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TSB 1 ITU-Ts current situation and its future Presentation by Houlin ZHAO Director, TSB International Telecommunication Union, Geneva at Informal Consultation.

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Presentation on theme: "TSB 1 ITU-Ts current situation and its future Presentation by Houlin ZHAO Director, TSB International Telecommunication Union, Geneva at Informal Consultation."— Presentation transcript:

1 TSB 1 ITU-Ts current situation and its future Presentation by Houlin ZHAO Director, TSB International Telecommunication Union, Geneva at Informal Consultation meeting Martigny, Switzerland, 27-28 February 2001

2 TSB 2 Part I:WTSA-2000 review Part II:Review of the results of the 1 st Martigny meeting Part III:ITU-T situation and challenges Part IV:ITU Reform discussion Part V:Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs ) Structure of this presentation

3 TSB 3 Directors reports to WTSA-2000: - Document 34: Overview, executive summary and future visions - Document 35: General statistics for 1997-2000 - Document 36: Report of TSB - Document 37 + Add.1:Expenditures and budget issue - Document 119:Projects open to voluntary contributions Part I – Directors report to WTSA-2000

4 TSB 4 Approval of reports of SGs and TSAG for 1997-2000 activities including Recommendations presented to WTSA-2000 for approval; Approval of a new set of working methods, including AAP, TAP, new working methods for SSG, EDH, etc. (Res.1, Res. 37, Rec.A.8, Rec. A.9, Res.32); Establishment of a new structure, SSG on IMT-2000 and beyond (Res.2); Appointment of Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of SGs and TSAG ( Res.35); Delegation of more authority to TSAG (Res.22); Encouragement of reform discussions (Res.33, Res.36); Regional presence (Res.17); Voluntary contributions (Res. 34); Associates (Res.31). Part I – Main results of WTSA-2000

5 TSB 5 Part I - Approval of new and revised Recommendations - Sequence of events (TAP)

6 TSB 6 752 Recommendations (revised or new) approved (including WTSA-2000 approval); Except for policy and regulatory, administrative-related texts, only 15 technical texts were delayed by one SG level meeting, K.46, K.47 (SG 5); Q.2941, X.641 (SG 7); T.37/Amd.1, T.180 (SG 8); J.87, J.94, J.116, J.142 (SG 9); Q.2111 (SG11); G.691 (SG 15); G.729 Annex C, H.248, H.332 (SG 16); Delay of approval for technical reasons: patent issues, alignment with IETF, or further improvement requested; No single technical text was stopped by Administrations, neither by small company, nor by developing countries. Part I – Approval of ITU-T Recommendations during 1997-2000

7 TSB 7 Approved Directors Notification SG or WP Meeting Edited Text for LC Directors Announcement and Posting for LC (a) (b) (c) Comment Resolution Edited Text Available Directors Announcement and Posting SG Meeting (a) (b) Directors Announcement and Posting for AR (b) 3 weeks 4 weeks LC 3 weeks AR LC: Last Call AR: Additional Review Part I – AAP Sequence of Events

8 TSB 8 Very fast: Approval if no comments within 4 weeks of Last Call Very open: Web consultation Member States and Sector Members comment on equal basis No translation required during the Last Call No consultation with Member States requested before Last Call. ITU-T has two tools to approve Recommendations of different categories (TAP and AAP) Part I – AAP advantages

9 TSB 9 consultation electronically to the maximum extent possible, teleconferences as much as possible paper copies only on request flexibility to arrange meetings, announce physical meetings with a minimum of one months notice through e-mail input documents accepted five working days prior to SG/WP level meeting normative technical specifications or interim Recommendations, under investigation (lesser status than Recommendations) Part I – Recommendation A.9: Provisional working procedures for IMT-2000 and beyond

10 TSB 10 1)Sector Members delegates appointed at several key positions: -Vice Chairmen of the Assembly -Chairmen of Committees 3, 4, 5 and 6 2)All working methods AAP, EDH, etc. were approved without difficulties 3)Some discussions on Rec. A.9 (new) for Special Study Group (SSG) on IMT-2000 and Beyond (Project-oriented SG) 4)14 out of 15 Chairmen appointed are from Sector Members 5)Encourage reform discussions 6)Except voting by Sector Members, all major requests from Sector Members were met 7)Some different opinions at WTSA-2000, unavoidable every four years. Part I – A good meeting for Sector Members

