Presentation on theme: "General Overview on Nanotechnologies State of Play in Ukraine Thematic International Conference on Bio-, Nano-, and Space Technologies, Ljubljana, Slovenia,"— Presentation transcript:
General Overview on Nanotechnologies State of Play in Ukraine Thematic International Conference on Bio-, Nano-, and Space Technologies, Ljubljana, Slovenia, March 10-12, 2008 Dr. Аndrey V. Ragulya IPMS, March 2008
Materials Innovation as a Prime Mover of Economic Development Complication of structure, engineering, atom-scale assembling increasing number of functions per volume unit
О N N А Complicated multifunctional systems, nanocomposites. Self-organization in inorganic systems Miniaturization of devises Systems which act in «NANO»- scale only, supramolecular- and biosystems Size effect in properties of nanosystems The smaller is the scale, the more scaled the problems are …
NANOSYSTEMS, NANOMATERIALS AND NANOTECHNOLOGIESNANOSYSTEMS, NANOMATERIALS AND NANOTECHNOLOGIES the Program of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Chairman of academic board – A.P. Shpak NANOSYSTEMS, NANOMATERIALS AND NANOTECHNOLOGIESNANOSYSTEMS, NANOMATERIALS AND NANOTECHNOLOGIES the Program of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Chairman of academic board – A.P. Shpak
Maintain fundamental researches, which result in discovery of novel phenomena, properties of materials, creation of processes suitable for synthesis, design, assembling on nanoscale, modeling and simulation of complex nanostructures and study of their behavior. Program supports technology development aimed at manufacturing of various nanostructures. The main goal of the program
Management Physics, Diagnostics & Modeling of nanostructures Magnetism, optics Sensors and actuators Screens and displays Data storage Nanomaterials for Biology & Medicine Biocompatible ceramics Tissue engineering Biosensors Implants Chemistry of Nanostructures Catalysis, fuel cells sensors Membranes Hybrid materials Batteries Materials Science & Technologies of Nanomaterials Structured materials Multifunctional nanos Coatings & Films Nanocomposites Structure of Program Structure of Program Funding
1.NANOPHYSICS AND NANOELECTRONICS 2. DIAGNOSTICS OF NANOSYSTEMS 3. ELECTRONIC AND ATOMIC STRUCTURE OF NANOMATTER 4. MODELING OF NANOs 5. BIO-INERT NANOSYSTEMS 6. BIO-ACTIVE NANOSYSTEMS National academy of sciences of Ukraine 4 blocks include 12 main directions of research
7. SUPRAMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY 8. SURFACE CHEMISTRY OF NANOSTRUCTURES 9. COLLOIDAL NANODIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS 10. TECHNOLOGY OF MULTIFUNCTIONAL NANOMATERIALS 11. NANOSTRUCTURED FILMS AND COATINGS 12. BEAM TECHNOLOGIES National academy of sciences of Ukraine
Total number of institutions involved: 24 in ~60 projects The multidisciplinary community unites physicists, chemists, biologists, materials scientists, medical scientists and some others, around 1000 researchers. Total annual funding: 12 M UAH (~1.6 M Euro) Total funding of international projects in Nanos gives also around 1.5 M Euro. NASU has bought expensive equipment for nano researches: Bruker NMR, HRTEM JEOL, HRSEM, AFM+STM JEOL, Nanoindenter etc. National academy of sciences of Ukraine
Some results in basic research
Nanostructured ferroelectrics (theory) PZT film on MgO substrate The Eiler-Lagrange solution for non-uniform polarization P(r) has been achieved In particles In films BaTiO nm PbTiO 3 30 nm 1 – Theory, 2 – Experiment, NANOSYSTEMS, NANOMATERIALS and NANOTECHNOLOGIES Dr. M. Glinchuk, Kiev
HYDROGEN ADSORPTION BY CARBON NANOMATERIALS Carbon onions demonstrate highest physical adsorption capacity (to 12 wt.%)! Due capillary condensation of hydrogen in the surface layers of onion particles with increased d (002) 5 nm 0,42 nm 0,34 nm Material Specific Surface Area Hydrogen, wt.% m 2 /g 77 К, 3 MPа SWNT MWNT Activated: С Carbon Onions С60 SWNT Dr. A. Mykhaylyk NANOSYSTEMS, NANOMATERIALS and NANOTECHNOLOGIES
