items for the Inventory of Hazardous Materials [(for new ships and new installations)] Forms of relevant Certificates and other documents 3Form of the International Certificate on Inventory of Hazardous Materials 4Form of the International Ready for Recycling Certificate 5Form of the authorization of Recycling Facilities 6Form of the Statement of Completion of ship recycling 7Reporting format [to be developed]

14 14 DRAFT LIST OF GUIDELINES FOR THE SHIP RECYCLING CONVENTION Guidelines for ships 1Guidelines for the Inventory of Hazardous Materials 2Guidelines for Survey and Certification 3Guidelines for Inspection of Ships Guidelines for ship recycling facilities 4Guidelines for the Authorization of Ship Recycling Facilities 5Guidelines for Safe and Environmentally Sound Ship Recycling 6Guidelines for the Development of the Ship Recycling Plan

15 15 The Convention – Article 3 Application applies to ships entitled to fly the flag of a Party applies to ship recycling facilities operating under the jurisdiction of a Party does not apply to warships etc does not apply to ships below 500 GT However, Parties shall adopt measures ensuring that ships act in a manner consistant with the Convention, as far as reasonable and practicable. no more favourable treatment of non-Party ships

16 16 Fundamental obligations of a Party & fundamental rights of a Party Fundamental obligations: –to ensure compliance for its ships by survey and certification (Article 5) –to ensure compliance for its ship recycling facilities by authorization (Article 6) Fundamental rights: –to inspect ships in its ports (PSC) (Article 8) –to be informed on the basis for the authorization of facilities (by other Parties) (Article 7)

17 17 Articles 9 and 10: co-operation amongst Parties investigation and gathering of evidence initiate proceedings information to Parties involved establish sanctions which are adequate in severity to discourage violations of the Convention A comprehensive system for detection of violations and follow-up actions

18 18 Article 12 Communication of information The purpose of this article is to provide dissemination of information which will facilitate the implementation of the Convention. Technical co-operation may play an important role in fulfilling the purpose of the Convention Article 13 Technical assistance and co-operation

19 19 Option 1 Not to include a specific clause on implementation, but just to benefit from Resolutions A.973(24) and A.974(24) as appropriate and as may be amended in the future. Option 2 (preferred for the moment) To include an article addressing the implementation of the Convention. Article 13bis Implementation Text alternative 1 (specific) Text alternative 2 (generic) Increased transparancy

20 20 Article 17 Entry into force Articles: explicit acceptance procedure regulations: tacit acceptance procedure Appendices: tacit acceptance procedure Article 18 Amendments To be decided at the diplomatic conference

21 21 Part A – Design, Construction and maintenance of ships regulation 4 - Controls of ships hazardous materials Prohibition and/or restriction on ships and at ports and yards (in accordance with appendix 1) regulation 5 - Inventory of Hazardous Materials Inventory of Hazardous Materials (Part I) verified by the Administration. Difference between new and existing ships. The regulations Chapter 2 – Requirements for Ships

22 22 Part B - Preparation for ship recycling regulation 8 - General requirements –choose a facility authorized to recycle your ship –provide the facility with the relevant information, complete the inventory and acquire the Ready for Recycling Certificate –[Option: Parties may through bilateral agreements also allow ships to use (compliant) facilities under the jurisdicton of non-Parties] regulation 9 - Recycling Plan –to be developed by the ship recycling facility in consultation with the shipowner; –in the language accepted by the Party of the facility and if its not English, French or Spanish, the plan shall be translated into one of these languages. Chapter 2 - Requirements for Ships

23 23 Part B – Surveys and certification regulation 11 - Surveys –initial survey; for new ships: before the ship enters into service, for existing ships: before the inventory is issued; –[periodical surveys, on the basis of a five yearly cycle, verifying continuing compliance with the Convention and ensuring that any relevant alterations are reflected on the inventory; –additional surveys, which the shipowner may request to take place at his option after alterations to the structure, machinery or equipment of the ship;] and –a final survey prior to the ship being taken out of service, so that all three Parts of the inventory are completed and checked, the Recycling Plan is examined and checked against the inventory, and the Ready for Recycling Certificate is issued. Surveys may be conducted by officers of the flag Administration, or by surveyors nominated by the Administration, or by surveyors of a Recognized Organization. Chapter 2 - Requirements for Ships

24 24 Part B – Surveys and certification regulation 12 – Issuance and endorsement of certificates –International Certificate for a ship Inventory of Hazardous Materials; for new ships: before the ship enters into service for the first time; for existing ships: shall be issued following the survey of an initial and final survey which are conducted at the same time. –International Ready for recycling Certificate, shall be issued after the final survey. Chapter 2 - Requirements for Ships