11 TSB 11 First Study Group Chairmen meeting in November 2000: -Agreement on AAP procedures -Agreement on meeting schedule for 2001-2004 -Agreement on business management details (meeting efficiency, new initiatives, regional activities, promotion) First SSG meeting in December 2000 AAP launched on 29 January 2001 -Logistic preparation by TSB and other ITU services -E-mail contacts provided by Members: 66 replies by 15 January - no reply from many active Members (96 replies by 15 February) -Every 2 weeks an AAP Circular to be issued ITU-T Reform -discussed at the Chairmens meeting -prepare a second Martigny meeting Promotion:to organize SG meetings in the region, and seminars/workshops on various subjects Part I – Main TSB actions after WTSA

12 TSB 12 Outputs were sent, as an attachment to the Directors Report to the Chairmen meeting and to the TSAG meeting in May 2000, to the Council-2000, and to the WTSA-2000; Input and output documents were on the website immediately after the meeting; Very well received by ITU-T Members; Very positive in guiding and assisting the ITU Reform on standardization; Contributed to the success of WTSA-2000; Good channel maintained between the Group and the TSB. Part II – Review of the results of the 1 st Martigny meeting

13 TSB 13 Consensus views review Recognition of ITU-T the only truly global organization exclusively for telecommunications, and the important intergovernmental role were highly appreciated; Clear separation between technical work and regulatory/policy related work: AAP/TAP, equal voice; Work program: optical, ATM, IP, wireless, interconnectivity, interoperability, etc.: accepted; Cooperation with IETF, ATM Forum, 3GPPs, etc.: continued and enforced; ITU-T work should not be tied to the four-year cycle of WTSA: applied; Flexibility to introduce a forum model within ITU-T: under study. Personally, I support this proposal from the TSAG meeting in April 1999; Part II – Review of the results of the 1 st Martigny meeting

14 TSB 14 Increase use of EDH: enforced; Reduce reliance on face-to-face meeting: I pushed it hard, but the SG Chairmen resisted because of their concern about the decreasing participation of delegates; Other means to reduce cost: AAP without translation, SG meeting opening plenary without interpretation. Concrete proposals from the participants and from the second document Improvement of working structure and implementation path did not receive sufficient discussion. No unanimous agreements were reached at the 1 st Martigny meeting. Consequently, no support from the TSAG and WTSA. Further study is needed. Those proposals include: to abandon SG structure, to have WTSA every two years, to establish a new product of technical specification, etc. Part II – Review of the results of the 1 st Martigny meeting

15 TSB 15 Extract from presentation to the first Martigny meeting Rapid development of new technology and convergence of services Rapid change of telecommunication environment: liberalization, globalization Many standardization bodies Fora/consortia; regional bodies, IETF, 3GPPs, etc. De-facto standards by SDOs/companies Limited resources, limited budget Poor classic image of ITU-T: bureaucratic, very slow, and Companies restructuring and re-engineering Part III – Challenges (threats) to ITU-T

16 TSB 16 Part III – Recommendations in force Note: 1. Approx. 300 texts per year during 1997-2000 2. About 180 common texts between ITU-T and ISO/IEC JTC 1 3. ITU-T publishes handbooks and Operational Bulletin 1981-19841985-19881989-19921997-2000 Recommendations in force by the end of the period 1,2801,6001,897 2,625 Total pages by the end of the period 11,600 (Red Books) 18,000 (Blue Books) 26,00076,180

17 TSB 17 1999 - Best selling texts (in the order of sales number): H.323 H.225.0 G.723.1 G.703 G.711 V.90 Q.931 V.34 E.164 M.600 H.323 Annex D X.208 X.209 G.704 H.245 X.680 X.25 X.690 G.729 H.263 G.726 T.30 T.6 T.4 2000 - Best selling texts (in the order of sales number): H.323 (09/99)G.703G.723.1Q.931G.711 X.690G.704 G.723 Annex A+diskV.90E.164X.680H.323 (02/98) G.692H.263G.729G.826G.957H.225.0 G.729 Annex A+disk V.34 Part III – Best Sellers

