Presentation on theme: "Aim: Were the Middle Ages a time of Chivalry?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aim: Were the Middle Ages a time of Chivalry? Do Now: What do you think of when you hear the term, “chivalry”?Homework: Read, “The Truth about Knighthood,” and answer questions Write your answers in complete sentences.
2 The Age of ChivalrySetting the Stage. During the Middle Ages, nobles constantly fought one another. Their feuding kept Europe in a fragmented state for centuries. Through warfare, feudal lords defended their estates, seized new territories, and increased their wealth. Lords and their armies lived in a violent society that prized combat skills. By the 1100s, though, a code of behavior began to arise. High ideals guided warriors’ actions and glorified their roles.
3 The Ten Commandments of the Medieval Code of Chivalry: Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions.Thou shalt defend the Church.Thou shalt respect all weaknesses, and shalt constitute thyself the defender of them.Thou shalt love the country in the which thou wast born.Thou shalt not recoil before the enemy.Thou shalt make war against the Infidel without cessation, and without mercy.Thou shalt perform scrupulously thy feudal duties, if they be not contrary to the laws of God.Thou shalt never lie, and shalt remain faithful to thy pledged word.Thou shalt be generous, and give largesse to everyone.Thou shalt be everywhere and always the champion of the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil.
4 Code of Chivalry To fear God and maintain His Church To serve the liege lord in valour and faithTo protect the weak and defencelessTo give succour to widows and orphansTo refrain from the wanton giving of offenceTo live by honour and for gloryTo despise pecuniary rewardTo fight for the welfare of allTo obey those placed in authorityTo guard the honour of fellow knightsTo eschew unfairness, meanness and deceitTo keep faithAt all times to speak the truthTo persevere to the end in any enterprise begunTo respect the honour of womenNever to refuse a challenge from an equalNever to turn the back upon a foe
9 St. George and the Dragon (c. 1455 – 1460) by Paolo Uccello Chivalry demanded that a knight fight bravely in defense of three masters: his earthly feudal lord, his heavenly Lord, and his chosen lady.St. George and the Dragon (c – 1460) by Paolo Uccello
10 Knights: Warriors on Horseback Soldiers mounted on horseback became valuable in combat in the 700s when Europeans saw that the Muslim cavalry (soldiers on horses) often turned the tide of battles. As a result, the Frankish army organized troops of armored horsemen, or knights.
11 Chaucer & LoveThe first recorded association of Valentine's Day with romantic love is in Parlement of Foules (1382) by Geoffrey Chaucer19Chaucer wrote:For this was on seynt Volantynys day Whan euery bryd comyth there to chese his make.["For this was Saint Valentine's Day, when every bird cometh there to choose his mate