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© Crown copyright Met Office WCRP Working Group on Seasonal to Interannual Prediction Adam Scaife & Francisco Doblas-Reyes (WGSIP co-chairs)
© Crown copyright Met Office Three WCRP modelling groups: Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) Working Group on Seasonal to interannual Prediction (WGSIP) Working Group on Numerical Experimentation (WGNE)
© Crown copyright Met Office WMO Global Producing Centres See also the WMO Lead Centre for long range forecast multi-model ensembles:
© Crown copyright Met Office CIMA CHFP Data Server
© Crown copyright Met Office Sub-projects: three experiments Land Surface: the GLACE and GLACE2 experiments: Soil moisture experiments in seasonal mode Led by R Koster Stratosphere: Stratospheric Historical Forecast Project High Top – Low Top hindcasts Led by A Butler Sea Ice: Ice Historical Forecast Project Case studies with/without initial sea-ice data Led by D Peterson
© Crown copyright Met Office Max Planck Institute MPI-ESM (Steffen Tietsche and Dirk Notz) UKMO GloSea4 ( Arribas et al., 2011, 2012) Meteo-France CNRM CM5.1 (Voldoire et al., 2012, Chevallier et al., 2012) CCCma CanSIPS (Merryfield et al., 2012) - 9 members for 2007 and with and without sea ice initialised according to observed extents - 1 November and 1 August initialisation for Winter and Autumn Ice Historical Forecast Project Drew Peterson, Dirk Notz, Steffen Tietsche, Matthieu Chevallier, William Merryfield, Adam Scaife
© Crown copyright Met Office Difference in Sea Ice due to Initialisation Nov Aug UKMOMPIMeteoFrCCCma
© Crown copyright Met Office Autumn Near Surface Temperature Response
© Crown copyright Met Office Autumn Geopotential Height Response 500hPa)
© Crown copyright Met Office Winter Near Surface Temperature Response
© Crown copyright Met Office Winter Geopotential Height Response 500hPa)
© Crown copyright Met Office Summary Multiple Models show similar effects of ice initialization Also similar to observed regressions Winter circulation has blocking pattern over Scandanavia, reduced European temperatures Also blocking pattern over west Pacific and reduced North American temperatures Autumn circulation has jet stream returning south over Europe Exact location varies with model Paper in preparation: Peterson et al 2013: The Effects of Sea Ice initialisation on Seasonal Forecasts – the WGSIP IceHFP Project
© Crown copyright Met Office Stratosphere Historical Forecast Project a WGSIP-SPARC project Amy Butler, Adam Scaife, Alexander Lawes, Natalia Calvo, Andrew Charlton-Perez + WGSIP members High Top Hindcasts Parallel to WGSIP-CHFP Extended models Initialising extra atmosphere, better represented stratosphere Integrations 4 month lead times (1 st November and 1st May start dates) 2 seasons (DJF and JJA) Case study years: 1989 onwards At least 6 members per year, preferably more
© Crown copyright Met Office Participants and Status InstituteModelResolutionReferenceStatusContact UKMO HadGEM N96L85, 85km N96L38, 40km Martin et al 2006, J. Clim., 19, DONE IN SERVER Meteo France Arpege OPA L91, 0.01hPa L31, 10hPa Gueremy et al, 2005, Tellus, 57A, p DONE IN SERVER CCCMA CMAM T63L71,~100km T63L41,~31km Scinocca et al 2008, ACP, 8, DONE IN SERVER NCEP CFS v1 L64, 0.2hPa Saha et al, J.Clim., vol.19, no.15, p DONE IN SERVER
© Crown copyright Met Office What are we expecting to see? Analysis of UKMO stratosphere resolving hindcasts: Low top and high top models Possible improvement in ROC scores in winter but not significant Arribas et al, submitted
© Crown copyright Met Office What are we expecting to see? Analysis of UKMO stratosphere resolving hindcasts: Sudden stratospheric warmings occur with better frequency in high top hindcasts (red) Increase in frequency with El Nino strength Subsequent impact on surface…. Fereday et al, ERL, 2012
© Crown copyright Met Office What are we expecting to see? Analysis of UKMO stratosphere resolving hindcasts: Winter 2009/10: stronger Arctic pressure signal Significant High top spans observations but low top doesnt Conditional predictability for AO given active stratosphere…. Fereday et al, ERL, 2012 Zonal wind anomalies, ens mean
© Crown copyright Met Office What are we expecting to see? Impact of stratosphere on surface forecasts European cooling due to –ve NAO Better predicted (12d vs 8d) in deep domain model Lasts 1-2 months Sigmond et al 2013 Marshall and Scaife 2010
© Crown copyright Met Office Summary High top and low top hindcasts now in CHFP database Multimodel analysis underway Improved representation of stratospheric processes Clear signatures of stratosphere-troposphere coupling in surface climate Improved conditional predictability for key events like the record low AO in winter 2009/10
© Crown copyright Met Office Decadal Predictions CMIP5 Protocol CMIP-WGCM-WGSIP oversee this framework Part of our discussion this morning is to think about What next?
