Presentation on theme: "ITU …connecting the world"— Presentation transcript:
1 ITU …connecting the world CONGRESS ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS IN THE BICENTENNIAL21 September 2010Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 Introduction to ITUFounded in 1865, oldest specialized agency of the UNStandards making one of the ITU’s first activities191 Member States, 780 private sector entitiesHQ Geneva, 11 regional offices, 760 staff / 80 nationalitiesNamed as one of the world’s ten most enduring institutions by Booz Allen
3 ITU Structure ITU-R: Global radio spectrum and satellite orbits ITU-D: Bridging the digital divideITU-T: Without ITU standards you couldn’t make a call or surf the Internet
4 Enabling EnvironmentITU works with regulators/policy makers and industry to develop/share guidelines and best practices as well as global standardsGlobal Symposium for RegulatorsICT Regulation ToolkitITU Study GroupsCapacity-building in developing and least developed countriesWorkshops and symposiumsIn order for businesses to invest in ICT infrastructure and services, ITU recognizes that an attractive and predictable environment is needed. ITU works with regulators, policy makers and industry to develop and share guidelines and best practices as well as global standards.We do this in a number of ways. For example, we organize a Global Symposium for Regulators each year as well as other regional activities. We have partnered with Infodev to produce an ICT Regulation Toolkit for regulators and policy makers. We organize Study Groups on regulatory and policy topics. And, we work with developing and least developed countries to build capacity and harmonize regulatory and policy frameworks.Together, these activities help create greater transparency and more predictability for industry to invest in ICTs.
5 ICT DevelopmentITU has mandate from membership to help spread ICT connectivity – connect the unconnectedBuilding capacities in developing and least developed countriesWorking with ITU government membership and industry partnersExecuting agency of UN for ICT projectsMobilizing resources and partners for implementation
6 Global Cybersecurity Agenda Launched 17 May 2007 ITU framework for global action:Legal MeasuresTechnical and Procedural MeasuresOrganizational StructuresCapacity BuildingInternational Cooperation
7 Managing Spectrum World Radiocommunication Conference 2007 Spectrum for future mobile communicationsSpectrum for broadcastingSatellite communicationsSpectrum for advanced aeronautical communicationsGlobal Maritime issuesProtect frequencies for earth-exploration satellites to monitor resources, emergencies, meteorology, climate changeITU plays an essential role in the area of radiocommunications and mobile technologies. The World Radio Conference in October 2007 tackled issues of significant importance to the ICT industry and society overall, including:Search for additional spectrum for future mobile communicationsProtection of frequencies for emergency communicationsSpectrum for advanced aeronautical communicationsRequirements for the Global Maritime Distress and Safety SystemRequirements for global broadband satellite systems – internet access for remote and underserved areas
8 IMT Background Broadband multimedia First IMT standards – IMT-2000 Now more than a billion IMT (3G) subscribersIMT-AdvancedGlobal platform for the next generation of mobile servicesFast data access, unified messaging and broadband multimedia – exciting new interactive servicesInternational Mobile Telecommunication system - IMT.IMT-2000 is a global standard defined by ITU in a set of interdependent ITU Recommendations, which include the specifications for the radio interfaces of advanced wireless communications systems such as 3G mobile.It is just over a year and a half since the ITU Radiocommunication Assembly 2007 took a decision of global importance to include WiMAX-derived technology in the framework of the IMT-2000 set of standards.This agreement paved the way for the deployment of a range of voice, data, and multimedia services to both stationary and mobile devices. Significantly, it opened the door to mobile Internet, catering to demand in both urban and rural markets.
9 What is IMT-Advanced? IMT-Advanced systems will: Provide access to a wide range of services supported by (increasingly packet-based) mobile and fixed networks.Support low to high mobility applications and a wide range of data rates in multiple user environments.Provide for high quality multimedia applications within a wide range platforms with significant improvement in performance and QoS.IMT-Advanced systems are mobile systems that include the new capabilities of IMT that go beyond those of IMT-2000.Such systems provide access to a wide range of telecommunication services including advanced mobile services, supported by mobile and fixed networks, which are increasingly packet-based.IMT-Advanced systems support low to high mobility applications and a wide range of data rates in accordance with user and service demands in multiple user environments.IMT-Advanced also has capabilities for high quality multimedia applications within a wide range of services and platforms, providing a significant improvement in performance and quality of service.IMT-Advanced features:A high degree of commonality of functionality worldwide while retaining the flexibility to support a wide range of services and applications in a cost efficient manner;Compatibility of services within IMT and with fixed networks;Capability of interworking with other radio access systems;High quality mobile services;User equipment suitable for worldwide use;User-friendly applications, services and equipment;Worldwide roaming capability; and,Enhanced peak data rates to support advanced services and applications (100 Mbit/s for high and 1 Gbit/s for low mobility were established as targets for research).These features enable IMT-Advanced to address evolving user needs and the capabilities of IMT-Advanced systems are being continuously enhanced in line with user trends and technology developments.