New structural form of carbon (С int ) Synthesis from charcoal by high-temperature shock wave compression at: Р = 30 GPа, Т 2500 К С int shows density of 2,9 g/cm 3 – intermediate between one of graphite (2,2 g/cm 3 ) and diamond (3,5 g/cm 3 ) The basis of lattice of С int – cubic cell with strong sp 2 bonds (к = 3) Lattice of С int (Cohen model of Н-6) easily transforms to diamond lattice (к = 4) С int forms together with diamond and has a lattice structure Prognosis of properties: bulk modulus is expected to be С int (390 GPа) close to the bulk modulus of diamond (440 GPа) Clusters Dr. A. Kurdyumov, Kiev
Extrusion-consolidation of amorphous powders of Al-Ni-Ce-Fe into bulk pieces (Т extrusion : 350 °С, factor of elongation: 5) Structure of quenched and crystallized ribbon Al-Ni-Ce-Fe, Annealing at temperatures higher than 350°C 200 nm NANOSYSTEMS, NANOMATERIALS and NANOTECHNOLOGIES Dr. Slipenyuk Alloys of the system Al-Fe-Cr-Ti respond to the requirements of todays aviation industry Alloys of the system Al-Fe-Cr-Ti respond to the requirements of todays aviation industry 1450 в > 1450 МPа at 300 С; > 5 % at room temperature
Segregation and ordering of Pr 3+ ions on a surface of nanoparticles Y 2 SiO 5 :Pr 3+ due to ion radius difference R Pr 3+ = 1.16 Å, R Y 3+ = 1.06 Å Shell – area of small distances between Pr ions. Ordered state Core- area of large distances between Pr 3+ ions. (Disordered state ) Institute for Scintillation Materials, NAS of Ukraine Yu.V. Malyukin, Phys.Stat.Sol.(b), 244(9) (2007)
Nanotechnologies for commercialization right now!
Synthesis of nanoparticles Chemical technologies developed & applied in Ukraine Method of synthesisObjectsParticle size, nm Price, USD/kilo Wet chemical synthesis co- precipitation, hydrolysis hydrothermal, emulsion Al 2 O 3, TiO 2 (Pilot) ZrO 2 -n%Y 2 O 3, (Pilot) CeO 2, BaTiO 3 (Lab) Hydroxyapatite (Pilot) Thermal decomposition of unstable precursors, Spray pyrolysis Au, Ag, Cu, Fe, Ni, (Lab.) (Nd-Y-Al)-O garnet (Lab.), BaTiO 3, SrTiO 3, (Pilot) Fe-Co-O, LaSrMnO 3, (Lab.) SiC, BN, TiB 2 (Lab, Pilot) ~ Reduction of oxides or complex salts Cu, Fe, Mo, Ni, Co, W, WC- Co (Lab) Gas Flame Synthesis Al 2 O 3, SiO 2, TiO 2 (Labor., Pilot)
Physical methods developed & applied Method of synthesisObjectParticle size, nm Price, USD/kilo Evaporation – condensation in the inert gas or vacuum Al, Ag, Au, Cu, Ni, Pd, Zn, C including fulleren and nanotubes (Lab., Pilot.) Al 2 O 3, TiO 2, ZrO 2 (Lab.) Laser evaporation and synthesis Electric explosion of conductors C, Pt, Al 2 O 3, SiC, Si 3 N 4, ZrO 2, BaTiO 3, TiB 2 Lab.) C, Pt, Al 2 O 3, SiC, Si 3 N 4, ZrO 2, BaTiO 3, TiB 2 (Lab.) Metals and alloys (Pilot) Grinding Jet-attrition Cryogenic milling Cu, SiO 2, B 4 C (pilot) WC, Co, Ti (Pilot) Magnetron sputtering SiC, NbN, TiN, B 4 C
Combined synthesis Synthesis combines colloidal processes, microwave treatment and powerful ultrasonication to get unisize nanoparticles Particle size of 6 to 12 nmParticle size of 20 to 40 nm Pilot production developed of both products for SOFC techn. Dr. T. Konstantinova et al.
Concentrating nanocrystalls Pt and Pd on templates from silicon dioxide nanoparticles TEM images of SiO 2 /Pt heteronanoparticles, SiO 2 diameter 40 nm, Pt shell: (a) - individual nanocrystals 3 nm, (b) - full covering thickness 7 nm ab TEM images of SiO 2 /Pd heteronanoparticles, SiO 2 diameter 40 nm, Pd shell: (a) - individual nanocrystals 5 nm, (b) - full covering thickness 7 nm a b 20 нм Dr. A. Tolmachev, Kharkov
Functional nanoparticles and surface-active oligoelectrolytes with genuine biocide activity. Silver nanoparticles in the tooth channels Dr. A. Zaichenko, Lviv Potential Segment of Market - $20 B in 2015
Application of «Nanoluminofores» for identification, diagnostics and monitoring of bio-objects Dr. Yu. Malyukin, Kharkov Fields of application: Medical diagnostics; Biological research; Control of bio-processes in the course of durable storage; Cell therapy; Depolarized fibroblast mitochondria Activated fibroblast mitohondria Organic luminescent nanotubes localized on membranes of mitohondria Cryo-TEM image of organic luminescent nanotubes Global market of biomarkers is around $6 B, next 5 years it will growth to $12.8 B.
