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Presentation on theme: "1 ITU-T FORUM ON IMPLEMENTATION OF WTSA-08 DECISIONS AND WORKSHOP ON BRIDGING THE STANDARDISATION GAP Nadi, Fiji: 16 th – 17 th September, 2009 Case studies:"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 ITU-T FORUM ON IMPLEMENTATION OF WTSA-08 DECISIONS AND WORKSHOP ON BRIDGING THE STANDARDISATION GAP Nadi, Fiji: 16 th – 17 th September, 2009 Case studies: needs on conformity assessment and interoperability issues. John S Nkoma Director General Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA)

2 2 CASE STUDIES: NEEDS ON CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT AND INTEROPERABILITY ISSUES. Introduction * WTSA-08 and Resolution 76 *Case Study: TCRA, TANZANIA *Institutional Arrangements: Govt, Operators, Consumers and Regulators *Regulation: Policies, Legislations, Regulations, Licensing, Technology Neutrality, Market growth Conformity Assessment Interoperability Issues Concluding Remarks

3 3 WTSA-08: World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly Johannesburg, 21–30 October 2008

4 4 ITU-T Topical Issues NGN IPTV Cybersecurity Home Networking Ubiquitous Networks Next Generation Multimedia Conferencing Video Coding Broadband Access Packet based transport Fibre Optics Accessability Tariffs and Policy related issues ICTs and Climate Change

5 5 Res. 1Rules of procedure of the ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU T) Res. 2ITU-T study group responsibility and mandates Res. 7Collaboration with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Res. 11Collaboration with the Postal Operations Council (POC) of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in the study of services concerning both the postal and the telecommunication sectors Res. 17Telecommunication standardization in relation to the interests of developing countries Res. 18Principles and procedures for the allocation of work to, and coordination between, ITU-R and ITU-T Res. 20Procedures for allocation and management of international telecommunication numbering, naming, addressing and identification resources Res. 22Authorization for TSAG to act between WTSAs Res. 26Assistance to the regional tariff groups Res. 29Alternative calling procedures on international telecommunication networks Res. 31Admission of entities or organizations to participate as Associates in the work of ITU-T Res. 32Strengthening electronic working methods for the work of ITU-T Res. 33Guidelines for ITU-T strategic activities Res. 34Voluntary contributions WTSA-08 Resolutions (1)

6 6 Res. 35Appointment and maximum term of office for chairmen and vice chairmen of ITU-T study groups and of TSAG Res. 38Coordination among ITU-T, ITU-R and ITU-D for activities relating to IMT-2000 and systems beyond IMT-2000 Res. 40Regulatory aspects of ITU-T work Res. 43Regional preparations for WTSAs Res. 44Bridging the standardization gap between developing and developed countries Res. 45Effective coordination of standardization work across study groups in ITU-T and the role of TSAG Res. 47Country code top-level domain names Res. 48Internationalized domain names Res. 49ENUM Res. 50Cybersecurity Res. 52Countering spam by technical means Res. 53Establishment of a seminar and workshop coordination committee Res. 54Creation of regional groups Res. 55Mainstreaming gender in ITU-T activities WTSA-08 Resolutions (2)

7 7 WTSA-08 Resolutions (3) (New) Res.56Roles of TSAG and ITU-T study group vice-chairmen from developing countries Res.57Strengthening coordination and cooperation among ITU-R, ITU-T and ITU-D on matters of mutual interest Res.58Encourage the creation of national computer incident response teams, particularly for developing countries Res.59Enhancing participation of telecommunication operators from developing countries Res.60Responding to the challenges of the evolution of the numbering system and its convergence with IP-based systems/networks Res.61Misappropriation of international telecommunication numbering resources Res.62Dispute settlement Res.63Studies regarding nomadic telecommunication services and applications Res.64IP address allocation and encouraging the deployment of IPv6 Res.65Calling party number delivery Res.66The creation of a technology watch function in the Telecommunication Standardization Bureau

8 8 WTSA-08 Resolutions (4) (New) Res.67Creation of a Standardization Committee for Vocabulary Res.68Implementation of Resolution 122 (Rev. Antalya, 2006) on the evolving role of the World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly Res.69Non discriminatory access and use of Internet resources Res.70Telecommunication/information and communication technology accessibility for persons with disabilities Res.71Admission of academia, universities and their associated research establishments to participate in the work of ITU-T Res.72Measurement concerns related to human exposure to electromagnetic fields Res.73Information and communication technologies and climate change Res.74Admission of Sector Members from developing countries in the work of ITU-T Res.75ITU-T's contribution in implementing the outcomes of the World Summit on the Information Society, and the establishment of a Dedicated Group on Internet-related Public Policy Issues as an integral part of the Council Working Group on the World Summit on the Information Society Res.76Studies related to conformance and interoperability testing, assistance to developing countries, and a possible future ITU Mark programme Full list of WTSA Resolutions is at:

9 9 WTSA-08 Resolution 76 Res.76Studies related to conformance and interoperability testing, assistance to developing countries, and a possible future ITU Mark programme

10 10 Conformity Assessment One of the primary objectives of the ITU is to promote the capacity of conformity assessment internationally Conformity assessment activities include: Testing, Surveillance, Inspection, Auditing, Certification, Registration, Accreditation etc.

