Presentation on theme: "ITU-T Handbook on Telecommunications and Disaster Mitigation"— Presentation transcript:
1ITU-T Handbook on Telecommunications and Disaster Mitigation “Workshop on Disaster Relief Systems, Network Resilience and Recovery”(Istanbul, Turkey, 11 December 2012)ITU-T Handbook on Telecommunications and Disaster MitigationKeith MainwaringITU ConsultantIstanbul, Turkey,11 December 2012
2Contents Trends in natural disasters Case studies United Nations disaster mitigation activitiesRegional disaster mitigation initiativesITU activities related to disaster mitigationInternational Amateur Radio Union (IARU)Other standardisation activitiesConclusions and Recommendations
8Impact on countries in different states of development (1991 – 2005) Source: “A year of living dangerously – a review of natural disasters in 2010”; The Brookings Institution – London School of Economics Project on Internal Displacement; April 2011.
10Climate change and environmental degradation 300,000 deaths annually325 million people affectedHuman displacement36 million people displaced by sudden-onset natural disasters in 2008Sources: Global Humanitarian Forum Human Impact report – Climate Change 2009; and “Monitoring disaster displacement in the context of climate change – Findings of a study by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre”, September 2009,
11Global estimates of newly displaced people Source: “Global estimates 2011 – People displaced by natural hazard-induced disasters” IDMC, June 2012
13HazardsNaturalearthquake, landslide, tsunami, cyclones, flood, drought.Biologicaldisease epidemics (such as SARS, influenza and cholera), pest infestations.Technologicalchemicals, radiological agents, transport accidents.some 10,000 people were killed and 500,000 between 2000 and 2011Chernobyl accident affected 8 million peopleSocietalconflicts, population displacement, acts of terrorism.
18Some observations Avoiding congestion Autonomous power supply critical Encourage alternative means of communicationReduce call hold timesReduce call qualityReassign resources to telephonyNew network architectureAutonomous power supply criticalInstall equipment in safer locationsAvoid use of aerial facilitiesGeographical disperse critical equipment such as authentication servers
19Media diversity important RadioBBC World Service 188 million weekly (2009)USA million weekly (2011) 93% of populationSocial MediaTwitter 140 million users (March 2012)Facebook 900 million users (2012)
20Accessibility Elderly and disabled vulnerable Need mechanisms to inform the deaf, blind and illiterateText-to-speechText-to-sign languageTalking booksMulti-lingual information
21Lead timesTime between detection of an event indicative of a disaster and the disaster itself are those in which early warnings can be provided.Lead times vary enormously depending upon the type of threattens of seconds for earthquakes,minutes for tornadoes,minutes to hours for tsunamis,hours to days for volcanic eruptions,hours to weeks for hurricanes,weeks to months for droughts, andyears for long term climatic events such as El Nino and climate change.
23UN Disaster Mitigation Activities UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR)World Meteorological Organization (WMO)World Health Organization (WHO)UN Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA)World BankInternal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC)Istanbul, Turkey,11 December 2012
25Regional initiatives Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (www.adpc.net) Association of South East Asian NationsASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER)ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA Centre)….
26International Telecommunications Union Activities Related to Disaster Mitigation
27ITU ITU Objectives Tampere Convention ITU Framework for Cooperation in Emergencies (IFCE)ITU-T RecommendationsITU-R Recommendations and ReportsITU-D ReportsIstanbul, Turkey,11 December 2012
28ITU-T Recommendations NumbersEmergency Telecommunications Service (ETS)International Emergency Preference Scheme (IEPS)Common Alerting Protocol (CAP)Alerting object identifierNGN service restorationOutside plantIstanbul, Turkey,11 December 2012
29International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) Activities
30International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) Over 160 national amateur radio society membersRepresents more than 2 million radio “hams” many of whom have undertaken special training in emergency communicationsMember of ITU-R and ITU-D“Amateur Service” defined in ITU Radio RegulationsIARU promotes the use of amateur radio as a means of providing relief in the event of natural disastersAmateur radio is a valuable asset during an emergency as communication links are independent of vulnerable infrastructure and immune to overloadAmateur Service is integrated into the emergency preparedness systems in a number of countries