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-> (Future) WMO Information System FWIS -> WIS WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION Weather – Climate - Water Dieter C. Schiessl Director, WWW Department.

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Presentation on theme: "-> (Future) WMO Information System FWIS -> WIS WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION Weather – Climate - Water Dieter C. Schiessl Director, WWW Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 -> (Future) WMO Information System FWIS -> WIS WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION Weather – Climate - Water Dieter C. Schiessl Director, WWW Department WMO Tel.: +(41 22) Fax: +(41 22)

2 Vientiane Ulaanbaatar Baghdad Doha Kuwait Bahrain Dhaka Yangon Kathmandu Kabul Karachi Colombo Male Hanoi Phnom Penh PyongYang Ashgabad Macao 64K Dushanbe Almaty NI Seoul NI K (V.34) 64K K V K 9.6K 64K64K 128K 64K 50 64K K2.4K 64K K K Melbourne Offenbach Cairo Algiers Moscow Kuala Lumpur Tashkent Novosibirsk Khabarovsk Bangkok Frame Relay CIR Frame Relay CIR Melbourne Washington Frame Relay CIR NI K (V.34) Regional Meteorological Telecommunication Network for Region II (Asia) December 2004 Bishkek 64K64K 2.4K Singapore 9.6K RTH in Region II NMC in Region II Centre in other region MTN circuit Regional circuit Interregional circuit Additional circuit Non-IP link IP link NI No implementation K (V.34) Tehran Sanaa 200 Hong Kong Moscow NI Frame Relay CIR Tokyo Beijing Frame Relay CIR New Delhi IMTN-MDCN CIR IMTN-MDCN CIR Manila IMTN-MDCN Frame Relay CIR Internet Jeddah Internet Muscat Emirates NI Id V.34 64K Internet Washington Internet ISDN 128K K (V.34) Via Moscow IMTN-MDCN Frame Relay CIR K (V.34) Frame Relay CIR Internet IMTN-MDCN Frame Relay CIR IMTN-MDCN Frame Relay CIR IMTN-MDCN Frame Relay CIR CMA-VSAT

3 World Weather Watch GTS - Global Telecommunication System - The GTS Network

4 World Meteorological Centres WWW GTS Regional/Specialized Meteorological Centres National Meteorological Centres Meteorological and R&D Satellite Operator Centres GTS current users Regional, Specialized, National and World Meteorological Centres, as well as, Meteorological Satellite Operator Centres currently exchange with the WWW GTS

5 Information management - multiplicity of data formats; uncoordinated metadata and catalogues Current situation Information exchange – multiplicity of procedures; real-time and non-real time internet 5 GAW World Data Centres GCOS Data Centres Global Run-off Data Centre stop IRI and other climate research institutes Universities Regional Climate Centres stop stop stop stop stop World Meteorologic al Centres WWW GTS Regional/Specialized Meteorological Centres National Meteorological Centres Meteorological and R&D Satellite Operator Centres International Organizations (IAEA, CTBTO, UNEP, FAO.. ) Commercial Service Providers World Radiation Centre Regional Instrument Centres WMO World Data Centres

6 Information management - multiplicity of data formats; uncoordinated metadata and catalogues Current situation Information exchange – multiplicity of procedures; real-time and non-real time internet 5 GAW World Data Centres GCOS Data Centres Global Run-off Data Centre NMHS IRI and other climate research institutes Universities Regional Climate Centres NMHS NMHS NMHS NMHS NMHS World Meteorologic al Centres WIS Regional/Specialized Meteorological Centres National Meteorological Centres Meteorological and R&D Satellite Operator Centres International Organizations (IAEA, CTBTO, UNEP, FAO.. ) Commercial Service Providers World Radiation Centre Regional Instrument Centres WMO World Data Centres

7 Cg-XIV (2003): The multiplicity of systems of the different Programmes causes incompatibilities, inefficiencies, duplication of efforts and higher overall costs. Congress approved the concept of the Future WMO Information System (FWIS), which will provide a single coordinated global infrastructure for the collection and sharing of information in support of all WMO and related international programmes. EC-LVI (2004): Identified FWIS to be one of the key contributions of WMO to GEOSS

8 (F)WIS brings new features and opportunities Common to all WMO programmes Common to all WMO programmes Inter-disciplinary locating, retrieval and exchange of information in real and non-real time Inter-disciplinary locating, retrieval and exchange of information in real and non-real time On-line catalogues using metadata based on ISO (geographic information standard)On-line catalogues using metadata based on ISO (geographic information standard) Industry standards and off-the-shelf hardware and software systems to ensure cost- effectiveness and inter-operabilityIndustry standards and off-the-shelf hardware and software systems to ensure cost- effectiveness and inter-operability

9 Interoperability of Information Systems NETWORK Network Example of queries: Where to find data on the Antarctica for the period ? How to get them? How to use them? Network At present, WMO Programmes do not offer appropriate response to such queries in quasi real- time

