Presentation on theme: "1 Unmanned Transport Reusable Airborne Space Vehicle From a science to business 11 – 12 October 2006 Kyiv City Kukushkin Volodymyr Ivanovych (056) 7449694."— Presentation transcript:
1 Unmanned Transport Reusable Airborne Space Vehicle From a science to business 11 – 12 October 2006 Kyiv City Kukushkin Volodymyr Ivanovych (056) State Enterprise Production Association Southern Machine-Building Plant named after A.M.Makarov Dnipropetrovs'k City
2 Talk outline 1.Problem Description & Market Need 2.Brief technology description 3.Ukrainian air-space plane has the following advantages 4.Stage development and international patents 5.Targeted Market Segment 6.Competition. 7.Competitive Matrix 8.Opportunities
3 Proprietary information statement The technology material presented in this talk is available for licensing or joint product development. None of the slides contain any confidential or proprietary information which would prevent patenting the technology.
4 Problem Description & Market Need Problem: high cost of orbiting the payload Market needs: - low cost; - maintenance of satellites on an orbit; - return of satellites on the Earth; - application of reusable vehicle of spaceships. The potential market is estimated as 120 launches a year.
5 Brief technology description Initial weight of the air-space plane (ASP) (at the moment of launching) is 60 tons, engines thrust tons. So thrust/initial weight = 1.99 A scheme of ASP start and flight: - vertical starting and building up the height of 30 km is carried out by the use of all engines thrust with using of air oxygen and aerodynamic lifting force; - dynamical jet separation of the orbital plane (OP) at the height km and getting into the orbital trajectory; -putting a satellite on the orbit; -taking a satellite off the orbit; -removal of OP from the orbit and landing it with the use of parachute system and brake solid fuel engines of soft landing; Application in the ASP construction of the engine unit of the sub-orbital plane (SUB OP) as a separate module VKS-LV-1 makes it possible to conduct its autonomous experimental development and flying tests in accordance with the traditional rocket scheme.
6 Overall dimensions of the orbital plane ASP "Sura" R 1,24 R 0,3
7 Ukrainian air-space plane has the following advantages: modular construction of both stages outer bodies are not in contact with inner modules guidance of the flight is carried out by change of the thrust vector without using of aero - dynamical means application of rocket and aviation units (and, as a result, shortening the terms and reduction of the cost of development, heightening the construction reliability) air-space plane is unmanned one and provides quick actions there is no need in a spaceport for launching the air-space plane and an airdrome for landing.
8 Stage of development and international patents Stage of patenting Scientific developments on ASP. Scientific-technology publications: 1. Alexeyev Y.S., Kukushkin V.I., Levenko A.S. Prospect of the Rocket-Space Branch of Ukraine - space system on the basis of the air-space plane // Space System and Technology Volume 12. # 4. Pages Kukushkin V.I., Levenko A.S., Serbin V.V. Choosing of Optimal Layout of the AirSpace Plane // The sixth Ukrainian Conference on Space Researches. Digest of theses. September , НЦУИКС, Evpatoriya, Crimea, P Kukushkin V.I., Korotkov A.S., Levenko A.S. Aviation-rocket air-space orbital system // V Ukrainian Conference on Space Researches, September , НЦУИКС, Evpatoriya. K.: Institute of Space Researches НАНУ - НКАУ, 2005, P Korotkov A.S., Kukushkin V.I., Levenko A.S. Technology of Modular Assembly of the Air-Space plane// The sixth Ukrainian Conference on Space Researches Digest of theses. September , НЦУИКС, Evpatoriya, Crimea, P Korotkov A.S., Kukushkin V.I., Levenko A.S., "BLACK SEA" - the Project of the Air-Space System for Ukraine and neighbor countries// Air-Space Messenger - September, Pages Levenko A.S., Sichevoy A,V. Some Aspects of Designing of Thermal Protection the Air-Space Plane against Outer Effect with the Increase of Energetic of the Flying Vehicle // The sixth Ukrainian Conference on Space Researches Digest of theses. September , НЦУИКС, Evpatoriya, Crimea, P. 98. ASP is as the exhibit at the XXI Avia -Space Salon (gallery) (Ukraine, Gustomel' 2006).
9 Targeted Market Segment 1. Consumers of the space vehicles market: Air-space agencies of more, than 40 countries of the world, dealing with space researches (IAF members) Private firms - Internet operators (Rambler, Yandex, Yahoo, Google), telephone and cellular connection operators (UMC, Life, Beeline, Ukrtelekom, Kyivstar) Organizations, dealing with monitoring of the environment for those concerned in the agricultural economy, forests and water resources, ecological services (National Space Agency of Ukraine, Ministry of Nature, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of transportation and Communication of Ukraine) Organizations, dealing with cartography of the Earth surface - МЧС (Ukraine) Scientific organizations, conducting experiments in space conditions (National Academy of Sciences in Ukraine, Kharkov National Aerospace University (Ukraine), KARI (Korea) At present the average price of putting a satellite on a low orbit is from USD per 1 kg of a payload (specific cost). It is being formed (incorporated) a market of putting in an Earth orbit satellites with weight at most 300 kg; for this purpose it is necessary to reduce the specific cost up to 1000 USD per 1 kg of a payload.
