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SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © 2003-2004 SDL Task Force Consortium.

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Presentation on theme: "SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © 2003-2004 SDL Task Force Consortium."— Presentation transcript:

1 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved SDL+ The simplest, useful, enhanced SDL-subset!

2 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved SDL Background SDL is a world-leader the most popular graphical representation Special characteristics of SDL are Graphical representation Hierarchical structure Functionality Built-in concepts of states and events But SDL has become big & complex

3 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved SDL+ The language of the people! The SDL Task Force designed SDL+ to be accessible to users with typical requirements bring implementation and testing closer together allowing greater integration of tools The starting point is: What is a state machine? And everything for implementation follows… Then to ask: What is a test? And everything for testing follows… SDL+ is really easy!

4 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved So What is a State Machine? The most basic mechanism in SDL+ Interface Communication with other state machines State Defines behaviour for a set of events State-Event Matrix Defines behaviour for the state machine Context Associated information, such as variables

5 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved State Machine: Interface Used for communication with the environment Other state machines connected via gates Gates are docking points for connections Communication is based on events Protocol Data Unit sent or received at a gate Typically a list of signals Signals have parameters, which must be present if defined

6 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved State Machine: State A state is a set of event constraints Each event constraint has a behaviour (action) An event constraint matches a received event if the gate constraint and the PDU constraint match For signals this means signal name and parameters Wildcards for any gate and any PDU Also for any signal and any value Only one state can be active at a time

7 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved State Machine: State-Event Matrix Defines the behavior for all states Special states Start No possible inputs Defines the behavior when the state machine starts Default Defines the behavior for undefined events If not defined in the active state

8 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved State Machine: Context Associated information stored between events Variables Data types from ASN.1-subset based on X.680 Local variables for procedures Timers

9 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved State Machine: Conclusions Fully compatible with subset of SDL concepts Introduction of an extended notion of event Any data type Signal parameter values are checked Improved scoping & data-hiding This is already enough to implement the ITU-T specifications, such as SS7, ISDN & INAP!

10 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Dimensioning Define a specific number of state machines Arrays of states machines Or a specific number of gates Arrays of gates And connect them with a single connection An index variable is only needed for gates Limitations necessary to manage index values Re-dimension a system by changing a single parameter.

11 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved PDU Encoding Convert a variable to an ASN.1 encoded PDU ENCODE Variable TO PDU USING Encoding_Rule Convert an ASN.1 encoded PDU to a variable DECODE PDU TO Variable USING Encoding_Rule No additional information needed No additional ASN.1 compilers needed Also works for non ASN.1 formatted PDUs!

12 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved PDU Encoding Rules Considered Basic Encoding Rules (BER) Packed Encoding Rules (PER) Basic Aligned Packed Encoding Rules (BA_PER) SER ( SDL+ Encoding Rule) All values as 32 bit integers SRER ( SDL+ Reduced Encoding Rule) No tag information, supports non-ASN.1 PDUs

13 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Encoding / Decoding ASP* of lower layer ASP for this layer * ASP = Abstract Service Primitive Protocol stack FSM Codec Receive signal with ASN.1 Variable ENCODE Variable TO PDU send PDU Receive PDU DECODE PDU TO ASN.1Variable send Signal Codec SDL-Signals PDUs

14 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved What is a Test? A test is A sequence of stimuli and expected responses Chosen to test a specific behaviour A test result is A conclusion reached from carrying out a set of tests Recording the individual success of each test A test results confirms the implementation of a test object.

15 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Testing State Machines with SDL+ There are many types of testing Load tests, functional tests, regression tests... White box tests, black box tests... SDL+ is designed for state machines......And state machines look like black boxes......So SDL+ is designed for black box testing But SDL+ can probably be used for any kind of event-based testing!

16 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Potential Benefits Data sharing Portability Components recycling Procedures, signals, user-defined data types Ease of use – one language instead of two Cheaper to implement tools Faster to learn Use the same language for system specification and test specification!

17 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Key RequirementsFeatures used for State Machines Tester & IUTBlocks/Processes Connecting between tester and IUTGates & Channels Communication between tester and IUTSignals sent & received Sending stimuli to IUTOutput Receiving responses from IUTInput Storing & Transferring dataVariables & Data Type Control of FlowDecisions, Labels & Join Test Step ReplicationProcedures Measuring the timing of responsesTimers General Requirements for Test Specifications Implementing a test suite is similar to implementing a state machine!

18 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Specific Requirements A set of tests needs organisation Test suite, test groups, test cases and test purpose. A test needs to check received values are correct Constraint Already defined for implementing state machines A test has a conclusion, successful or not Verdict (Pass, Fail or Inconclusive) Preliminary or Final (end of test) Configuration data (test suite parameters) Change constants without rebuilding

19 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Interface to Test Object A test object is a state machine......A state machine has an interface... Gates & Events (Signals)...And a test suite connects to a test object......So a test suite has the same interface Use same gates & events Working with the same concepts for implementation and testing just makes everything much easier!

20 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved SDL+ for Testing test harness protocol stack FSM Codec test object tester test suite interface definition

21 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Summary of Features for Testing Test Suite Test Group Test Case Test Purpose Matching Mechanism Already defined for state machines Verdict Test Suite Parameters SDL+ Sometimes things really can be that simple!

22 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Additional Features Under Consideration Test case selection expressions Parameterized constraint types Test Suite Variables Discussion ongoing

23 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Summary SDL+ is lightweight But suitable for heavyweight applications All features are the simplest, useful It is almost fully compatible with an SDL-subset SDL-2000 could be defined as an extension SDL+ has one major difference to SDL......It has features for testing state machines! One language can be used for the implementation and testing of state machines!

24 SDL+ The Simplest, Useful Enhanced SDL-Subset The documentation is the design, the design is the system! Copyright © SDL Task Force Consortium. All rights reserved Future Use SDL+ to promote SDL Increase acceptance by users Getting started, tutorials, examples Improve the documentation Cooperate with more tool suppliers Embedded systems, safety critical… Cooperate with the ITU-T! We need your support – join us at:


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