Presentation on theme: "1 Information, Communication and Space Technologies for more disaster resilient societies in Asia-Pacific Dr. Xuan Zengpei Director, Information and Communications."— Presentation transcript:
1 Information, Communication and Space Technologies for more disaster resilient societies in Asia-Pacific Dr. Xuan Zengpei Director, Information and Communications Technology and Disaster Risk Reduction Division, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
2 Asia-Pacific: worlds most disaster prone region
4 Socio-economic impacts of disasters Macroeconomic effects Impact on livelihoods and poverty Impact on health and education Psychosocial impacts Gender impacts Socio-economic vulnerability to disasters
6 Rising economic costs of disaster 2011 was the costliest year ever in terms of disasters impact: US$ 366 billion worldwide vs. US 222$ bn in 2010 Top 3 disasters occurred in Asia/Pacific: Great East Japan earthquake and Tsunami: US$ 210 bn Floods in Thailand: US 46 $ bn of which 70% is manufacturing sector, earthquake in NZ: US$ 16bn Sometimes economic losses more drastic in relative terms Pakistan floods in 2010: losses: 8.3% of GDP, Maldives Tsunami 2004: 53.6% (!) Regional economic spillover effects of disasters following closer integration of regional production chains E.g.: disaster in Japan impacted Philippines automotive production by -24% in the three months following Tsunami
7 ESCAP is the regional development arm of the United Nations for the Asia-Pacific region 62 Governments - from Turkey in the west to Kiribati in the east, and from the Russian Federation in the north to New Zealand in the south The largest United Nations body serving the Asia-Pacific region with over 600 staff ESCAP has more than five decades of experience integrating disaster risk management with economic and social development in the region ESCAP has Eight subsidiary Committees, with two on Information and Communications Technology, and Disaster Risk Reduction: they belong to Information and Communications Technology & Disaster Risk Reduction Division (IDD)/ESCAP serves these two committees.
Information and Communications Technology and Disaster Risk Reduction Division (IDD) Goal: To promote applications of information and communications technology and to enhance regional cooperation for improved disaster risk reduction and management, as well as for improved management of the associated socio-economic risks, for inclusive and sustainable development in Asia and the Pacific 3 Sections: ICT and Development, Space Applications, Disaster Risk Reduction; and a regional institution: APCICT; Two affiliations: ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee and WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclone. 3 Sections: ICT and Development, Space Applications, Disaster Risk Reduction; and a regional institution: APCICT; Two affiliations: ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee and WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclone. Space Applications Section: Strengthened regional cooperation mechanisms in space applications for disaster risk reduction and development (through affordable access and effective use of Space products & services). ESCAP recognizes enabling role of space tech within the development context– initiated regional remote sensing programme (RRSP) in cooperation with UNDP, in 1983.
Launch of RESAP (Space Tech Applications Section established in 1994: instituted 3 tired structure): – Intergovernmental Consultative Committee; Regional Working Groups on various themes; and Education and Training Networks: short-med-long term training (China, India and Indonesia)0 Capacity building efforts – floods and drought disasters; Pacific Connectivity and Emergency Communications; RESAP networks 1 st MINCONF 2 nd MINCONF 1. Regional Cooperation Mechanism for Drought Monitoring & EW (sharing EO products and services ), flood ; 2. Regional Platform SatCom based disaster emergency communications; 3. Capacity building thru RESAP Networks for disaster management 4. Pacific Connectivity 5. Capacity building on Georeference /geospatial database for countries with special needs Awareness Building … + Capacity Building + Applications Regional Space Applications Programme for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific (RESAP) Beijing-1994 New Delhi,1999 ESCAP Regional Space Applications Programme (RESAP) – Since 1994
10 ESCAP Regional Space Applications Programme (RESAP) – Since 1994 Institutional Mechanism – Intergovernmental Consultative Committee (ICC) – Members Space and User Agencies – addressing development and DRM issues – annually meets to review progress and formulate work program (annually) Promoting Regional Cooperation Mechanisms – RESAP Education and Training Networks for capacity building (China (Wuhan Univ.), India (CSSTEAP) and Indonesia (LAPAN)) : to assist regional countries affordable access and effective use of Space applications for Development and DRM Enhancing Regional Cooperative Mechanisms for DRM - drought mechanism, platform for emergency communications, Others: Georeferenced/geospatial database for disaster risk preparedness, Pacific Connectivity
RESAP: Initiatives for sharing EO information Regional cooperation initiatives Sentinel-Asia with resources of India, Japan, Republic of Korea, Thailand Using both earth observation and communications satellites Asia Pacific Satellite Cooperation Organization (APSCO) with 9 founding members Other global initiatives UN Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (SPIDER) International Charter Space and Major Disasters UNOSAT /UNITAR China, India and Thailand to support drought disaster management
Collaborative building of regional disaster communication capacities ESCAP, through the regional Inter-Agency Working Group on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) which has more than 20 members representing United Nations entities and international organizations, facilitated at its 14th meeting, held on 11 August 2010, to make joint efforts to promote an Asia-Pacific regional platform for disaster communications capacities, with collaborative emergency communications capacity as its core component.