10 Structure of (F)WIS National Centres (NC)National Centres (NC) Global Information System Centres (GISC)Global Information System Centres (GISC) Data Collection and Production Centres (DCPC)Data Collection and Production Centres (DCPC) Data communication networksData communication networks

11 National Centre (NC) Several NCs in a country are possible (not just the NMC)Several NCs in a country are possible (not just the NMC) Exchange information collected or generated in the country with the GISC or DCPCExchange information collected or generated in the country with the GISC or DCPC Serve as portal for national users and administrate their access to FWISServe as portal for national users and administrate their access to FWIS Data Collection and Production Centre (DCPC) Serve as information production facilites in response to stated requirementsServe as information production facilites in response to stated requirements Facilitate access/exchange from/with NCs and GISCsFacilitate access/exchange from/with NCs and GISCs Support information Push and Pull mechanismsSupport information Push and Pull mechanisms Generate, maintain and provide metadata catalogues of their informationGenerate, maintain and provide metadata catalogues of their information

12 Global Information System Centre (GISC) Receive information from NCs and DCPCsReceive information from NCs and DCPCs Exchange information with other GISCsExchange information with other GISCs Disseminate, within its area of responsibility, the entire WWW set of data and products for routine global exchange (GTS function)Disseminate, within its area of responsibility, the entire WWW set of data and products for routine global exchange (GTS function) Maintain metadata cataloguesMaintain metadata catalogues Ensure around-the-clock, reliable and secure operationsEnsure around-the-clock, reliable and secure operations

13 Information collection data flow

14 Information distribution data flow

15 (F)WIS implementation Build upon the most successful components of existing WMO systems and prepare a smooth and coordinated transitionBuild upon the most successful components of existing WMO systems and prepare a smooth and coordinated transition Map existing WMO Programme centres into the functional (F)WIS centres (e.g. WWW/RSMC DCPC)Map existing WMO Programme centres into the functional (F)WIS centres (e.g. WWW/RSMC DCPC) Evaluate functions, technologies and architecture through pilot projects and prototype solutionsEvaluate functions, technologies and architecture through pilot projects and prototype solutions Ensure a flexible system structure that can respond to growing requirements and technological progressEnsure a flexible system structure that can respond to growing requirements and technological progress

16 (F)WIS implementation The information and communication functions of existing WMO Programme centres are mapped into the corresponding functions of (F)WIS centres as illustrated below for the WWW: Current WWW Centres FWIS Functional centre NMC (as regards information and communication) NC RSMC (as regards information and communication) DCPC WMC (as regards information and communication) DCPC and/or GISC RTH (on the MTN) DCPC and/or GISC RTHDCPC

17 Improved GTS Internet like applications Flexible services Saving implementation costs and human resources Expanding bandwidth Flexible connectivity Saving recurrent costs From the GTS towards the (F)WIS core network Strengthen GTS capabilities benefit from technology opportunities Migration to TCP/IP Use of cost-effective networks Strategies Leased circuits Legacy protocols Legacy GTS

18 The GTS (Global Telecommunication System) towards the FWIS core network MTN = Core of the GTS managed by MTN centres in cooperation with WMO RMTN managed by each Regional Association National level network managed by each Member RTHs (Regional Telecommunication Hubs) NMTNs National Meteorological Telecommunication Networks NMTN RMTNs Regional Meteorological Telecommunication Networks RMTN in RA I RMTN in RA II RMTN in RA III RMTN in RA IV RMTN in RA V RMTN in RA VI MTN Main Telecommunication Network NMCs (National Meteorological Centres) Centre classification MTN Centres (RTHs on the MTN) NMC RTH Structure of the GTS

19 Exeter Sofia Network II Melbourne Buenos Aires Tokyo Beijing Nairobi Washington The Improved Main Telecommunication Network IX-2004 Network I Network I Jeddah Prague Toulouse Dakar Algiers Offenbach Brasilia Cairo Managed data communication network Point-to-point services New Delhi Moscow

20 Specific characteristics of IMTN clouds Cloud I Frame Relay Melbourne Tokyo 1.5Mbps Washington 256kbps Exeter 256kbps Access circuit 1.5Mbps 32kbps 16kbps CIR= 768kbps 32kbps 64kbps 32kbps a) a)High reliability, guaranteed quality of service, full security b) b)Scalability, Flexibility for establishing logical connections c) c)Asymmetric bandwidths (CIR: Committed Information Rate)

21 GTS traffic Snapshot 384kbps line (Half of CIR) Traffic on the GTS Example at RTH Tokyo From Washington (CIR=768kbps) From Melbourne (CIR=32kbps) From other GTS circuits Daily Average of actual use of capacity Daily volume received 1192Mbytes25Mbytes 7Mbytes 14.4%7.2% spare capacity

