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JCOMM Observations Programme Area Report to Ship Observations Team (SOT-IV) Geneva, 16-21 April 2007 Mike Johnson Observations Programme Area Coordinator.

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Presentation on theme: "JCOMM Observations Programme Area Report to Ship Observations Team (SOT-IV) Geneva, 16-21 April 2007 Mike Johnson Observations Programme Area Coordinator."— Presentation transcript:

1 JCOMM Observations Programme Area Report to Ship Observations Team (SOT-IV) Geneva, 16-21 April 2007 Mike Johnson Observations Programme Area Coordinator photo courtesy of MeteoFrance

2 Observations Programme Area Implement the ocean domain of GCOS-92: JCOMM is identified as the implementing agent for 21 specific actions. The Plan is in place GCOS-92: International GOOS GEOSS Ocean Baseline UNFCCC Priority G8 Commitment

3 As of September 2005, all six global in situ implementation programs are now linked internationally through WMO/IOC JCOMM coordination The organizing framework is in place

4 57% Total in situ networks January 200757% 100% 42% 81% 43% 66% 48%21% 81% Initial Global Ocean Observing System for Climate Status against the GCOS Implementation Plan and JCOMM targets A total of 5635 platforms are maintained globally.

5 Tide gauge stations Surface Drifting Buoys Tropical Moored Buoys Profiling Floats Ships of Opportunity Ocean Reference Stations Ocean Carbon Networks Arctic Observing System Dedicated Ship Support Data & Assimilation Subsystems Management and Product Delivery Satellites -- SST, Surface Topography, Wind, Color, Sea Ice GCOS-92 Implementation Targets are designed for climate but also serve global weather prediction, global and coastal ocean prediction, marine transportation, marine hazards warning, marine environmental monitoring, naval applications, and many other non-climate users. 8 of 9 GEOSS Societal Benefits

6 7991106 126148 170 807671779787 975 1250 77 79 838691 97104115 119 26 27 39 4449 51 923 1572 2300 3000 4142 495460 78 89 9 1517 2023 28 31 3034 4045 4855 60 66 77 88 99 51 56 67 67 69 23 24 20 31 544 15 29 35 37 0 0 1 4 60 108112 150 180 200 0 Tide Gauge Stations Surface Drifting Buoys Tropical Moored Buoys VOS Clim Ships Argo Floats Reference Stations Ocean Carbon Network Ships of Opportunity 2000 20012002 2003200420062005200720082009 2010 Multi-year Phased Implementation Plan (International targets presented at JCOMM-II -- representative milestones) Real-time Stations, Initial GCOS Subset High resolution & frequently repeated lines occupied Number of floats Number of moorings Number of buoys Repeat Sections Completed, One inventory per 10 years System % Complete Observatories, flux, and ocean transport stations Number of ships recruited Total System 2000 2001200220032004200620052007200820092010 JCOMM-I JCOMM-II Initial Ocean Observing System Milestones 57

7 Progress

8 20032005 Systems Approach to Standard Mapping and Reporting Standard Baser Map: Equidistant Cylindrical Projection, 90N to 90S, broken at 30 E

9 Surface Drifting Buoys 1250 sustained array (achieved) Users Workshop (March 2006) Implement hourly reporting Need barometers on all drifters (presently 407) Milestone 18 September 2005

10 TAO/TRITON sustained PIRATA Extensions implemented Indian Ocean Array getting started Tropical Moored Buoys

11 2851 active floats -- will reach 3000 by mid-2007 Argo Profiling Float Array

12 Deploying and maintaining 89 Ocean Reference Stations (42 now in service)

13 By the end of 2007 most of the 170 Climate Reference Tide Gauge Stations Will Provide Marine Hazards Warning in Real Time GCOS Climate Reference Network of Tide Gauge Stations

14 Sites where Tsunami and Climate plans overlap -- potential for coordination Sites where Climate missions already deploy tsunami buoys routinely Integrating tsunami buoys into GOOS (JCOMM DBCP and OceanSITES) Chilean Tsunami Buoy being deployed during a U.S. Climate mission Met sensors installed by USA on the Chilean tsunami buoy: October 2006

15 Note : AX08 is Under sampled in FRX Mode AX07 AX03 AX20 AX22 IX01 IX12 IX22 IX28 PX05 PX08 PX09 PX10 PX13 PX17 PX18 PX30 PX31 PX34 PX37 PX38 PX40 PX50 AX08 AX18 AX25 AX29 AX34 IX06 IX08 IX15 PX02 PX04 PX11 IX21 PX21 PX36 PX81 AX15 AX10 AX11 IX07 IX09S PX44 PX06 IX10 JCOMM-II authorized a Trust Fund for Consumables for Ship-Based Observations Trust fund managed by WMO Initially focused on XBTs Expenditures to be authorized by Chair, SOT 41 of 51 UOT XBT lines now occupied

16 Note : AX08 is Under sampled in FRX Mode AX07 AX03 AX20 AX22 IX01 IX12 IX22 IX28 PX05 PX08 PX09 PX10 PX13 PX17 PX18 PX30 PX31 PX34 PX37 PX38 PX40 PX50 AX08 AX18 AX25 AX29 AX34 IX06 IX08 IX15 PX02 PX04 PX11 IX21 PX21 PX36 PX81 AX15 AX10 AX11 IX07 IX09S PX44 PX06 IX10 910 VOS reporting at least 25 obs/month