Follow up to 14 th IWG Decision The ITU Asia-Pacific Regional Multi-Stakeholder Forum on Emergency Telecommunications held in Ulan Bator, Mongolia from 8 to 10 July 2011 (in cooperation with ESCAP) recommended that for an effective regional cooperation The ITU Asia-Pacific Regional Multi-Stakeholder Forum on Emergency Telecommunications held in Ulan Bator, Mongolia from 8 to 10 July 2011 (in cooperation with ESCAP) recommended that for an effective regional cooperation (i) through expansion of partnerships on regional cooperation mechanisms such as the ITU Framework on Cooperation Mechanism mechanisms such as the ITU Framework on Cooperation Mechanism (IFCE), Inter-agency Working Group for building regional capacity for (IFCE), Inter-agency Working Group for building regional capacity for emergency communications using Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) emergency communications using Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) model, among others; model, among others; (ii) on provision of platforms for discussions and knowledge sharing; (iii) on commitments and/or obligations through international treaties/ cooperative frameworks such as the Tampere Convention. cooperative frameworks such as the Tampere Convention.
Integrating Pacific to the RESAP through linkage to Asia Space Network as part of ICT for Pacific Connectivity To promote capacity development for enhanced Pacific Connectivity, ESCAP and ITU jointly have put in place a plan to assist 19 Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) for comprehensive capacity development. To promote capacity development for enhanced Pacific Connectivity, ESCAP and ITU jointly have put in place a plan to assist 19 Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) for comprehensive capacity development. The framework of Asia Space Network under ESCAPs legacy of Regional Space Applications (RESAP) wherein space agencies of China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation and Thailand form a network for cooperation to share their space resources for development and disaster reduction is planned to be harnessed. The framework of Asia Space Network under ESCAPs legacy of Regional Space Applications (RESAP) wherein space agencies of China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation and Thailand form a network for cooperation to share their space resources for development and disaster reduction is planned to be harnessed. As a part of ICT for Pacific Connectivity, ESCAP has strategically put in place a concrete plan to link up PICTs with Asia Space Network in different phases. As a part of ICT for Pacific Connectivity, ESCAP has strategically put in place a concrete plan to link up PICTs with Asia Space Network in different phases.
15 The project aims to strengthen government capacity in the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) through the use of standardized geo-reference/geospatial tools. This project is expected to have two major accomplishments: that governments will be able to establish and use geo-referenced information systems for disaster risk identification, preparedness, post-disaster assessment and recovery planning; and that a regional-level network is established which will link communities of practice for Geographic Information Systems (GIS), statistics and Information and Communications Technology (ICT) applications. Improving disaster risk preparedness in the ESCAP region: geospatial information
ESCAP – Key Deliverables Evidence based Analytical Study -Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction, Strategic Investments -Climate Change Adaptation through DRR -Strategically using innovative technologies – ICTs, Space Information/knowledge Sharing -Repository of best practices from region -- Focus on mainstreaming disaster risk reduction -- Policies, Standard Operating Procedures etc.. Capacity development and governance -AVA Module 9 & 10 disaster risk management and Climate change abatement
Resource Mechanism Network of Thematic Cooperati on Regional Coordination Mechanism ESCAP Convening Authority ESCAP Regional Capacity Development Strategy for Disaster Resilience ASEAN-UN Agreement - Envt & Disaster Management ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclone Committees on Disaster Risk Reduction & ICT A Multi-pronged Approach
ESCAP: Regional Coordination Role Regional coherence, synergy and maximum combined impact from the efforts of UN agencies ESCAP - the secretariat of the Asia-Pacific RCM Post Cyclone Nargis Response - Tripartite Partnership UN – ASEAN and Govt of Myanmar Expedited the flow of aid in desperate need and to begin quickly reconstruction Part of Post Nargis Joint Assessment Facilitation of Recovery/Rebuilding
3 rd ASEAN-UN Summit, Oct 2010, Ha Noi ASEAN-United Nations Strategic Plan of Cooperation on Disaster Management ( ) will address: Operational issues and capacity- building issues prioritised in the AADMER Risk and vulnerability assessment and risk reduction; preparedness, early warning and monitoring; prevention and mitigation; response and recovery; and aspects of reconstruction and development Collaboration between ASEAN and the United Nations following Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar..0 ASEAN and the UN-RCM…
Risk knowledge Systematically collect data and undertake risk assessments Monitoring and warning service Develop hazard monitoring and early warning services Dissemination and communication Communicate risk information and early warnings Response capability Build national and community response capabilities ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami, Disaster and Climate Preparedness Regional Architecture for Multi-hazard Early Warning
Regional Multi-hazards Early-Warning System (RIMES) Regional watch services National capacity building Community resilience Earthquake s And Tsunami heavy precipitation flooding drought flashfloods landslid e dry spell storm surge Establishment of Regional core observation networks Provision of Regional tsunami watch R&D for hydro- met disaster risk information Enhancing capacities to respond to early warning information at national /local RIMES Agreements Signed by countries Including Philippines
ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee and Panel of Tropical Cyclone are the regional bodies of the WMO tropical cyclone programme in Asia and the Pacific ESCAP: Building the Capacity for Cyclone/Typhoon Early Warning Source: WMO
OOSA Key Partners DESA International Space Charter ADRC
Harnessing Space for Disaster Risk Management Need for Capacity Development based on a Holistic Approach involving Global, Regional, National and Local Actors /Agencies RegionalNational Local Networking for knowledge & Capacity building PreparednessResponse & Action 1 st Session of Committee on Disaster Risk Reduction, March 2009