11 11 Interoperability issues One of the primary objectives of the ITU is to provide for the interoperability of telecommunications equipment internationally Interoperability involves testing to ensure compatibility with existing equipment or new equipment ITU Standards (Approximately 3 300 standards) GSC (Global Standards Cooperation) ETSI (European Telecommunications Standardisation Institute)

12 12 Case Study: TANZANIA Institutional Arrangements Government is responsible for strategic Policy guidelines for development of the communications sector The Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA) is responsible for regulation of Postal, Broadcasting and Electronic Communications sectors Operators are responsible for building, maintaining info-communication infrastructure, providing efficient and affordable ICT services to Tanzanians (rural & urban) Consumers expect affordable, accessible and good QoS and good QoE

13 13 POLICIES AND LEGISLATIONS COMMUNICATION SECTOR POLICIES National Telecommunications Policy (1997) National ICT Policy (2003) National Postal Policy (2003) National Information and Broadcasting Policy (2003) COMMUNICATION SECTOR LEGISLATIONS Tanzania Communications Act No 18 (1993) Tanzania Broadcasting Services Act No.6 (1993) Tanzania Communications Regulatory Act No. 12 (2003) Universal Communications Service Access fund Act 2006

14 14 Communications Sector Regulations 1.The Tanzania Communications (Broadband Service) Regulations 2005 2.The Tanzania Communications (Consumer Protection) Regulations 2005 3.The Tanzania Broadcasting Services (Content ) Regulations 2005 4.The Tanzania Communications (Licensing) Regulations 2005 5.The Tanzania Communications (Importation and Distribution) Regulations 2005 6.The Tanzania Communications (Installations and Maintenance) Regulations 2005 7.The Tanzania Communications (Interconnection) Regulations 2005 8.The Tanzania Communications (Telecommunication Numbering and Electronic address) Regulations 2005 9.The Tanzania Postal Regulations 2005 10.The Tanzania Communications (Radio Communications and Frequency Spectrum ) Regulations 2005 11.The Tanzania Communications (Tariff) Regulations 2005 12.The Tanzania Communications (Type Approval of Electronic Communications Equipments) Regulations 2005 13.The Tanzania Communications (Quality of Service) Regulations 2005 14.The Tanzania Communications (Access and Facilities) Regulations 2005

15 15 The Converged Licensing Framework The CLF was introduced on 23 rd February 2005. It consists of four licenses: Network Facility License (NFL) Network Services License (NSL) Application Services License (ASL) Content Services License (CSL) The Converged licensing framework is Technology Neutral and Service Neutral. Market segments: International, National, Regional, District

16 16 Technology Neutrality Technology neutrality has allowed several technologies to be deployed Copper wire Microwave Satellite GSM: 2.0G, 2.5G, 3.0G, 3.5G(HSDPA), 4G, LTE CDMA (3G): CDMA 2000 1X, CDMA 2000 1X EV-DO, CDMA 2000 1X EV-DV Fixed wireless WiMax HCSDMA (iburst) Fiber

17 17 Heavy investments by Operators In operation (9) TTCL Vodacom (T) Ltd Celtel(T) Ltd (Zain) MIC (T) Ltd (Tigo) Zantel Telecom Limited Benson Informatics Limited Six Telecoms Company Limited Dovetel (T) Ltd (Sasatel) Seacom(T) Ltd. Rolling out (5) ExcellentCom (T) Ltd (Hits) Egotel (T) Ltd. Rural Netco Limited MyCell Company Ltd Smile(T) Ltd. Source : TCRA Data base

18 18 Subscriber base(Voice): 2000-2008

19 19 The Radio Spectrum 0.003 MHz – 0.03 MHzVery Low Frequency (VLF) 0.03 MHz – 0.3 MHzLow Frequency (LF) 0.3 MHz – 3 MHzMedium Frequency (MF) 3 MHz – 30 MHzHigh Frequency (HF) 30 MHz – 300 MHzVery High Frequency (VHF) 300 MHz – 3000 MHzUltra High Frequency (UHF) 3000 MHz – 30000 MHzSuper High Frequency (SHF) 30 000 MHz – 300 000 MHzExtra High Frequency (EHF)

20 20 Applications of the Radio Spectrum

21 21 Conformity Assessment of Electronic Equipment CPE (Customer Premises Equipment) Telephones TVs Computers Satellite Receivers Modems NE (Network Equipment) Switch Bridge Router Gateway Hub, etc… Minimum Requirements EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility) Safety Requirements Regulatory Requirements Conformity Assessment methodology Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Reference Model 7 layers: Application, Presentation, Session, Transport, Network, Data link, Physical

22 22 Interoperability Testing Concepts The Equipment Under Test (EUT) The Qualified Equipment (QE) The EUT and QE come from different suppliers OR from two different product lines The interoperability tests are performed at interfaces that offer only normal user control and observation Interoperability tests are based on functionality as experienced by the user The tests are performed and observed at functional interfaces e.g. MMIs (Man-Machine Interfaces), Protocol Service Interfaces and APIs (Application Programming Interfaces)

23 23 Concluding Remarks Need for well articulated Communications Policies, Legislations, Regulations and Licensing Framework. TCRA to establish a Type Approval Laboratory ITU-T WTSA-08 and Resolution 76: Conformity Assessment and Interoperability issues! Need for capacity building in conformity assessment and interoperability issues developing countries.

24 24 Thank you for your Attention !


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