10 Key features A high degree of interoperability worldwide Flexibility to support a wide range of services in a cost efficient mannerService compatibility: IMT and fixed networksInterworking with other radio access systemsUser equipment suitable for worldwide useWorldwide roaming capabilityEnhanced peak data rates to support advanced services and applications
12 ITU-T Recommendations: Not all standards are equal Recommendations become mandatory if adopted in lawPrivate standards may confuse users and consumersITU’s broad range of stakeholders, and robust processes provide the basis for consensus across sectors and countriesMarket-driven international standards, based on objective information and knowledge.Meet the needs and concerns of all relevant stakeholders
13 Member State Participation Region A - The Americas (216)Region B - Western Europe (178)Region C - Eastern Europe and Northern Asia (73)Region D - Africa (182)Region E - Asia and Australasia (460)Member State delegates A216 B178 C73 D182 E460 TOTAL1109 UK49 FRANCE30 GERMANY26 JAPAN42 CHINA162 KOREA134 USA117
14 Strategic Objectives Develop and publish timely global standards Identify relevant areas for future standardization projectsProvide the most attractive forum for standardization in the interest of the membershipPromote value of ITU-T to attract increased membershipDisseminate information and know-howCooperate and collaborate with other Sectors and other entitiesProvide support and assistance to the membership, in particular developing countries
15 ITU-T Key FeaturesOpen, transparent, consensus based, fast working, public/private partnershipTechnical standards developed by industry members, when consensus placed on website and if no comments after 4 weeks is in effect approved by 191 governmentsITU standards are therefore truly global, open standards, unlike those of many other standards bodies, fora or consortium that claim to produce global and open standards, available free of chargePublicly available database of products and services meeting ITU standardsOrganizing interoperability events to prove interoperability of different vendors equipmentCommon IPR policy with ISO and IEC (FRAN)
16 Importance of Global Standards Global Standards essential in a complex worldStandards make things easierEssential for international communications and global tradeDrive competitiveness, for individual businesses and world economyHelp organisations with their efficiency, effectiveness, responsiveness and innovationLower prices and increase availability by reducing technical barriers and promoting compatibility between systems and networksManufacturers, network operators and consumers benefit
17 2009: A year of highlights Study Groups Despite financial crisis many study groups saw increased participationRemote participation on the rise120 e-meetingsFirst global standard for a fully networked homeITU-T Rec. G.9960; ex G.hnUniversal charger for mobile phonesMethodology to measure the impact of ICTs on climate change with the involvement of 20 other organizationsHandbooks on Optical fibres, cables and systems, converged networks, and the security manual
18 2009: A year of highlights Workshops 30 events, 2500 participants Implementation of WTSA-08 decisionsBridging the standardization gapICTs and climate changeCybersecurityNGNAccessibilityFirst fully virtual ITU symposium on ICTs and climate changeOrganised together with the KCC and TTA5th Fully Networked Car
19 Recent Activities in the Region Regional Group for Latin America and the Caribbean, Santo Domingo, 6-9 July 2010Regional ITU Consultation on Conformance Assessment and Interoperability, Quito, Ecuador, 6 July 2010ITU-T Study Group 5 Buenos Aires, Argentina April 2010ITU-T Workshop on "Interactions of Voiceband Signal Processing Functions and their End-to-End Coordination" Germantown, Maryland, USA, 21 April 2010Seminar on ITU-T hot topics for standardization and Kaleidoscope event: Innovations for Digital Inclusion Mar del Plata, Argentina, 31 August - 01 September 2009ITU-T Study Groups 11 and 13 and IPTV-GSI Mar del Plata, Argentina September 2009ITU panel “Globalization of Standardization and Making the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Accessible” at the 18th Biennial TDI Conference “Where Access begins” Washington DC, USA, 30 July - 1 August 2009ITU Symposium on ICTs and Climate Change and Forum on "Implementation of decisions of the World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA-08)“ Quito, Ecuador, 7-10 July 2009Regional Seminar on the economic and financial aspects of telecommunications for Member Countries of the Study Group 3 Regional Group for Latin America and Caribbean (SG3RG-LAC) (former TAL Group) Lima, Peru, June 20091919
