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FEDERAL AGENCY FOR ATOMIC ENERGY OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in Support of Nuclear Power Production Development Olga S. Vorontsova.

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Presentation on theme: "FEDERAL AGENCY FOR ATOMIC ENERGY OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in Support of Nuclear Power Production Development Olga S. Vorontsova."— Presentation transcript:

1 FEDERAL AGENCY FOR ATOMIC ENERGY OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in Support of Nuclear Power Production Development Olga S. Vorontsova Deputy Director of Centre for International Relations VNIIEF, Russia Thematic International Conference on Bio-, Nano- and Space Technologies Science Centre Collaboration, Ljubljana, Slovenia, March

2 Informational elementAnalytical element evaluation of resources selection of task teams economic calculations development of programs Outside advertising exhibits conferences publications Database products technologies projects Market monitoring major programs customer needs Industry organizations Related organizations Users Information processing centre Large-scale investment projects State-owned corporations Rosnanotech Rosatom Atomic cluster of the Russian national nanotechnology network

3 Rosatom Centre for Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials Rosatom Centre for Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials Established by the Rosatom order of 25 October 2006

4 All-Russian Bochvar Research Institute of Inorganic Materials - coordinator; All-Russian Bochvar Research Institute of Inorganic Materials - coordinator; RF State Research Centre – Leipunsky Institute of Physics and Power Engineering ; RF State Research Centre – Leipunsky Institute of Physics and Power Engineering ; All-Russian Research Institute of Chemical Engineering All-Russian Research Institute of Chemical Engineering Ehleron Special Research and Production Association Ehleron Special Research and Production Association Russian-Federal Nuclear Centre – All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics RF State Research Centre – Troitsk Institute of Innovative and Thermonuclear Research Start Production Association Luch Research and Production Association Krasnaya Zvezda enterprise RF State Research Center – Giredmet Institute Participating organizations

5 Coordinate research, development and process engineering activities to support nanotechnology advancement, streamline engineering and analytical instrumentation capabilities for nanomaterials R&D Coordinate research, development and process engineering activities to support nanotechnology advancement, streamline engineering and analytical instrumentation capabilities for nanomaterials R&D; Bring R&D institutions of other industries, universities, scientists and engineers in on nanoindustry development cooperation; Bring R&D institutions of other industries, universities, scientists and engineers in on nanoindustry development cooperation; Develop nanoindustry programs and large investment projects; Develop nanoindustry programs and large investment projects; Commercialize nanotechnology and nanomaterial projects of the Centre participants and related organizations; Commercialize nanotechnology and nanomaterial projects of the Centre participants and related organizations; Advertise accomplishments of the Centre participating organizations through specialty publications and mass media, and hosting or attending exhibits, conferences and workshops. Advertise accomplishments of the Centre participating organizations through specialty publications and mass media, and hosting or attending exhibits, conferences and workshops. Mission of the Centre

6 Rosatom Centre for Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials The results to date

7 CONTENT Technology support of nuclear power operations Radiation safety of nuclear power operations Nanotechnologies and nanomaterials for related industries Instruments and equipment

8 TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT OF NUCLEAR POWER OPERATIONS Microstructure of a pellet using standard gas-flame powder Microstructure of a pellet using nanostructured gas-flame powder Use of nanoadditives to activate ceramic material sintering process

9 Use of nanooxides for enhanced performance of reactor core structural materials: high heat resistance low irradiation-induced swelling ductility preserved at high damaging dose values TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT OF NUCLEAR POWER OPERATIONS

10 Ni-Cr-Mo alloys are used in nuclear engineering Fe-Cr and V-Ti-Cr alloys are in research phase Irradiation self-organized alloys: get more strength and keep ductility under high-dose irradiation Ni-Cr-Mo alloy structure TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT OF NUCLEAR POWER OPERATIONS

11 Nanocatalysis provides a hundreds of degrees lower temperature of chemical reactions safe burning of hydrogen produced in operation of a nuclear power plant less energy-consuming production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons for hydrogen energy applications TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT OF NUCLEAR POWER OPERATIONS

12 Superconducting materials for thermonuclear power Nb-Ti superconductor produced quantity is over 100 tons Conductor diameter – 0.85 mm, Filament size – 6 m, Segregate titanium in filaments nm. TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT OF NUCLEAR POWER OPERATIONS

13 Nanocarcass materials for thermonuclear power and specialized techniques Nanoberyllium TECHNOOGY SUPPORT OF NUCLEAR POWER OPERATIONS

14 RADIATION SAFETY OF NUCLEAR POWER OPERATIONS Radiation protection materials Nanometer-scale particles of metals or compounds as fillers added into solid and polymeric matrices can provide: · 40-60% increased attenuation factor for 60 and 660 keV X-rays · higher neutron absorption efficiency · 1.5 or 2 times smaller thickness or mass of materials used А – a workpiece for overpack, Б – bearing bushing Nanostructure of aluminum with boron nitride А Б

15 Radiation protection materials Boron steels With the use of nanostructured boron-containing segregates (5 to 100 nm), boron content can be 3 or 4 times increased (up to 4%) while preserving ductility and weldability of steel Structure of steel produced by powder metallurgy techniques Products of boron steel RADIATION SAFETY OF NUCLEAR POWER OPERATIONS

16 Ceramics Printing inks Permanent magnets NANOTECHNOLOGIES AND NANOMATERIALS FOR RELATED INDUSTRIES Magnetic nanocomposites

17 Superstrength conductors in electric engineering Thickness of Nb filaments in Cu-matrice - ~10 нм NANOTECHNOLOGIES AND NANOMATERIALS FOR RELATED INDUSTRIES

18 High-value capacitor-grade powders of Ta and Nb Range of capacitor products NANOTECHNOLOGIES AND NANOMATERIALS FOR RELATED INDUSTRIES

19 INSTRUMENTS AND EQUIPMENT A REMOTELY CONTROLLED MINIATURE SCANNING TUNNEL MICROSCOPE SIMULTANEOUS FINDING THE POSITION AND IDENTIFICTION OF INDIVIDUAL ATOMS – TOMOGRAPHIC ATOM PROBE

20 Experimental equipment for pilot production of nanomaterials INSTRUMENTS AND EQUIPMENT

21 All about activities of the Rosatom Centre for nanotechnologies and nanomaterials is at websitewww.nanoportal.ru Rosatom Centre for nanotechnologies and nanomaterials


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