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The International Charter for Space and Major Disasters André HUSSON CNES : DSP / OT CNES representative to the Board of International Charter for Space.

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Presentation on theme: "The International Charter for Space and Major Disasters André HUSSON CNES : DSP / OT CNES representative to the Board of International Charter for Space."— Presentation transcript:

1 The International Charter for Space and Major Disasters André HUSSON CNES : DSP / OT CNES representative to the Board of International Charter for Space and Major Disasters International Charter Space and Major Disasters

2 Summary Background and purpose Organisation and actors Type of activations and examples Lessons learnt and future

3 Context of the Charter The Charter was initiated by CNES/ESA at the occasion of the UNISPACE III Conference in Vienna (July 1999) on the following basis : Potential key contribution of space systems in case of major disasters Necessity of a strong international cooperation among space agencies and space system operators to match the needs

4 Purpose of the Charter The Charter is an international cooperation between space agencies, making their resources available to emergency and rescue operations. Its objectives are : To support, by means of space assets and the associated information and services, the organization of emergency assistance or subsequent operations To provide a unified and co-ordinated system of space data acquisition and data delivery to those affected by disasters To promote cooperation between space agencies and space system operators in the field of disaster management

5 The Charter is open to – space agencies – space system operators The members participate – on a voluntary basis – with no exchange of funds The members endeavour to – make satellite resources (including acquisition planning) available without delay during period of crisis, beyond the specific data policy restrictions of providers – supply emergency organizations, essentially the national civil protection agencies, with a co-ordinated and free access to space systems and to resulting data and information (products). Principles of the co-operation

6 Charter member agencies CSA Canada 2000 CNES France 2000 ESA Europe 2000 ISROIndia2001 NOAA/USGSUSA2001 CONAE Argentina 2003 JAXAJapan2005 CNSAChina2007 BNSC UK 2005

7 Scope of the Charter The Charter is in operation since November 2000 The charter: - addresses only the response phase - provides a unified system of space data acquisition and delivery - services the entire world

8 Authorized User (AU ) On-Duty Operator (ODO) Emergency on- Call Officer (ECO) CSA ESA CNES RADARSAT-1 ERS-2 and ENVISAT SPOT 2, 4 & 5 NOAA ISRO NOAA-12, 14, 15,16, 17, POES and GOES IRS-1C,1D,P4,P6 Project Manager (PM) End User (EU) Value-Added Reseller (VAR) Disaster CONAE SAC-C JAXA (ALOS) Charter Operational Loop ALSAT-1, Bilsat, NigeriaSat-1, UK-DMC BNSC/DMC CNSA

9 The Authorized Users (AU)) They are the only Bodies authorised to request services: to obtain data and information on a disaster occurrence, on a single call, to request the mobilization of the space resources of the member agencies They usually represent: - the national Civil Protection Authorities (CPA) of the partner agencies -specialized UN agencies (UNOCHA, UNEP, UNDP…) granted with Co- operating Body status If not member of the Charter a bilateral agreement with these CPAs is needed Project Manager (PM) Emergency on-Call Officer (ECO) On Duty Operator (ODO) AU

10 Role of the ODO and ECO A 24/7 on-duty operator receives the call, checks the identity of the requestor and verifies that the User Request form sent by the Authorized User is correctly filled up. The operator passes the information to an Emergency On-Call Officer who analyzes the request and the scope of the disaster with the Authorized User, and prepares an archive and acquisition plan using available space resources. Data acquisition and delivery takes place on an emergency basis. Project Manager (PM ) Emergency on-Call Officer (ECO ) On Duty Operator (ODO)

11 Role of the Project Manager (PM) PM is designated by the Executive Secretariat according to location, type of disaster and expertise PM is qualified in data ordering, handling and application PM ensures the data sent corresponds to what the user expects PM assists the user throughout the process. PM writes up a final operation report Project Manager (PM) Emergency on-Call Officer (ECO) On Duty Operator (ODO)

12 Volcanic Eruption Nyiragongo, Congo France Caucassus, Russia Manitoba, Canada Austria 1&2 Czeck Republic 1&2 Germany 1,2&3British Columbia, Canada Etna, IT Lena River, Russia Earthquake Oil Spill Galapagos, Ecuador El Salvador 1&2 Yucatan, Mexico Gujarat, India Northern France Saône, & Rhône France Denmark Slovenia Lago Maggiore, IT Nias Island, Indonesia Gulf of Aden, Yemen Lebanon 1&2 Galicia, Spain Morocco Central America Landslide Flood/ocean wave Storm/hurricane Stromboli, IT Santa Fe, Argentina 1 Bingol, Turkey Assam, India Algeria 1&2 Soufrière, Montserrat North Ossetia, Russia Forest Fire Portugal Nepal USA Dominican Republic Philippines 1&3 Bolivia Nabire, Indonesia Al Hoceïma, Morocco Caprivi,Namibia Hindu Kush, Afghanistan 1&2 Other North Korea Canary Islands, Spain Hispaniola, Haiti Tehran, Iran3 Patagonia, Argentina 2 Sudan 1&2 Georgetown, Guyana Grenada Island Bolivia 2 Gonaives, Haiti Philippines 2&5 Guaranda Municipe, Colombia Sweden Banda Aceh, Indonesia Cuddalore, India Sri Lanka 1&2 Galeras Volcano, Colombia Rarotonga, Cook Islands Iran 1,2&4 Ethiopia 1 Kenya 1&2 Romania 1,2&3 Bulgaria British Columbia, Canada China India Louisiana, USA Florida, USA Switzerland Kashmir, Pakistan Kashmir, India Comoros English Channel 1&2 Hungary Java, Indonesia 3&4 Suriname Venezuela Philippines 4 Ethiopia 2&3 Pakistan 1&2 Argentina 3 Luxembourg Somalia Indonesia 5 Argentina 4 Bolivia-Paraguay-Argentina Mozambique Charter Activations(up to April 2007)

13 Charter Activations

14 Charter Activation Cases (up to November 2007 )

15 Rapid mapping

16 Event space map

17 Burnt areas evolution between the 01/07/2007 and the 07/09/2007

18 Damage assessment map


20 Charter evolution Recent events around the Charter Increasing recognition of the usefulness of space products Emerging other space-based initiatives on disaster management accelerated the need for the Charter Governing Board: - to review the implications of the changing context on the Charter - to take position about the international Charter evolution - to explore options to pursue The Board at its last meeting in April, 2007 gave an action to CNES, JAXA and CSA to study this issue.

21 Charter evolution Not to modify the Charters mandate, but to rather: –identify the expectations the other initiatives have on the Charter –explore options to strengthen Charters effectiveness and relevance –suggest possible measures for Charters evolution with the aim of improving sustainability, effectiveness, and relevance of the Charter

22 Conclusion åA successful case of international cooperation… –It provides a «one-stop shop» for civil protection and emergency organizations –It is an efficient data delivery mechanism, relying on existing resources –Deals only with emergency åNeed to make the Charter accessible to more countries, in particular in Africa åIntend to work together to investigate options to make more efficient the space based solutions to support disasters management activities

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