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ITU-T activities and standards (L.1400, L.1410) on ICT and Climate Change Takafumi Hashitani ITU-T Study Group 5, Q.18 Associate Rapporteur

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Presentation on theme: "ITU-T activities and standards (L.1400, L.1410) on ICT and Climate Change Takafumi Hashitani ITU-T Study Group 5, Q.18 Associate Rapporteur"— Presentation transcript:

1 ITU-T activities and standards (L.1400, L.1410) on ICT and Climate Change Takafumi Hashitani ITU-T Study Group 5, Q.18 Associate Rapporteur thashi@jp.fujitsu.com ITU Workshop on Bridging the Standardization Gap (Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012) L.1400: Overview and general principles of methodologies for assessing the environmental impact of ICT L.1410:Methodology for environmental impact assessment of information and communication technologies (ICT) goods, networks and services

2 Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 Q18: Methodology of environmental impact assessment of ICT 2

3 Committed to Connecting the World Background Introduction The Life Cycle Analysis approach Recommendation L.1400 Overview and general principles Recommendation L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Recommendation L.1420 ICT in Organizations Recommendation L.1430 ICT Projects Recommendation L.1440 ICT in Cities Conclusions Agenda Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 3

4 Committed to Connecting the World Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 The installation of the solar photovoltaic system in my home. This short presentation will become help that clarifies why the methodology of an environmental assessment is necessary. The introduction of this part (8sheets) is not published in ITU WEB site. Please focus on the screen. Before Backgraund: My activity 4

5 Committed to Connecting the World Background Introduction The Life Cycle Analysis approach Recommendation L.1400 Overview and general principles Recommendation L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Recommendation L.1420 ICT in Organizations Recommendation L.1430 ICT Projects Recommendation L.1440 ICT in Cities Conclusions Agenda Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 5

6 Source: IPCC 4th evaluation report (Integrated report) (November 2007) Current State of Global Warming Compared to the end of the 20th century, the average global ground temperature in the 21st century is predicted to increase by about 1.8˚C(1.1-2.9˚C) in societies realizing both environment conservation and economic growth on a global scale, and by about 4.0˚C(2.4-6.4˚C) in societies realizing high economic growth while placing importance on fossil energy. Efforts to reduce greenhouse gases are being implemented worldwide to achieve the targets established for the Kyoto Protocol first commitment period (2008 to 2012). Elevated levels of world ground temperature ( ) *Increases in 2090 to 2099 based on 1980 to 1999 Year Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 6

7 Global Warming Issues and ICT ICT itself produces CO2 emissions through consumption of electric power to operate equipment / systems. On the other hand, ICT usage can contribute to a reduction in CO2 emissions through a marked improvement in efficiency in regarding production, consumption, and business activities, also in traffic alternatives, and a reduction in traffic volume. Contribute to tackling global warming issues by promoting spread of ICT use Improvement of energy use efficiency Improved efficiency in production and consumption of products Reduced movement of people and products Environmental measurement and predictions (Intensive control of ETC, VICS, and traffic lights) BEMS(Building energy management system) HEMS(Household energy management system) Supply chain management e-publication and distribution Paperless office Radar for measuring CO 2 Sensing network Global simulator Online shopping, online trading Telework, TV conferencing Music, video, and software distribution e-application (tax declaration, online receipt) Use of ICT General households Offices/ shops Production/ distribution/ transportation Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 7