25 25 regulation 16 - Controls on ship recycling facilities Addresses the system a Party has to establish for controls on ship recycling facilities, e.g. legislation, mechanism for authorizing facilities, contact points regulation 17 - Authorization of ship recycling facilities Addresses the system for authorization of ship recycling facilities. Verification of documentation and site inspection. Includes a possibility for delegation to an RO, and addresses the period of validity of the authorization. regulation 18 - General Requirements The facility shall only recycle ships it is authorized for; shall have the documentation available and shall issue a statement of completion when the ship is dismantled. Chapter 3 – Requirements for ship recycling facilities (1)

26 26 regulation 19 - Recycling Facility Management Plan Requirements for a management plan which i.a. includes: identification of roles and responsibilities a programme for training of workers an emergency preparedness and response plan monitoring and record keeping regulation 20 - Prevention of accidents Addresses i.a. establishing procedures for ensuring gas- free-for-hot-work conditions. regulation 21- Safe and environmentally sound removal and management of hazardous materials Includes the general requirement and specific provisions for specific materials. The requirements do not go beyond the facility (the site). Chapter 3 – Requirements for ship recycling facilities (2)

27 27 regulation 22 - Emergency preparedness and response A plan and specific requirements related to equipment, information and procedures. regulation 23 - Worker safety and training Training programme (workers need to be trained prior to performing any ship recycling operation) and specific requirements for personal protective equipment. regulation 24 - Reporting on incidents and chronic effects Reporting on incidents to the competent authority and information on response action taken. Chapter 3 – Requirements for ship recycling facilities (3)

28 28 The purpose of reporting is to support the enforcement system of the Convention. Reporting ensures that the draft Convention has a very high level of Control. 1. Notification Shipowner notifies the Administration of the intent to recycle Facility notifies the competent authority of the intent to recycle 2. Reporting When the ship has the Ready for Recycling Certificate, the facility reports to the competent authority on the planned start of the recycling. 3. Statement of Completion Upon completion of recycling the facility issues a statement of completion and reports to the competent authority Copy of SOC to the flag Administration Chapter 4 - Reporting requirements

29 29 4. Elements and mechanisms of control and enforcement The following elements are introduced by the Convention: Inventory of hazardous materials, and associated International Certificate for a Ship Inventory of Hazardous Materials; surveying regime, presently envisaging an initial survey, surveys during the life of the ship, and a final survey prior to recycling; Ship Recycling Plan, developed by the recycling yard to specify the manner a ship will be recycled, depending on its inventory; International Ready for Recycling Certificate, issued to the ship following its final survey; Authorization of recycling facilities by the competent authorities in their States, in accordance with the requirements of the Convention; and Statement of Completion of Ship Recycling, issued by the recycling facility reporting completion of recycling of a ship to the recycling State authorities and to the flag Administration.

30 30 4. Elements and mechanisms of control and enforcement The following mechanisms are created by the draft Convention using the elements of control: Flag State obligations: control and enforcement system based on a survey and certification regime, ensuring that a Party to the Convention takes effective measures for ships flying its flag to comply with the requirements of the Convention; Port State control rights: a port State control regime ensuring that ships of other Parties and ships of non-Parties comply with the Convention during their operating life;

31 31 4. Elements and mechanisms of control and enforcement A Party and its recycling facilities: Parties required to take effective measures to ensure recycling facilities under their jurisdiction comply with the Convention. An authorization regime for ship recycling facilities is established; Communication and exchange of information: to ensure implementation of the Convention, it is a right of a Party to request information of another Party on the basis on which it has provided authorisation of a recycling facility. Parties are also required to submit to IMO, for dissemination to other Parties, lists of authorized recycling facilities and other information which may assist enforcement and monitoring of implementation of the Convention;

32 32 4. Elements and mechanisms of control and enforcement Reporting at the end of life: a proposed reporting system ensures that Parties (either as flag States or as recycling States) can control and intervene in the relevant phases prior to recycling. Detection of violations: the draft Convention establishes provisions for the detection and the investigation of alleged violations, and on how Parties shall cooperate. Requirements are also set for the establishment of sanctions under the national law of Parties; and Auditing implementation: a system for auditing the implementation of the Convention is included in the draft Convention.

33 33 5. Timetable for the development of the new Convention 3rd ISRWG21-25 January 2008 Further develop the Convention. MEPC 57 WG 31 March – 4 April 2008 Article by Article and regulation by regulation review of the convention; Recommendation on date for diplomatic conference Council C June 2008 Endorse date for the diplomatic conference. MEPC 58 [DG] October 2008 Finalize the draft Convention; Circulate the draft Convention for the diplomatic conference. Diplomatic Conference [April or May 2009] Adoption of the International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships.

34 34 Development of the International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships Thank you for your attention Promoting sustainable ship recycling through the Global Programme - 13 January 2008, Dhaka, Bangladesh


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