18 TSB 18 Part III – Approval and publication time of Recommendations

19 TSB 19 A.4 (Communication with Forum) A.5 (Organizations to be referenced in ITU-T Recommendations) A.6 (SDOs to cooperate with) ATM-FARIB BINTERMSATM ForumT1 DSL ForumT1ECMA EWOS (Open Systems)ECMAETSI FRF (Frame Relay)ETSI JCTEA (Japan Cable Television Engineering Association) IMTC JCTEA (Japan Cable Television Engineering Association) IEEE MPLS (Multi Protocol Label Switching) Forum IEEE SCTE (Society of Cable Telecommunications Engineers) MSF (Multi Switching Forum)ISOC/IETFTIA TM Forum (Tele Management Forum) SCTE (Society of Cable Telecommunications Engineers) TTC OMG (Object Management Group)TIA TINA-C (Telecom Information Networking Architecture) TTC Part III – Rec. A.4, A.5 and A.6 relationship

20 TSB 20 All A.5 and A.6 relationships established after 10/99; no delay ITU-T/IETF: -Workshop on ENUM, IP-related numbering and routing, multimedia, etc. -Joint management team (SG Chairs/Area Directors) meeting, London, August 2001 MoU with ICANN/IETF/W3C/ETSI on PSO, July 1999 MoU with ISO/IEC/UN/ECE on E-business, March 2000 MoU with ETSI on cooperation, June 2000 Provide permissions to IETF, 3GPPs to post some ITU-T documents on their Website for free consultation to attend Joint President Cooperation Group (JPCG) of ISO/IEC for cooperation strengthen cooperation, avoid duplication. Part III – Cooperation with other SDOs

21 TSB 21 01/200101/2000difference Administrations189 - ROAs168161+ 7 SIOs229189+38 Associates 7-+ 7 Others 42 40+ 2 Note – About 100 Sector Members had never participated in ITU-T meetings, and had never requested documents in any form. Part III – ITU-T Members

22 TSB 22 Part III – Request of documents by Sector Members

23 TSB 23 Part III – Attendance in 1998-2000 Note – Among meeting attendees:56% requested all documents 20% requested no documents 12% use Web only

24 TSB 24 In Geneva:07/98 – 08/2000 6 091 Number of MembersNumber of delegates Administrations 962 208 ROAs 871 783 SIOs1671 875 Satellite Organizations 3 41 Others Total6 091 In Geneva : 11/96 – 06/98 6 053 Outside Geneva:11/96 - 08/2000 3 208 WTSA-2000: 623 Total: 15 975 Part III – Participation statistics 1997-2000 (SG/WP level meetings)

25 TSB 25 Administrations (96/2208) ROAs ( 87/1783) SIOs ( 167/1875) U.S.A. 342NTT 188Lucent166+58 + China 232FT 184Ericsson147+5+ Germany 187BT 148Siemens136+17+ France 106DT 134Nortel 91+51+ Russia 99ATT 77Alcatel 35+23+40+18+ U.K. 95KDDI 69CSELT 69 Canada 63Telecom Italia 65NEC 47 Japan 63Swisscom 65Nokia 46 India 62KT 59Fujitsu 42 Ukraine 58Telenor 58Telecordia 36 Italy 56Royal KPN 58Motorola 27+8 Syria 53Telia 46OKI 32 Korea 50Telekom Austria 37ETRI 32 Total: 1466 (66%)Total: 1188 (67%)Total: 1126 (60%) Part III – Top Members participation (07/98-08/00) (Note – Cisco: 13)

26 TSB 26 Part III – Structure of the entire ITU-T Budget within the ITU budget in 2000-2001

27 TSB 27 Part III – Total language cost in the entire ITU-T budget

28 TSB 28 Part III – Statement of ITU-T Sector Members contributions, sales, UIFN versus entire ITU-T budget for 2000-2001

29 TSB 29 Part III – ITU Sector Members financial contributions

30 TSB 30 Part III – ITU sales by Sector Note: Figures are in Swiss Francs

31 TSB 31 Part III – ITU-T on line subscriptions (06/99-06/00)

32 TSB 32 1.Sector Member contribution: on cost-recovery, voluntary, a minimum of ½ unit is required for ITU-T. 2.Sector Member contribution unit price is 1/5 of the Member States unit prices, currently, about 40,000 US $/unit, ½ unit: i.e. 20,000 US$. 3.In the past, the majority paid a minimum of ½ unit with exception of 35 cases: 9x3 units, 1x2½ units, 4x2 units, 1x1½ unit, and 20x1 units. 4.In 2001: 17 out of 35 will reduce their contributions (mainly from 3 or 2 units to ½ or 1 unit), a total reduction of 23 units is counted. (Some of them were due to merging or splitting of companies.) 5.Some members provide voluntary contributions (cash), and invite ITU-T meetings. Part III – Sector Members contributions