8 The first Focus Group meeting concerning climate change was held on 1-3 September. Furthermore, plans for research on measures against climate change for the next study period (2009 to 2012) will be developed at WTSA- 08 in Johannesburg in October. Dates: April 14 to 15, 2008 Venue: Kyoto International Conference Center Organizers: MIC of Japan, ITU Objective: In response to the UN secretary-generals request that ITU, as the UN agency specializing in the telecommunications sector, investigate how ICTs can be used to combat climate change, this symposium was organized to share understandings on the relationship between ICTs and climate change and discuss future ITU activities. Participants: Approx. 220 representatives of the private sector, research institutes, international organizations and governments of 23 countries Chairman: Mr. Takashi Hanazawa, Senior VP, Director, R&D Planning Dept, NTT The ICT sector produces some 2% of total CO2 emissions. The use of ICTs can help reduce the remaining 98% produced by other sectors. Furthermore, ICTs play a vital role in the monitoring of and adaptation to climate change. Initiatives toward energy-saving for equipment and systems as well as initiatives for the best use of ICTs should be promoted. Methodologies for evaluating CO2 emissions reductions through the use of ICT should be standardized. To conduct research for that purpose, a Focus Group open to non-members should be established. 1. Outline of the Symposium ITU Kyoto Symposium on ICTs and Climate Change 2. Summary of Chairmans Report 3. ITU 8

9 Committed to Connecting the World Background Introduction The Life Cycle Analysis approach Recommendation L.1400 Overview and general principles Recommendation L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Recommendation L.1420 ICT in Organizations Recommendation L.1430 ICT Projects Recommendation L.1440 ICT in Cities Conclusions Agenda Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 9

10 Committed to Connecting the World Co-operations include on methodologies : ITU, The UN agency responsible for ICT 193 Member States and more than 700 Sector Members Introduction Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 10

11 Committed to Connecting the World ITU-T Study Group Environment and Climate Change Question on methodologies 3 recommendations published 3 recommendations under preparation L.1400 Overview and general principles http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-L.1400 L.1410 Environmental impact of ICT goods, networks and services http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-L.1410 L.1420 Environmental impact of ICT in organisations http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-L.1420 L.1430 Environmental impact of ICT projects (consent expected in 2012) L.1440 Environmental impact of ICT in cities (consent expected in 2013) L.1450 Environmental impact of ICT in countries (consent expected in 2013) Introduction Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 11

12 Committed to Connecting the World Background Introduction The Life Cycle Analysis approach Recommendation L.1400 Overview and general principles Recommendation L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Recommendation L.1420 ICT in Organizations Recommendation L.1430 ICT Projects Recommendation L.1440 ICT in Cities Conclusions Agenda Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 12

13 Committed to Connecting the World The LCA approach Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 Positive and Negative aspect on Environment Environmental aspects of ICT 13

14 Committed to Connecting the World 14 The LCA aaproach Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 Source: Gartner/HP/McKinsey/WWF CO 2 emission ICT Governors Meeting Non-ICT 98 % ICT 2 % 14

15 Committed to Connecting the World 15 The LCA aaproach Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 Source: Gartner/HP/McKinsey/WWF ICT Governors Meeting ICT 2 % Non-ICT 98 % CO 2 emission 15

16 Committed to Connecting the World 16 The LCA aaproach Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 Reduction in movement of people and goods - Teleconferences - Reduction in volume of goods consumed - Electronic account settlement - Improve energy efficiency - ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems) - Effective use of space - Stock control - Reduce Environmental impact By ICT 16

17 Committed to Connecting the World What is LCA? What is LCA for? The LCA approach Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 The increased awareness of the importance of environmental protection, and the possible impacts associated with products, both manufactured and consumed, has increased interest in the development of methods to better understand and address these impacts. One of the techniques being developed for this purpose is life cycle assessment (LCA). LCA can assist in identifying opportunities to improve the environmental performance of products at various points in their life cycle, informing decision-makers in industry, government or non-government organizations (e.g. for the purpose of strategic planning, priority setting, product or process design or redesign), the selection of relevant indicators of environmental performance, including measurement techniques, and marketing (e.g. implementing an ecolabelling scheme, making an environmental claim, or producing an environmental product declaration). For practitioners of LCA, ISO 14044 details the requirements for conducting an LCA. 17

18 Committed to Connecting the World The LCA approach Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 LCA Framework Direct applications of the results of LCA or LCI studies, i.e. the applications intended in the goal and scope definition of the LCA or LCI study, are depicted in this Figure 18

