Yoshiaki ICHIKAWA 5 September 2011 IEC/TC 111 Chair Environment Strategy Office Hitachi, Ltd. IEC TC111 WG4 Activities Session 1: Ongoing Initiatives for Assessing the Environmental Impact of ICT
1 IEC TC111 Overview TC111 PT 62542:Terminology PT 62635: Recyclability evaluation PT 62650: Information exchange WG1: Material Declaration WG3: Test procedures of regulated substances PT 62476: Guidance for evaluation of product with respect to substance use restrictions WG2: Environmentally conscious design (disbanded) IEC 62430 Ed.1.0 IEC 62474 (FDIS) IEC 62321 Ed.1.0 PAS 62596 Ed.1.0: Sampling procedure IEC TR 62476 Ed.1.0 IEC 62542 (CD2) WG4: Green House Gasses AHG 6: Environmentally Conscious Design TR 62725 TR 62726
2 Two projects to develop; 1) TR 62725 "Quantification methodology of greenhouse gas emissions for electrical and electronic products and systems " 2) TR 62726 "Quantification Methodology of greenhouse gas emission reductions for electrical and electronic products and systems from the project baseline" Activities of WG4 First meeting of WG4 at Eindhoven (May 25 2011)
4 Worldwide Bodies Addressing GHG in A Product Life Cycle Perspective JIS CFP standard BSI & Carbon Trust PAS 2050 ITU-T SG5 ISO Q18 ISO 14067 GHG Protocol WBCSD & WRI CFP standard IEC TC 111 WG 4 Liaison Sector guide relation
5 Back ground of TR 62725 ISO, WRI/WBCSD, and other initiatives already started standardization but are not harmonized and lacking consideration for EE product's specific complication, such as; - long supply chains, - huge number of components, - complex use-profile (scenario) ISO, WRI/WBCSD, and other initiatives already started standardization but are not harmonized and lacking consideration for EE product's specific complication, such as; - long supply chains, - huge number of components, - complex use-profile (scenario) Title: Quantification methodology of CO2e emission for electrical and electronic products and systems (EE products) Life cycle GHG emission of products (e.g. carbon footprint) has become a top priority issue in terms of ecodesign, administrative tool, green procurement, etc. Background Necessity In order to help EE industry respond to this issue in a reasonable and practical manner, IEC TC 111 to start work on EE sector's harmonized methodology to be integrated into the existing generic standards and initiatives. Proposal
6 TR 62725 describes principles and guidance to quantify greenhouse gas emissions (CO2e for EE products* based on the life-cycle thinking and is applicable to any type of EE products, which are new or modified. Intended to be used by those involved in design and development of EE products, and their supply chains regardless of industry sectors, regions, types, activities and sizes of organizations. Intended to guidance for implementing Carbon Footprint of Products (CFP) and relevant product category rules of EE products. Intended facilitate product specific sectors to generate their own, more specific, standards or guidelines if needed. *products any goods or service Note: This includes interconnected and/or interrelated goods or services Scope - 111/204/NP – TR 62725
7 WBCSD/WRI GHG Protocol Scope 3 Accounting Report standard Product Life Cycle Accounting & Report standard ISO TC207 SC7 GHG Management Reference / Sector specific IEC TC111 TR 62725 Quantification methodology of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2e) for EE products & service sector ISO 14067 : Carbon footprint of products – Quantification & Communication Subject GHG Assessment methodology for EE products and service sector Issue (Target) Schedule: 2012 Issue (Target) Schedule: latter half of 2012? Issue (Target) Schedule: Oct, 2011 CO2e emissions for Product Life cycle Relation to Existing Std. – TR 62725 Liaison IEC Product TCs a Guidance document - Quantification methodology of GHG emissions (CO2e) for EE products b Guidance document - Making of PCR according to each product category for EE products Liaison ITU-T SG-5 ICT Sector specific Issue (Target) Schedule: 2011
8 Potential Issues long supply chain Hurdles 1.Product system is not visible due to its complexity and large scale. 2.Due to above, difficulty of appropriate boundary setting and cutting off. 3.Difficulty for having cooperation from all the actors in the supply chain which makes impossible to collect primary data of every unit process. Potential solutions (to be discussed) Provide practical and implementable guidance for boundary setting data collection including effective use of secondary data
9 Potential Issues many components Hurdles 1.Electrical and electronic product is composed of a large number of parts and materials. 2.Overall uncertainly, which is a cumulative of each component becomes very large. At the first WG4 meeting, MIT (US) professor presented a study on LCA on a laptop PC showing 30% statistical variation. Potential solutions (to be discussed) Provide practical and implementable guidance for cut off rules for screening insignificant components addressing uncertainty and accuracy
10 Potential Issues use stage Hurdles 1.Electrical and electronic products emit significant amount of CO 2 in the "use stage" in contrast to other industry. 2.The use profile or scenario may largely vary and lead to a large difference in results. Potential solutions (to be discussed) Provide practical and implementable guidance for setting an appropriate use profile for energy-using products avoiding inappropriate comparison or misleading use of the results.