33 TSB 33 ContributorAmount receivedYear T-Nova Deutsche Telekom 155 000 CHF2000 Inmarsat8 000 US $2000 British Telecom94 500 CHF2000 Announced amount T-Nova Deutsche Telekom 155 000 CHF2001 British Telecom94 500 CHF2001 Nortel Networks Part III – Sector Members Voluntary Contributions

34 TSB 34 IETF has no membership, but charge participation fee; the others are budgeted through national members/partners SDOs. Part III – Annual fees (Companies)

35 TSB 35 Budget SDO Membership fees Note Annual fee (US$) (25,000,000 $) 40,000,000 SFr ITU-Tchoice minimum½ unit (31,500 SFr)20,000 20,275,000 $ (21,909,000 Euros) ETSIobliged turnover45 units (5,000 Euros/unit)211,050 IETF Depending on participation 350 $/500 $ per meeting per person, 3 meetings per year 1050/1500 x ? 1,200,000 $ ECMAObliged $ 42,000 / $ 18, 000 / $ 10,000 standards free 42,000 (18,300,000 $) 29,305,000 SFr ISO Through national members Shared by national members (five big members pay 9% of the budget) (individual company up to 50,000) (11,900,000 $) 19,000,000 SFr IEC (4,456,200 Euros) 4,000,000 $ 3GPPShared by 6 SDOs Average 500,000/SDO 1,840,000 $ 3GPP2Shared by 5 SDOs Average 360,000/SDO W3CObliged50,000 $ / 5,000 $, standards free50,000 IEEEObliged5,000 2,870,000 $ ATMobliged + meeting fees$ 14,000/5,000/3,500/1,500, $ 250/275 per meeting 4 meetings/year, standards free 14,000+1,000/1,100 x? Part III – Companys dues to SDOs (Some SDOs receive secretariat support from their members; such expenditures are not counted in the budget.)

36 TSB 36 1.A big vendor company has to follow 120-180 SDOs, while a big operator has to follow 40-80 SDOs: very expensive, very exhaustive. 2.In addition to the normal membership fee contributions, sponsorship to support SDOs activities could be a very heavy financial engagement, and a hidden financial support to some SDOs included in hotel room charge to the participants, etc. 3.Company has its own financial problems. Part III – Problems for a big company

37 TSB 37 Task Force IETF Intergovernment ITU-T NGOs ISO, IEC, IEEE, ETSI, ECMA Forums & Consortia 3GPP 3GPP2 ATMF W3C Part III – Organization Types

38 TSB 38 Market IETF (IP) 3GPP (3G) 3GPP2 (3G) ATMF (ATM) W3C (WWW) IEEE (LAN, …) Region recognized ETSI (Telecom + IT) International legal References ITU-T (Telecom + IT) ISO (IT + ) IEC (Electronic + ) Part III – User categories

39 TSB 39 ITU needs reform Councils WGR met three times: December 1999, April 2000 and November 2000. AHG 1 on Standardization: 1 st meeting in July/August 2000 -from scratch approach -three models: UK, Genuity, Canada -Inside ITU-T (Genuity/Canada) or outside ITU-T (UK)? -16 criteria for an ideal entity -key-points identified, not discussed -useful to WTSA-2000 (already reported to the Martigny group in August 2000) 2 nd meeting in October/November 2000 (after WTSA-2000) -some key issues discussed, such as voting, budget, outputs -no agreements reached on key issues -first time a schedule: three steps from now till 2002+ with an entity started after PP-02 Part IV – ITU Reform

40 TSB 40 3 rd meeting in January 2001 key issues: - membership obligations and responsibilities - financing - output - decision-making process - impact on ITU/ITU-T No consensus had been reached on those items to establish ITU-TF -propose PP-02 to establish a pilot forum in ITU-T -Deutsche Telekom proposals for ITU-TF -modified stepped approach to reflect the request of pilot forum in ITU-T after PP-02, and further decision by WTSA-2004. AHG 1 Conclusion (see its report) 1.WGR and AHG 1: no agreement on ITU Standard Forum 2.AHG 1: no consensus reached 3.A pilot Forum in ITU-T might be useful 4.A number of participants consider WTSA-2000 essentially modified ITU-T, wait further to see the results. Part IV – ITU Reform

