Presentation on theme: "Supporting Global Security Through Cooperative Nonproliferation…"— Presentation transcript:
1 Supporting Global Security Through Cooperative Nonproliferation… Science and Technology Center in Ukraine (STCU)Supporting Global Security Through Cooperative Nonproliferation……Turning Military Science into Peaceful Civilian Applications
2 Our Mission: Nonproliferation of WMD Expertise Engagement: Support multilateral, collaborative, peaceful civilian R&D activities that engage Azeri, Georgian, Ukrainian, and Uzbek scientists and engineers formerly involved WMD and delivery systems, so that their scientific talents contribute to solutions of national/international S&T problems.Sustainable Redirection: Create opportunities for former WMD scientists and engineers to develop sustainable, civilian research employment that contributes to their country’s to market economy transition, to science & technology development, and to deeper integration into the international community.
3 History of STCU1992 – Negotiations Start on an S&T-Based WMD Nonproliferation Center Focused on ex-USSR military scientists & technicians1993- STCU is Established via Inter-Governmental Agreement Among Four Founding Parties: Ukraine, Canada, Sweden and the United States of America1998- European Union Replaces Sweden as an STCU Governing Party2003- STCU Surpasses $100 Million USD in Total Project Funding2004 – STCU Governing Parties Agree to Focus STCU Efforts onBuilding Self-Reliance/Self-Sustainability of ex-USSR WMD scientists/institutes2006- Highest Annual Total in New Project Funding ($19.4 Million USD) andTotal Partner Project Funding (Approx. $10.6 Million USD)2007 – Highest Ever Annual Total in New Non-Governmentaland New Partner Project Funding (Nearly $4.7 Million USD)
4 Five Recipient Countries STCU Operates InFive Recipient CountriesOver 1,000 Scientific and Technical InstitutesApproximately 20,000-30,000 Former Weapons Scientists (1995 informal est.)STCU has engaged over 8,300 former weapons scientists, plus 5,000 other scientific personnel
5 STCU Has On-Site Presence Across Recipient States Headquartered in Kyiv, UkraineRegional Ukrainian Offices in:Dnipropetrovsk,KharkivLvivOther Regional Offices in:Baku,AzerbaijanTbilisi,GeorgiaTashkent,UzbekistanChisinau,Moldova70 Person Staff – Multinational, Professional & Administrative
6 Science & Technology Center in Ukraine STCU Administers Sponsored Activities by Both Financing & Recipient PartiesNon-GovernmentPartnersGovernmentPartnersCanadaE.U.U.S.A.Science & Technology Center in UkraineCurrently, STCU Governing Parties include 8 states:Canada, EU, and the USA are the Funding Parties.Five countries of the FSU are the Recipient Parties.Since 1997 STCU has launched a Partner Program providing governmental agencies and private, industrial companies registered at the territories of Funding Parties with a possibility of access to highly qualified scientific community of the Recipient Countries and implementation of R&D projects using STCU services and privileges including project administration, monitoring, and tax privileges.AzerbaijanGeorgiaMoldovaUkraineUzbekistan
7 Making Progress, Seeing Results Over 1100 Projects (approx. $168 Million USD equiv) since 1995Over 180 Partner Organizations (approx $60 Million USD equiv)Over Half of All New Project Funding Approved in 2006 was for Partner ProjectsOver 200 Patent Applications of STCU Project ResultsSeveral Targeted Initiatives Addressing Issues of National/International ConcernY2K Remediation ProgramVarious Government Threat Reduction Partner ProgramsJointly Financed Targeted Projects w/ Recipient Gov. AgenciesSustainability Assistance
8 STCU Projects Help Convert Institutes Institute of Nuclear Physics (Tashkent)STCU Projects Compliment Institute Cooperation in Returning HEU Reactor FuelProjects to Create a Central Radio-analytic Laboratory and Mobile Labs (supporting of Uzbek Border Monitoring for Nuclear Material Trafficking)Projects Develop Portal Monitor Technology for Radiological Material DetectionThree UK Closed Nuclear Cities Program funded Partner Projects Finance Market Research/Business Planning to Commercialize Institute TechnologiesOpening Ceremony, Central Radio-analytic LabInstitute of Nuclear Physics, Tashkent, UZ5 October 2004
9 Partner Projects Develop Commercial & Non-Commercial Activities US DOE Programs Combine Threat Reduction with Sustainable Transition through Partner ProjectsDOE Partner Projects at Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology (KIPT):One Project (DOE/Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention) Matches U.S. Industry Partner with KIPT to Establish a Commercial Medical Isotope Production Capability on KIPT Territory.One Project (DOE/Global Threat Reduction Initiative) Finances DOE and KIPT Experts to Design New Laboratory Set-Ups that will use Low Enriched Uranium instead of Highly Enriched Uranium.
10 Ex-Weapon Scientists Help in Safe Dismantlement (PMF-1 Series Anti-Personnel Mines Evaluation Project)Project Organized by STCU, Funded by EU (€400,000), to Evaluate Destruction Technologies for Environment & Health RiskAround 6 mil PFM-1 Type Mines in Ukraine, All containing Toxic Liquid Explosive ChemicalsMines Also Stored in Other CIS and Eastern European CountriesCommon Arms ReductionSupport (CARS) FundNo Open Air Destruction of the Mines Should Take Place.Handling and Transport of the Mines is within usual industrial levels.