20 Region’s Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen (ITU-T) Bruce Gracie, Chairman TSAG, Industry Canada, CanadaStephen J. Trowbridge, VC TSAG, Alcatel-Lucent, USAMarcos Pérez García VC, SG2, Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba, S.A. (ETECSA), CubaSteven D. Lind, VC SG 2, AT&T, USALeslie Joseph Martinkovics, VC, SG3, Verizon, USAHéctor Mario Carril, VC SG5, Secretaria de comunicaciones, ArgentinaArthur Webster, Chairman SG 9, US Department of Commerce, USACharles A. Dvorak, Chairman SG 12, AT&T, USAJúlio Cesar Fonseca, VC SG15, Regional focus group coordination, ANATEL, BrazilMark T. Neibert, VC SG16, Ygomi, USAAntonio Guimaraes, VC SG17, ANATEL, Brazil2020
21 The network knocks at your door Home Networking to achieve interoperability on a global scalePC World (US) : “The powerful world standards organization …[ITU].. has reached agreement on G.hn a set of specifications that would encompass phone lines, power lines, and coaxial cable to provide HDTV room to room…”Now: G.hn for Smart Grid2121
22 Future networks Focus Group Collect and identify visions of future networksNext Meetings: Geneva; Brazil; IndiaReport will be presented to Council Dedicated Group on Internet Governance
23 ITU-T’s quantum leaps in speech, audio and video quality Video codec H.264 in HDTV, iPhone, Blu-ray, 3G, etc2008 Primetime Emmy awardCall for technical contributions for next generationExtension of work on speech coding:Wider bandwidths, richer user experience
24 Intelligent Transport Systems ITU, ISO and IEC and Geneva Motor ShowAnnual EventNew work:Wideband communication in carsVehicle gateway protocol
25 Safety in the cyber world Identity management (IdM)Security standards for:NGNIPTVHome networks,Ubiquitous sensor networksMobilesTracebackCountering spam (EVCert)Road map of security standards: itu.int/ITU-T/studygroups/com17/ict/Cybersecurity Information Exchange Framework (CYBEX)Security Workshop, Geneva 6-7 December 2010
26 AccessibilityChampions principles Universal Design enshrined in the UN Convention on Rights of Persons with DisabilitiesIncludes accessibility features in all standardsStrong advocacy focusGroup to coordinate activities on accessibilityITU led Dynamic Coalition on the Internet and Accessibility at the Internet Governance Forum (IGF)Proposed new Focus Group on Interoperability of Accessibility protocols2626
27 ICTs and Climate Change Focus Group on ICTs and Climate ChangeITU led Dynamic Coalition on Internet and Climate change at the Internet Governance Forum (IGF)Participation in COP15Establishing close liaison with UNFCCCUN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon:"ITU is one of the very important stakeholders in the area of climate change."Participants in Focus Group ICT and Climate Change
28 Universal charger ITU-T Recommendation L.1000 Delivers 50% reduction in standby energy consumption, will eliminate up to 82,000 tonnes of redundant chargers, and cuts GHG emissions by at least million tonnes CO2 annually
29 Common MethodologyCommon methodology for measuring ICT carbon footprintWithout, it will be impossible to provide meaningful comparisonsHelps to establish the business case to go greenOver 20 organizations participate in the ITU groupStandards on life cycle environmental impact of ICTs goods and services, and ICT projects, November 20102929
30 Economic and policy issues SG 3 deals with international tariff and chargingRecommendations on charging and accounting for International Internet ConnectivityRecommendations on charging and accounting for international mobile telephonyGuidelines for resolution of disputes regarding charging and accountingDevelopment of charging and accounting/settlement mechanisms3030
31 Technology Watch: Scouting for future technologies … Recent papers:Remote collaboration toolsUbiquitous Sensor NetworksICTs and Climate ChangeTelepresenceHigh-performance video-conferencingIntelligent Transport SystemsLawful interception (LI)Next-Generation Networks (NGNs) and energy efficiencyMobile applicationsBatteries for portable ICT devicesUpcoming: ICTs and food security, network robotics, telebiometricsNew Briefing Reports published in ITU News
32 Chief Technology Officer (CTO) meeting Nineteen major CTOsRecognition of need for review of standardization landscapeResults will be presented at next meeting, Paris, 29 October.
