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What role for ICTs in the regions future society? Tiziana Bonapace Chief ICT and Development Section ICT and Disaster Risk Reduction Division ESCAP

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Presentation on theme: "What role for ICTs in the regions future society? Tiziana Bonapace Chief ICT and Development Section ICT and Disaster Risk Reduction Division ESCAP"— Presentation transcript:

1 What role for ICTs in the regions future society? Tiziana Bonapace Chief ICT and Development Section ICT and Disaster Risk Reduction Division ESCAP World Telecommunications and Information Society Day United Nations Conference Centre 17 May 2012

2 Poverty Rising prosperity: increase in real per capita GDP from US$ 1,795 to US$ 2,718 between 1990 and 2009 Region still has 947 million people living in absolute poverty, of which about 20% are disabled (10% for general population) and 98% of disabled poor children do not attend school Poor girls and women with disabilities experience triple discrimination

3 The regions ageing society Demographic shifts will entail significant ageing Much older population, 400% increase in very old (+80) Source: ESCAP, based on UNDESA population statistics, 2010 projections

4 ….with increases all in developing countries Source: United Nations, DESA, Population Division (2011). World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision

5 … and feminization of the ageing society Source: ESCAP, based on UNDESA population statistics, 2010 projections

6 Future challenges Non-communicable diseases (NCDs): increase with life expectancy worldwide, particularly in developing countries, from 20 to 70 million deaths per annum in Asia Dementia projected to increase five fold Pressure on public finances exacerbated by –lack of age-friendly, barrier-free environments –declining youth and working populations results in reduced capacity of families as primary caregivers –limited geriatric care services –lack of social protection coverage: 4.78% of GDP (Asia) as compared to 20.5% (OECD) Mobility and autonomy losses Isolation: –For example, proportion of elderly Indians living alone increased from 2.4% in to 5.0% in (from 2.6% to 7.6% among female population)

7 ICT for dignified ageing Ambient Assisted-Living technologies (AAL), including remote monitoring, remote alarms –ICT make such system more economical, scalable but also customizable – improved feeling of security –address some potential hazards such as falls or illnesses by raising early alarms (e.g.: emerge system). Allow elderly to stay at home for longer, and / or mitigate severity of hazards by bringing early support, reducing hospitalization needs. ICT for mental health –Facilitating and increasing the quality of monitoring and assistance of persons with Alzheimer Disease through innovative technologies integrated in patients domestic environments (e.g. Project Mantova – Alzheimer ) –Training cognitive capacities through games (e.g.: Eldergames), other electronic assisted stimuli, social networks ICT for remote medicine remote consultations and prescriptions cuts the cost of health, allow elderly to stay at home longer –Applications related to chronic treatment of NCDs (e.g.: automated reminders for medicine) ICT for social inclusion: –developing elderly friendly video-conferencing devices through TVs (e.g. i2home) –ICT literacy for elderly to use ICT tools such as VoiP, social media…

8 Recommendations Current experience and knowledge addresses needs of developed countries where ageing is more advanced: adaption to local and developing contexts required. Awareness building: ICT industry needs to prepare for demographic shifts, invest in R/D for aging –Design for All approaches: make technologies elderly friendly (including for illiterate elderly) –Respond growing demand for ICT applications for elderly Develop research networks, including with other regions


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