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Impact of the spectrum management on regional mobile broadband development: challenge and opportunities Wladimir Bocquet Senior Director Global Spectrum.

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Presentation on theme: "Impact of the spectrum management on regional mobile broadband development: challenge and opportunities Wladimir Bocquet Senior Director Global Spectrum."— Presentation transcript:

1 Impact of the spectrum management on regional mobile broadband development: challenge and opportunities Wladimir Bocquet Senior Director Global Spectrum Policy GSM Association ITU Arab Regional Development, 17 th September 2012

2 Whats at stake for mobile industry? Data Explosion: Rapid changes in mobile service provision such as usage trends and number of important social and behavioural changes have led to previously unpredicted patterns of data consumption amongst mobile users. Mobile data traffic is still expected to significantly increase in the coming five years Spectrum Resource: Spectrum is the lifeblood of the mobile industry. The amount of spectrum made available and the regulatory conditions on which it is made available fundamentally drive the cost, range and availability of mobile services. Spectrum is a scarce resource and public State property – Vital input to many industries – Radio waves do not stop at national borders – cross border issues have a significant role in spectrum management Spectrum Policy: Choosing the appropriate spectrum policy licensing framework to facilitate the large investments required in rolling out networks and introducing updated technologies and new services

3 Agenda Data Traffic for Mobile Broadband Spectrum Management for Mobile Broadband Global Benefit of Releasing Harmonised Spectrum for Mobile Broadband

4 Mobile global data traffic The growing adoption of data services has become the major source of traffic since 2010 On the Analysis Masson forecasts, mobile traffic is expected to grow at a CAGR (Compound annual growth rate) of 42% to reach PB per year in Source: ITU-R M.2243 Report Estimates data traffic based on multiple sources

5 Mobile global data traffic The ITU-R M Report concludes The current data traffic (in year 2010) is more than 5 times greater than some of the estimates for Report ITU-R M (WRC-07). Actual traffic being experienced by some operators today (year 2011) is even greater than some of the 2020 forecasts given in Report ITU-R M.2072.[…]. Source: ITU-R M Report Comparison of ITU-R M.2072 with Current Data This Report clearly indicates that the ITU-R should consider this increasing mobile broadband traffic demand.

6 Factors impacting traffic forecast Diversity of devices Tablet generates 500 times as much data traffic as a basic mobile phone Smartphones generate, on average, around 50 times more data per month than a basic phone Average modem/dongle use, with laptop users generating as much as 1300 times that of a standard 3G phone Mobile traffic (PB per year) by device type Source: ITU, Analysys Mason Mobile data usage is heavily device-dependent

7 Factors impacting traffic forecast Number of devices Billion Mobile Connected Devices Billion Mobile Connected Devices Billion Total Connected Devices Billion Total Connected Devices Source: Machina Mobile world has reached another milestone with Internet becoming increasingly mobile. Ericsson, based on industry information, estimates that the number of mobile subscription will reach 9 billion end of 2017 Spectrum is a key resource/element for Mobile Broadband development

8 Licensing to support Mobile Broadband GSMA has commissioned a report that takes an in-depth look at spectrum licensing best practices and real-world case studies Licensing to support the mobile broadband revolution ensing-to-support-the-mobile- broadband-revolution-report/ ensing-to-support-the-mobile- broadband-revolution-report/

9 Meeting the growing demand Freeing up spectrum resources Identifying spectrum rights allowing provision of additional spectrum capacity Enabling flexible/technology neutral use of spectrum (e.g UMTS/LTE at 900/1800 MHz) Publishing a road map of the planned release of additional spectrum bands – to maximise overall benefits from the use of spectrum taking into account the benefits of international harmonisation – aligning spectrum rights with the internationally harmonised mobile spectrum bands Removing service and technology restrictions in existing mobile spectrum usage rights – to enable operators to choose when to deploy mobile technologies that can technically co-exist. – However, Operators themselves are likely to be best placed to determine the speed of migration particularly recognising that 2G services are likely to remain important for the next 5 to 10 years.

