Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

GREEN BUILDINGS RATING SYSTEMS WHERE DO WE STAND? Prof. Dr. Mohamed Moemen Afify Professor of Architecture & Environmental Design Faculty of Engineering.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "GREEN BUILDINGS RATING SYSTEMS WHERE DO WE STAND? Prof. Dr. Mohamed Moemen Afify Professor of Architecture & Environmental Design Faculty of Engineering."— Presentation transcript:

1 GREEN BUILDINGS RATING SYSTEMS WHERE DO WE STAND? Prof. Dr. Mohamed Moemen Afify Professor of Architecture & Environmental Design Faculty of Engineering – Cairo University Member of the Egyptian Supreme Green Building Council Member of the USGBC Email: moemen@maconsultants-eg.com moemen@maconsultants-eg.com

2 The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations History of Environmental Architecture Prehistoric Architecture Ancient Greek Architecture Ancient Egyptian Architecture Ancient Roman Architecture

3 The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations History of Environmental Architecture Middle Eastern Architecture

4 The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations History of Environmental Architecture Local Architecture in Egypt Nubian Architecture Siwa Architecture Egyptian ArchitectureIslamic Architecture

5 The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations History of Environmental Architecture Local Architecture in Egypt Khedive Ismail Architecture in Egypt (Downtown Cairo Architecture) - Double high thermal mass walls -High floor height -Shutters -Cross ventilation through courts

6 The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations History of Environmental Architecture Local Architecture – HASSAN FATHY By the beginning of the sixties of the last century, it was the Egyptian Architect Hassan Fathy, who initiated the importance of such architecture, known after that by the vernacular architecture, and that he was the first to outline the need of environmental architecture in Egypt.

7 The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations History of Environmental Architecture Contemporary Architecture WHERE ARE WE NOW ? Architecture in Egypt: (1950 -- 2010)

8 The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations History of Environmental Architecture Contemporary Architecture WHERE ARE WE NOW: Architecture in Egypt: (1950 -- 2010) Are we supposed to building with the traditional means and the architecture of Hassan Fathy OR by high tech means.

9 The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations History of Environmental Architecture Prehistoric Architecture Actual Architecture Future Architecture Green Architecture Evolution

10 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Ecological systems Natural Man-Made Water cycle Carbon cycle Nitrogen cycle Phosphorous Cycle … Environmental Architecture There are many natural systems in the environment that should be taken as a role model to define Ecological Systems. Green Architecture should be the same = neutral to the environment.

11 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Environmental Architecture Systems Active Systems Passive Systems Photovoltaic cells Plate Solar Collector Wind Turbines Hydroelectric Power Wind Catchers Trombe Wall Passive Solar energy …

12 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Active Systems PhotovoltaicWind Turbines Solar Water Heating

13 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Passive Systems Wind Catchers Trombe Wall

14 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Environmental Architecture Green Architecture Ecological ArchitectureSustainable Architecture Bioclimatic Architecture Vernacular ArchitectureTraditional / vernacular Architecture

15 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations An architecture that meets the needs of present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs What is Green Architecture?

16 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Why Green Buildings are important?

17 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations The Global CO2 Emissions by Sector 1- Buildings (Electricity + Heat + Construction) = 47.5% 2- Transportation = 25% 3 - Land-Use Change & Forestry = 22% 4- Other = 5.5% Source: World Resources Institute, 2008

18 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations LEED Green Globes NAHB BREEAM GBCA LEED India CASBEE Estidama ? - Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) -Green Globes - National Association for Home Builders (NAHB) – For Homes - Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) - Green Star by Green Building Council Australia (GBCA) - LEED India -Comprehensive Assessment System for Built Environment Efficiency (CASBEE) -Estimada Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council (UPC).

19 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations LEED BREEAMCASBEE Date Introduced199819902004 RatingsCertified / Silver / Gold / Platinum Pass / Good / Very good / Excellent/ Outstanding C / B- / B+ / A / S AssessmentUSGBCTrained assessors Design / management team Third Party Validation GBCiBREThird Party Agencies e.g. JSBC (Japan Sustainable Building Consortium)

20 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations LEED Certification Levels Source: USGBC-LEED Brochure

21 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) LEED Different Rating Systems for Different Project Types Design & Construction Building LEED NC LEED CS LEED S LEED HC LEED R-NC Interiors LEED CI LEED R-CI Residential LEED H Communities LEED ND Operations & maintenance LEED for Existing Buildings LEED EBO&M

22 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 1-Sustainable Sites 26 Possible points Construction Activity Pollution Prevention Site Selection Development Density & Community Connectivity Brownfield Redevelopment Alternative Transportation Site Development Stormwater Design Heat Island Effect Light Pollution Reduction

23 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 2-Water Efficiency 14 Possible Points Water Efficient Landscaping Innovative Wastewater Technologies Water Use Reduction

24 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 3-Energy and Atmosphere 35 Possible Points Commissioning of the Building Energy Systems Energy Performance Refrigerant Management On-Site Renewable Energy Measurement & Verification Green Power