22 Evolution to IP-VPN through provider networks (full any-to-any point interconnectivity, high security & reliability) VPN : Virtual Private Network MPLS : Multi Protocol Label Switching Closed IP network with MPLS by a provider CE Core Router VPN group VPN group Complemented by the Internet Internet

23 Several current pilot projects test and evaluate various functional concepts and architectures and thus spearhead the implementation of (F)WIS RA VI VGISC : Exeter, Offenbach, Toulouse, ECMWF and EUMETSAT are developing a distributed GISC – prototype demo at CBS-XIIIRA VI VGISC : Exeter, Offenbach, Toulouse, ECMWF and EUMETSAT are developing a distributed GISC – prototype demo at CBS-XIII EUMETNET - UNIDART: data portalEUMETNET - UNIDART: data portal RA II & V VPN Project: VPNs via Internet linking NMCs in the RegionsRA II & V VPN Project: VPNs via Internet linking NMCs in the Regions Roshydromet CliWare project (CCl)Roshydromet CliWare project (CCl) WAMIS (CAgM)WAMIS (CAgM) Cooperation with Earth Sciences Portal, NCAR, etcCooperation with Earth Sciences Portal, NCAR, etc Test and evaluation of WMO Core Metadata standard coordinated by focal points of the TCsTest and evaluation of WMO Core Metadata standard coordinated by focal points of the TCs

24 Main challenges: Development of interoperability through ctive involvement and contribution of all WMO Programmes and Technical Commissions Development of interoperability through active involvement and contribution of all WMO Programmes and Technical Commissions Promotion and support of pilot projects and prototype solutionsPromotion and support of pilot projects and prototype solutions Regional and sub-regional development and implementation planningRegional and sub-regional development and implementation planning

25 Impact on and benefits for WMO (F)WIS concerns only information exchange and data management functions and does not affect data processing components.(F)WIS concerns only information exchange and data management functions and does not affect data processing components. (F)WIS maximizes cross-programme standardization related to data and data connectivity between all applications(F)WIS maximizes cross-programme standardization related to data and data connectivity between all applications (F)WIS information cataloguing and metadata ensure finding of and access to information by each user (person or institution) within established data policies(F)WIS information cataloguing and metadata ensure finding of and access to information by each user (person or institution) within established data policies (F)WIS is a cost-effective comprehensive solution for developing countries to actively participate in the WMO Programmes(F)WIS is a cost-effective comprehensive solution for developing countries to actively participate in the WMO Programmes

26 Inter-commission Coordination Group on FWIS Established by EC-LVI as a coordination and collaboration mechanism spanning across the technical commissions and reporting to ECEstablished by EC-LVI as a coordination and collaboration mechanism spanning across the technical commissions and reporting to EC Includes TCs representatives and other ad-hoc expertsIncludes TCs representatives and other ad-hoc experts Facilitates sharing of knowledge, resources and commitment to strengthen the FWIS development and implementation processesFacilitates sharing of knowledge, resources and commitment to strengthen the FWIS development and implementation processes First session: January 2005First session: January 2005

27 Frequently asked questions Q1:Will there still be a GTS data exchange mechanism as we know it today? A1:Yes, but more flexible and based on WMO TDCF Q2:With several NCs within a country, what is the role of the NMC/RTH? A2.1:Only the NMC/RTH manages the GTS traffic according to the WMO Manual on the GTS A2.2:The NMC/RTH is the network coordinator for connection and access rights of the other NCs Q3:Who are the so-called other NCs in a country? A3:Examples are national or international data centres, academia, research institutions, commercial service providers if permitted according to A2.2

28 Q4:What can a NC gain through the connection to (F)WIS? A4:Cost-effective, standardized access to a wealth of national and international data archives and data bases of the GEOSS; in reverse, the international user community can obtain access to the data bases and archives of the NC in conformity with established data policies Q5:Is there a financial and administrative burden on the NMC/RTH? A5.1:Financial - That depends how the national network is organized; if the other NCs are directly connected to the Network Service Provider: NO! if their data flow through the NMC/RTH: YES! A5.2:Administrative – NO! at least not more than in the current GTS/RMDCN situation Frequently asked questions

29 Q6:Will the (F)WIS in conformity with the WMO data policy (e.g., Res. 40 (Cg-XII) and Res. 25 (Cg-XIII), and is it flexible enough to permit an evolution of the WMO data policy? A6.1:Yes, the management and practices related to essential and additional data and products and related conditions will remain unchanged A6.2:Procedures for the management of access rights, control of data retrieval, registration and identification of users, etc. can be defined as and when required A6.3:Anonymous downloading is technically possible, but depends on whether a NC permits that feature Frequently asked questions

30 Q7:Are there implications in connection with relevant international law, convention, such as copyright, patent, etc.? A7:(F)WIS has no inherent or system-specific features that would violate international legal frameworks; the control procedures are fully within the responsibility of the NMCs/RTHs Frequently asked questions

31 Thank you (F)WIS WMO Information System


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