Presentation on theme: "Outline Safety Specifications for ICT Equipment"— Presentation transcript:
0 Technical Session on EMFs, SG 5, ITU-T DBI-MCB MSDSNational Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic FieldsTariq H AlamriSG 5 Vice-Chairman(CITC, Saudi Arabia)Technical Session on EMFs, SG 5, ITU-TGeneva27 May 2009
1 Outline Safety Specifications for ICT Equipment EMF Regulations and LimitsPreliminary Guidelines for Limiting Exposure of Wireless Base StationsNational Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic FieldsField Measurements of Electromagnetic RadiationPublic Information Program
2 Safety Specifications for ICT Equipment DBI-MCB MSDSSafety Specifications for ICT EquipmentCITC issued General Requirement spec for ICT Equipment (GEN001)This specification approved on 11/03/2006Defines the minimum requirements which must be met by all:Telecommunications Terminal EquipmentRadio EquipmentNetwork EquipmentIT EquipmentIncludes RF exposure limits standards specification
3 EMF Regulations and Limits * This picture is reproduced from presentation (Apr 07) provided by Dr Ken Joyner (chairman of the MMF EMF Regulatory Working Group)
4 Comparison Between the Limits of ICNIRP and IEEE Standards
5 Preliminary Guidelines for Limiting Exposure of Wireless Base Stations Published and required all communications service providers to follow Guidelines for Limiting Exposure of Wireless Base Stations, dated 20/02/2007, to ensure compliance of radiation from wireless base stations, including:Conducting measurements at wireless base stations at peak hoursReducing the Tx RF power emitted from the antennas when RF levels exceed ICNIRP limitsEstablishing appropriate access restrictions
6 DBI-MCB MSDSInception Report: detailed the work plan including the activities necessary to achieve the project objectives and deliverables.Public Consultation DocumentPreliminary National GuidelinesInitial Review Report: review of the projects and studies of key independent international commissions and organisations providing advice on appropriate measures for ensuring the safety of persons exposed to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields. The review and recommendations in this report have set the general framework and direction of the National GuidelinesFinal version of the National GuidelinesAnalysis of Public CommentsNational Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic FieldsProject start 18/12/2006Inception ReportDetailed work plan including the activities necessary to achieve the project objectives and deliverablesInitial Review ReportReview of the projects and studies of key independent international commissions and organisations
7 DBI-MCB MSDSInception Report: detailed the work plan including the activities necessary to achieve the project objectives and deliverables.Public Consultation DocumentPreliminary National GuidelinesInitial Review Report: review of the projects and studies of key independent international commissions and organisations providing advice on appropriate measures for ensuring the safety of persons exposed to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields. The review and recommendations in this report have set the general framework and direction of the National GuidelinesFinal version of the National GuidelinesAnalysis of Public CommentsNational Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields (2)Preliminary National GuidelinesPublic Consultation DocumentAnalysis of Public CommentsFinal Version of the National Guidelines
8 National Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields (3) Besides the principal task of developing the National Guidelines, there were other tasks under the scope as follows:Document on-site measurement methodsDocument CITC procedures for assessing site compliance with the National GuidelinesTest assessment trialsRecommendations for CITC participation in EMF activities at the international level and for knowledge management
9 WHO Recommendations to National Authorities on RF Adopt international standards (ICNIRP)Establish EMF programs to ensure compliance with standards and approve safety of new large installationsEstablish a public information programMonitor the WHO International EMF Project website for information on EMF, upcoming meetings, new reports, fact sheets, etc.These recommendations have formed the basis for the CITC National Guidelines on RF Safety
10 Legal Status of the National Guidelines The Telecommunications Act (2001) provides the legislative basis for developing and regulating the telecommunications and broadcast sectorsThe Telecommunications Bylaw (2002) provides for the regulation of the telecom sector by CITC in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The National Guidelines provide the regulations under this Bylaw
11 National GuidelinesPurpose: Establish technical regulatory practices for limiting human exposure to radiofrequency (RF) fields to protect against adverse health effects from installations or devices emitting RF fields Scope: Establish minimum requirements for the protection of the public and workers from health risks arising or likely to arise from their exposure to RF in the range 3 kHz to 300 GHz
12 National Guidelines (2) Application:Applies to RF exposures from fixed RF sources and installations that fall within the scope of the Telecom Act and Bylaw, including radio telecommunications and broadcast technologiesDoes not apply to patients in medical care, military uses, radars, computer monitors, microwave ovens, industrial uses, or accidental ignition of flammable gases or explosives
13 Technical Basis of the National Guidelines Exposure limits are the same as the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP, 1998), adopted by over 40 countriesMeasurement procedures require the use of the international standards issued by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)Compliance procedures follow current best engineering and administrative practicesRequirements in the National Guidelines are similar to the standards in most countries that have adopted international best practices
14 Exposure LimitsThe National Guidelines protect against established adverse health effects of RF by prescribing safe limits on human RF exposure. The exposure limits of the National Guidelines are consistent with the ICNIRP limits.