10 Meeting the growing demand Harmonisation Leverage from the existing deployment and maximise the economy of scale Facilitate innovation and roaming Reduce the device costs by – limiting the complexity of the radio design and the cost of mobile hardware – helping managing cross- border interference Crucial to secure the same allocation and band plan to support harmonisation

11 Maximise the harmonisation Digital Dividend: 790 – 862 MHz Support the following band plan with 5MHz block size for LTE technology Favour contiguous 2x10 MHz per operator to fully leverage on Mobile Broadband technology Maximise the harmonisation Leverage on the economy of scale (facilitate the access) Facilitate the cross-border coordination FDD downlinkFDD uplink Guard band 790 Duplex gap MHz (6 blocks of 5 MHz)

12 Maximise the harmonisation 2.6 GHz band: 2500 – 2690 MHz Fixed vs. flexible band plans – Adopting a fixed band plan is best and lead to global harmonization in the use of the band – Clear from both prior auctions and operator announcements that the ITU Option 1 band plan is preferred In addition, – The Arab states markets should preferably adopt global band plans – The adoption of ITU Option 1 for 2.6 GHz will yield large economies of scale in both network equipment and handsets FDD uplinkFDD downlink TDD 2570

13 Meeting the growing demand Spectrum & Infrastructure Sharing Aspects Regulatory framework should facilitate operators engagement in voluntary infrastructure and/or spectrum sharing. Regulatory framework should remove restrictions on operators negotiating and concluding agreements governed by private law on sharing in bands dedicated to Mobile Broadband.

14 Meeting the growing demand Licensing framework to support investment Stability of the overall licensing framework facilitates investment announcing in advance a long term plan for reform of the spectrum and operating licensing framework facilitating international harmonisation so that equipment and devices use the same frequency bands to support international roaming and enable the realisation of scale economies in manufacture publicly setting out the criteria and process to be followed in licensing decisions and including public written consultation in advance of key decisions being made

15 Meeting the growing demand Assignment and renewal of licenses Importance to set out approach to licence renewal in advance of the expiry of the licence At least 2 to 4 years in advance Avoid network investment being postponed Publish the criteria to be used to assess renewal as well as the terms and conditions to be applied to the renewed licence

16 Study on socio-economic benefits Kingdom of Saudi Arabia GSMA performed a study case on the benefit to release internationally harmonised spectrum band plans at 2.6GHz and at 800MHz. Highlight considerable socio-economic benefits from the release of harmonised spectrum for use by mobile operators to deliver next- generation mobile broadband service Key opportunity – broadband improves GDP and job growth….. For the full report, please visit: economic\_benefit_of_allocating_harmonised_spectrum_in_Kingdom_of_S audi_Arabiawww.gsma.com/spectrum/spectrum-resources/spectrum-research/socio- economic\_benefit_of_allocating_harmonised_spectrum_in_Kingdom_of_S audi_Arabia

17 Socio-economic benefit Allocating harmonised mobile broadband spectrum in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (1/3) A delay in spectrum assignment of 5 years would reduce the expected number of mobile broadband subscribers to 20 million by 2020 and to 47.5 million by Impact on Mobile Broadband subscriber

18 Socio-economic benefit Allocating harmonised mobile broadband spectrum in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (2/3) In 2020, the additional GDP resulting from enhanced growth in mobile broadband subscriptions would amount to SAR52.4 billion, if spectrum is released by A five-year delay in assigning the spectrum would reduce this gain to SAR9.3 billion. The impact of spectrum release on GDP in KSA [Source: Analysys Mason, 2012] Impact on GDP (Gross domestic product) growth

19 Socio-economic benefit Allocating harmonised mobile broadband spectrum in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (3/3) In 2020, the additional employment resulting from enhanced growth in mobile broadband subscriptions would amount to jobs, if spectrum is released by A delay in spectrum assign of five years would reduce this gain to The impact of spectrum release on employment in KSA [Source: Analysys Mason, 2012] Impact on job growth

20 Summary Meeting the growth in demand for mobile services Data demand continues to grow 1.Additional spectrum being made available and ensuring that the spectrum goes to the use and users which will maximise its benefits to society 2.Facilitating international harmonisation to support roaming and enable scale economies to lower the cost of equipment Licensing issues are critical 1.Removing unnecessary restrictions on the use of spectrum including allowing for new Mobile Broadband technologies 2.Ensuring a fair and predictable licensing environment facilitates the investments required to take full advantage of a countrys spectrum resources


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