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Weather Risk Management Facility Agricultural Risk Transfer Mechanisms and Needs for Weather and Climate Services WMO EAG-FRT I 13- 14 December Geneva.

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Presentation on theme: "Weather Risk Management Facility Agricultural Risk Transfer Mechanisms and Needs for Weather and Climate Services WMO EAG-FRT I 13- 14 December Geneva."— Presentation transcript:

1 Weather Risk Management Facility Agricultural Risk Transfer Mechanisms and Needs for Weather and Climate Services WMO EAG-FRT I 13- 14 December Geneva Richard Choularton Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Coordination Office (WFP) Francesco Rispoli Policy and Technical Advisory Division (IFAD)

2 Weather Risk Management Facility Joint initiative of IFAD and WFP Launched in 2008 with the support of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Objective: Promote agricultural development and more effective disaster risk management by increasing the access of vulnerable smallholders to a wide range of risk management tools

3 WRMF activities 36 weather index insurance programs evaluated and reviewed A comprehensive analysis of opportunities, challenges and good practice with WII Five appraisal missions (Kenya, India, Mali, Ethiopia, China) Two pilots (Ethiopia and China) R4 initiative together with OXFAM Testing remote sensing in Mali

4 IFAD-WFP findings on WII WII is technically feasible but not applicable to all situations WII is one in a set of risk management options to be considered A risk assessment is always needed to determine what kind of risk management tools should be applied and if WII has a role

5 Retailing Index Insurance Retailing WII as a stand-alone insurance product is challenging Easier to meet famers demand when it is linked to credit, to inputs, to value chains, etc. Farmers need a strong and clear value proposition to consider investing in insurance Technical assistance per se is not sufficient for market development Retailing Index Insurance

6 Weather data and infrastructure Improve the infrastructure and quality of weather data Remote sensing technologies and innovative delivery methodologies The future potential of WII largely depends on how the industry will be able to expand the technology frontier

7 WRMF – WII Ethiopia Pilot Lessons and Challenges Client education – Awareness and understanding of the product creates trust Timeliness of pay-outs Combination with credit and inputs Weather data quality

8 WRMF – WII China Pilot Lessons and Challenges Despite solid infrastructure and good data, data access was one of the main challenge New weather stations are needed for scaling up Existence of highly subsidized MPCI Lack of awareness of the product and little trust in insurance companies

9 Data Requirements for Weather Index Insurance Availability of historical weather and yield data (approx. 30 years) Sufficient quality standard of data and access Functioning meteorological service Reliable weather station network Weather station reasonably close to potential customers Weather station secure from tampering

10 Challenges and Opportunities: Mali Major technical challengesPossible responses Ground-based weather data Insufficient number of observations Not enough weather stations Costly maintenance Not enough local staff Lack of real-time transmission of data Adapted satellite observation for micro-level and centralized data collection Weather infrastructure capacity support Fully-automated weather stations linked to a clear system of data management, analysis and dissemination Spatial variability North/South climate variations East/West weather variations Localized variability Appropriate delimitation of target area Historical modelling Development of localized indexes based on remote sensing technology

11 Researching new solutions: Mali Key expected results Understand of potential performance of satellite based indexes at micro-level Develop specific remote sensing methodologies for micro-level index insurance application

12 Researching new solutions: Mali Satellite data benefits: Difficult to tamper with Available across large areas of the globe Available in real-time via the internet Relatively low-cost Becoming more readily available Currently used by reinsurers to supplement weather station data Satellite data weaknesses: Difficult to achieve or access high resolution, good quality, informative data sets at micro-level Limited time series of data Regulatory challenges Buyers willingness to purchase an insurance products based on satellite data

13 Addressing the needs of the most vulnerable – Integrating risk transfer, risk reduction, and safety nets.

14 Early Warning System with reliable baseline and trigger points Contingency Planning for appropriate and timely response Contingent Financing of contingency plans Capacity Building for effective plan implementation Ethiopia Risk Management Framework

15 Ethiopias LEAP Early Warning System and Index

16 R4 Rural Resilience Initiative


18 R4 Operational Model Governments Donors Funding Safety Net Program Poorest Households (Safety Net Participants) (Pay Labor) Cash / Food IFW Premiums Funding IFW Voucher Safety NetHARITA Drought index triggered Labor Financial Institutions Less Poor Households (Not Safety Net Participants) (Pay Cash) Payouts Cash premiums IFW = Insurance-for-Work

19 Climate and Met Data Issues Use of ground and satalite datasets to reconstruct histroical data set for index design Scaling up quickly makes infrastrucutre costs high, in comparison to pilots Swtiched to satalitte-based index, developed through community design process, community by communtiy Major research effort to validate index

20 Thank you very much!

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