15 Relationship Between Basic Restrictions and Reference Levels
16 Relationship Between Adverse RF Health Effects and Basic Restrictions Adverse health effectRelevant basic restrictionUnitWhole body heatingWBA SAR: Specific Absorption Rate averaged over the entire bodyW/kgLocalised tissue heatingLocalised SAR: Specific Absorption Rate averaged over a localised mass of tissueMicrowave hearing effectSA: Specific Absorption of RF energy per pulse in a defined mass of tissuemJ/kgElectro-stimulation and electric shockJ: internal current density averaged over a specified areamA/m²Surface heatingSinc: incident power flux density averaged over a specified areaW/m²
17 Public and Occupational Limits The public limits apply to:a ) RF exposure of all children less than 16 years old;b ) RF exposure of all other persons, except RF workers;c ) All mobile or portable radio devices that are certified not to exceed the public limit.The occupational limits apply to designated RF trained workers who have been formally identified and trained to work in areas where exposures above the public limits could occur.
18 Simultaneous Exposure to Multiple RF Fields Formulas to evaluate exposure to multiple simultaneous RF fields are given in the National Guidelines.Basic restrictions and reference levels must be measured separately for electro-stimulatory and thermal effects on the body.
19 Compliance with National Guidelines Mobile or Portable Radio Devices:Fixed RF Sources:Manufacturer and/or importer is responsible for compliance assessment of device.Must comply with public limits of the National Guidelines.Declaration of conformity to be issued for each type of device.Radio LicenseeRadio licensees shall be liable to the CITC for ensuring and demonstrating compliance.Property OwnersProperty owners shall comply with requests from the CITC and/or radio licensees for verifying or maintaining compliance on their property.
20 Compliance Assessment Standards The compliance assessment of a fixed RF source shall be conducted according to the test methods described in:Annex 6 of the National Guidelines; orIEEE Std C95.3, Recommended Practice for Measurements and Computations of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields With Respect to Human Exposure to Such Fields, 100kHz – 300GHz.
21 Site AssessmentsSites should be assessed to ensure compliance with the Guidelines.Assessment and identification of exclusion zones (red and yellow zones)Ensure members of the public are not exposed to fields above public limitsEnsure trained RF workers are not exposed to fields above occupational limits
22 Site Compliance For fixed sites to meet compliance, there should be: For the fixed sites to meet compliance, there should be:- RF control document that identifies RF zones- Access restrictions (fencing, locked doors, etc)- RF warning signage.Most sites already restrict access to protect expensive transmitting equipment/infrastructureSite ComplianceFor fixed sites to meet compliance, there should be:RF safety documentation that identifies RF exclusion zonesAccess restrictions and site controls in place (fencing, locked doors, etc.)RF warning signage on siteSubmission of compliance documentation to CITC
23 Quality ControlA laboratory conducting compliance assessments should be accredited by its national accrediting agency to:ISO/IEC 17025:2005 standard, General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories, orISO/IEC 17020:1998 standard, General criteria for the operation of various types of bodies performing inspection standards.
24 National Guidelines Annexes Annexes provide material that will help in interpretation of the National Guidelines, e.g.:Development of an RF safety programRecommended RF safety signageRecommended key learning outcomes for comprehensive RF safety awareness trainingWritten RF safety information provided with a mobile or portable radio deviceTechnical guidelines and safe vertical and horizontal distances for the installation of base station antennas
25 RF Safety SignsRF safety signs indicate the nature and degree of RF hazard associated with a given fixed RF source or compliance site.The nature of the RF hazard is indicated by a symbol, and the degree of the hazard is indicated by a sign bearing words to that effect.
26 Next Steps Formal approval by CITC Management Set “Entry into Force” date (suggest 1 January 2010)Once National Guidelines approved, immediately provide copies to operators to give them time to establish their compliance programsCITC to determine high priority sites for compliance and to set dates when all existing sites need to have compliance assessments
27 Phase 1: more than 130 in Saudi Arabia Field Measurements of Electromagnetic Radiation Technical Cooperation with Academic and Research OrganizationsPhase 1: more than 130 in Saudi ArabiaPhase 3Phase 4Phase 2
33 Number of Measurements Versus Measured Power Density Level Ranges
34 Power Density Distribution for Wide Band Measurements
35 Public Information Program CITC seeks to raise public awareness about electromagnetic radiation health effects through:Brochures and advertisements through its website and the mediaWorkshopsParticipations in local ICT exhibitionsResponse to questions