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Decent Work for All ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 By Ingrid Christensen ILO Decent Work Team for South Asia For distribution at workshop Ship Recycling.

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Presentation on theme: "Decent Work for All ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 By Ingrid Christensen ILO Decent Work Team for South Asia For distribution at workshop Ship Recycling."— Presentation transcript:

1 Decent Work for All ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 By Ingrid Christensen ILO Decent Work Team for South Asia For distribution at workshop Ship Recycling Transfer of Knowledge and Technology Transfer Workshop Izmir, 14-16 July 2010

2 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All Ship Recycling from an ILO perspective Ship recycling provides employment to a large number of workers (direct and indirect employment) – many from poor regions of the countries; … provides business opportunities … provides steel, goods & tax revenues to the country; Disposal of ships – recycling, a sound principle But… A hazardous industry Other Decent Work deficits …. Though scope exists for a decent and greener industry

3 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All ILO and the other UN agencies ILO is pleased to collaborate with Secretariat of the Basel Convention and the International Maritime Organization in advancing a safe and environmentally sound ship recycling. Within the Decent Work Agenda, ILO can and will contribute to achieving the principles and standards as enshrined in the Basel Convention and the Hong Kong Convention. … But what does the concept of Decent Work entail

4 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All ILO and the Decent Work Agenda The International Labour Organization (ILO) is the tripartite UN agency that brings together governments, employers and workers of its member states in common action to: …advance opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity,... through promoting rights at work, encouraging decent employment opportunities, enhancing social protection and strengthening dialogue in handling work-related issues. Established in 1919 www.ilo.org

5 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All ILO and the Decent Work Agenda Promoting Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work – Freedom of Association, right to organize and to collective bargaining – Abolition of forced labour – Non-discrimination (gender, race, ethnicity, religion etc.) – Eradication of Child Labour The Core Conventions covering above issues – the backdrop for all employment – Pakistan and Turkey – like majority of member States - have ratified all 8 Core Conventions; hence the principles binding on the countries

6 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All ILO and the Decent Work Agenda Encouraging decent, productive and gainful employment – National Employment Framework – in some countries with focus on job rich growth or labour intensive, in other countries a more technology-based is the better option – Business development from nano-, micro- and upwards for growth, productivity and competitiveness – Skills development for enhanced employability – Employment for the vulnerable …and jobs should be green to reduce impact on climate

7 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All ILO and the Decent Work Agenda Enhancing social protection – Decent working and employment conditions (employment contracts, working hours and days, wages and payment) – Safety and health at work – prevent accidents and diseases, and promote healthy workplaces addressing issues of HIV/AIDS, TB etc. – Social security to protect when work is not possible (accidents, sickness, old age) – Protection of vulnerable e.g. migrant workers

8 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All ILO and the Decent Work Agenda Strengthening social dialogue – Promote tripartite dialogue at international, national, regional or sectoral level (Government and Employers´ & Workers´ organizations) to discuss work related issues – Promote dialogue at workplaces - employer-worker, but also involving (labour) contractors and others – Strengthen labour administration (legislation and standards, labour inspection, the social partners – alone or together)

9 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All ILO and the Decent Work Agenda Issues (on previous slides) are all elements that contributes to the achieving the goal of Decent Work They are interlinked – but the exact "mix" varies from country to country over time A sectoral approach – the approach by the ILO to Ship Recycling

10 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All ILO and the Decent Work Agenda A set of priority areas in Asia (with majority of ship recycling) have been developed in consultation with ILO partners (See next slide) How can ship recycling be involved in/benefit from the activities of these areas

11 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All Asia-Pacific Priorities include Increasing productivity, competitiveness and jobs; – Job creation, skills development, green jobs within framework of decent work – Crisis response Improved labour market governance; – Social dialogue, strengthening of partners, labour administration and inspection Expanded social protection; – Different transfer schemes, social protection (security) floor, OSH/CoW, HIV/AIDS Eliminating child labour, creating opportunities for young people; – Child labour, youth employment Improved management of labour migration; – Labour migration frameworks Gender as cross-cutting theme