25 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 4- Materials and Resources 10 Possible Points Storage and Collection of Recyclables Building Reuse Construction Waste Management Materials Reuse Recycled Content Regional Materials Rapidly Renewable Materials Certified Wood

26 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 5- Indoor Environmental Quality 15 Possible Points IAQ Performance Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring Increased Ventilation Construction IAQ Management Plan Low-Emitting Materials Controllability of Systems Thermal Comfort Daylighting and Views

27 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations LEED for New Construction (LEED NC)

28 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations HOW TO IMPLEMENT LEED THROUGH DIFFERENT STAGES OF A PROJECT ?? Design Stage Construction Stage Documentation Stage

29 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations BREEAM Different Rating Systems for Different Project Types BREEAM CourtsBREEAM EducationBREEAM IndustrialBREEAM HealthcareBREEAM OfficesBREEAM RetailBREEAM Prisons BREEAM Multi- residential BUILDING RESEARCH ESTABLISHMENTS ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT METHOD (BREEAM) Over 115,000 buildings certified Nearly 700,000 registered As of 2008

30 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Building Research Establishments Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM)

31 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Comprehensive Assessment System for Built Environment Efficiency (CASBEE) The number of certified buildings is 80 As of 2009 CASBEE Different Rating Systems for Different Project Types CASBEE for Pre-designCASBEE for New ConstructionCASBEE for Existing BuildingCASBEE for Renovation

32 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Egypt CO2 Emissions by Sector 1- Buildings (Electricity + Heat + Construction) = 42% 2- Industry = 25% 3 - Transportation= 21% 4- Other = 12% Source: Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA) Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt

33 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations The Impacts of Buildings on Egypt Resources 40% Primary Energy Use 62% Electricity Consumption 42% CO2 Emissions 12% Potable Water Consumption Source: Egypt State of Environment Report 2008

34 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations CO2 Emissions per Capita Energy Consumption 1-Energy and Atmosphere Credit Categories Overview

35 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 2-Sustainable Sites (Land use and Ecology) Agriculture lost its position as the dominant economic sector 1960 the Agricultural exports was 87% of all merchandise export value 1974 fell to 35% 2001 dropped to 11% Source: Egyptian Agriculture by Lowell N. Lewis

36 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 3-Indoor Environmental Quality Based on methodologies and risk assessments from similar countries, it is estimated that 85,000-180,000 disability-adjusted life year (DALYs) are lost annually due to indoor air pollution. Source: Cost of Environmental Degradation by Category By Mediterranean Environmental Technical Assistance Program (METAP)

37 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 4-Materials and Resources Solid Waste: Total quantity of generated municipal solid wastes (household only) in Egypt is estimated with 20 million tons annually (more than 700 gm per capita), that is daily generation estimated with 55000 tons. As collection and transport efficiency do not exceed 65%, this leads to daily accumulations of these wastes within residential areas and vacant lands. Furthermore recycling is not undertaken safely and soundly which exposes citizens and workers to several health risks. It is noteworthy that most landfills, where final disposal of such wastes takes place are exposed to intentionally or self burn, which exposes ambient environment to risks and worsen their conditions, in addition that necessary equipment are not available in these sites for wastes coverage to prevent such burning. Source: Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)

38 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Water Scarcity for the Nile Basin States 5-Water Efficiency Source: www.africanwater.org

39 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Map details Global Water Stressed Countries Source: News, BBC. "Map details global water stress." 2006

40 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 6-Management Management policy, commissioning, site management and procurement

41 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 7-Pollution Black Cloud Source: Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)

42 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 8-Transport Egypt CO2 Emissions by Sector Source: Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)

43 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 9-Architectural Design Architectural Design has a major affect on buildings sustainability and environmental efficiency. If a building is well-designed and takes into consideration all environmental aspects from the very beginning, it will positively affect the electro-mechanical work afterwards and eventually will result in less energy consumption, and a reduction to all the resources needed.

44 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Egyptian Architecture Conclusion & Recommendations

45 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations 2-Sustainable Sites 3-Indoor Environmental Quality 4-Materials and Resources 5-Water Efficiency6-Management 7-Pollution8-Transport9-Architectural Design 1-Energy and Atmosphere

46 History of Environmental Architecture The Environmental Architecture Theories and Principles Green Building Rating Systems and Analysis of the most well-known Worldwide Developing a Green Building Rating System for Egypt Conclusions and Recommendations Recommendations Essential factor for the implementation of a Green Building Rating System in Egypt Raising awareness across all sectors of the building industry. Government providing incentives for the adoption and application of environmentally beneficial issues. Incentives may include tax reduction, priority benefits, etc… To incorporate Green Building criteria, mentioned before, into the existing building codes. Proper enforcement and regular supervision of the application of Green Building Criteria. Introduction of Green Building criteria into the education modules of different engineering disciplines. Building the capacities of all parties and sectors involved in the building industry, including practitioners, relevant government bodies and academia.

47 Thank You Prof. Dr. M. Moemen Afify moemen@maconsultants-eg.com


Download ppt "GREEN BUILDINGS RATING SYSTEMS WHERE DO WE STAND? Prof. Dr. Mohamed Moemen Afify Professor of Architecture & Environmental Design Faculty of Engineering."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google