11 Government Programs Make Use of STCU Over 20 Government Partners including:Max Planck Institute of Plasmaphysics (Germany)UK Department of Trade and IndustryU.S. Department of Energy/Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (IPP)Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (USA)U.S. National Institutes of Health/National Cancer InstituteU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyU.S. Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Research ServiceU.S. Department of Defense/Defense Threat Reduction Agency
12 Non-Government Partners: Contributing to Self-Sustainability Over 160 Non-Government Partners including:General Electric Corp. (USA)PPG Industries, Inc (USA)The Boeing Co. (USA)Intel Corp. (USA)AECL Chalk River Laboratories (Canada)Medteknostics, Inc. (Canada)Airbus (UK)Scionix Holland A.V. (Netherlands)Michelin Corp. (France)Indiana: none.
13 Targeted R&D Initiatives: Creating Equal Partnerships Co-financing of Projects Selected by Recipient Party Government and STCUFocus on Recipient Party National S&TPriorities and STCU Nonproliferation MissionFirst TRDI (2005): STCU – Ukraine$500K in STCU Party Funds and $500K from NASU = $1 Million in Projects3 Rounds CompletedOver $3 Million in Co-Financed ProjectsTwo More Initiatives UnderwayGeorgian National Science FoundationAzeri National Academy of SciencesSTCU-NASU Cooperation AgreementSigning Ceremony – Kyiv, 26 May 2005TRDI Creates Equal Partnership, Vested Interest,and Leveraged Funding Between Donor & Recipient Parties
14 Transition from Military to Civilian R&D Takes Time & Constant Effort After 12 Years, STCU Recipients Still Working onBecoming Self-Reliant in Non-Military Research
15 STCU In the FutureNear-Term: Continue “Permanent Redirection” Phase of MissionPartner Projects Increasing Share of STCU ActivitiesMore Focus on Opportunities in:Diversify Institute Research Income SourcesTech Transfer/IPR Capability ImprovementPartner with National/International Science ProgramsIncrease Involvement of Recipient Parties as Equal ContributorsLong-Term: Under Discussion
16 Science and Technology Center in Ukraine (STCU) Contact InformationScience and Technology Center in Ukraine (STCU)21 Kamenyariv StKyiv, Ukraine 03138Tel:Fax:Web site:
18 ? Science Centers Strategic History 1992 - 2004 2005 - 2012 2012 - ? Spread of FSU WMD Expertise due toSocial /Political Breakdown,UnemploymentDependency on Science Center Resources;Return to Weapons Research or UnemploymentAd Hoc, Politically-Sensitive Issues;Unstable Socio-Economic Development;S&T Competitive ErosionThreatsGoalsStabilize FWS Situation in situRedirect FWS into Self-SupportingPeaceful, EmploymentDevelop Avenues for Multilateral S&TResponses to Politically Sensitive Problems/Regional & Global Threats, Regional StabilityDevelop FWS in Self-Sustainability.Integrate FWS into National or RegionalS&T Programmatic EffortsFlexible, Multilateral S&T Tool to Respond toBroad S&T Needs/Sensitive Tasks?StrategyEngage FWS in Coop. Research GrantsISTC/STCU Regular Projects plusSupporting Activities (Travel Support,Training, Workshops, etc.)ISTC/STCU Programmatic Activities plusPartner Programs and “Evolution to Partnership”With Beneficiary Member CountriesBroaden ISTC/STCU MandateBeyond FSU WMD Scientist RedirectMission?Response
19 STCU Projects in Nuclear Safety Support to Ukraine 50 STCU Nuclear Safety-Related Research Projects in UkraineIncluding Material Research, Material Accountability Projects7 Nuclear Safety-related Projects in UzbekistanOver $6.7 Million and over € 640,000 CommittedProjects Include the Following Areas of Research:Nuclear Database for Chornobyl NPP Decommissioning ActivitiesElectro-reclamation Systems for Decontaminating Water and SoilsLow-level Nuclear Waste Container DesignsHigh-Level Waste Partitioning TechnologiesHigh-sensitivity Scintillation Detectors for Remote Monitoring of Radiation EnvironmentsDevelopment of a Monochromatic X-ray Locator for the Nuclear Material Control and Monitoring
20 Y2K Remediation of Ukrainian NPPs Special Targeted Program to Address Y2K Readiness Problems at Ukraine’s Nuclear Power PlantsInitiated in April 1999: STCU, Energoatom, NPP Operational Support Institute, and U.S. DoE International Nuclear Safety Program (Pacific Northwest National Lab)Over $1.7 Million and € 342,022 Contributed by STCU Parties Plus a Special $20,000 Contribution from the NetherlandsEight Special STCU Projects Implemented between April and 31 December 1999 to Assess, Remediate, and Develop Contingency PlansMore than 300 Ukrainian Specialists from Five NPPs Participated. STCU provided Overall Coordination, Technical Monitoring, Financial Support and Auditing.All Projects Were Successfully Implemented Before the Target Rollover Date, with 38 Safety Critical Systems RemediatedOne Western Expert Noted: “Some Countries Performed Well, But No Country Performed Better than Ukraine.”
21 1995 Informal Estimate from Scientists with military R&D background Total Former Weapon Scientists (FWS) in STCU Project/Proposal Records (All Countries)1995 Informal Estimate fromUkrainian GB member = 20,000-30,000Scientists with military R&D background