1 Donna Bethea Murphy Vice President, Regulatory Engineering Satellite Communications for Disaster Preparedness, Early Warning and ResponseDonna Bethea MurphyVice President, Regulatory Engineering
2 Sequence of Events Disaster Warning Evacuation Disaster Strikes Search & RescueFirst RespondersDisaster AssessmentReinforcementsArriveCleanupRebuildDisasterPreparednessMultiple solutions required due toshifting needs
3 Satellite Communications are… Highly survivable (physical survivability and robustness).Independent of terrestrial infrastructure.Able to provide load sharing and surge capacity solutions for larger sites.Best for redundancy – then add a layer of path diversity and link availability.
4 Satellites perform best when… Terrestrial infrastructure is damaged, destroyed or overloaded.Interconnecting widely distributed networks.Providing interoperability between disparate systems and networks.Providing broadcasting services over very wide areas such as a country, region or entire hemisphere.Providing connectivity for the “last mile” in cases where fiber networks are simply not available.Providing mobile/transportable wideband and narrowband communications.Natural or manmade disasters occur.
5 Benefits of using satellite… Ubiquitous coverageInstant InfrastructureIndependent of terrestrial infrastructureTemporary network solutionsRapid provisioning of servicesCapabilities:Fixed-to-FixedMobile-to-MobileFixed-to-MobilePoint-to-Multipoint
7 Iridium - Introduction Iridium: a Satellite-based Personal Communication Services (SPCS) systemOperating since 1999, currently over 500,000 customersOnly communications network to cover 100% of the earth - including the polesProvides reliable communication links where landline or mobile phone connections are unavailable, unreliable or overburdened – including during disaster situationsMarkets include emergency services, maritime, aviation,, oil and gas exploration, forestry, mining, journalism ...
8 Iridium Disaster Communications Applications Disaster Early WarningDamage assessment reportingMobility requiredRelief supply logistics supportOrdering relief suppliesSupply movement tracking and redirectionCoordination of search and rescue effortsInjury/death reportingRequest for medical team supportCoordination of evacuationsFacilitating communications between first responders / relief workers and survivors and family members
9 Historical usage of Iridium for Disaster Recovery Taiwan Earthquake (1999)South Pole rescue (2001)September 11 (2001)Asian Tsunami (2004)Hurricanes Katrina and Rita(2005)Pakistani Earthquake (2005)Hurricanes Gustav, Hanna and Ike (2008)Haiti and Chilean Earthquakes (2010)Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill (2010)Japanese Tsunami (2011)
10 Pacific Coast Tsunami Warning System Partner: NOAATsunami warning system31 Iridium equipped ocean buoysDetect and report tsunami conditionsProprietary and Confidential
12 NOAA/PMEL Iridium-based Tsunameters System ComponentsAnchored seafloor BPR – Bottom Pressure RecorderAcoustic link transmits data from BPR to buoyMoored surface buoyReal time communications2-way data transmission through IridiumIridium SatelliteData relayed across Iridium into Tempe G/W RUDIC’s serverData directly routed to NOAADedicated path mitigates latencyGlobal coverage (pole-to-pole)Proprietary and Confidential
13 Iridium NEXT – Next Generation Bold vision for a second-generation satellite constellationAnticipated to begin launching in 2015 – will maintain existing 66 satellite architectureExpand and enhance Iridium's unique capabilities: more power, higher data speeds, IP technology, full backward compatibilityExpand services on land, at sea, and in the skiesGlobal voice and data connectivity with increased speedsMachine-to-Machine (M2M) applications including asset tracking and remote monitoringUnmatched coverage means access to remote and rural areasNetworks delivers wireless broadband to hard-to-reach areasSupports services in developing countries
14 Iridium Global Disaster Communications Activities Iridium Test Your Satellite Phone ProgramITU Cooperation Agreement – 66 satellite phones; deployed to Uganda, Zambia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India, China, Kyrgyz Republic, Pakistan and Japan in response to natural disasters.Leadership of ITU-D Rapporteur Group on Disaster Communications and participation in ITU-R and regional (CITEL) studies on disaster communicationsMembership on FCC Communications Security, Reliability and Interoperability Council's (CSRIC) and State Department International Disaster Response Subcommittee of the Advisory Committee on International Communications and Information Policy (ACICIP)Proprietary and Confidential
15 Disaster Communications – Lessons Learned Lessons learned from previous disasters has led to Iridium to take the following advance measures:Maintaining stock of equipment for emergenciesWorking with distribution partners to ensure supply chain continuity and facilitate rapid deploymentEquipping phones with solar panels for charging in situations where the electrical grid is damagedPromoting pre-positioning of phones for preparednessGovernments should be prepared by:Pre-positioning emergency equipment and solutionsDeveloping alerting and early warning systemsTrainingMaintaining Equipment
16 Recommended Best Practices Development of emergency preparedness plans by each national regulatory authorityclear procedures for emergency authorizationnames and contact information so communications companies know who to contactliaison points for providing information to customs officials on authorized equipmentAdvance licensing and type approvalReview of the Tampere Convention to determine what regulatory changes are needed to prepare for ratificationWork regionally and multilaterally to eliminate barriers and improve response capabilities