19 Committed to Connecting the World To provide an assessment of the environmental impact of a product system as a basis for improving it To understand the relative importance of different life cycle stages /activities - where to put best efforts for improvement To monitor performance improvements over time Benefits of an LCA approach The LCA approach RAW MATERIAL ACQUISITION PRODUCTIONUSEEND OF LIFE Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 19

20 Committed to Connecting the World ISO has standardized the Life Cycle Assessment methodology with the publication in 2006 of 2 documents ISO 14040 Environmental management- Life cycle assessment-Principles and framework ISO 14044 Environmental management- Life –cycle assessment- Requirements and guidelines Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 The LCA approach 20

21 Committed to Connecting the World Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 The LCA approach Limitations of LCA LCA addresses potential environmental impact: LCA does not predict absolute or precise environmental impacts due to the relative expression of potential impacts to a reference unit, the integration of environmental data over space and time, the inherent uncertainty in modeling environmental impacts, and the fact that some possible environmental impacts are clearly future impacts ISO 14040: 2006 Section 4.3 21

22 Committed to Connecting the World Background Introduction The Life Cycle Analysis approach Recommendation L.1400 Overview and general principles Recommendation L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Recommendation L.1420 ICT in Organizations Recommendation L.1430 ICT Projects Recommendation L.1440 ICT in Cities Conclusions Agenda Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 L.1400: Overview and general principles of methodologies for assessing the environmental impact of ICT 22

23 Committed to Connecting the World L.1400 purpose The Recommendation ITU-T L.1400 presents general principles on assessing the environmental impact of information and communication technologies (ICT) and outlines the different methodologies that are being developed: Assessment of the environmental impact of ICT goods, networks, and services Assessment of the environmental impact of ICT in organizations Assessment of the environmental impact of ICT projects Assessment of the environmental impact of ICT in cities Assessment of the environmental impact of ICT in countries or group of countries. L.1400 Overview and general principles Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 23

24 Committed to Connecting the World L.1400 : Environmental impact categories The following categories of environmental impacts are commonly assessed: Global warming potential or greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions Energy consumption Raw material depletion Water depletion Ozone depletion Air toxic emissions Photochemical ozone creation Air acidification Water eutrophication Water toxic emissions Hazardous waste generation L.1400 Overview and general principles Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 The series of ITU-T Recommendations on methodology will focus on both Greenhouse gas emissions and Energy consumption. 24

25 Committed to Connecting the World L.1400 : Energy consumption and GHG emissions The series of ITU-T Recommendations on methodology focus, for their first versions, on both energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. This selection has been carried out in the context of two key concern areas: Oil production peak: an important number of experts consider that we are approaching a peak or rather a wavy plateau in the world's conventional oil production. After this period, which could start before 2020, the world's conventional oil production will decrease. It is expected that the price of energy will rise and security of supply will get harder in that context. Climate Change due to human activities: the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) considers that the impact of anthropogenic greenhouse gas on the Earth's climate change is very likely. L.1400 Overview and general principles Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 25

26 Committed to Connecting the World L.1400 : General principles to follow (1/2) Assessment of environmental impacts should be performed on a full life-cycle perspective for goods, networks and services Boundaries should be selected, quoted, documented and made available for verification Quantification methodologies should be selected, quoted, documented and made available for verification L.1400 Overview and general principles Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 26

27 Committed to Connecting the World L.1400 : General principles to follow (2/2) Reliable data should be researched. Used data should be quoted, documented and made available for verification Bias and uncertainties should be documented and reduced as far as it is practicable It should be noted that results of assessments may vary significantly depending upon the selection of boundaries, the quantification methodologies selected and data used L.1400 Overview and general principles Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 27

