Presentation on theme: "Discovery science emphasizes inquiry and observation 2.1."— Presentation transcript:
Discovery science emphasizes inquiry and observation 2.1
Science as Inquiry The word science is derived from a Latin verb “to know”. At the heart of science is inquiry – people asking questions. Your own curiosity is the starting point for exploring life through inquiry.
Observations and Data The questions that drive scientific inquiry are based on observations. Observations – the use of senses Recorded observations are called data. All observations depend on human senses.
Observations are often recorded as measurements, also called quantitative data. Data may also be qualitative, in the form of descriptions instead of measurments.
What is Discovery Science? Discovery science, also called descriptive science, describes natural structures or processes. Sometimes things are discovered by accident in discovery science. Alexander Fleming accidentally discovered Penicillium.
Inferences in Science An inference is a logical conclusion based on observations. Inferences are important in science because the help refine general questions into specific questions.
Generalizations in Discovery Science Generalization is a general conclusion. Some of the largest breakthroughs in science have come when scientists have put many specific observations together to reach a generalization. It is also possible to generalize quantitative data. Observations, data, inferences, and generalizations all advance people’s understanding of life.