Implant based on bio-composite Syntekost In this sort of biocomposite with improved resorbtion, the bone tissue (dark brown) growths uniformly throughout the synthetic bone (light brown collor). Dr. V. Dubok Segment of market will reach $200 B in 2020
SPS+SHS of TiN-TiB 2 in-situ nanocomposite Densification kinetics Substantially nonisothermal process, heating rates >600 C/min Structure (SEM) TiH 2 BN Состав HV, ГПа K IC, МПа м 1/2 36TiB 2 /64TiN TiB 2 /40TiN Prospective cutting tool ceramics
Unique SiC-C nanopowders and Superhard ceramics based on them TEMHR of nanoparticles SiC-C of 10 to 70 nm High hardness SiC-C to 42 GPа Hardness vs. microdeformations Dr. М.Gadzira, Kiev
Nanoscale multilayer capacitors Targeting at $1.5 B market we will be at: 0.5 μm in μm in nm in 2013 Now we have Revolutionary ! 0.9 m Ni ceramics Now we have: Now we have: Pilot version of production for nanopowder sized of nm Pilot version of production for nanopowder sized of nm Technology of dense 98 % ceramics with grain size of 45 nm Technology of dense 98 % ceramics with grain size of 45 nm
Global market of nanomaterials is intensively growing (AAGR > 10%) and will achieve $150 Billion in Ukraine is able to contribute to this segment of economy and develop new products using Ukrainian IP and raw-materials Summary Developed and patented Ukrainian technologies for synthesis of nanosize particulate systems: some of them are on a stage of pilot production. Novel products need investments to be transferred from laboratories into industry.
Technologies available for pilot stage in Ukraine from Ukrainian raw materials: Application Raw material Solid oxide fuel cells Multilayer ceramic capacitors Ceramic Implants Hard and wear resistive nanoceramics Ionic batteries Ceramic thermal barrier coatings Photocatalysts Ceramic catalytic converters for automobiles. deposit of zirconium, manganese, and rear earths deposit of titanium ores no problem with phosphates titanium, zirconium… huge deposit of graphite of high quality zirconium and rear earths titania, Silica, alumina etc.
Taking into account substantial effect of nanotechnologies on traditional materials science discipline, DELPHY analysis has recommended the following formulation of strategic priority of science and technology development in Ukraine: Nanoscience, nanotechnology, novel materials and technologies for their production and treatment
From this priority, the mid-term and long-term state interest were formulated as follows: - novel materials of structural and functional destination, technologies of their manufacturing and treatment, including technologies improving the reliability and endurance of existing materials owing to analysis, design and operation on nanoscale; - nanomaterials and nanotechnologies for energy production, transformation, storage and saving, including new hydrogen technologies (production, storage and usage of hydrogen fuel); - nanodevices, nanomaterials and nanotechnologies for biomedical applications health care, diagnostics and decease prevention; - materials and technologies for environment protection and utilization of wastes; - materials and nanodevices for novel communication and information systems.
Targets: - creation of new industry in Ukraine, environment friendly, automated, secure, capable to substitute in part the conventional production and old «dirty» industry, - substantial increase of AAGR due to enlargement of high tech sector of economy and creation of high quality jobs. - improvement of state security - substantial improvement of life quality and enlargement of average life owing to development and commercialization of nanotechnologies in biomedicine, agriculture, people security and environment protection. National NANOProgram?
The main feature of Strategic Plan of nanotechnologies in Ukraine is to be its openness with respect to the world – Ukraine cannot develop nanotechnologies remaining isolated from the rest of the world and global market, thus, the priorities of the National nanotechnology program must respond to the global priorities. The National Program has to provide powerful international collaboration in nanotechnologies, for instance to meet priorities of EU FP7.
Measures: To fund the State multidisciplinary program «Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies in Ukraine» in amount of at least M UAH per year for next 5 years. Establish laboratories equipped by modern research and technological units, organize clean rooms of high standard and certification center. Organize 4 nanotechnology research & education centers for masters and graduate students in Kiev, Lvov, Kharkov and Donetsk, each funded in amount of 20 M UAH/year. Up to 25% of funds (to $30 MEuro) provide for collaboration with EU through 7 Framework Program using instruments of international expertise.
Opportunities: Participation of Ukrainian NANOscientists in 7FP will be helpful for: promotion Ukrainian businesses to invest more risky projects, creation and investment start-up companies, contributing more to R&D process with term of practical realization up to 5-6 years certification of NANO products encouraging young generation in NANOtechnology development for the sake of competitiveness of Ukrainian economy and higher quality of people life in Ukraine.