28 Committed to Connecting the World Background Introduction The Life Cycle Analysis approach Recommendation L.1400 Overview and general principles Recommendation L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Recommendation L.1420 ICT in Organizations Recommendation L.1430 ICT Projects Recommendation L.1440 ICT in Cities Conclusions Agenda Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 L.1410:Methodology for environmental impact assessment of information and communication technologies (ICT) goods, networks and services 28

29 Committed to Connecting the World It is a Recommendation that complements ISO 14040 and ISO 14044 and provides guidance on how to assess environmental impacts of ICT Goods, Networks and Services It has been built with a large number of representatives from the ICT sector and governments. It has been built to be consistent with EC/JRC, ETSI, IEC and GHG Protocol ICT supplement initiatives There are 2 Parts in the Recommendation: Part I : ICT Lifecycle assessment: framework and guidance Part II : Comparative analysis between ICT and baseline scenario : framework and guidance The 2 Parts describe clear steps to follow in order to assess environmental impacts over the entire life cycle This helps identify what are the major activities and life cycle stages impacting the environment, design and prepare action plans and prioritize actions This helps identify risks, save costs and develop new opportunities Impact of Goods, Networks and Services L.1410 : What is it ? What is it for ? L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 29

30 Committed to Connecting the World Relationship between methodologies of LCA for ICT Good Networks and services ICT Networks are composed of ICT goods and ICT services utilize ICT networks: ICT Goods are the basis for the methodologies for ICT networks and ICT services. L.1410 Part I L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 30

31 Committed to Connecting the World General requirements Goal and scope definition Functional unit definition System boundaries definition Cut-off rules Data quality requirements Life Cycle Inventory Data collection Data calculation Allocation procedure Life Cycle impact assessment Life cycle interpretation Reporting L.1410 Part I: What are the steps to follow? L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/Workshops-and-Seminars/ITS/201204/Pages/programme.aspx Refer in detail: Information and Training Session on ITU Methodologies for Assessing the Environmental Impact of ICT 31

32 Committed to Connecting the World L.1410 Part I Reporting : example L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 32

33 Committed to Connecting the World L.1410 Part I Reporting : example L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 33

34 Committed to Connecting the World There are two target systems for comparative analysis 1. Comparison between a reference product system and an ICT service e.g. travel to a face to face meeting (flight, train, car, hotel stays) versus the use of a Video conferencing service 2. Comparison between two ICT goods or two ICT networks or two ICT services e.g. an old data centre compared to a Green efficient one Key principles : Systems must be compared using the same functional unit and equivalent methodological considerations, such as system boundary, data quality, allocation procedures and cut off rules (if applied) In a comparative analysis what one is seeking to capture is the difference between the two systems rather than the magnitude of both L. 1410 Part II : key principles L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 34

35 Committed to Connecting the World General requirements Goal and scope definition Functional unit in the case of comparison System boundaries definition Cut-off rules Data quality requirements Life Cycle Inventory Life Cycle impact assessment Life cycle interpretation Reporting L.1410 Part II : What are the steps to follow ? N.b. For Part II which is a comparative analysis between an ICT system and a reference product system the above steps need to be carried out on BOTH the ICT system and the reference product system L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 35

36 Committed to Connecting the World Comparison categories L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 EI: Environmental impact 36

37 Committed to Connecting the World L. 1410 Part II, example of reporting Example of comparative evaluation between ICT and reference product system with categories of life cycle stages. L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 37

38 Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 Pilot Telemedicine Project (in Laos) 38

39 Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 Remote medical diagnosis saves CO 2 emitted by transporting patients Implementatio n of ICT Before implementation After implementation It was necessary to move patients 434km by air. 39 Copyright 2011 FUJITSU LIMITED Pilot Telemedicine Project (in Laos) * About 180 patients/year CO 2 was reduced by 16.5 tons/year mainly energy used to transport patients Removed burden of transport costs from patients. Reduced personnel costs and work time of medical treatment personnel. Lowered burden on medical staff at both locations. Improved quality and efficiency of medical treatment services. 39