10 2. MAIN PARAMETERS OF COMMERCIAL MARKET OF LAUNCHING SERVICES (tentative potential customers of ASP) 1. Arian Space (ESA) 2. International Launch Service (ILS), - USA 3. Sea Launch (International Corporation - USA, Russia, Ukraine) Additionally, commercial launchings can provide specialized companies from different countries, among which are: - ЗАО (Closed Joint-Stock Company "Космотрас" (Ukraine- Russia-Kazakhstan) - Boeing, USA - Rocket System Corporation, Japan - Chinese Industrial Corporation "Chanchen" etc.
11 Competition specific cost of orbiting a payload is below existing one possibility of reusability of ASP possibility of returning of a launched satellite possibility of starting without a spaceport and landing without airdrome providing the effective designing, based on the cost and terms of development and also cost of launching (see fig. 1)
12 Т, year $ billion 2,0 5,29 $ million Cost of one launch Cost of one project ASS BLACK SEA COMPARISON BETWEEN PROJECT INDICES OF THE ASS "BLACK SEA" AND TU-2000 ASS "BLACK SEA": PUTTING 300 KG OF PAYLOAD IN THE 300 KM ORBIT; TAKEOFF WEIGHT IS NEARLY 48 TONS UNMANNED TU-2000: PUTTING KG OF PAYLOAD IN THE 200 KM ORBIT TAKEOFF WEIGHT IS NEARLY 300 TONS; MANNED HAVING BEEN PLANNED PROJECT INDICES ASS TU ,9 13,6 13,05,0 Fig. 1. ASP competitiveness begins with determination of designing principles. The cost and duration of development of the ASP and also the cost of one launch are taken into account. The figure shows comparison with the project-analogue.
13 Competitive Matrix Important product or technology characteristics Air-space complex "Black Sea ASP "SURA", SE "PA YMZ", project Rocket vehicle Ariane-V with orbital plane Hermes, Dassauet Breget, Europe Union, project Pegasus_XL, Orbital Sciences Corporation, USA, functioning Heightening of energetics due to aerodynamic lifting force Using of aerodynamic lifting force of the atmosphere up to km Using of aerodynamic lifting force of the atmosphere up to km Airborne starting at the height of flight of the plane km Decreasing the weight Using the atmospheric oxygen as a fuel component No Reusability Rocket vehicle is used one time only Specific cost of orbiting a payload $ 1000$ $
14 Competitive Matrix (continue) Important product or technology characteristics Airborne start «FALKON» Rocket vehicle «QuickReach», Consortium AirLaunch, USA, project Airborne start «Оrel» State Design Bureau «Yuzhnoye», Ukraine, project ASP Skylon. Reaction Engines Ltd, Great Britain, project ASP ТU Tupolev Design Bureau, Russian Federation, project Heightening of energetic due to aerodynamic lifting force Airborne starting at the height of flight of the plane km Using of aerodynamic lifting force of the atmosphere up to km Using of aerodynamic lifting force of the atmosphere up to km Decreasing the weight No Using the atmospheric oxygen as a fuel component for a combined engine Reusability Rocket vehicle is used one time only Rocket vehicle is used one time only one Reusability Specific cost of orbiting a payload $10000$5000~ $3000$
15 Opportunities 1. Project realization term (dead line) - 10 years 2. Project total cost - 2 billion USD ( ) 3. Tentative cost of producing one ASP while serial production is 10 million USD 4. Prospective economical indices: - When using of each ASP 48 times and producing 100 ASP, the specific cost is 3000 USD (until returning of investments); -Specific cost is 1000 USD (after returning of investments); -The cost of re-equipment and of launch of the each ASP is 0.6 million USD; -Profit received from each launch of the ASP million USD.
16 Generalized calculation of expenses of creation of ASP "Sura" 1. Development of preliminary project USD; 2. Development of the technical proposal on the basis of modeling results and physical models tests and aero-dynamical researches – USD; 3. Conducting of R&D and experimental - constructional works with releasing Conceptual Project and carrying out modeling of the ASP USD; 4. Release of constructional-drawing documentation of ASP USD 5. Constructional tests of the ASP for providing serial production USD; 6. Development and making of the launching (starting) facilities for ASP USD; 7. Production of 20 sets of reusable ASP for sale on the world market USD.
17 Contact information Kukushkin Volodymyr Ivanovych (056) State Enterprise "Production Association Southern Machine-Building Plant named after A.M.Makarov" Dnipropetrovs'k City, Ukraine