12 Background of TR 62726 EE sector needs to quantify and communicate its contribution to society through their products and systems in terms of their CO2e reduction amount compared to the baseline (without the products and services), for proactive marketing, branding, of EE products having superb energy efficiency. Current Int. Standards (e.g. ISO 14064-2) provides a framework but too generic to apply to EE products EE sector needs to quantify and communicate its contribution to society through their products and systems in terms of their CO2e reduction amount compared to the baseline (without the products and services), for proactive marketing, branding, of EE products having superb energy efficiency. Current Int. Standards (e.g. ISO 14064-2) provides a framework but too generic to apply to EE products Title: Work 2: Quantification methodology of CO2e emission reduction for electrical and electronic products and systems (EE products) from the project baseline EE industry will increase its own GHG emission in the future but more contribute to curb the emission in other sectors (power grid, transport, house/building, telework, etc) Background Necessity IEC TC 111 to start work on the EE sector's quantification methodology applicable to its products for evaluating the amount of reduction/suppression from the baseline. Proposal
13 WBCSD/WRI GHG Protocol GHG Protocol for Project Accounting standard ISO TC207 SC7 GHG Management Reference / Sector specific UNFCCC Post Kyoto Framework MRV (Monitoring, reporting, and verification) scheme in each countries Political Framework IEC TC111 TR 62726 Quantification Methodology of greenhouse gas emission (CO2e) reductions for EE products & service from the project baseline ISO 14064 Part-2 : Specification with guidance at the project level for quantification, monitoring and reporting of GHG emission reductions or removal enhancements project baseline Subject GHG Assessment methodology for EE products and service sector Issue (Target) Schedule: 2012 Issued Relation to Existing Std. – TR 62726 Liaison IEC Product TCs a Guidance document - Quantification methodology applicable to a project intended to reduce or suppress GHG emissions CO2e for evaluating from baseline. Liaison ITU-T SG-5 ICT Sector specific Issue (Target) Schedule: 2011 Methodology for transparency Evaluation for Carbon reduction and/or Energy saving potential by introduce of Low-carbon technology into market
14 CO 2 e emissions Current BAU Baseline EE products amount of supply to the market will increase Energy Efficient Products or Alternative Technology /Products Low-carbon Project Implementation GHG emissions reduction from project baseline Eligibility Baseline Scenario Additionality Products specific Performance standard Barrier Analysis Reporting & Verification Methodology of Monitoring Evaluation Tools Project boundary Project Implementation & GHG emissions reduction Estimation of emissions reduction Evaluation Tools
17 Next ActionsSchedule Convenor is to prepare the 1st (interim) draft, and the WG4 Go To Meeting (Webinar MTG) to be held. The schedule to develop the 1st (interim) draft TRs may be so tight that it should be decided at the WG4 Go To MTG (Webinar MTG) at the end of August whether the quality of the drafts is well-developed enough to be circulated or not. If the quality of the 1st (interim) draft TRs are well enough content, we will be able to circulate to NC as the 1st draft TRs (Document for Comments) in early September. 2nd WG4 MTG (face to face) - Melbourne 1st Draft Circulation At the same time, it would be offered at the road test conducted by EU commission. Mid September 26-27 th October December Next Steps
18 Contact Dr. Yoshiaki ICHIKAWA IEC TC 111 Chair Hitachi, Ltd. Mail firstname.lastname@example.org Mr. Kiyoshi SAITO IEC TC 111 WG4 Convenor Japan Electrical Manufacturers' Association
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