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ITU-T Handbook on Telecommunications and Disaster Mitigation

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Presentation on theme: "ITU-T Handbook on Telecommunications and Disaster Mitigation"— Presentation transcript:

1 ITU-T Handbook on Telecommunications and Disaster Mitigation
“Workshop on Disaster Relief Systems, Network Resilience and Recovery” (Istanbul, Turkey, 11 December 2012) ITU-T Handbook on Telecommunications and Disaster Mitigation Keith Mainwaring ITU Consultant Istanbul, Turkey,11 December 2012

2 Contents Trends in natural disasters Case studies
United Nations disaster mitigation activities Regional disaster mitigation initiatives ITU activities related to disaster mitigation International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) Other standardisation activities Conclusions and Recommendations

3 Trends in Natural Disasters





8 Impact on countries in different states of development (1991 – 2005)
Source: “A year of living dangerously – a review of natural disasters in 2010”; The Brookings Institution – London School of Economics Project on Internal Displacement; April 2011.

9 Risk Hazard x Vulnerability Capacity Risk ∝

10 Climate change and environmental degradation
300,000 deaths annually 325 million people affected Human displacement 36 million people displaced by sudden-onset natural disasters in 2008 Sources: Global Humanitarian Forum Human Impact report – Climate Change 2009; and “Monitoring disaster displacement in the context of climate change – Findings of a study by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre”, September 2009,

11 Global estimates of newly displaced people
Source: “Global estimates 2011 – People displaced by natural hazard-induced disasters” IDMC, June 2012

12 The causes of disasters 1980- 2007

13 Hazards Natural earthquake, landslide, tsunami, cyclones, flood, drought. Biological disease epidemics (such as SARS, influenza and cholera), pest infestations. Technological chemicals, radiological agents, transport accidents. some 10,000 people were killed and 500,000 between 2000 and 2011 Chernobyl accident affected 8 million people Societal conflicts, population displacement, acts of terrorism.

14 Case Studies

15 Case studies Japan earthquake & tsunami 11 March 2011
Hurricane Katrina 29 August 2005 Indian Ocean tsunami 26 December 2004 “9/11” New York City 11 September 2001 Some observations

16 Some Observations


18 Some observations Avoiding congestion Autonomous power supply critical
Encourage alternative means of communication Reduce call hold times Reduce call quality Reassign resources to telephony New network architecture Autonomous power supply critical Install equipment in safer locations Avoid use of aerial facilities Geographical disperse critical equipment such as authentication servers

19 Media diversity important
Radio BBC World Service 188 million weekly (2009) USA million weekly (2011) 93% of population Social Media Twitter 140 million users (March 2012) Facebook 900 million users (2012)

20 Accessibility Elderly and disabled vulnerable
Need mechanisms to inform the deaf, blind and illiterate Text-to-speech Text-to-sign language Talking books Multi-lingual information

21 Lead times Time between detection of an event indicative of a disaster and the disaster itself are those in which early warnings can be provided. Lead times vary enormously depending upon the type of threat tens of seconds for earthquakes, minutes for tornadoes, minutes to hours for tsunamis, hours to days for volcanic eruptions, hours to weeks for hurricanes, weeks to months for droughts, and years for long term climatic events such as El Nino and climate change.

22 United Nations Disaster Mitigation Activities

23 UN Disaster Mitigation Activities
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) World Meteorological Organization (WMO) World Health Organization (WHO) UN Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) World Bank Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) Istanbul, Turkey,11 December 2012

24 Regional Disaster Mitigation Initiatives

25 Regional initiatives Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (
Association of South East Asian Nations ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA Centre) ….

26 International Telecommunications Union Activities Related to Disaster Mitigation

27 ITU ITU Objectives Tampere Convention
ITU Framework for Cooperation in Emergencies (IFCE) ITU-T Recommendations ITU-R Recommendations and Reports ITU-D Reports Istanbul, Turkey,11 December 2012

28 ITU-T Recommendations
Numbers Emergency Telecommunications Service (ETS) International Emergency Preference Scheme (IEPS) Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) Alerting object identifier NGN service restoration Outside plant Istanbul, Turkey,11 December 2012

29 International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) Activities

30 International Amateur Radio Union (IARU)
Over 160 national amateur radio society members Represents more than 2 million radio “hams” many of whom have undertaken special training in emergency communications Member of ITU-R and ITU-D “Amateur Service” defined in ITU Radio Regulations IARU promotes the use of amateur radio as a means of providing relief in the event of natural disasters Amateur radio is a valuable asset during an emergency as communication links are independent of vulnerable infrastructure and immune to overload Amateur Service is integrated into the emergency preparedness systems in a number of countries

31 Other Standardisation Organizations

32 Other standardisation activities
CEPT ETSI EMTEL W3C Disaster Management OASIS emergency management committee 3GPP / GSMA

33 Conclusions and Recommendations
To be defined. Istanbul, Turkey,11 December 2012

34 Thank You!

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