40 Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 Details CO 2 emissions at each term TermBeforeAfter (-) Saving (+) Impact Travel - Transportation of patients - Business trip of physicians and nurses 49.132.1-17.0 Person-Hour - Diagnosis for patients - Trainings and information exchange 5.14.4-0.7 Office space for ICT equip. - Facility energy for ICT equip. 0.00.1+0.1 Power consumption of ICT -Power consumption installed ICT equip. 0.00.1+0.1 Data communication - Consulting and information exchange on internet. - Reporting the state of patients by telephone 0.01.0+1.0 Total 54.237.7-16.5 [t-CO 2 /year] 40

41 Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 Result CO 2 Savings 16.5 t-CO 2 /year (- 30%) Study Case Round trip distance from Luang Prabang to Vientiane 434km Treated Patients :15 [person/month]*12[month/year] 180 [person/year] Business trip :10 [person/month]*12[month/year] 120 [person/year] beforeafter 90.6 % 59.3 % 9.4 % 8.2 % 1.9 % 37.8 t-CO 2 -16.5 t-CO 2 (- 30 %) -16.5 t-CO 2 (- 30 %) 54.2 t-CO 2 0.3 % Travel Person-Hour Power consumption of ICT Data communication Travel Person-Hour Power consumption of ICT Data communication 41

42 Committed to Connecting the World Background Introduction The Life Cycle Analysis approach Recommendation L.1400 Overview and general principles Recommendation L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Recommendation L.1420 ICT in Organizations Recommendation L.1430 ICT Projects Recommendation L.1440 ICT in Cities Conclusions Agenda Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 42

43 Committed to Connecting the World Impact of organizations What is Recommendation L.1420 ? What is it for? It is a Recommendation that provides guidance on how to assess environmental impacts of ICT in organizations. It has been built with a large number of representatives from the ICT sector and governments. It deals with energy consumption and GHG emissions. It is in line with widely used international voluntary measuring and reporting schemes. It complements ISO 14064-1 and the GHG Protocol. This Recommendation covers: The assessment of the life cycle environmental impact of ICT Goods, Networks and Services used by an organization (Non-ICT organizations) The assessment of the environmental impact of an ICT organization (ICT organizations) The reporting of these impacts to ensure fair and transparent communications L.1420 ICT in Organizations Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 43

44 Committed to Connecting the World The assessment of the environmental impact of an ICT organization. An ICT organization is an organization, the core activity of which is directly related to the design, production, promotion, sales or maintenance of ICT goods, networks or services. The assessment of the life cycle environmental impact of ICT Goods, Networks and Services used by an non-ICT organization. Other organizations The interpretation of these impacts and their fair and transparent reporting Documentation is required This Recommendation does not address rebound effects Rebound effects are still under study L.1420 : Scope L.1420 ICT in Organizations Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 44

45 Committed to Connecting the World The Recommendation covers the 3 following scopes: Scope 1 (Direct emissions): Activities owned or controlled by your organization that release emissions straight into the atmosphere. Examples of scope 1 emissions include emissions from combustion in owned or controlled boilers, furnaces, vehicles. Scope 2 (Energy indirect): Emissions being released into the atmosphere associated with your consumption of purchased electricity, heat, steam and cooling. These are indirect emissions that are a consequence of your organization's activities but which occur at sources you do not own or control. Scope 3 (Other indirect): Emissions that are a consequence of your actions, which occur at sources which you do not own or control and which are not classed as scope 2 emissions. Examples of scope 3 emissions are business travel by means not owned or controlled by your organization, waste disposal, or purchased materials. Assessment and reporting for scope 1 and scope 2 emissions are mandatory. Assessment and reporting for scope 3 emissions are optional. L.1420 : Scope (continued) L.1420 ICT in Organizations Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 45