17 Note : AX08 is Under sampled in FRX Mode AX07 AX03 AX20 AX22 IX01 IX12 IX22 IX28 PX05 PX08 PX09 PX10 PX13 PX17 PX18 PX30 PX31 PX34 PX37 PX38 PX40 PX50 AX08 AX18 AX25 AX29 AX34 IX06 IX08 IX15 PX02 PX04 PX11 IX21 PX21 PX36 PX81 AX15 AX10 AX11 IX07 IX09S PX44 PX06 IX10 622 ASAP obs/month

18 38% complete Measuring Ocean Carbon Sources and Sinks 1. Inventory 10-year survey 2. Ships of opportunity Network design underway 3. Moored buoy time series

19 Water Temperature Metadata Pilot Project (META-T PP) Workshop: Reading, March 2006Workshop: Reading, March 2006 –Considered user requirements for real-time metadata: NWP, SST analysis, GHRSST, data assimilation and ocean analysis, ocean modeling, model validation, climate forecasting satellite cal/val, diagnostics by platform operatorsNWP, SST analysis, GHRSST, data assimilation and ocean analysis, ocean modeling, model validation, climate forecasting satellite cal/val, diagnostics by platform operators –Reviewed all in situ systems delivering SST and Temperature Profiles GTSPP, GOSUD, Argo, DBCP, SOT, OceanSITES, ODASGTSPP, GOSUD, Argo, DBCP, SOT, OceanSITES, ODAS –Proposed three categories of metadata: Metadate required for real-time distribution with the observational dataMetadate required for real-time distribution with the observational data Metadata required for real-time but not necessarily transmitted with the observations (available via servers)Metadata required for real-time but not necessarily transmitted with the observations (available via servers) Metadata not required in real-timeMetadata not required in real-time –National Marine Data & Information Service of China (NMDIS) volunteered to host metadata servers for the pilot project. –NDBC (USA) will also consider hosting a mirror server.

20 Observing System Monitoring

21 JCOMMOPS Product Delivery

22 Ship observations not shown Percent of 5x5 Boxes with 25 Observations per Week Drifting Buoys Moored Buoys Ships Total Goal: 100% Global Coverage 100 80 60 40 20 0 Requirement: All boxes blue Drifting Buoys + Moored Buoys + Weighted Ship Observations Requirement: 0.2°C - 0.5°C accuracy; 500km horizontal resolution; 25 samples per week (GOOS/GCOS, 1999) Performance Measure: Reduce the error in global measurement of Sea Surface Temperature Metric: Potential satellite bias error (degrees Celsius) Observing System Status: 2006, Q4. Error in Global Measurement of Sea Surface Temperature

23 BATHY (mostly XBTs) TESAC (mostly Argo floats) TRACKOB (surface underway data) BUOY (moored and drifting) Observing System Status: 2006, Q4 Temperature Profiles Goal: 100% Global Coverage Requirement: All boxes blue Sampling requirements: 1 profile Every 10 days In every 3 x 3 º

24 BATHY (mostly XBTs) TESAC (mostly Argo floats) TRACKOB (surface underway data) BUOY (moored and drifting) Observing System Status: 2006, Q4 Salinity Profiles Goal: 100% Global Coverage Requirement: All boxes blue Sampling requirements: 1 profile Every 10 days In every 3 x 3 º

25 BATHY (mostly XBTs) TESAC (mostly Argo floats) TRACKOB (surface underway data) BUOY (moored and drifting) Observing System Status: 2006, Q4 Sea Surface Salinity Goal: 100% Global Coverage Requirement: All boxes blue Sampling requirements: 1 observation Every 10 days In every 2 x 2 º

26

27 Sort by: Platform type Variables being sampled Time frame Contributing Country Drill down for platform metadata and real-time data. Observing System Monitoring Center Near-real-time tool for system statistics and data (Data from GTS. Web sources by May 2007)

28 Location security: Ship observations are not available for the most recent 48 hours. 481 Ships reporting two days ago

29 Australia had 141 Platforms reporting during the past month

30 Test Version 2.00 beta: www.jcommops.org/network_status Test Version 2.00 beta: www.jcommops.org/network_status

31 Volunteer Observing Ships: The Backbone of the Global Ocean Observing System

32 Thank You SOT photo courtesy of MeteoFrance

33 - Looking to the Future - JCOMM Observing Platform Support Center (JCOMMOPS) (presently supporting DBCP, SOT, Argo) Roundtable, May 2006: representatives from the OCG, DBCP,SOT, GLOSS, Argo, OceanSITES, IOCCP, POGORoundtable, May 2006: representatives from the OCG, DBCP,SOT, GLOSS, Argo, OceanSITES, IOCCP, POGO –Agreed value and mutual benefit in evolving toward a Global Observing Program Support Center. –Estimate seven personnel needed versus the present two working at JCOMMOPS. –Shared benefit, shared responsibility: the Systems benefiting should pay in proportion to their demand for JCOMMOPS services. –Consider possible relocation of JCOMMOPS to a national center that might be interested in hosting an international center, and furnish in-kind contributions and additional support. JCOMM Management Committee JCOMM Management Committee (07 October, Geneva): OCG will develop requirements/specifications for future JCOMMOPS evolution and call for proposals -- April 2007. 5635 Platforms 68 Counties


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