41 TSB 41 Next events: - TSAG meeting: 19-23 March 2001 - 4 th meeting of WGR in Brazil: 2-6 April 2001 - ITU Council meeting:18-29 June 2001 My observations - Very good spirit to push reform - very useful to contribute to the success of WTSA-2000 - somehow lack of knowledge of ITU/ITU-T reality - two more years until PP-02 (too long to wait for) - push ITU-T reform through TSAG and SG management team before PP-02 Part IV – ITU Reform

42 TSB 42 Q.1:ITU/ITU-T is too slow A.1:No, it is not. As a matter of fact, with TAP, ITU-T can approve its Recommendations in 9 months, while AAP can approve technical Recommendations in less than 2 months. Such a speedy procedure can challenge any SDO. Q.2:ITU spent a lot of money on languages; this is not wanted by industry. A.2:According to the statistics, 1/3 of the entire ITU-T budget is spent on languages. However, this expenditure is covered by the ITU budget, noting that the Sector Members contributions correspond to 1/3 of the entire ITU-T budget. Some saving measures taken: ITU-T has never provided interpretation for any meeting lower than SG level (except for SG 3) since 1997; For SGs, only the closing plenary has interpretation as from 2001; For TSAG, SG 3, and closing plenaries of SGs, interpretation will not be provided for those languages represented by less than 3 delegates. (For example, 2 TSAG meetings in 1999 did not have Chinese interpretation, although the Chinese delegation was present.) Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

43 TSB 43 SG meetings outside Geneva did not have interpretation; Only those draft texts identified for approval by SG meeting have been translated. The other documents, including meeting reports, normal contributions, delayed contributions, not stable draft Recommendations, etc. were not translated; Some ITU-T Recommendations were published in English only, e.g. X-series proformas; Software part of Recommendations remain in the original language only; AAP does not require texts translated into other languages; All efforts will be made to further save money. Q.3:ITU/ITU-T has no place for different technical solutions. A.3:It is ITU-Ts goal to establish single global standards. However, there are many cases where ITU-T accommodates different technical solutions, such as PCM (two systems), Videotex (4 systems), etc. IMT-2000 Radio access has five options. Furthermore, ITU-T Recommendations often provide mandatory and optional facilities. Therefore, possibility exists. Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

44 TSB 44 Q.4:Industry does want power, but never succeeded. A.4:How is power defined? True, at PP, at Council, industry has no seats. However, ITU has been working very hard to improve the situation, including recognizing a need to treat Sector Members as partners, using the expression working together for developing technical Recommendations, etc. As far as standardization is concerned, industry has enjoyed a lot of power, including the power to hold a text at any time before approval so that finally, Member States have nothing to approve. The new AAP gives Member States and Sector Members equal rights to comment on the draft texts during Last Call. PP-98 Res. 82, Convention 246A and 246B clearly stated that for technical Recommendations, formal consultation of Member States not required and that AAP…. may be approved by Member States and Sector Members, acting together… Voting should not be considered the only means to judge Power. On the other hand, power and dues are closely related. A fundamental change to the whole ITU structure and its mandate will be unavoidable if voting by Sector Members is accepted. Furthermore, there are many voting arrangements: weighted voting, equal voting, voting by simple majority, voting by Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

45 TSB 45 absolute majority, etc. Another point: who has right to vote? Individual person (participant)? Per delegation? Per membership? Per country? Some more: secret voting? Voting by hand? Voting by letter ballot? More time is needed to work on this issue. Q.5:Voting is a key element for any SDO. A.5:Although all SDOs have voting procedures, consensus is always sought in most cases to approve their standards. To use voting for technical standards represents a failure rather than a success. No SDO considers voting as their key to success. ITU also has voting procedures. ITU-T has never had a case of approving Recommendations by vote. Voting is a tool never-used (power) by Member States. Although Sector Members cannot vote directly, they can vote through their national Administrations. Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