© Crown copyright Met Office Decadal Forecast Exchange Doug Smith, Adam Scaife and the decadal prediction community…. Many groups are now developing decadal predictions Key experiments done and analysed for CMIP5 What about real time predictions? 15th session of the WMO Commission for Climatology recommended action to start the coordination and exchange of decadal predictions Proposal went out to various groups to exchange decadal prediction information research exercise – we can learn a lot from this prevent over-confidence from a single model equal access, ownership and recognition
© Crown copyright Met Office We had an overwhelmingly positive response: Uni. Tokyo – Kimoto Masahide MRI – Masayoshi Ishii SMHI – Klaus Wyser,Colin Jones KNMI – Wilco Hazeleger, Bert Wouters IC3 – Francisco Doblas-Reyes, Virginie Guemas GFDL – Tony Rosatti MPI – Daniela Matei, Wolfgang Muller, Holger Pohlman RSMAS – Ben Kirtman CCCMA – George Boer, Bill Merryfield UKMO-Hadley – Doug Smith, Adam Scaife READING UNI – Ed Hawkins, Chun Kit Ho NRL – Judith Lean, David Rind NOAA – Arun Kumar
© Crown copyright Met Office We are exchanging very basic quantities: Global Annual Mean Temperature One file for each year, each member Exchanged once per year around November Equal ownership Example diagnostics:
© Crown copyright Met Office Surface temperature: relative to
© Crown copyright Met Office Surface temperature: effect of initialisation
© Crown copyright Met Office SUMMARY Real-time multi-model decadal climate predictions Doug M. Smith, Adam A. Scaife, George J. Boer, Mihaela Caian, Francisco J. Doblas-Reyes, Virginie Guemas, Ed Hawkins, Wilco Hazeleger, Leon Hermanson, Chun Kit Ho, Masayoshi Ishii, Viatcheslav Kharin, Masahide Kimoto, Ben Kirtman, Judith Lean, Daniela Matei, William J. Merryfield, Wolfgang A. Müller, Holger Pohlmann, Anthony Rosati, Bert Wouters and Klaus Wyser. Climate Dynamics, See also IPCC AR5…
© Crown copyright Met Office Stratospheric Influences on the Troposphere Adam Scaife December 2010.
© Crown copyright Met Office Predictability of the Stratosphere and Associated Teleconnections Adam Scaife (Head Monthly to Decadal Prediction, UKMO)
WCRP Perspective Joint ICSC1/JSC6 17 July 2013, Geneva Michel Rixen, WCRP JPS.
© Crown copyright 2007 Monthly-Seasonal forecasting Alberto Arribas Monthly to Decadal group, Met Office Hadley Centre Geneva, December 2011.
© Crown copyright 2007 A fully resolved stratosphere: Impact on seasonal forecasting Alberto Arribas Monthly-to-Decadal area, Met Office Hadley Centre.
Why was Winter 2009/10 so cold? Mike Blackburn National Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of Reading With input from Chris Bell, Thomas Toniazzo,
Page 1© Crown copyright 2005 Met Office seasonal predictions and applications Richard Graham Chris Gordon, Matt Huddleston, Mike Davey, Alberto Arribas,
Sub-seasonal to seasonal Prediction Project. Index Background Implementation Plan : Applications Scientific and modelling issues Database Demonstration.
International efforts in Climate Modeling Projections, Predictions and Downscaling Coordinated by the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) CMIP5: The.
Sub-seasonal to seasonal prediction David Anderson.
The North Atlantic The NAO, AO and the MJO Hai Lin Meteorological Research Division, Environment Canada Workshop Sub-seasonal to Seasonal Prediction Met.
Training Course 2009 – NWP-PR: The Seasonal Forecast System at ECMWF 1 The Seasonal Forecast System at ECMWF Tim Stockdale European Centre for Medium-Range.
Hervé Douville Météo-France/CNRM Acknowledgements: B. Decharme, R. Alkama and Y. Peings WCRP Seasonal Prediction Workshop, Exeter,
The role of the stratosphere in extended- range forecasting Thomas Jung Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research Germany.
ENSO Cycle: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions Update prepared by Climate Prediction Center / NCEP 13 October 2009.
WWRP 1 October 2010 THORPEX report to the WGNE David Burridge THORPEX IPO.
L Bengtsson Bosön, Stockholm Multiscale modeling and simulation in Science Predictability of weather and climate What have we learned from comprehensive.
Discussion of development of operational 1-90 prediction capability Pedro L. Silva Dias National Laboratory for Scientific Computing/LNCC Petrópolis RJ,
Training Course 2013– NWP-PR: The Monthly Forecast System at ECMWF 1 Monthly Forecasting at ECMWF Frédéric Vitart European Centre for Medium-Range Weather.
ENSO: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions Update prepared by: Climate Prediction Center / NCEP 2 September 2014.
© Crown copyright 2006Page 1 The Cloud Feedback Model Intercomparison Project (CFMIP) Progress and future plans Mark Webb (Hadley Centre) and CFMIP contributors.
© Crown copyright Met Office WGNE activities and plans Andy Brown and Christian Jakob WGNE co-chairs.
WWRP Sub-seasonal to Seasonal Prediction (1-90 days) - A Seamless Approach Workshop Sub-seasonal to Seasonal Prediction UK Met Office, Exeter 1-3 December.
TIGGE research Richard Swinbank GIFS-TIGGE Working Group meeting #9, Aug-Sep 2011.
ENSEMBLES – Progress Report WP6.2 meeting, Helsinki Chris Hewitt, Met Office Hadley Centre, April 2007 Project Office can be contacted on
Discussion on applications and research projects.
Seasonal forecasting: status and plans David Anderson Tim Stockdale, Magdalena Balmasda, Arthur Vidard, Alberto Troccoli, Paco Doblas-Reyes, Kristian Morgensen,
Research and Development Project Improving the prediction of heavy precipitating systems over La Plata Basin LPB-ReD Presented by Alice M. Grimm Based.
Recent European flooding events: atmospheric teleconnections and mechanisms Mike Blackburn (1), Brian Hoskins (2) and Yimin Liu (2) (1) Centre for Global.
Training Course 2012– NWP-PR: The Monthly Forecast System at ECMWF 1 Monthly Forecasting at ECMWF Frédéric Vitart European Centre for Medium-Range Weather.
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