12 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All Asia-Pacific Priorities ILO will also continue promoting its Conventions and other standards and the principles enshrined in them - both the Core Conventions, the Governance Conventions, e.g. regarding tripartite collaboration, and the other technical Conventions (e.g. the Occupational Safety and Health Convention, No 155, 1981. Remain in force and relevant, irrespective of Basel, Hong Kong and other Conventions

13 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All Decent Work Deficits in Ship Recycling Some issues and challenges Unsafe and unhealthy working and living conditions Yes, but there are more…

14 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All Decent Work Deficits in Ship Recycling Some issues and challenges A mainly unskilled and (semi)/illiterate workforce Lack of recognition of the industry A considerable amount migrant workers, uprooted from their families No employment contracts No protection in case of sickness, accidents Long working hours, sometimes shiftwork Workers not allowed to form or associate themselves with trade unions Child labour Lack of dialogue among partners – and what about coordination No/limited inspection …… and where are the women

15 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All Towards Decent Work in Sustainable Ship Recycling Contribute to achieve the goals of the Basel Convention, the Hong Kong Convention etc. In addition, we can contribute towards e.g. – a better skilled labour force in ship recycling for higher productivity and quality of e.g. scrap steel, a workforce that could work in other industries with similar work functions and a workforce that can contribute to the development of the society (large skill development initiatives on/going in Pakistan) – an industry that is recognised and sustainable with potential for growth, high productivity, better outcome and/or diversifying its activities – an industry that has a "green or greener footprint"

16 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All Towards Decent Work in Sustainable Ship Recycling In addition, we can contribute towards e.g. (cont´d) – development of a preventative safety and health culture and more healthy workplaces, leading to a more healthy workforce and less accidents and diseases (also better business) – development and introduction of proper and transparent employment contracts outlining at least basic conditions for the employment relationship – provision of a (minimum) social security floor – development of harmonious industrial relations, based on dialogue so as to avoid or minimise situations like the recent strikes in Pakistan and earlier this year in Bangladesh

17 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All Towards Decent Work in Sustainable Ship Recycling In addition, we can contribute towards e.g. (cont´d) – a sound and constructive tripartite or bipartite dialogue between government, employers and workers, recalling the overarching principle of worker involvement and the need to involve the other partners and stakeholders – strengthened labour administration and social partners – observing the principles of the Core Conventions Dialogue, coordination and collaboration among all partners - a prerequisite for success

18 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All ILO recent and current activities on Ship Recycling e.g. Development of Safety and Health in Shipbreaking. Guidelines for Asia and Turkey (see later slides) Implementation of the Safe and Environment Friendly Ship-Recyling Project in Bangladesh Promotional activities in all five countries A member of Joint Working Group (IMO, SBC and ILO) Contribution/technical advice to the development of the Hong Kong and Basel Convention and the subsidiary standards (e.g. MEPC) Contribution to the implementation of above and to programmes, projects and materials by other partners Study on Labour Conditions within framework of Better Work (IFC/ILO)

19 * Built on knowledge and experience of the 1990s decade and up to 2002. * Meeting of Experts meeting convened in Bangkok October 2003 and adopted 2004 by Governing Body * Translated into at least Turkish, Urdu, Hindi, Bangla and Chinese *Still relevant – complements materials of other organizations *http://www.ilo.org/public/libd oc/ilo/2004/104B09_279_en gl.pdfhttp://www.ilo.org/public/libd oc/ilo/2004/104B09_279_en gl.pdf

20 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All Safety and Health in Shipbreaking – Content Background, glossary, General provisions and industry characteristics Part I: National Framework (responsibilities, legal framework, OSH management, reporting of accidents and diseases, OHS) Part II: Safe Shipbreaking Operations (technical prevention, training, contingency and emergency preparedness, PPE, social protection, welfare) Bibliography and annexes

21 ASIAN DECENT WORK DECADE 2006-2015 Decent Work for All Thank you and wishing you all a successful workshop


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