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Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 Raising Standardization Culture in Developing Countries Tarek Moh. El Ebiary, Director, Type Approval NTRA, Egypt.

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Presentation on theme: "Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 Raising Standardization Culture in Developing Countries Tarek Moh. El Ebiary, Director, Type Approval NTRA, Egypt."— Presentation transcript:

1 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September 2011 Raising Standardization Culture in Developing Countries Tarek Moh. El Ebiary, Director, Type Approval NTRA, Egypt Regional ITU Workshop on Bridging the standardization Gap (Algiers, Algeria, September 2011 )

2 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September Agenda I. Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipment; II. Impact on ICT market; III. NTRA best practices curbing low quality products; IV. Conclusions; V. Recommendations.

3 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September I. Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipments The legal definition under trademark law describes counterfeit product as a product bearing a mark that is identical with or substantially indistinguishable from a genuine registered trademark

4 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September I. Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipments (continued) Not only Counterfeit equipments & trademarks have reached the ICT sector, but also COPY, FAKE & Non- complying products. Exact Copy misleading appearance Low quality materials Avoid key manufacturing steps Reduce Cost

5 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September II. Impact on ICT market Consumer exposed to money, health & safety risks; Non-competitive environment: Disincentive for investors, International & Domestic, affecting Trade & Manufacturing, Losing thousands of jobs, Reduction of Tax revenues. Extra burden on Service providers; QoS, After Sales Services, Ex: Mobile phone handover 900/1800Mhz - (2009),

6 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September III. Egypt Best Practices 2003: Telecom Act: Considering curbing counterfeit & non-complying ICT products Monitoring Importation & Customs ---> Issuing Clearance permit; (Articles ) Monitoring Compliance & Quality ---> Issuing Type Approval Certificate; (Articles )

7 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) Equipments compliance achieved through: Declaration of Conformity certificate DoC or FCC ID, (USA, Canada, Europe, Japan, South Korea, Australia), (light regime); Test reports from accredited international test labs over the 5 continents, (Other countries not including China), (tight regime); Verification of Conformity certificate (VoC) & Pre-shipment verification from NTRA accredited labs in China, (Special regime); ITU / ETSI / CENELEC / IEC standards adopted.

8 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) July 2005: NTRA Internationally Accredited Test Labs & Certification Bodies published on NTRA website; Jan 2005: Labeling requirements directives: Mandatory FCC-ID / CE-NBID Certification Marks; More Involvement of Certification bodies;

9 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2006: NTRA ICT TE Test Lab: Wireless TE Test Set (3 MHz to 6 GHZ) Signalling test Mobile GSM 2G/3G,CDMA 2000 FWT, Cordless Phones.9/2.4/5.8 GHz, HF/VHF/UHF Transceivers); Ghz DECT phones; Analogue wired phones; EMC Test system (Immunity/Emission, Semi- anechoic chamber) (RFP – Jan 2012);

10 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2007: Chinese products special arrangement: CE Verification of Conformity certificate / NTRA Accredited labs in China; ( BV-ADT, CTTL, Intertek, SGS, TUV ) Based on full testing or issued based on technical evidence submitted from an internationally recognized lab. Shipment verification / NTRA accredited Labs in China; Manufacturer, importer, Model #, Serial, Qty, Cartons #, …

11 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) Equipment Chinese USA, EU, Japan, S.K others % Mobile phones %92020 Fixed Phones %15614 DECT phones %14519 Wireless Eq % Information Technology Eq %

12 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2008: New Market Surveillance Department: Market Surveillance Plus Type Approval; Samples collected from market, Cooperation with Telecom Police; Market Surveillance policies, strategies, databases, law enforcement, sales bans, fees & fines – Coordination with the German regulator;

13 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) 2010: GSMA Agreement: White list Weekly update IMEI TAC White list; Combat handset theft issue; Illegal, Fake, NULL & Cloned IMEIs; Health & Safety concerns; 5–8% of Handsets developing countries; 3.5M one illegal IMEI ( ) 0.1M Null,0.35M zeros,.5M Fake,.25M Cloned 2010: Central EIR IMEI database solution:

14 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September III. Egypt Best Practices (continued) NTRA Master EIR NTRA database GSMA Global Database (GSMA Agreement) MSC Vodafone network Etisalat network MobiNil network Vodafone Slave EIR Etisalat Slave EIR MobiNil Slave EIR Develop National Black list Management of all EIR data Check IMEI requests with Black, White responses Developed International White List ranges MSC SS7 Network LVL Operation / Authentication System LVL Lists & configuration data Master/Slave relationship (download-reporting) Central EIR IMEI database solution

15 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September IV. Conclusions There is market demand for these products due to: Consumer Standardization awareness & culture, (20-25%); Consumer economic status: Low cost / unreliable operational, High cost / reliable fully functioning, Small/medium companies, Ex: Cisco Router 1721, Counterfeit 250$, Genuine 1000$ Very weak local manufacturing of ICT TE; Reasonable prices for quality products, Support & perform consumer awareness campaigns.

16 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September IV. Recommendations Adopt balanced Government Policies towards encouraging ICT Eq. manufacturing; Creating manufacturing Competitive environment; Subsidizing initiation of ICT Eq. Test labs; Proactive testing training activities; Aggressive Market surveillance activities; Raising consumer awareness through campaigns & introducing Certification Marks, Regulators R&D departments to work & coop with research & academic institutes, Membership & participation in international & regional standardization meetings, workshops; STGs

17 Algiers, Algeria, 26 – 28 September Thank you for your attention Any Questions?


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