46 Committed to Connecting the World Background Introduction The Life Cycle Analysis approach Recommendation L.1400 Overview and general principles Recommendation L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Recommendation L.1420 ICT in Organizations Recommendation L.1430 ICT Projects Recommendation L.1440 ICT in Cities Conclusions Agenda Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 46

47 Committed to Connecting the World This Recommendation will specify principles, requirements and methods in order to quantify, monitor and report GHG emission reductions, energy consumption savings, energy efficiency improvements resulting from ICT projects, in complement to ISO 14064-2 and GHG Protocol. It is built with a large number of representatives from the ICT sector and governments and in relationship with the UNFCCC. It is expected that L.1430 will provide requirements and guidance for : planning an ICT project and its baseline scenario; identifying and selecting GHG sources, sinks and storages relevant to the ICT project and baseline scenario; identifying and selecting energy consumption sources, generators and storages relevant to the ICT project and baseline scenario; managing data quality; monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting ICT project performance; and validating and/or verifying the ICT project plan or report. Impact of ICT projects in cities L.ICT projects (to become L.1430), under preparation L.1430 ICT Projects Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 47

48 Committed to Connecting the World This Recommendation could for example be used for the following type of projects : Real Time Navigation systems Creation of Datacenters Smart buildings Smart grid Smart mobility Creation of new connected work places Remote public services with videoconferencing Connected hospital … Examples of ICT projects L.1420 Organisations Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 48

49 Committed to Connecting the World Background Introduction The Life Cycle Analysis Approach Recommendation L.1400 Overview and general principles Recommendation L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Recommendation L.1420 ICT in Organizations Recommendation L.1430 ICT Projects Recommendation L.1440 ICT in Cities Conclusions Agenda Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 49

50 Committed to Connecting the World This Recommendation will present general principles on how to evaluate the environmental impact of Information communication technologies (ICT) in cities, or other urban areas with a focus on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions It is built with a large number of representatives from the ICT sector and governments and in relationship with UNEP and UN-HABITAT. Your participation is welcome ! It is expected that L.1440 will cover the following aspects : aggregation of impacts at cities level of ICT goods, networks and services aggregation of impacts at cities level of ICT in organizations Impacts of ICT projects in cities, for instance in the construction sector, the energy sector, the transport sector L.1440 will in particular cover how to assess the impacts of the use of ICT in cities to reduce the GHG emissions of other sectors L.ICT in cities (to become L.1440), under preparation L.1440 ICT in cities Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 50

51 Committed to Connecting the World Background Introduction The Life Cycle Analysis approach Recommendation L.1400 Overview and general principles Recommendation L.1410 ICT Goods, Networks and Services Recommendation L.1420 ICT in Organizations Recommendation L.1430 ICT Projects Recommendation L.1440 ICT in Cities Conclusions Agenda Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 51

52 Committed to Connecting the World Conclusions The Life Cycle Analysis approach allows to : To understand the relative importance of different life cycle stages and where to put best efforts for improvement To monitor performance improvements over time ITU-T Recommendation L.1410 and Recommendation L.1420 are available for free They cover the assessment of ICT Goods, Networks and Services and the assessment of ICT in organizations Suggestions for improvements are welcome ITU-T Recommendations L.ICT projects and L.ICT in cities are under development Suggestions and contributions are welcome Next meeting to discuss contributions is expected to take place in Geneva on October 8-12, 2012 Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 52

53 Committed to Connecting the World Thank you ! Jean-Manuel Canet, Rapporteur Question on methodologies, ITU-T SG 5 Orange Consulting jean-manuel.canet@orange.com Takafumi Hashitani, Associate Rapporteur Question on methodologies, ITU-T SG 5 Fujitsu thashi@jp.fujitsu.com http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/climatechange/ Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 53

54 Committed to Connecting the World References Following references were presented by MIC (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications ) in Japan before L.1410 published. Although these may be necessary to re-evaluation in accordance with L.1410, as good examples, will be posted for reference. Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, 30-31 July 2012 54

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