46 TSB 46 Q.6:Some Sector Members have become a multi-national force rather than a national entity. How can ITU adapt to this development? A.6:This is a Question for further study. It is noted that a few big operators/ manufacturers lead the world markets, while in most countries, there are no major manufacturers and their operators carry out their activities within their national/regional territories. Coordination for multinational companies at national/international levels will have to be reviewed. Q.7:Appointment of Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of SGs were still controlled by Member States, not appreciated by Sector Members. A.7:For the first time in ITU-T, I introduced a transparent process to appoint Chairmen and Vice Chairmen of SGs: had discussions in TSAG, issued a Circular-letter to invite Members to propose candidates, several round discussions with Members before the WTSA, and with Heads of delegations during WTSA. During the whole process, the competence was always at the first place for consultations. The result is: 14 out 15 Chairmen of SGs are from Sector Members and none from developing countries. There are many things to be improved in the process. More transparency will be introduced in the future. Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

47 TSB 47 Q.8:Can ITU provide its Recommendations free of charge? A.8:No. It is not possible under the current circumstances. The sale represents a 7-8% of the ITU Budget. ITU cannot afford to lose this revenue. Externally, except IETF and a very few SDOs where their budget system is based on free deliveries, no SDOs can afford such a loss. In their budget, the sales represent 7-8% for ETSI, 30% for ISO and IEC, etc. Starting from January 2001, a trial of 3 free downloads of ITU products per person will be welcomed by students, researchers, ITU experts, and the public. A free web access to ITU official products will be provided to each ITU member (not Associates). Other advantages include special fees for universities, for the LDCs, etc. ITUs sales policy will be further reviewed. It is interesting to note that many new players have disappeared after a free service for a short period. Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

48 TSB 48 Q.9:ITU has too many face-to-face meetings, and it relays on their meetings only. A.9:Yes, for ITU-T, meetings are very important. All important decisions including approval of Recommendations are made at the meetings. However, for many years, ITU-T also uses electronic means, e-mail consultations, etc. There is a lot of progress, for example, all documents (Circular-letters, Collective-letters, reports, contributions, liaison statements, temporary documents, etc.), all Recommendations, Resolutions are available on web; Reflectors are provided for SG/WP/ Rapporteurs to conduct their work on a permanent basis; submission documents by several electric means (web, ftp, e-mail, etc.) are arranged. AAP procedures are conducted by e-mail only; TDs available on web the next day, pre-published Recommendations available in a couple of days after its approval; on-line subscriptions, electronic bookshop, various TSB database; ITU-T home page has a lot of information free to ITU-T Members; paperless meeting for some SGs already exist; LAN connection in the ITU meeting rooms; TSAG/WP3 dedicated to EDH; WTSA-2000 encouraged EDH; etc.

49 TSB 49 Q.10:ITU is an intergovernmental organization. Engineers/users, particularly young people, stay far away from ITU. A.10:A lot of efforts has been made to provide an easy access and a friendly environment for new comers. For example, TSB has recently prepared a guideline for new comers. TSB staff will be pleased to assist new comers for any enquiry. Actions to promote ITU in the circle of young people are at the top of the agenda. Tutorial sessions/workshops/ seminars on ITU/ITU-T environment will be organized in the market. ITU will do its best to attract young people and new comers.

50 TSB 50 Q.11:How do you see the future of IETF, 3GPPs and other SDOs? A.11:ITU has a lot of things to learn from them. ITU should not duplicate its work. ITU should continue to cooperate with them and other SDOs. A problem of surviving is common to all SDOs, including ITU-T. Some interesting points to note: -for example, in IETFs case, everything is open and free on web, and there is almost no decision on approval of RFCs during the IETF General Assembly (GA), why are there always 2000-3500 participants for each GA, three times a year? Can they continue their working methods like this? -for 3GPPs, budget and meeting expenditures become more and more troublesome. I sincerely hope that both of them will keep their momentum and they will find ways to go forward. Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

51 TSB 51 Q.12:How do you see the proposal to establish technical specification? A.12:For the time being, ITU-T Recommendation is the only official output of standards. The term draft Recommendation does not provide distinctions to the various steps of the draft text, which could be the very first draft from the scratch, or a very stable draft ready to be approved. In some cases, the industry would like to start the implementation of a draft Recommendation at their own risk. In case a formal approval of this text as Recommendation will be not possible in the near future, to provide a new product, which has lower status than Recommendation, would be useful to satisfy the request from exceptional cases. Such a product could be called technical specification, or Working Party supported draft Recommendation, or any other name. Anyhow, further discussion is needed. It is noted that ETSI has three categories of outputs, and ISO has Technical Report at a lower level and has a formal definition for draft International Standards (DIS) at the last stage for ballot. Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