33 Next generation electricity Chief Technology Officer Group highlighted Smart Grid as a priority areaFocus Group on Smart Grid willIdentify impacts on standards developmentInvestigate ITU-T study itemsFamiliarize ITU-T with emerging attributes of smart gridEncourage collaboration between ITU-T membership and utilities
34 In the cloud WTPF participants highlighted Cloud as a priority area Focus Group on Cloud Computing willIdentify potential impacts on ITU-T standards developmentInvestigate future study itemsAnalyze how interoperability can be assuredFamiliarize ITU-T with emerging attributes and challenges of cloud computing
35 Kaleidoscope 2010 Pune, India, 13-15 December 2010 Exhibition by local universitiesBest paper awards $10,000Proceedings IEEE Xplore online libraryNew this year:Standards Corner (tutorial)Jules Verne’s Corner(SciFi writers and dreamers)Additional info: itu-kaleidoscope.org/2010Associated events: Focus Group on Future NetworksThird IPTV Interoperability event
36 ITU and IPv6Massive deployment of Internet-related resources=depletion of IPv4 addresses.ITU actively promoting IPv6 deploymentNew ITU-T/D Group established two CGsNext meeting 1-2 SeptemberOpen participation
37 The International Telecommunication Regulations ITRs catalyzed global telecoms liberalization and facilitated InternetAdopted to:Provide a basis for the provision & operation of international telecommunication servicesTo designate responsibilities of Admins and OperatorsTo provide general principles, even for commercially- negotiated arrangementsRevision under discussion since PP98WTSA and WCIT 5-30 November 2012ITRs: Abrogate, revise or update? New issues?3737
38 Conformity and interoperability Conformity assessment benefits manufacturers, service providers, users and regulators and supports sustainable development.Conformity gives confidence and facilitates access to world markets.All successful SDOs have testing specifications; conformance testing to determine compliant products; and interoperability testing.
39 ITU’s Conformity and Interoperability Programme Four Action Lines:Creation of a conformity databaseOrganisation of interoperability eventsDevelop human resources capacity through workshops and tutorialsAssist establishment of test facilities in developing countries39
40 The ITU-T “Pilot” Conformity Database Will provide a source of what products have been successfully tested to ITU-T Recommendations. Pilot conformity database follows ISO/IEC series: Requires the issue of a Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) (ISO/IEC 17050)Voluntary and free, open to ITU members. Non- members may participate on a case by case basisTesting1st, 2nd, 3rd party accredited labs conformity assessment3rd party accredited certifiers40
42 Capacity BuildingDevelop expertise in conformity and interoperability testingIn collaboration with BDTPlan to organize tutorials at established test centres around the worldJoint workshops planned with UNIDO
43 Establishment of conformity test centres in developing countries Need to build partnerships with relevant organizations: UNIDO, ISO (CASCO), IEC, IAF and ILACUNIDO has a programme to assist in establishment of accreditation bodies and conformity test centres in developing countriesUNIDO offer of collaboration43
44 Regional Consultation Meetings 2010 Americas – 6 July, Quito, EcuadorAfrica – July, Nairobi, KenyaAsia Pacific – September – AustraliaContinue the discussion to better implement the four action lines adopted by Council 2009.Improve the ITU-T pilot conformity database to meet the requirements of all the stakeholders in the spirit of the WTSA-08 Resolution 76 addressing the needs of developing countries on this subject.44
45 Business PlanCouncil endorsed need to develop a business plan for the long term implementation of the programmeNeed to first determine the demand for each of the action linesAmend programme in light of further consultations45
46 Admission of Sector Members from Developing countries ITU Council supports proposal to reduce cost to 1/16 of the Sector Member contributory unit = CHF 3,975Proposal to be reviewed at PP’10Admission of academia, universities and their associated research establishmentsITU Council supports proposal to reduce cost to 1/32 of the Sector Member contributory unit = CHF 1,987Academia Member would not participate in approval process of Recommendations. Proposal to be reviewed at PP’104646
47 Plenipotentiary Conference 2010 4 to 22 October 2010The key event at which ITU Member States decide on ITU’s future role of the organization.Sets the Union's general policies, adopts four-year strategic and financial plans and elects the senior management team, the members of Council and the members of the Radio Regulations Board.4747
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