52 TSB 52 Q.13:Do you support a new entity independent from ITU-T? A.13:As Director of TSB, I will certainly promote the internal Reform to make the ITU-T more attractive. The discussions on an independent new entity by the last AHG1 meeting in January 2001 have now reached a proposal of a pilot forum within ITU-T after PP-02 and WTSA-04. It should be noted that, at the 1 st Martigny meeting, the industry leaders clearly supported a forum model to be established by ITU-T. In my opinion, ITU-T has a good possibility to establish such a forum, because the rules and guidelines in ITU-T Rec. A.7 on focus group are similar to those for fora, and a strong will to push ITU-T reform will facilitate this action. Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

53 TSB 53 Q.14:In your opinion, ITU remains the best place. Why does it have a bad image? A.14:It is a classic image. It is a perception problem. It is very difficult to change this image. I put promotion very high on my agenda as from the beginning of 1999. Promotion is a complicated process which involves effective cooperation of all partners. Q.15:What actions have you done for promotion? Any progress? A.15:I have taken many measures, including: 1.Renamed a TSB Department by adding Promotion to its title and pushed this Department to take actions. 2.Sent TSB engineers to conferences, seminars to promote ITU. 3.Created a post of Communication and promotion, insisted on promotion as an integral part of the title. 4.Reacted to the wrong criticisms from the journalists and some VIPs to defend ITUs position. Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

54 TSB 54 5.Enhanced cooperation with the ITU Press Service. 6.Encouraged SG press release actions. 7.Change the responsibility of one P4 staff to take care of promotion. 8.Always put promotion high on my agenda, presentations. 9.Organize ITU-T activities in the regions, organize workshops, seminars. However, the progress is very limited. We have to work more. Q.16:What should ITU-T do? A.16:Before PP-02, there are two major tasks: to promote ITU-T and to improve its efficiency further. We have to promote: 1.ITU-T in the company of the current ITU-T members, particularly among companys young engineers in Business Units and leaders at different levels. 2.ITU-T activities in the regions, by organizing SG meetings, seminars, workshops in the regions. Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

55 TSB 55 3.ITU-T proactively in the market to attract new industry members. 4.ITU-T in the universities. 5.GOAL: to make ITU-T Impressive, Attractive, Dynamic and Energetic (IANE). To improve efficiency, ITU-T can do a lot of things before PP-02. Q.17:What do you expect from industry? A.17:I have the impression that neither fora nor SDO could survive if there was no support from big companies and that theyhave problems in following up on all existing and ever-increasing SDOs. It is in the interest of both industry and ITU to work together to make the best use of the very limited resources of experts and money. I therefore hope industry: to have a positive image of ITU-T: the best place for industry, and to promote it; Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

56 TSB 56 to strengthen ITU-Ts position by: -contacting always ITU-T first for any new initiatives; -informing ITU-T of the bad thing for ITU-T to tackle; -providing support to ITU-T. Q.18:For ITU-T reform, what can you propose? A.18:1)Some proposals to further recognize and strengthen Sector Members position; 2)Budget reform. The current system should be changed, because: not much flexibility; no direct linkage between Sector Members contributions and Sectors budget; no incentive to encourage Members to pay more than the minimum; Sector Members fee is not a heavy burden for big companies, but it does not encourage operators from developing countries and small companies to join ITU; Associates fee very high for Universities; Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

57 TSB 57 use registration fee for universities and small industry to attend ITU-T meetings. 3)ITU-Ts main task is telecommunications with its major work on public network aspects. I would propose to enlarge its scope to cover telecommunications plus information technologies; 4)Proposal to PP-02 to give more power to the Sector Members to manage their work in ITU-T; 5)Allow a new category of products of technical specifications at a level lower than Recommendation for special cases (start with TSAG); 6)Some arrangements to encourage the members to attend meetings. For example, establish a mechanism to encourage active Members who have attended two consecutive meetings (could start with TSAG). *********** Part V – Frequently Asked Questions

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